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Treatment of Acyclovir-Resistant Mucocutaneous Herpes Simplex Disease in Patients With AIDS: Open Label Pilot Study of Topical Trifluridine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000635
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Glaxo Wellcome
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
November 2, 1999
August 31, 2001
March 17, 2014
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000635 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Treatment of Acyclovir-Resistant Mucocutaneous Herpes Simplex Disease in Patients With AIDS: Open Label Pilot Study of Topical Trifluridine
Treatment of Acyclovir-Resistant Mucocutaneous Herpes Simplex Disease in Patients With AIDS: Open Label Pilot Study of Topical Trifluridine
To determine the safety, effectiveness, and toxicity of topical (local) trifluridine in treating mucocutaneous (at the nasal, oral, vaginal, and anal openings) Herpes simplex virus ( HSV ) disease that has shown resistance to acyclovir in HIV-infected patients. HSV infection in patients with AIDS is often associated with skin sores and frequent recurrences. Treatment with the drug acyclovir results in healing for most patients, but repeated treatment sometimes results in resistance of the virus to acyclovir. Thus, when this happens, other treatments need to be used. Trifluridine is an antiviral drug that is used for the treatment of Herpes infections that occur in the eye. This study attempts to determine if trifluridine is useful for treating HSV sores that have not healed after treatment with acyclovir.

HSV infection in patients with AIDS is often associated with skin sores and frequent recurrences. Treatment with the drug acyclovir results in healing for most patients, but repeated treatment sometimes results in resistance of the virus to acyclovir. Thus, when this happens, other treatments need to be used. Trifluridine is an antiviral drug that is used for the treatment of Herpes infections that occur in the eye. This study attempts to determine if trifluridine is useful for treating HSV sores that have not healed after treatment with acyclovir.

Patients receive at least 10 days (and up to 42 days) of treatment with topical trifluridine. Trifluridine is applied in a thin fluid layer that overlaps the edges of the lesion. Polymyxin B sulfate/bacitracin zinc ointment is then applied over the trifluridine. Lesions are covered by a nonabsorbent dressing. Medication is applied every 8 hours.

Interventional
Not Provided
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Herpes Simplex
  • HIV Infections
  • Drug: Trifluridine
  • Drug: Bacitracin zinc/Polymyxin B sulfate
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
25
April 1992
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Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication: Included:

  • All medications deemed essential for best patient care, including zidovudine (AZT), Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis, and acute or maintenance therapies for other opportunistic infections.

Patients must have the following:

  • HIV infection or diagnosis of AIDS.
  • Mucocutaneous Herpes simplex virus infection.
  • Ability to give informed consent.

Allowed:

  • Patients may be co-enrolled in other ACTG studies except for those in which treatments are expected to generate neutropenia. Subjects aged 13 - 17 may be enrolled with appropriate consent from parent or guardian.

Exclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Acyclovir, ganciclovir, foscarnet, vidarabine or other investigational drugs with potential anti-Herpes simplex virus activity.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Previous hypersensitivity reaction to trifluridine, polymyxin B or bacitracin.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Immunomodulators, lymphocyte replacement therapy or biologic response modifiers within 14 days prior to study entry.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00000635
ACTG 172
11147 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Glaxo Wellcome
Study Chair: Kessler H A
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP