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Dynamic Critical Congenital Heart Screening With Addition of Perfusion Measurements

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05637814
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 5, 2022
Last Update Posted : December 9, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Heather Siefkes, University of California, Davis

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to implement and externally validate an inpatient ML algorithm that combines pulse oximetry features for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) screening.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Congenital Heart Disease Diagnostic Test: SpO2/PIx Measurement and ML Algorithm Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The study will externally validate an algorithm that combines non-invasive oxygenation and perfusion measurements as a screening tool for CCHD. In a previous study, the investigators created an algorithm that combines non-invasive measurements of oxygenation and perfusion over at least two measurements using machine learning (ML) techniques. The prior model was created and tested using internal validation (k-fold validation). Thus, the investigators will test the model on an external sample of patients to test generalizability of the model. Additionally, the team will trial a repeated measurement for any "failure" of the screen to assess impact on the false positive rate. Study team will also use repeated pulse oximetry measurements (up to 4 total and including measurements after 48 hours of age, which may be done outpatient) to create a new algorithm that incorporates new data over time. The central hypothesis is that the addition of non-invasive perfusion measurements will be superior to SpO2-alone screening for CCHD detection and a model that incorporates repeated measurements will enhance detection of CCHD while preserving the specificity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 240 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Non-invasive measurements of oxygenation and perfusion will be measured with pulse oximeters and a machine learning algorithm to improve sensitivity of CCHD screening.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Dynamic Critical Congenital Heart Screening With Addition of Perfusion Measurements
Estimated Study Start Date : February 1, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2027
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SpO2 and PIx Measurement
Non-invasive measurements of oxygenation (SpO2) and perfusion (PIx) will be measured with pulse oximeters and a ML CCHD screening algorithm will be assigning a prediction every minute.
Diagnostic Test: SpO2/PIx Measurement and ML Algorithm
Right upper and any lower extremity oxygen saturation (SpO2) and perfusion index (PIx) will be measured and an online ML inference model will be used to classify a newborn as healthy versus CCHD as new pulse oximetry data is collected.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area under the curve for receiver operating characteristics for critical congenital heart disease using ML inpatient algorithm. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    Receiver operating characteristics reflect a combination of sensitivity and specificity of a test. The investigators will identify the true positive and true negative rates for CCHD by confirming health status to a minimum of 2 months of age. The investigators will also utilize birth defect and death registries for missing infants.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sensitivity for critical congenital heart disease using ML inpatient algorithm (0-24 hours and 24-48 hours) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    The investigators will identify the true positive rate for CCHD by confirming health status to a minimum of 2 months of age. CCHD will be defined based on echocardiogram or parent report if echocardiogram not present. The investigators will also utilize birth defect and death registries for missing infants.

  2. Specificity for critical congenital heart disease using ML inpatient algorithm (0-24 hours and 24-48 hours) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    The investigators will identify the true negative rate by confirming health status to a minimum of 2 months of age. CCHD will be defined based on echocardiogram or parent report if echocardiogram not present. The investigators will also utilize birth defect and death registries for missing infants.

  3. Area under the curve for receiver operating characteristics for critical congenital heart disease using dynamic ML algorithm [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    Receiver operating characteristics reflect a combination of sensitivity and specificity of a test. The investigators will identify the true positive and true negative rates for CCHD by confirming health status to a minimum of 2 months of age. The investigators will also utilize birth defect and death registries for missing infants.

  4. Sensitivity for critical congenital heart disease using dynamic ML algorithm [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    The investigators will identify the true positive rate for CCHD by confirming health status to a minimum of 2 months of age. CCHD will be defined based on echocardiogram or parent report if echocardiogram not present. The investigators will also utilize birth defect and death registries for missing infants.

  5. Specificity for critical congenital heart disease using dynamic ML model [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    The investigators will identify the true negative rate by confirming health status to a minimum of 2 months of age. CCHD will be defined based on echocardiogram or parent report if echocardiogram not present. The investigators will also utilize birth defect and death registries for missing infants.

  6. Sensitivity for critical coarctation of the aorta using dynamic ML algorithm [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    Critical coarctation of the aorta is the most commonly missed CCHD. The investigators will identify the true positive rate by confirming health status to a minimum of 2 months of age. The investigators will also utilize birth defect and death registries for missing infants.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Frequency of repeated inpatient ML measurements [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    If a newborn has an initial "fail" during the inpatient ML screening algorithm, then 1 repeated measurement will occur within 3 hours after waiting at least 30 minutes. If the next repeated measurement is a "fail" then the final classification assigned will be a "fail." If the repeat measurement is a "pass" the final classification will be a "pass." To gauge impact on nursing time for repeated measurements, The investigators will quantify how often these repeated measurements occur.

  2. Feasibility: Number of minutes needed to obtain simultaneous artifact free hand and foot measurements such that all pulse oximetry features can be included. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    In order to incorporate the radiofemoral delay component of the pulse oximetry features, the hand and foot waveforms need to be artifact free simultaneously. The pulse oximetry device will give a result every minute to give the investigators an idea on how long it may take to reach simultaneously artifact free waveforms.

  3. Feasibility: Number of outpatient pulse oximetry measurements obtained [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years ]
    Pulse oximetry measurements are not currently conducted in the outpatient setting. Thus, the investigators will assess feasibility for future trials based on how many outpatient measurements are obtained versus missed in the study protocol.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   0 Minutes to 21 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age < 22 days
  • Fetuses suspected to have congenital heart disease
  • Newborns with suspected/confirmed critical congenital heart disease
  • Asymptomatic newborn undergoing SpO2 screening for CCHD

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Echocardiogram completed prior to enrollment as the newborn would then no longer be considered "asymptomatic undergoing SpO2 screening for CCHD"
  • For Newborns with confirmed/suspected congenital heart disease (CHD): a) Patent ductus arteriosus and/or atrial septal defect/patent foramen ovale without other defects, b) Corrective cardiac surgical or catheter intervention performed before enrollment or c) Current infusions of vasoactive medications other than prostaglandin therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05637814


Contacts
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Contact: Heather Siefkes, MD, MSCI 916-713-7697 hsiefkes@ucdavis.edu
Contact: Harshitha Naidu, BS 916-734-4489 htnaidu@ucdavis.edu

Locations
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United States, California
UC Davis Medical Center
Davis, California, United States, 95616
Contact: Heather Siefkes, MD, MSCI       hsiefkes@ucdavis.edu   
Principal Investigator: Heather Siefkes, MD, MSCI         
United States, New York
Cohen Children's Medical Center
Queens, New York, United States, 11040
Contact: Robert Koppel, MD       rkoppel@northwell.edu   
Principal Investigator: Robert Koppel, MD         
United States, Utah
University of Utah Health Care
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84102
Contact: Whitnee Hogan, MD       whitnee.hogan@hsc.utah.edu   
Principal Investigator: Whitnee Hogan, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Davis
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
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Responsible Party: Heather Siefkes, Associate Professor, University of California, Davis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05637814    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1933258
First Posted: December 5, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2022
Last Verified: December 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Heather Siefkes, University of California, Davis:
Machine Learning Algorithm
Pulse Oximetry
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Diseases
Heart Defects, Congenital
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities