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A Study of Dideoxyinosine (ddI) in HIV-Infected Children Who Have Not Had Success With Zidovudine or Who Cannot Take Zidovudine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000963
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : October 29, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 2, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted Date October 29, 2021
Study Start Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study of Dideoxyinosine (ddI) in HIV-Infected Children Who Have Not Had Success With Zidovudine or Who Cannot Take Zidovudine
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Comparative Trial of Two Doses of 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine (ddI) in Children With Symptomatic HIV Infection Who Are Either Unresponsive to Zidovudine and/or Who Are Intolerant to Zidovudine
Brief Summary

To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and tolerance of two doses of didanosine (ddI) in the treatment of children with symptomatic HIV disease who have had to discontinue zidovudine (AZT) because of intolerance and/or who have experienced progressive disease while on AZT.

The progression of immunodeficiency due to HIV infection can be delayed by using AZT. The benefits of AZT in adults with AIDS and severe AIDS-related complex (ARC) appear to last for approximately 12 to 18 months, at which time most patients have progressive deterioration. Recently published literature has described a reduced sensitivity of HIV isolated from patients after prolonged AZT treatment. Although the clinical significance of this is unclear, it makes the development of new antiretroviral drugs important.

Detailed Description

The progression of immunodeficiency due to HIV infection can be delayed by using AZT. The benefits of AZT in adults with AIDS and severe AIDS-related complex (ARC) appear to last for approximately 12 to 18 months, at which time most patients have progressive deterioration. Recently published literature has described a reduced sensitivity of HIV isolated from patients after prolonged AZT treatment. Although the clinical significance of this is unclear, it makes the development of new antiretroviral drugs important.

Children who show AZT intolerance and/or progressive disease after 6 months of AZT therapy receive oral ddI at 1 of 2 doses for a minimum of 48 weeks, with a 48-week extension. Patients are seen for clinical and laboratory evaluations at scheduled times during the study. (Per 5/12/92 amendment, new patients will not be enrolled in the pharmacokinetics studies.) Per 10/31/94 amendment: Patients are eligible to receive blinded study drug for an additional 8-16 weeks after the final on-study visit, but no later than 2/15/95.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE HIV Infections
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Didanosine
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June¬†23,¬†2005)
300
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 1995
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Prophylaxis treatment for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
  • Immunoglobulin.
  • Maintenance therapy with amphotericin B (l mg/kg) up to 5 days/week.

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

  • Blood transfusions.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Prophylaxis treatment for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).

Patients enrolled in ACTG 128 and ACTG 138 must meet study end points or meet protocol definitions for being permanently off zidovudine (AZT) before enrolling in this study.

  • Patients currently enrolled in ACTG 051 who have not reached the study end points but who meet the entry criteria for ACTG 144 may be co-enrolled in ACTG 144.
  • Patient or guardian available to give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded.

  • Hypersensitivity to didanosine (ddI).
  • Symptomatic cardiomyopathy.
  • Seizures that are not well controlled by ongoing anticonvulsant therapy.
  • Symptomatic pancreatitis.
  • Grade 1 or higher peripheral neuropathy.
  • Active malignancy requiring chemotherapy.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Zidovudine (AZT), other antiretroviral agents, biological modifiers, and investigational medications.

Avoid:

  • Drugs with potential to cause peripheral neuropathy or pancreatitis.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Active malignancy requiring concomitant chemotherapy.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Antiretroviral agents other than zidovudine (AZT) or dideoxycytidine (ddC) within 4 weeks of study entry.
  • Immunomodulating agents such as interferons, isoprinosine, or interleukin-2 within 2 weeks of entry.
  • Any other experimental therapy within 1 week of entry.
  • Drugs that have or will cause prolonged neutropenia, significant pancreatitis, significant nephrotoxicity, or peripheral neuropathy within 1 week of entry.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 3 Months to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Puerto Rico,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00000963
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE ACTG 144
11119 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Original Responsible Party Not Provided
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Frenkel LM
Study Chair: Bryson Y
Study Chair: Stiehm R
PRS Account National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Verification Date October 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP