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Sintilimab (One Anti-PD-1 Antibody) Plus Low-dose Bevacizumab for ctDNA-level-relapse and Clinical-relapse Glioblastoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05502991
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 16, 2022
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Henan Provincial People's Hospital

Brief Summary:

This is an ongoing Phase 2, open-label, single-center, non-randomized study of sintilimab (one anti-PD-1 antibody same as nivolumab approved in China) plus bevacizumab administered in a low dosage schedule in adult (≥ 18 years) participants with a clinical relapse or circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA)-level relapse of glioblastoma (GBM).

This study has two non-comparative study groups. Both cohorts will receive the same study drug sintilimab 200mg and bevacizumab 3mg/kg every 3 weeks. A stringent two-step non-randomized process will be used to assign participants to one of the study groups. Neither participants nor doctors but the researcher can choose which group participants are in. No one knows if one study group is better or worse than the other. 60 total participants are expected to participate in this study (30 participants in each cohort).

Grouping process: After enrollment, under the standard of care, participants will receive regular tumor in situ fluid (fluid within the surgical cavity, TISF) sampling for ctDNA analysis and recceive regular MRI. The researcher will study the TISF ctDNA and imaging dynamics to determine whether the tumor reaches to ctDNA-level (Cohort 1) or clinical relapse (Cohort 2). At the first step, all timely identified as ctDNA-level relapse tumors will be assigned into the Cohort 1 and receive the study drug immediately, those failed to be timely identified will be assigned into the Cohort 2 and receive the study drug after the clinical relapse. At the second step, once either group reaches the target number, the new participants will be all assigned into the other Cohort.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Drug: Tislelizumab plus Bevacizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary study objectives:

-To evaluate the clinical efficacy as measured by the overall survival (OS) rate at 12 months (Cohort 2) and OS rate at 18 months (Cohort 1).

Secondary study objectives:

-To evaluate the safety/tolerability of the study treatment; To compare the OS, progression-free survival and overall response rate of the two study groups.

Exploratory objectives:

-To evaluate the correlative biomarkers based on TISF ctDNA.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Sintilimab Plus Low-dose Bevacizumab in Patients With Glioblastoma of Different Relapse Stages
Estimated Study Start Date : December 11, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Bevacizumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1
Subjects with ctDNA-level-relapse glioblastoma before clinical relapse, determined according to the dynamics of TISF ctDNA.
Drug: Tislelizumab plus Bevacizumab
200mg sintilimab plus 3mg/kg bevacizumab every 3 weeks
Other Name: TYVYT®

Experimental: Cohort 2
Subjects with clinical-relapse glioblastoma, determined according to the response assessment in neuro-oncology (RANO) criteria for gliomas.
Drug: Tislelizumab plus Bevacizumab
200mg sintilimab plus 3mg/kg bevacizumab every 3 weeks
Other Name: TYVYT®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival rate at 12 months (Cohort 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months after beginning therapy ]
    OS-12 is the proportion of participants in the analysis population who remain alive for at least twelve months following initiation of study therapy.

  2. Overall survival rate at 18 months (Cohort 1) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months after beginning therapy ]
    OS-18 is the proportion of participants in the analysis population who remain alive for at least twelve months following initiation of study therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival at 6 months [ Time Frame: Up to six months after beginning treatment ]
    The proportion of participants in the analysis population who remain progression-free for at least six months following initiation of study therapy.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years after beginning treatment ]
    overall survival, as defined as time from beginning of treatment to death.

  3. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years after beginning treatment ]

    Proportion of participants in the analysis population who have complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) using RANO criteria.

    Participants without efficacy evalaluation data or survival data censored at day 1. Participants without measurable disease will not be included.


  4. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years after beginning treatment ]
    Median time from allocation to first documented disease progression as per RANO or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  5. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years after beginning treatment ]
    Time from first RANO response to disease progression in participants who achieve a PR or better.

  6. Number of participants with treatment-emergent adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months after beginning therapy ]
    Toxicity is graded in accordance with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.03. Adverse events (AEs) are reported based on clinical laboratory tests, vital sign and weight measurements, physical examinations, performance status evaluations, magnetic resonance imaging, and any other medically indicated assessments, including subject interviews, from the time informed consent is signed through 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab. AEs are considered to be treatment emergent if they occur or worsen in severity after the first dose of study treatment.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization obtained from the subject/legal representative prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations
  2. Subjects must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory testing, and other requirements of the study, including disease assessment by MRI and tumor in situ fluid (TISF) collection
  3. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of glioblastoma
  4. Resection surgery done at the study center (Henan Provincial People's Hospital), with an reservoir intraoperatively implanted connecting the surgical cavity and the subscalp for postoperative noninvasive TISF collection
  5. Previous first line treatment with at least radiotherapy before the study treatment
  6. An interval of > 28 days and full recovery (i.e., no ongoing safety issues) from surgical resection prior to grouping
  7. Karnofsky performance status (KPS) of 70 or higher
  8. Life expectancy > 12 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. More than two recurrences of GBM
  2. Presence of extracranial metastatic, significant leptomeningeal disease or tumors primarily localized to the brainstem or spinal cord
  3. Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy, or interfere with the interpretation of study results
  4. Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring chronic and systemic immunosuppressive treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll. Subjects have any other condition requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents within 14 days. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses >10mg daily prednisone equivalent are permitted in absence of active autoimmune disease
  5. Previous radiation therapy with anything other than standard radiation therapy (i.e., focally directed radiation) administered as first line therapy
  6. Previous treatment with carmustine wafer except when administered as first line treatment and at least 6 months prior to randomization
  7. Previous bevacizumab or other VEGF or anti-angiogenic treatment
  8. Previous treatment with a PD-1, PD-L1 or CTLA-4 targeted therapy
  9. Evidence of > Grade 1 CNS hemorrhage on the baseline MRI scan
  10. Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure ≥160 mmHg and /or diastolic blood pressure ≥100 mmHg) within 7 days of first study treatment
  11. Prior history of hypertensive crisis, hypertensive encephalopathy, reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS)
  12. Prior history of gastrointestinal diverticulitis, perforation, or abscess
  13. Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease, for example cerebrovascular accidents ≤ 6 months prior to study enrollment, myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months prior to study enrollment, unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (CHF), or serious cardiac arrhythmia uncontrolled by medication or potentially interfering with protocol treatment
  14. Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or recent arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to start of study treatment. Any previous venous thromboembolism ≥ NCI CTCAE Grade 3 within 3 months prior to start of study treatment
  15. History of pulmonary hemorrhage/hemoptysis ≥ grade 2 (defined as ≥ 2.5 mL bright red blood per episode) within 1 month prior to randomization
  16. History or evidence of inherited bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy at risk of bleeding (i.e., in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation)
  17. Current or recent (within 10 days of study enrollment) use of anticoagulants that, in the opinion of the investigator, would place the subject at significant risk for bleeding. Prophylactic use of anticoagulants is allowed
  18. Surgical procedure (including open biopsy, surgical resection, wound revision, or any other major surgery involving entry into a body cavity) or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to first study treatment, or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  19. Minor surgical procedure (e.g., stereotactic biopsy within 7 days of first study treatment; placement of a vascular access device within 2 days of first study treatment)
  20. History of intracranial abscess within 6 months prior to randomization;
  21. History of active gastrointestinal bleeding within 6 months prior to randomization
  22. Serious, non-healing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture
  23. Subjects unable (due to existent medical condition, e.g., pacemaker or ICD device) or unwilling to have a head contrast enhanced MRI
  24. Positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or detectable hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) indicating acute or chronic infection
  25. Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  26. History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
  27. Patients that require decadron > 4 mg/ day or equivalent of steroids

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05502991


Contacts
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Contact: Xingyao Bu, MD, PhD +86037165580295 xingyaob@zzu.edu.cn

Locations
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China, Henan
Henan Provincial People's Hospital
Zhengzhou, Henan, China, 450003
Contact: Xingyao Bu       xingyaob@zzu.edu.cn   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Henan Provincial People's Hospital
Investigators
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Study Director: Xingyao Bu Henan Provincial People's Hospital
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Responsible Party: Henan Provincial People's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05502991    
Other Study ID Numbers: HenanPPH-GBM
First Posted: August 16, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 27, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Bevacizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors