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Acute Effects of Cannabis on Everyday Life Memory

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05488509
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 4, 2022
Last Update Posted : August 4, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington State University

Brief Summary:
This study will examine the acute effects of cannabis on various aspects of memory. Eligible participants will complete a drug screen followed by baseline measures of cannabis consumption patterns, level of intoxication, euphoria, anxiety, stress, and verbal intelligence. Next, participants will be randomly assigned to inhale vapor from cannabis containing 20mg THC or placebo; both cannabis and placebo will be obtained from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Participants will complete a battery of memory tests including tests of prospective, verbal, visuospatial, autobiographical, source, verbal working, visuospatial working, false, and temporal order memory. Memory tests will be completed across two blocks in a counterbalanced order. Ratings of intoxication, euphoria, anxiety, and stress will be obtained three additional times after drug/placebo administration. The investigators hypothesize that participants who are randomly assigned to inhale cannabis vapor will perform worse on all memory tests than participants who inhale the placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cannabis Use Drug: Cannabis Drug: Placebo Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 128 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Acute Effects of Cannabis on Everyday Life Memory
Estimated Study Start Date : January 1, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Marijuana Memory

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cannabis
Participants will inhale vapor from cannabis containing 20mg THC.
Drug: Cannabis
Participants will inhale vapor from cannabis containing 20mg THC.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants will inhale vapor from a placebo product.
Drug: Placebo
Participants will inhale vapor from a placebo product.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difficulties Rating Prospective Memory Test [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Participants will be asked to remember to rate how difficult they found each test immediately after it is completed, using a 0 (not at all difficult) to 10 (extremely difficult) scale. The percentage of tests they remember to provide difficulty ratings for will be computed as the outcome of interest.

  2. Bell Ring Prospective Memory Test [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Participants will be asked to try to remember to ring a desktop bell every 15 minutes during testing. A clock will be positioned on the table for them to refer to the time. The percentage of times they remembered to ring the bell after a 15 minute interval will be computed as the outcome of interest.

  3. Immediate Verbal Memory [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Immediate verbal memory will be assessed using the immediate trials of the California Verbal Learning Test. For these trials, participants are read a list of 16 words and are asked to immediately recall the words three times in a row. The primary outcome of interest is the average number of words correctly recalled across the three immediate memory trials.

  4. Delayed Verbal Memory [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Delayed verbal memory will be assessed using the long delay trial of the California Verbal Learning Test. For this trial, after a delay participants must recall as many words from the list of 16 words that was previously read to them during the immediate verbal memory trials. The primary outcome of interest is the number of words correctly recalled.

  5. Immediate Visuospatial Memory [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Immediate visuospatial memory will be assessed using the immediate trials of the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test. For these trials, participants are shown a page with 6 geometric figures for 10 seconds. The figures are then removed from the participant's sight, and they are asked to draw as many of the figures as possible in their correct location. This is repeated once. The primary outcome of interest is the average accuracy score for the two trials, which can range from 0 to 12, with higher scores indicating better immediate visuospatial memory.

  6. Delayed Visuospatial Memory [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Delayed visuospatial memory will be assessed using the delayed trial of the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test. For this trial, after a delay, participants must draw from memory the 6 geometric figures that they were previously shown during the immediate visuospatial memory trials. They will be asked to draw as many of the figures as possible in their correct location. The primary outcome of interest is the accuracy score, which can range from 0 to 12, with higher scores indicating better delayed visuospatial memory.

  7. Autobiographical Memory - Internal Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of internal details (i.e., details linked to specific spatiotemporal context) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  8. Autobiographical Memory - External Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of external details (i.e., details not linked to specific spatiotemporal context) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  9. Source Memory - Recall [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Participants will be shown a list of basic words and pictures (e.g., book, swing). They will be told to read each word and name each picture. Participants will later be asked to recall as many words from the list as possible. The primary outcome of interest is the number of correctly recalled words.

  10. Source Memory - Recognition [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Participants will be shown a list of basic words and pictures (e.g., book, swing). They will be told to read each word and name each picture. Participants will later complete a source memory recognition test which will require them to identify new items (words/pictures not shown to them), old words (words/pictures shown to them) and the source of each of the words identified as old (word or picture). The primary outcome of interest is the number of words identified as old for which the correct source judgement was made.

  11. Verbal Working Memory - Digit Span Forward [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Verbal working memory will be assessed using the Forward portion of the Digit Span Test. For this test, participants are read lists of digits (of increasing lengths) and are asked to recall them in the same order. The primary outcome of interest is the total number of correct responses in the backwards portion of the test.

  12. Verbal Working Memory - Digit Span Backward [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Verbal working memory will be assessed using the Backwards portion of the Digit Span Test. For this test, participants are read lists of digits (of increasing lengths) and are asked to recall them in reverse order. The primary outcome of interest is the total number of correct responses in the backwards portion of the test.

  13. Visuospatial Working Memory - Block Span [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Visuospatial working memory will be assessed using the Corsi Block Tapping Test. An array of 9 blocks is positioned in front of the participant and the experimenter taps the blocks in a specific sequence and then asks the participant to tap the same blocks in the same order. This is repeated multiple times with different length sequences (3 blocks, 4 blocks, 5 blocks, and so on). The block span outcome will be calculated by determining the number of blocks in the longest sequence that the participant correctly repeated. The range of possible scores for this outcome range from 3 to 9, with larger block spans indicating better visuospatial working memory.

  14. Visuospatial Working Memory - Total Score [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Visuospatial working memory will be assessed using the Corsi Block Tapping Test. An array of 9 blocks is positioned in front of the participant and the experimenter taps the blocks in a specific sequence and then asks the participant to tap the same blocks in the same order. This is repeated multiple times with different length sequences (3 blocks, 4 blocks, 5 blocks, and so on). The total score outcome will be calculated by counting the total number of sequences that were correctly repeated. The range of possible scores for this outcome range from 0 to 7, with higher scores indicating better visuospatial working memory.

  15. False Memory for Critical Lures - Free Recall [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    The immediate free recall trials of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm for false memory will administered. Participants will be read 5 lists of words. Each list will contain 15 words that all relate to one critical lure that is not included in the list (e.g., tired, bed, pillow, night, dream - critical lure sleep is never presented). Immediately after each list is presented participants will be asked to freely recall the list. The primary outcome of interest is the number of critical lures falsely recalled.

  16. False Recognition Memory for Critical Lures [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    The false memory recognition test of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm for false memory will be used to calculate total number of falsely recognized critical lures. After a delay, participants will be asked to indicate whether each word from a list of words was previously presented in a list during the free recall phase of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm. The list of words will include words that were previously presented, critical lures, words not presented that are highly related to words that were presented, and unrelated distractor words.

  17. False Recognition Memory for Related Words [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    The false memory recognition test of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm for false memory will be used to calculate total number of falsely recognized related words. After a delay, participants will be asked to indicate whether each word from a list of words was previously presented in a list during the free recall phase of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm. The list of words will include words that were previously presented, critical lures, words not presented that are highly related to words that were presented, and unrelated distractor words.

  18. False Recognition Memory for Unrelated Words [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    The false memory recognition test of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm for false memory will be used to calculate total number of falsely recognized unrelated words. After a delay, participants will be asked to indicate whether each word from a list of words was previously presented in a list during the free recall phase of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm. The list of words will include words that were previously presented, critical lures, words not presented that are highly related to words that were presented, and unrelated distractor words.

  19. Temporal Order Memory Recall [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Participants will be asked to freely recall all the tests they completed as part of the test battery in the order in which they were completed. The order of each recalled test will be scored for accuracy and summed to yield the overall accuracy score. The outcome of interest is the overall accuracy score which can range from 0 to 11 with higher scores indicating better temporal order memory recall.

  20. Temporal Order Memory Recognition [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one-hour post-treatment. ]
    Participants will be presented with cards describing each of the tests they completed, and they will be asked to organize them in the order in which the tests were administered. The order produced by the participant will be scored for accuracy against the correct order. The primary outcome of interest is the accuracy score which can range from 0 to 22 with higher scores indicating better temporal order memory recognition.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Baseline Intoxication Rating [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment). ]
    Participants will be asked to rate how high they feel using a scale from (not high at all) to 10 (extremely high) prior to completing any study tasks.

  2. Post-treatment Intoxication Rating [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, immediately after treatment. ]
    Participants will be asked to rate how high they feel using a scale from 0 (not high at all) to 10 (extremely high) after receiving treatment.

  3. Mid-testing Intoxication Rating [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the midpoint of the testing session, 30 minutes after treatment. ]
    Participants will be asked to rate how high they feel using a scale from 0 (not high at all) to 10 (extremely high) during the middle of memory testing.

  4. Post-testing Intoxication Rating [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed at the end of the testing session, one hour after treatment and after testing is complete. ]
    Participants will be asked to rate how high they feel using a scale from 0 (not high at all) to 10 (extremely high) after completing memory testing.

  5. Euphoria Rating Change Score (Baseline to Post-treatment) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and immediately after treatment. ]
    Participants will rate their euphoria using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again after receiving treatment. The change in euphoria ratings will be calculated.

  6. Euphoria Rating Change Score (Baseline to Mid-testing) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and at the midpoint of testing (i.e., 30 minutes after treatment, when the first block of testing is complete). ]
    Participants will rate their euphoria using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again in the middle of testing. The change in euphoria ratings will be calculated.

  7. Euphoria Rating Change Score (Baseline to Post-testing) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and at the end of the testing session (i.e., one hour after treatment and after testing is complete). ]
    Participants will rate their euphoria using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again after completing memory testing. The change in euphoria ratings will be calculated.

  8. Stress Rating Change Score (Baseline to Post-treatment) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and immediately after treatment. ]
    Participants will rate their stress using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again after receiving treatment. The change in stress ratings will be calculated.

  9. Stress Rating Change Score (Baseline to Mid-testing) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and at the midpoint of testing (i.e., 30 minutes after treatment, when the first block of testing is complete). ]
    Participants will rate their stress using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again in the middle of testing. The change in stress ratings will be calculated.

  10. Stress Rating Change Score (Baseline to Post-testing) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and at the end of the testing session (i.e., one hour after treatment and after testing is complete). ]
    Participants will rate their stress using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again after completing memory testing. The change in stress ratings will be calculated.

  11. Anxiety Rating Change Score (Baseline to Post-treatment) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and immediately after treatment. ]
    Participants will rate their anxiety using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again after receiving treatment. The change in anxiety ratings will be calculated.

  12. Anxiety Rating Change Score (Baseline to Mid-testing) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and at the midpoint of testing (i.e., 30 minutes after treatment, when the first block of testing is complete). ]
    Participants will rate their anxiety using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again in the middle of testing. The change in anxiety ratings will be calculated.

  13. Anxiety Rating Change Score (Baseline to Post-testing) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be computed from measures collected at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment) and at the end of the testing session (i.e., one hour after treatment and after testing is complete). ]
    Participants will rate their anxiety using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 10 (extremely) before completing any study tasks and again after completing memory testing. The change in anxiety ratings will be calculated.

  14. Autobiographical Memory Valence (Positive) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a positive event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate the emotional valence of the memory using a scale from -6 (extremely negative) to 0 (neutral) to 6 (extremely positive).

  15. Autobiographical Memory Valence (Negative) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a negative event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate the emotional valence of the memory using a scale from -6 (extremely negative) to 0 (neutral) to 6 (extremely positive).

  16. Autobiographical Memory Valence (Neutral) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a neutral event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate the emotional valence of the memory using a scale from -6 (extremely negative) to 0 (neutral) to 6 (extremely positive).

  17. Autobiographical Memory Arousal (Positive) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a positive event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate how arousing the memory was using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 6 (extremely).

  18. Autobiographical Memory Arousal (Negative) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a negative event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate how arousing the memory was using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 6 (extremely).

  19. Autobiographical Memory Arousal (Neutral) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a neutral event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate how arousing the memory was using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 6 (extremely).

  20. Autobiographical Memory Vividness (Positive) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a positive event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate how vivid the memory was using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 6 (extremely).

  21. Autobiographical Memory Vividness (Negative) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a negative event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate how vivid the memory was using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 6 (extremely).

  22. Autobiographical Memory Vividness (Neutral) [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    After recalling a neutral event during the Autobiographical Interview, participants must rate how vivid the memory was using a scale from 0 (not at all) to 6 (extremely).


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Verbal Intelligence [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment). ]
    Participants will complete the Weschler Test of Adult Reading as an index of verbal IQ to ensure that participants are equivalent in this regard. This test simply requires participants to pronounce a list of basic words (e.g., treaties, knead, liaison). The outcome of interest is the total number of correctly pronounced words.

  2. Cannabis Consumption Patterns [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment). ]
    Participants will complete the Daily Sessions, Frequency, Age of Onset, and Quantity of Cannabis Use Inventory, which is a standardized, valid, and reliable measure of their cannabis consumption patterns. The information from this survey will be used to characterize the sample, determine covariates that should be controlled for in analyses.

  3. Drug Screen [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed at baseline (i.e., during the testing session but before treatment). ]
    Participants will complete a 12-panel urine drug test to ensure they test positive for cannabis/THC but no other illicit drugs.

  4. Autobiographical Memory - Event Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of event details (i.e., internal details about the remembered event itself) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  5. Autobiographical Memory - Perceptual Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of perceptual details (i.e., internal details about sensations and perceptions experienced during the remembered event) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  6. Autobiographical Memory - Emotion/Thought Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of emotion/thought details (i.e., internal details about emotions, thoughts, and opinions experienced during the remembered event) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  7. Autobiographical Memory - Place Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of place details (i.e., internal details about locations and spaces during which the remembered event occurred) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  8. Autobiographical Memory - Time Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of time details (i.e., internal details about the timing of the remembered event) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  9. Autobiographical Memory - Personal Semantic Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of personal semantic details (i.e., external details about personalized facts) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  10. Autobiographical Memory - General Semantic Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of general semantic details (i.e., external details about universal facts) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  11. Autobiographical Memory - Extraneous Event Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of extraneous event details (i.e., external details about events tangential to the remembered event) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  12. Autobiographical Memory - Repeated Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of repeated details (i.e., details repeated during memory recall) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.

  13. Autobiographical Memory - Other External Details [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed from measures administered during the testing session, within one- hour post-treatment. ]
    The investigators will calculate the total number of other external details (i.e., metacognitions, editorializing) provided during participants' recall of three separate personal life memories. To obtain this outcome, participants will complete the Autobiographical Interview in which they must describe in as much detail as possible three events in which they were personally involved during the past year (but not the past week). One event will be positive, one negative, and one neutral. Participants will be asked to describe each event in as much detail as possible for a total of 5 minutes and indicate the approximate date and location that the event occurred. Their recalls will be audio recorded for subsequent transcription and coding of details.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have used cannabis at least once a week for at least one year
  • Willing to abstain from using any cannabis on the day of their scheduled testing session (minimum of 8 hours of abstinence)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of a serious psychiatric condition (psychosis, bipolar I, panic disorder)
  • Family history of psychosis
  • Diagnosis of a neurological disorder
  • Diagnosis of a chronic medical condition (e.g., heart disease, diabetes)
  • Diagnosis of a learning disability
  • History of multiple concussions
  • History of head injury that may impact cognition
  • Being pregnant
  • Lactating
  • History of adverse experiences with cannabis (anxiety, panic attacks)
  • Use of illicit drugs in the past 6 months
  • Heavy alcohol use (>4 drinks, >4 times/week)
  • Smoking/nicotine use

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05488509


Contacts
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Contact: Ryan McLaughlin, PhD 509-335-6448 ryan.mclaughlin@wsu.edu
Contact: Carrie Cuttler, PhD 509-335-0681 carrie.cuttler@wsu.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington State University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ryan McLaughlin, PhD Washington State University
Principal Investigator: Carrie Cuttler Washington State University
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Responsible Party: Washington State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05488509    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19425-001
First Posted: August 4, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 4, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: De-identified data will be shared upon request to the PIs after publication of our primary findings.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: After the publication of primary findings
Access Criteria: Email to PI

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Marijuana Abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders