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Postero-lateral Internal Sphincterotomy vs Botulinum Toxin Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Anal Fissure: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03920449
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mostafa shalaby, MD, MSc, PhD, Mansoura University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 16, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 18, 2019
Last Update Posted Date April 18, 2019
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE May 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 1, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 16, 2019)
healing rate [ Time Frame: six months ]
re-epithelialization of the anoderm, as well as, resolution of bleeding and pain
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Postero-lateral Internal Sphincterotomy vs Botulinum Toxin Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Anal Fissure: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Official Title  ICMJE Postero-lateral Internal Sphincterotomy vs Botulinum Toxin Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Anal Fissure: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Brief Summary We hypothesized that optimization of the dose of the Botulinum toxin injection (BT) and standardization of the technique of lateral internal sphincterotomy to posterolateral internal sphincterotomy (PIAS) could, in turn, report a conclusive result which helps to provide better care to patients with chronic anal fissure. So, we will conduct this trial as a prospective randomized, controlled, intervention, open-label trial with two parallel groups, and a primary endpoint of fissure healing during 6 months after the initial intervention, with the randomization, will be performed by an online software with a 1:1 allocation. Eligible patients will be randomized in equal proportions between BT injection and PIAS.
Detailed Description

2.1 Trial design This trial will be designed as a prospective randomized, controlled, intervention, open label trial with two parallel groups, and a primary endpoint of fissure healing during 6 months after initial intervention, with the randomization will be performed by an online software with a 1:1 allocation.

2.3 Pre-enrollment After careful history and clinical examination, the diagnosis of chronic anal fissure will be considered when a wider and deeper ulcer with keratinous edges, presence of a sentinel tag at the external apex, hypertrophy of the anal papillae, and exposed internal anal sphincter (IAS) smooth muscle fibers, will be exist. As a routine in Mansoura colorectal surgery unit, any patient above 50 years old will be scheduled for colonoscopy to rule out colorectal cancer, as well as, those associated with bleeding per rectum or other risk factors. Additionally, patients will be evaluated for constipation by preoperative and 6th-months postoperative Wexner Constipation Score and for their continence status by preoperative and 6th-months postoperative Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI) and Anorectal Manometry. Preoperative mechanical bowel preparation will not be indicated, however, single enema in the day of the procedure will be advised in order to facilitate examination under anesthesia (EUA) which is a mandatory initial step in all begin anorectal procedures in our unit. Appropriated thromboembolic prophylaxis will be prescribed based on the patient risk stratification.

2.4 Interventions Eligible patients will be randomized in equal proportions between Botulinum Toxin (BT) injection and Posterolateral Internal Anal Sphincterotomy (PIAS). All procedures will be performed under spinal anesthesia with the patient in modified lithotomy position by senior consultant colorectal surgeons or under their direct supervision. At the time of the anesthesia induction, 500 mg metronidazole will be administrated. All procedures will be preceded by gentle anal dilatation, insertion of an anal retractor, and EUA. Subsequently, the surgeon will proceed to the allocated intervention.

In group I (BT injection), 21 U will be injected in 3 divided doses through the internal anal sphincter at 3,9, and 12 o'clock. In the Egyptian market two commercial forms are available; botulinum toxin type A (Botox 100 IU/vial; Coolock, Dublin, Ireland), and abobotulinumtoxin A (Dysport 500 U/vial; Ipsen Biopharm Ltd, Wrexham, UK). In case of Dysport it should be remembered that dosing is on a ratio of approximately 1 to 3, meaning that 50 IU of Botox have the same effect as 150 IU of Dysport.

In group II (PIAS), A 1.5 to 2-cm circumferential skin incision will be placed at 5 o'clock position outside the anal verge using an electrocautery device. Dissection will be proceeded through the intersphincteric groove to separate both IAS and external anal sphincter (EAS). Then, the IAS will be identified by its characteristic white fibers, separated from the anal mucosa, and assessed under direct vision. Subsequently, about 50 % of the IAS will be divided at 5 o'clock position and any skin tags or hypertrophied anal papillae will be removed leaving the skin incision open to allow drainage.

In both groups, the procedure will be followed by application of direct pressure for 5 minutes. The fissure will not be curetted or debrided in any way. All patients will be discharged on the 1st postoperative day with recommendations to use stool softener, bulking agents, a high-residue diet, and warm sitz baths for three weeks to reduce pain and avoid constipation and bleeding. On demand analgesics in form oral ketorolac 10 mg will be permitted.

2.5 Patient's follow-up For the end-points of the study, all patients will be followed-up in the outpatients' department for a period of six months. The follow-up schedule will be as follow, at every week for the first month, then at the end of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th months. However, patients will be advised to visit the outpatients' department at any other time point during the trial if they developed any unfavorable event. At each visit, the ulcer will be inspected visually with the percent of re-epithelization will be measured subjectively. The resolution of initial symptoms, anal pain and/or bleeding will be addressed. The pain will be measured at each visit by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) ranged from no pain "0" to worst pain "10".

2.7 Sample Size Calculation Based on a power analysis and sample size calculation, the desired sample size for this study will be 25 for each group of intervention. Given an expected medium effect size of 0.5 and p <0.05, this will lead to the acceptable power of 0.80. In order to compensate for drop-out and losses to follow-up, 30 patients will be initially included. The sample size will be calculated using an online software (http://clincalc.com/stats/samplesize.aspx) with the healing rate using BT injection will be considered 71.4% according to Sahebally et al (6) and the healing rate for PIAS will be considered 99% according to Alawady et al (10).

2.8 Randomization; sequence, generation, allocation, and implementation All participants who will give consent for participation and who will fulfil the inclusion criteria will be randomly assigned to either BT injection and PIAS with a 1:1 allocation as per an online software (https://www.graphpad.com/quickcalcs/randomize2/) generated randomization schedule.

Randomization will be requested by a staff member who will not take any part in patients' care, follow-up, data collection/analysis or accessing outcomes of the study. In return, this staff member will schedule an answer form with a randomization plan which will be formed of 2 sets; each set will contain unique 30 numbers arranged from the smallest to the largest with the whole 60 numbers ranging from 1 up to 60. Each set labeled with one of group allocation; BT injection or PIAS. Then, the staff member will be interpreting this form into 60 sealed envelopes with the patients' number written upon it and the allocated procedure inside and send these sealed envelopes the department's senior resident. On the day of the procedure, the sealed envelope will be opened 2.9 Blinding This study will be open label unblinded clinical trial in which patients and surgeons will be aware of the nature of the procedure, however, data collectors, those assessing the outcomes, and data analyzer will all be blinded to the allocation until the end of the trial.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Chronic Anal Fissure
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Botulinum Toxins
    In group I (BT injection), 21 U will be injected in 3 divided doses through the internal anal sphincter at 3,9, and 12 o'clock. In the Egyptian market two commercial forms are available; botulinum toxin type A (Botox 100 IU/vial; Coolock, Dublin, Ireland), and abobotulinumtoxin A (Dysport 500 U/vial; Ipsen Biopharm Ltd, Wrexham, UK). In case of Dysport it should be remembered that dosing is on a ratio of approximately 1 to 3, meaning that 50 IU of Botox have the same effect as 150 IU of Dysport.
  • Procedure: Posterolateral internal sphincterotomy
    In group II (PIAS), A 1.5 to 2-cm circumferential skin incision will be placed at 5 o'clock position outside the anal verge using an electrocautery device. Dissection will be proceeded through the intersphincteric groove to separate both IAS and external anal sphincter (EAS). Then, the IAS will be identified by its characteristic white fibers, separated from the anal mucosa, and assessed under direct vision. Subsequently, about 50 % of the IAS will be divided at 5 o'clock position and any skin tags or hypertrophied anal papillae will be removed leaving the skin incision open to allow drainage.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Botulinum toxin injection
    Intervention: Drug: Botulinum Toxins
  • Active Comparator: Posterolateral internal sphincterotomy
    Intervention: Procedure: Posterolateral internal sphincterotomy
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 16, 2019)
60
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 1, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic anal fissure lasting more than 6 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant
  • cardiovascular disease or heart failure
  • on antihypertensive medications
  • recurrent anal fissure after previous sphincterotomy
  • prior history of anal surgery
  • other benign anorectal diseases
  • with inflammatory bowel diseases
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Mostafa Shalaby 00201001645917 mostafashalaby@mans.edu.eg
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Egypt
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03920449
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE R/19.02.418
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Mostafa shalaby, MD, MSc, PhD, Mansoura University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Mansoura University
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Mostafa Shalaby Mansoura University
PRS Account Mansoura University
Verification Date April 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP