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Clinical Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of EXG001-307 in Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05614531
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 14, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hangzhou Jiayin Biotech Ltd

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this trial is to evaluate safety and efficacy of intravenous delivery of EXG001-307 as a treatment of spinal muscular atrophy Type 1 (SMN1).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type I Genetic: EXG001-307 injection Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The study will evaluate safety and efficacy of gene therapy in spinal muscular atrophy Type 1 (SMA1) patients. SMA is caused by low levels of the survival motor neuron (SMN) protein, and affects all muscles in the body. There is no effective treatment for SMA and current drug therapy has been unsuccessful in stabilizing or reversing this disease. Only supportive care is currently possible.

Open-label, dose-escalation clinical trial of EXG001-307 injected intravenously through a peripheral limb vein. Short-term safety will be evaluated over a 1.5 year period. Patients will be tested at baseline and return for follow up visits on days 14, 21, 30, followed by once every month through 12 months post dose, and then every three months through a year and a half post infusion. Unscheduled visits may occur if the PI determines that they are necessary.

The primary analysis for efficacy will be assessed when all patients reach 18 months of age (a database lock will be performed at the time point at which all patients reach 18 months of age). A follow-up safety analysis will be completed at the time point at which the last patient reaches 18 months of age after post-dose.

Upon completion of the 1.5-year study period, patients will be monitored annually as per standard of care for up to 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Nonrandomized, Open-label,Dose Escalation Clinical Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of EXG001 307 After Intravenous Injection in Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1
Estimated Study Start Date : November 1, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2025

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose escalation- Cohort 1
dose 1 of EXG001-307 delivered one-time through a venous catheter inserted into a peripheral vein (n=3~6)
Genetic: EXG001-307 injection
non-replicating, rAAV vector based on AAV9 containing cDNA encoding the human SMN protein.

Experimental: Dose escalation-Cohort 2
dose 2 of EXG001-307 delivered one-time through a venous catheter inserted into a peripheral vein (n=6~12)
Genetic: EXG001-307 injection
non-replicating, rAAV vector based on AAV9 containing cDNA encoding the human SMN protein.

Experimental: Dose escalation-Cohort 3
dose 3 of EXG001-307 delivered one-time through a venous catheter inserted into a peripheral vein (n=3~6)
Genetic: EXG001-307 injection
non-replicating, rAAV vector based on AAV9 containing cDNA encoding the human SMN protein.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of EXG001-307 following a single intravenous infusion [ Time Frame: During each visit ]
    including type and incidence of AE, SAE, AESI, vital signs, physical/neurological examination, immunogenicity, virology, injection/infusion site reactions, 12-lead electrocardiogram, and safety laboratory results recorded

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Patients number who survival at 14 month of age [ Time Frame: up to 14 month of age ]
    survival at 14 months of age was defined as the number of participants who did not die, did not require permanent ventilation (defined as absence of acute reversible disease [excluding perioperative ventilation], requiring tracheotomy or respiratory assistance with non-invasive ventilation support for ≥16 hours per day for ≥14 consecutive days) and did not withdraw from the study by 14 months of age.

  2. Number of patients who were able to sit unsupported for ≥30 seconds [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to 18 Months of Age Visit ]
    According to the Bailey Scale of Infant and Child Development Version 3 (BSID-III) ,sit unsupported as a participant who sits up straight with head erect for at least 30 seconds; participant does not use arms or hands to balance body or support position, evaluation procedure will confirmed by video recording

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Day to 180 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. SMA was diagnosed by a bilaterally allelic SMN1 mutation (deletion or point mutation) gene with 2 copies of the SMN2 gene.
  2. On the day of dosing, the subject ' s age did not exceed postnatal Day 180.
  3. The clinical history and signs were consistent with type 1 SMA manifestations, i.e. hypotonia, delayed motor function development, poor head control, round shoulder posture, and joint hypermobility.
  4. The subject's legal guardian understands the purpose, possible risks and interests of the study, agrees to participate in the study, completes all study procedures, tests and visits, and voluntarily signs the informed consent form.
  5. During the study, the subject's legal guardian was willing to perform standard treatment requirements such as nasogastric feeding, noninvasive mechanical ventilation, and expectoration machine as recommended by the investigator.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Gestational age at birth was less than 35 weeks (245 days).
  2. At screening, the subject had an oxygen saturation < 96% while awake or sleeping and did not receive any supplemental oxygen or respiratory support.
  3. Requirement of invasive ventilation or tracheotomy, or current use of noninvasive ventilatory support for an average of ≥ 16 hours/day.
  4. Weighed below the 3rd percentile by age according to the WHO Child Growth Criteria (WHO 2009).
  5. Before administration, if the subject has not received or delayed vaccination according to the current month-old national vaccination plan, it will significantly affect the safety of the subject as assessed by the investigator and the medical manager of the project team;
  6. Active viral infections (including HIV, COVID-19, hepatitis B or C seropositivity, torch virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and syphilis).
  7. Serious non-respiratory disease within 2 weeks prior to screening.
  8. Upper respiratory tract infection or lower respiratory tract infection within 4 weeks prior to screening.
  9. Current presence of other severe infections or diseases.
  10. Known cardiac disease or ECG abnormalities that are clinically significant.
  11. Known hypersensitivity to prednisolone, other glucocorticoids, or its excipients.
  12. Immunosuppressive therapy (eg, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, rituximab) other than protocol-required prophylaxis within 3 months prior to dosing.
  13. Immunomodulatory drugs (eg, thymosin, interferon, etc.) are being used to treat myopathy, neuritis, diabetes mellitus (eg, immunosuppressants, glucocorticoids, insulin).
  14. Anti-AAV9 antibody titer > 1: 50 (as determined by ECL). If the potential subject has an anti-AAV9 antibody titer > 1: 50, it can be retested during the screening period. If the anti-AAV9 antibody titer is ≤ 1: 50 at the retest, the subject may continue to participate in the screening.
  15. Clinically significant abnormal laboratory values (GGT, ALT, and AST > 2.5 × ULN, bilirubin ≥ 3.0 mg/dL, creatinine ≥ 1.0 mg/dL, hemoglobin < 8 or > 18 g/dL; white blood cell count > 20,000/cm3; platelet count < 100,000/cm3).
  16. Prior use of other SMA therapeutic agents (e.g., nosinasenat, rispolam, and Zolgensma, etc.) or participated in clinical studies with other SMA therapeutic agents (including but not limited to the above 3 drugs).
  17. Major surgery is expected during study treatment.
  18. Other circumstances that, in the judgment of the investigator, are not suitable for participation in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05614531

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Contact: Sara Yang +86 13957164092 sarayang@exegenesisbio.com

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China, Shanghai
The Children's Hospital of Fudan University Recruiting
Shanghai, Shanghai, China, 201100
Contact: Yiqing Zhu, PhD         
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, PhD         
China, Zhejiang
The Children'S Hospital Zhejiang University of Medicine Not yet recruiting
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, 310051
Contact: Shaoqing Ni, PhD         
Principal Investigator: Qiang Shu, M.D         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hangzhou Jiayin Biotech Ltd
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Responsible Party: Hangzhou Jiayin Biotech Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05614531    
Other Study ID Numbers: EXG001-307-102
2022LP00989 ( Other Identifier: National medical Products Administration of China )
First Posted: November 14, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hangzhou Jiayin Biotech Ltd:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Atrophy
Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Motor Neuron Disease
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Genetic Diseases, Inborn