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Optimized Care of People With Diabetes and Foot Complication in Primary Care

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05692778
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 20, 2023
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Vastra Gotaland Region
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ulla Hellstrand Tang, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden

Brief Summary:

The goal of this observational study is to create and evaluate and new management, by using eHealth tools, to prevent diabetic foot ulcers. The main questions it aims to answer are:

  1. Validation

    a. Is a method for foot assessment, that uses eHealth tools, valid regarding its usefulness? b. Is a method for foot assessment, that uses eHealth tools, reliable regarding the generated risk stratification?

  2. Mapping

    1. How do health care professionals and patients with diabetes experience that the future foot examination should be designed?
    2. What experiences have health care professionals and patients with diabetes to use an eHealth tool supporting the annual foot examination?
  3. Interviews - to use a paper format supporting a structured foot assessment

    a. How do health care professionals experience to use a structured foot form, in paper form?

  4. Interviews - footwear

    a. What factors that influence how patients with diabetes choose their footwear?

  5. Interviews - usability test of using an eHealth tool

    a. How could a digital eHealth tool be designed? b. How could a digital eHealth solution be implemented, managed and spread in public health care setting? i. Participants will:

1. fill in questionnaires 2. be interviewed 3. test eHealth solutions supporting the foot examination

6. Experiences of using an eHealth tool supporting the foot assessment

a. How could a digital eHealth tool be designed?

7. Questionnaires regarding self-perceived quality of life, the experiences of the visit at the care unit, transportation to the care unit.

a. Patients that visits care fills in a questionnaire regarding self-perceived quality of life (EQ-5D), a modified version of National Patient Survey, the diabetes questionnaire and a questionnaire regarding their travels and time for travels to and from the visit to the care unit.

8. Critical evaluation of complexity

  1. Exists complexity in the development, test, management, spread and sustain of an eHealth tool supporting foot examination and self-care of the feet in diabetes.
  2. How could a digital eHealth solution be implemented, managed and spread in public health care setting?

    9. Long term effect

a. What is the long-term effect of using an eHealth tools supporting a structured foot examination?


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Diabetes Diabetic Foot Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Diabetes Complications Other: Patients being foot examined by using an eHealth tool Other: Patients being foot examined in traditional manner

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 140 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Optimized Care of People With Diabetes and Foot Complication in Primary Care
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Foot Health

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
1: Patients being foot examined by using an eHealth tool
Patients being foot examined by using an eHealth tool
Other: Patients being foot examined by using an eHealth tool
Patients being foot examined by using an eHealth tool that has been developed, will be tested with the intention to implement the eHealth tool

2: Patients being foot examined in traditional manner
Patients being foot examined in traditional manner
Other: Patients being foot examined in traditional manner
Patient are being foot examined in the way as health care professionals usually make the foot examination in patients with diabetes




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Validation [ Time Frame: 2020-2021 ]
    A valid foot examination routine is developed and presented in paper format.

  2. Mapping [ Time Frame: 2020-2023 ]
    A variety of points of views are gathered regarding how the future foot care process should be managed. The method used Concept Mapping, is a methodology for mapping ideas that integrates input from multiple sources with differing expertise or interest, creates maps with multivariate data analyses that depict the composite thinking of the group, and yields data that allows for comparisons across rating criteria, stakeholder groups, different points in time, etc. to aid in targeted planning, implementation strategies, and evaluation. Group concept mapping is related to the growing interest in the role that theory plays in planning and evaluation.

  3. Interviews - to use a paper format supporting a structured foot assessment [ Time Frame: 2020-2023 ]

    Experiences regarding how do health care professionals experienced it to use a structured foot form, in paper form will be gathered using qualitative content analysis, as described by Graneheim and Lundman, is considered appropriate in order inductively to focus on and describe experiences and variations on an individual level and to identify differences and similarities on a manifest and latent level. The analysis will be conducted in several steps. First, all the data will be read several times to ensure immersion in the data. All interview text will be regarded as a unit of analysis. The text will then be divided into "meaning units" that corresponded to the aim of the study. Each meaning unit will be condensed and labelled with a code. Codes are described as concrete and as close to the text as possible.

    Semi-structured interviews will be held with two focus groups and individual interviews.


  4. Interviews - footwear [ Time Frame: 2023-2025 ]

    Factors are summarized regarding how patients with diabetes choose their footwear will be gathered using qualitative content analysis, as described by Graneheim and Lundman, is considered appropriate in order inductively to focus on and describe experiences and variations on an individual level and to identify differences and similarities on a manifest and latent level. The analysis will be conducted in several steps. First, all the data will be read several times to ensure immersion in the data. All interview text will be regarded as a unit of analysis. The text will then be divided into "meaning units" that corresponded to the aim of the study. Each meaning unit will be condensed and labelled with a code. Codes are described as concrete and as close to the text as possible.

    Semi-structured interviews will be held with two focus groups or individual interviews.


  5. Interviews - usability test of using an eHealth tool [ Time Frame: 2020-2024 ]
    The usability lab test is usually performed in three stages: preparation/planning, actual test and follow-up . After preparation the test will be performed, in three phases: the pre-test phase, the actual test and the post-test phase. The participants will follow the tasks assigned to the test and will be encouraged to think aloud while performing the test to gather more substantial and qualitative data. After the test, the users will be debriefed, preferably using both questionnaires and interviews. In the follow-up stage, the recordings are coded and collected data are analyzed. Specific problems found are analyzed in detail and results will be reported. System Usability Scale, a test used to gather test participants' expectations/experiences when the usability test will be used (0-100 scale).

  6. Experiences of using an eHealth tool supporting the foot assessment [ Time Frame: 2020-2024 ]
    Users, will reported how they expected and perceived it to use an eHealth tool supporting the foot examination evaluated with System Usability Scale (SUS). SUS is a test used to gather test participants' expectations/experiences when the usability test will be used (0-100 scale


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Questionnaires regarding self-perceived quality of life, the experiences of the visit at the care unit, transportation to the care unit. [ Time Frame: 2020-2025 ]

    Summaries regarding self-perceived quality of life, the experiences of the visit at the care unit, transportation to the care unit are made.

    Self-perceived quality of life is measured with EQ-5D, a standardised, reliable and valid measurement of health status developed by the EuroQol Group in order to provide a simple, generic measurement of health for clinical and economic appraisal. The answers kan be levelled in: 1) I have no problems…, level 2) I have slight problems…, 3) I have moderate problems…,4) I have severe problems…,5) I am unable to… Experiences of the visit at the care unit will be measured with a modified version of the national Swedish patient survey.

    Transportation to the care unit will be registered in km and hour/minutes


  2. Critical evaluation of complexity [ Time Frame: 2020-2025 ]
    By using the NASSS CAT framework: Non-adoption, Abandonment, Scale-up, Spread, and Sustainability of health technology; CAT: complexity assessment tool) complexities are explored and managed in the development, test, management, spread and sustain of the eHealth tool.

  3. Long term effect [ Time Frame: 2023-2028 ]

    The Researchers will compare long-term outcomes from the intervention group with a comparison group consisting of medical record data of patients from a couple of primary care centers for following parameters, measured in numbers of patients that:

    2. had an annual foot examination 3. had a digital annual foot examination 4. have a diabetic foot ulcer 5. had an amputation in the lower extremities 6. risk grad (1-4) 7. recieved podiatry and 8. location for foot care (at home, mobile team)




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Patients Patients living in Region Västra Götaland being treated in a care unit in the same region.

Professionals Professionalsm working in Region Västra Götaland being treating patientes in a care unit in the same region.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria patients:

  • Persons with diabetes being treated in Region Västra Götaland
  • Understand spoken and written Swedish

Exclusion Criteria:

• Not understand spoken and written Swedish

Inclusion Criteria healthcare professionals:

  • Professionals working with patients with diabetes having foot complications.
  • Working in Region Västra Götaland
  • Understand spoken and written Swedish

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05692778


Contacts
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Contact: Ulla Hellstrand Tang, PhD 0046706397913 ulla.tang@vgregion.se

Locations
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Sweden
Departmetn of Prosthetics & Orthotics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Recruiting
Gothenburg, Sweden, 41285
Contact: Ulla Hellstrand Tang, PhD    0046706397913    ulla.tang@vgregion.se   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden
Vastra Gotaland Region
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Responsible Party: Ulla Hellstrand Tang, Principal Investigator, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05692778    
Other Study ID Numbers: Dnr 2020-02175
First Posted: January 20, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ulla Hellstrand Tang, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden:
diabetes
diabetic foot
eHealth
foot deformities
prevention
co-design
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Complications
Diabetic Foot
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Foot Ulcer
Leg Ulcer
Skin Ulcer
Skin Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases