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A Phase I, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Trial to Compare the Safety and Immunogenicity of Recombinant Envelope Protein rgp120/HIV-1SF2 (BIOCINE) Combined With Seven Adjuvants in Healthy HIV-1 Uninfected Individuals

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001042
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 23, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 2, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted Date May 23, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001042 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase I, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Trial to Compare the Safety and Immunogenicity of Recombinant Envelope Protein rgp120/HIV-1SF2 (BIOCINE) Combined With Seven Adjuvants in Healthy HIV-1 Uninfected Individuals
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Trial to Compare the Safety and Immunogenicity of Recombinant Envelope Protein rgp120/HIV-1SF2 (BIOCINE) Combined With Seven Adjuvants in Healthy HIV-1 Uninfected Individuals
Brief Summary

To determine in healthy HIV-negative volunteers the safety and immunogenicity of rgp120/HIV-1SF2 (BIOCINE) formulated with each of seven adjuvants.

PER AMENDMENT 3/6/96: Purpose of the extension study - To determine the ability of immunization with rgp 120/SF-2 to induce an HIV-1 envelope-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response in volunteers who receive rsgp 120/MN skin testing.

One approach to improve the immunogenicity of an HIV-1 subunit protein vaccine is to combine the immunogen with an adjuvant. Adjuvants may augment vaccine immunogenicity by several mechanisms, and as a result induce a more favorable antibody response with high titers, which appear earlier in the course of immunization and persist over time.

Detailed Description

One approach to improve the immunogenicity of an HIV-1 subunit protein vaccine is to combine the immunogen with an adjuvant. Adjuvants may augment vaccine immunogenicity by several mechanisms, and as a result induce a more favorable antibody response with high titers, which appear earlier in the course of immunization and persist over time.

Volunteers are randomized to receive 50 mcg rgp120/HIV-1SF2 in combination with one of seven different adjuvants: aluminum hydroxide (alum), monophosphoryl lipid A, liposome-encapsulated monophosphoryl lipid A, MF59, MTP-PE/MF59, Syntex adjuvant formulation (SAF/2), and SAF/2 plus threonyl muramyl dipeptide (threonyl MDP). An additional placebo control arm of volunteers receive alum only. Doses are administered at 0, 2, and 6 months. Volunteers are followed for 1 year after the last immunization. Per 8/5/94 amendment, eligible volunteers except those who received monophosphoryl lipid A for the first three immunizations may receive a fourth dose at month 15.

PER AMENDMENT 3/6/96: Extension Study- Protocol 015 has been modified to add a special DTH study. At the end of the study, on day 784, intradermal injections of MN rsgp 120 will be administered to consenting volunteers who have received 4 immunizations as part of protocol 015. Follow up will be extended to 56 days after administration of the intradermal injections.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE HIV Infections
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
  • Biological: Lipid A, Monophosphoryl
  • Biological: Lipid A, Liposome-encapsulated monophosphoryl
  • Biological: Syntex adjuvant formulation
  • Biological: MF59
  • Biological: Threonyl Muramyl Dipeptide
  • Biological: rgp120/HIV-1 SF-2
  • Biological: MTP-PE/MF59
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Zolla-Pazner S, Alving C, Belshe R, Berman P, Burda S, Chigurupati P, Clements ML, Duliege AM, Excler JL, Hioe C, Kahn J, McElrath MJ, Sharpe S, Sinangil F, Steimer K, Walker MC, Wassef N, Xu S. Neutralization of a clade B primary isolate by sera from human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected recipients of candidate AIDS vaccines. J Infect Dis. 1997 Apr;175(4):764-74.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 22, 2012)
112
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
110
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 1996
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects must have:

  • HIV negativity by ELISA.
  • Normal history and physical exam.
  • CD4 count >= 400 cells/mm3.
  • Lower risk sexual behavior.
  • Normal urine dipstick with esterase and nitrite.

PER AMENDMENT 3/6/96:

  • Extension study -
  • Consenting Protocol 015 volunteers who have received four immunizations.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Subjects with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Active syphilis. NOTE:Subjects for whom serology is documented to be a false positive or due to a remote (> 6 months) treated infection are eligible.
  • Active tuberculosis. NOTE:Subjects with a positive PPD and normal chest x-ray showing no evidence of TB and not requiring isoniazid therapy are eligible.
  • Medical or psychiatric condition or occupational responsibilities that would preclude compliance.

Subjects with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of immunodeficiency, chronic illness, or autoimmune disease.
  • History of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines.

PER AMENDMENT 3/6/96: Extension study -

  • History of eczema or allergic-type reactions to vaccine in Protocol 015.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Live attenuated vaccines within 60 days prior to study entry. (NOTE: Medically indicated subunit or killed vaccines, such as influenza or pneumococcal, are allowed but should be given at least 2 weeks prior to HIV immunizations.)
  • Experimental agents within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Prior HIV vaccines.

PER AMENDMENT 3/6/96: Extension study -

  • Use of systemic steroids in the past month.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Blood products or immunoglobulin within 6 months prior to study entry. Higher risk behavior for HIV infection (as determined by screening questionnaire), including history of injection drug use within the last 12 months and higher or intermediate risk sexual behavior.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00001042
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE AVEG 015
10563 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: McElrath J
PRS Account National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Verification Date May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP