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A Study to Compare Two Anti-HIV Combination Therapies Each Containing Saquinavir in HIV-Positive Children

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000913
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 2, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted Date March 27, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study to Compare Two Anti-HIV Combination Therapies Each Containing Saquinavir in HIV-Positive Children
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Trial of Two Saquinavir-Containing Combination Treatment Regimens in Children With HIV Infection
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of a soft-gel capsule formulation of saquinavir (SQV-SGC), a protease inhibitor, when given in combination with other anti-HIV drugs.

SQV-SGC has been tested in adults for the treatment of HIV infection, but more information is still needed about SQV-SGC in children. Recent studies suggest that this soft-gel capsule form may be safer and more effective than other protease inhibitors.

Detailed Description

Clinical trials in adults and children suggest that SQV-SGC has advantages over other protease inhibitors in terms of tolerability, safety, and effectiveness in patients who have failed therapy with other protease inhibitors. [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/24/99: Pharmacokinetic data from this study demonstrate lower than expected plasma SQV exposures, particularly in Arm 1. Based on these data, patients in the study will be offered the opportunity to adjust their doses. Ritonavir added to the Arm 1 regimen is expected to significantly increase SQV-SGC plasma levels and allow twice-daily dosing for SQV-SGC.]

Patients are randomized to one of two study arms. Patients in Arm 1 receive SQV-SGC plus two [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/24/99: one or two] NRTIs of choice. Patients in Arm 2 receive SQV-SGC plus NFV plus one or two NRTIs of choice. All participants are evaluated by physical examinations and laboratory tests during the study and are followed for incidence of death, cancer, or fetal abnormality. NRTIs are not provided as part of this study. [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/24/99: This study is closed to accrual. All subjects on follow-up (Cohort 1) are given the option of either discontinuing participation in ACTG 397 or participating in the next phase of the study (version 2.0). Those electing to continue participation constitute Cohort 1A. The adjusted Arm 1 regimen consists of SQV-SGC plus ritonavir plus one or two NRTIs. Ritonavir is not provided as part of this study. The Arm 2 regimen study drugs have not changed but the maximum allowable dose of SQV-SGC has increased from 1,200 mg twice-daily to 1,600 mg twice-daily. Participants continue to be followed with physical examinations and laboratory evaluations that include an intensive pharmacokinetics study on Day 14 of the new regimen.]

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE HIV Infections
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Ritonavir
  • Drug: Nelfinavir mesylate
  • Drug: Saquinavir
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *
  • Brundage RC, Kline MW, Lindsey J, Fenton T, Fletcher CV. Pharmacokinetics of saquinavir (SQV) with nelfinavir (NFV) or ritonavir (RTV) in HIV-infected children. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 728)
  • Kline MW, Fletcher CV, Lindsey JC, Fenton T. A randomized trial of two saquinavir (SQV-SGC)-containing combination treatment regimens in HIV-infected children. 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. 2000 Jan 30-Feb 2 [Poster 694]
  • Kline MW, Fletcher CV, Lindsey JC, Fenton T. A randomized trial of combination therapy with saquinavir soft gelatin capsules (SQV) in HIV-infected children. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 683)
  • Brundage RC, Kline MW, Lindsey JC, Fenton T, Fletcher CV. Pharmacokinetics (PK) of saquinavir (SQV) and nelfinavir (NFV) in a twice-daily (BID) regimen in HIV-infected children. 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. 2000 Jan 30-Feb 2 [Poster 718]

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June¬†23,¬†2005)
50
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2001
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria

Your child may be eligible for this study if he or she:

  • Is HIV-positive.
  • Is 3 to 16 years of age (consent of parent or guardian is required).
  • Has an HIV level greater than 10,000 copies/ml.
  • Has never taken at least one of the following anti-HIV drugs: lamivudine, zidovudine, stavudine, or didanosine.
  • Is able to swallow capsules and tablets.

Exclusion Criteria

Your child will not be eligible if he or she:

  • Has cancer requiring chemotherapy.
  • Has an acute opportunistic (AIDS-related) infection requiring therapy.
  • Has had two or more episodes of moderate or severe diarrhea or vomiting in the 3 months prior to study entry.
  • Has ever taken SQV or NFV.
  • Is pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Is taking certain medications, including those that would interfere with the study drugs.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 3 Years to 16 Years   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Puerto Rico,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00000913
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE ACTG 397
11353 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Mark Kline
Study Chair: Courtney Fletcher
PRS Account National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Verification Date March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP