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A Study to Assess the Effect of Dexpramipexole in Adolescents and Adults With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma. (EXHALE-2)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05763121
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 10, 2023
Last Update Posted : March 10, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Areteia Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This study will assess the efficacy and safety of dexpramipexole as an adjunctive oral therapy in participants with inadequately controlled asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype and a history of asthma exacerbations.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Eosinophilic Asthma Asthma; Eosinophilic Asthma Drug: Dexpramipexole Dihydrochloride Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, parallel group study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexpramipexole in adults and adolescents with severe, inadequately controlled asthma with eosinophilic phenotype on medium to high-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS )and at least one additional asthma controller medication with or without oral corticosteroids (OCS). Approximately 1400 participants will be randomized globally. Participants will receive dexpramipexole, or placebo, administered orally, over a 52-week treatment period. The study also includes a post-treatment follow-up period of 4 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1395 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Dexpramipexole Administered Orally for 52 Weeks in Participants With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma
Actual Study Start Date : January 30, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 150 mg BID
Dexpramipexole 150 mg oral tablet taken twice a day
Drug: Dexpramipexole Dihydrochloride
oral administration of dexpramipexole tablet

Experimental: 75 mg BID
Dexpramipexole 75 mg oral tablet taken twice a day
Drug: Dexpramipexole Dihydrochloride
oral administration of dexpramipexole tablet

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo oral tablet taken twice a day
Drug: Placebo
oral administration of placebo tablet

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Annualized rate of severe asthma exacerbations (AAER) over 52 weeks. [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]
    A severe asthma exacerbation is defined as a deterioration of asthma that results in emergency treatment, hospitalization due to asthma, or treatment with systemic corticosteroids.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Absolute Change in pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume (Pre-BD FEV)₁ from Baseline [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose), Weeks 36, 44, 52 ]
    The absolute change from baseline in pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume, averaged across visits at Weeks 36, 44, and 52.

  2. Change From Baseline in Asthma Control Questionnaire-6 (ACQ-6) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose), Weeks 36, 44, 52 ]
    Asthma Control Questionnaire-6 (ACQ-6), change from baseline, averaged across visits at Weeks 36, 44, and 52.

  3. Change From Baseline in Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire for 12 years and older (AQLQ+12) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]
    Standardized version of the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire for 12 years and older (AQLQ+12) change from baseline to Week 52.

  4. Annualized Rate of severe exacerbations requiring an emergency department (ED) visit or hospitalization [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]
  5. Annualized Rate of severe exacerbations from Week 4 to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 4 through Week 52 ]
  6. Change in absolute eosinophil count (AEC) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]
  7. Average change from baseline in forced vital capacity (FVC) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose), Weeks 36, 44, 52 ]
  8. Change from baseline in forced vital capacity (FVC) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose), Weeks 4, 12, 20,28 36, 44, 52 ]
  9. Change from baseline in Post-bronchodilator FEV₁ [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]
  10. Change from baseline in peak expiratory flow (PEF) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]
  11. Time to first severe asthma exacerbation [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 ]
  12. Change from baseline in total asthma symptom score [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]
  13. Change from baseline in the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (baseline, pre-dose) through Week 52 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 99 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed informed consent form and assent form, as appropriate
  2. Male or female ≥12 years of age at randomization

    Asthma-related criteria

  3. Documented physician diagnosis of asthma for ≥12 months.
  4. Treatment of asthma, participants must satisfy all the below (items a to c):

    1. Participants who have received asthma controller medication with medium or high dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS; ≥500 μg/day fluticasone propionate dry powder formulation daily or clinically comparable, per Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2021) on a regular basis for at least 12 months prior to screening.
    2. Documented treatment with a stable dose of either medium or high dose ICS for at least 3 months prior to Visit 1. The ICS may be contained within an ICS/LABA (long-acting β2 agonist) combination product. Daily oral corticosteroids are an allowed concomitant medication; participants on daily oral corticosteroids must be on a stable dose for 3 months before Screening Visit 1.
    3. Use of one of more additional daily maintenance asthma controller medications according to standard practice of care is required. Use of a stable dose of any additional asthma controller medications must be documented for at least 3 months prior to screening.
  5. Pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume (Pre-BD FEV₁) ≥40% and <80% of predicted at Screening
  6. Variable airflow obstruction documented with at least one of the following criteria:

    1. Bronchodilator reversibility during screening, as evidenced by ≥12% and ≥200 mL improvement in FEV₁, 15 to 30 minutes following inhalation of 400 μg (four puffs) of albuterol/salbutamol (≥12% and ≥160 mL for ages 12 to 17). Participants who do not meet the bronchodilator reversibility inclusion criterion but have ≥10% and ≥160 mL reversibility, may repeat the reversibility spirometry assessment once during the Screening period, at an unscheduled visit at least 7 days prior to baseline.
    2. Bronchodilator reversibility, using the criteria above, documented in the past 12 months.
    3. Peak flow variation of ≥20% over a 2-week period, documented in the past 12 months.
    4. Airflow variability in clinic FEV₁ ≥20% between two consecutive clinic visits, documented in the past 12 months.
    5. Airway hyperresponsiveness (provocative concentration causing a 20% fall in FEV₁ of methacholine <8 mg/mL) documented in the past 12 months.
  7. ACQ-6 ≥1.5 at Screening.
  8. Documented history of at least two asthma exacerbations requiring treatment with systemic corticosteroids (intramuscular, intravenous, or oral) within the past 12-month period.

    General medical history

  9. Negative urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP; after menarche) at Screening and Baseline.
  10. WOCBP must use either of the following methods of birth control, from Screening through the End of Study Visit:

    1. A highly effective form of birth control (confirmed by the investigator). Highly effective forms of birth control include: true sexual abstinence, a vasectomized sexual partner, Implanon, female sterilization by tubal occlusion, any effective Intrauterine device (IUD), IUD/intrauterine system (IUS), Levonorgestrel Intrauterine system, or oral contraceptive.


    2. Two protocol acceptable methods of contraception in tandem.

      Women not of childbearing potential are defined as women who are either permanently sterilized (hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or bilateral salpingectomy), or who are postmenopausal. Women will be considered postmenopausal if they have been amenorrheic for ≥12 months prior to the planned date of randomization without an alternative medical cause. The following age specific requirements apply:

    3. Women <50 years old would be considered postmenopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatment and follicle stimulating hormone levels in the postmenopausal range.
    4. Women ≥50 years old would be considered postmenopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

Asthma-related criteria

  1. A participant who experiences a severe asthma exacerbation (defined as a deterioration of asthma that results in emergency treatment, hospitalization due to asthma, or treatment with systemic corticosteroids) at any time from 4 weeks prior to the Screening Visit up to and including the Baseline Visit.

    Participants who experience an asthma exacerbation during the Screening/Run-in Period may remain in screening and proceed with study visits 14 days after they have completed their course of oral steroids or returned to their pre-Screening Visit maintenance dose of oral steroids and the investigator considers participant has returned to baseline status.

  2. Current diagnosis of diseases which may confound interpretation of this study's findings such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases, hypereosinophilic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
  3. Respiratory infection: Upper or lower respiratory tract, sinus, or middle ear infection within the 4 weeks before Screening.
  4. For participants aged 12 to 17 years old, AEC of <0.15x10⁹/L at Screening.

    Prohibited medications/procedures

  5. Treatment with a biologic investigational drug in the last 5 months. Treatment with non-biologic investigational drugs in the previous 30 days or five-half-lives, whichever is longer. Treatment with GSK3511294 (long-acting anti-IL-5) in the past 12 months.
  6. Treatment with any of the following monoclonal antibody therapies within 120 days prior to Baseline: benralizumab, dupilumab, mepolizumab, reslizumab, omalizumab, tezepelumab, or tralokinumab.
  7. Treatment with pramipexole (Mirapex®) within 30 days of Baseline.
  8. Treatment with selected drugs known to have a substantial risk of neutropenia in the past 30 days.
  9. Bronchial thermoplasty procedure in the past 12 months or planned during the coming year.

    General medical history

  10. Weight <40 kg.
  11. Current smoking within the past year or a smoking history of >10 pack-years. Smoking includes tobacco, vaping, and/or marijuana use.
  12. Known or suspected alcohol or drug abuse
  13. Uncontrolled severe hypertension: systolic blood pressure >180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >110 mmHg prior to randomization despite antihypertensive therapy.
  14. History of malignancy that required surgery (excluding local and wide-local excision), radiation therapy and/or systemic therapy during the 5 years prior to randomization.
  15. History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic infection with hepatitis B or C.
  16. A helminth parasitic infection diagnosed within 24 weeks prior to the date informed consent, and assent when applicable, that has not been treated with or has failed to respond to standard of care (SoC) therapy.
  17. Medical or other condition likely to interfere with participant's ability to undergo study procedures, adhere to visit schedule, or comply with study requirements.
  18. Known or suspected noncompliance with medication.
  19. Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol.

    Clinical safety labs

  20. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <2.000x10⁹/L at screening.
  21. Renal dysfunction, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73m² at Screening (using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration [CKD-EPI] formula for age ≥18 years at screening; using the Bedside Schwartz eGFR formula for age <18).
  22. Active liver disease defined as any known current infectious, neoplastic, or metabolic pathology of the liver or unexplained elevations in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), >3x the upper limit of normal (ULN), or total bilirubin >2x ULN at screening confirmed by a repeat abnormal measurement of the relevant value(s), at least 1 week apart.

    Cardiac safety

  23. History of New York Heart Association class IV heart failure or last known left ventricular ejection fraction <25%.
  24. History of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) within 3 months prior to randomization.
  25. History of cardiac arrhythmia within 3 months prior baseline that is not controlled by medication or via ablation.
  26. History of long QT syndrome.
  27. Corrected QT interval by Fridericia (QTcF) interval >450 ms for males and >470 ms for females at Screening QTcF ≥480 ms for participants with bundle branch block.
  28. Clinically important abnormalities in resting ECG that may interfere with the interpretation of QTcF interval changes at Screening, including heart rate <45 beats per minute (bpm) or >100 bpm.


  29. Pregnant women or women breastfeeding
  30. Males who are unwilling to use an acceptable method of birth control during the entire study period (ie, condom with spermicide).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05763121

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Contact: EXHALE Recruiting 888-584-9281 clinicaltrials@areteiatx.com

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United States, California
Research Site 20001-003 Recruiting
West Covina, California, United States, 91790
United States, Florida
Research Site 20001-048 Recruiting
Aventura, Florida, United States, 33180
Research Site 20001-051 Not yet recruiting
Brandon, Florida, United States, 33511
Research Site 20001-067 Not yet recruiting
Hialeah, Florida, United States, 33016
Research Site US-20001-015 Recruiting
Kissimmee, Florida, United States, 34744
Research Site 20001-004 Recruiting
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33607
United States, Missouri
Research Site 20001-074 Recruiting
Saint Charles, Missouri, United States, 63301
United States, Oklahoma
Research Site US-20001-038 Recruiting
Edmond, Oklahoma, United States, 73034
Sponsors and Collaborators
Areteia Therapeutics
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Principal Investigator: Salman Siddiqui, MD Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust (via Imperial Consultants)
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Responsible Party: Areteia Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05763121    
Other Study ID Numbers: AR-DEX-22-01
2022-003004-33 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 10, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 10, 2023
Last Verified: March 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Areteia Therapeutics:
Severe Asthma
Uncontrolled Asthma
Asthma Attack
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pulmonary Eosinophilia
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases
Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Dopamine Agonists
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents