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A Multicenter Phase II Double-Blind Exploratory Study to Evaluate Differences Among Various Zidovudine/Didanosine Regimens on Quantitative Measures of Viral Burden in Relatively Early HIV-1 Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000823
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: July 29, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Glaxo Wellcome
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
November 2, 1999
August 31, 2001
July 29, 2013
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000823 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Multicenter Phase II Double-Blind Exploratory Study to Evaluate Differences Among Various Zidovudine/Didanosine Regimens on Quantitative Measures of Viral Burden in Relatively Early HIV-1 Infection
A Multicenter Phase II Double-Blind Exploratory Study to Evaluate Differences Among Various Zidovudine/Didanosine Regimens on Quantitative Measures of Viral Burden in Relatively Early HIV-1 Infection

To determine the relative antiviral activity and safety of zidovudine ( AZT ) and didanosine ( ddI ) alone and in combination, as well as in various sequences of administration.

The relative efficacy of the approved antiretrovirals in early HIV-1 disease is unclear; thus, a study is needed to evaluate the ability of these various nucleoside analogs to limit pathogenicity.

The relative efficacy of the approved antiretrovirals in early HIV-1 disease is unclear; thus, a study is needed to evaluate the ability of these various nucleoside analogs to limit pathogenicity.

Patients undergo observation for 2 weeks, then are randomized to one of six treatment arms to receive ddI alone or in sequence or combination with AZT for 16-32 weeks, followed by 4 weeks of post-treatment evaluation. The regimens are: ddI alone for 32 weeks; AZT for 16 weeks followed by ddI for 16 weeks; AZT for 16 weeks followed by AZT/ddI combination for 16 weeks; ddI for 16 weeks followed by AZT for 16 weeks; AZT/ddI combination for 32 weeks; and placebo for 32 weeks.

PER AMENDMENT 6/18/96: NOTE: Patients enrolled under version 3 of the study will terminate treatment at week 16 and have a 4 week follow up.

Interventional
Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Zidovudine
  • Drug: Didanosine
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
85
February 2000
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Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • HIV-1 seropositivity.
  • CD4 count >= 550 cells/mm3.
  • Asymptomatic disease.
  • No prior antiretroviral therapy.
  • Consent of parent or guardian if less than 18 years old.

PER AMENDMENT 6/18/96:

  • Patients with an undocumented history of oral candidiasis or a history of candidiasis that was antibiotic associated may enroll.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Medical condition that precludes study compliance.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Antiretrovirals other than study drugs.
  • Biologic response modifiers including erythropoietin and G-CSF.
  • Systemic corticosteroids.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Intravenous pentamidine.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Systemic radiation therapy.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of grade 2 or worse peripheral neuropathy.
  • History of pancreatitis or factors predisposing to pancreatitis.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prior antiretrovirals.
  • Systemic immunomodulators (e.g., gp120, gp160, IL-2, interferons) within 3 months prior to study entry.

Chronic alcoholism.

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00000823
ACTG 276
11252 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Glaxo Wellcome
Study Chair: Collier AC
Study Chair: Johnson V
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
July 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP