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Validation of an AI-based Biliopancreatic EUS Navigation System for Real-time Quality Improvement: A Prospective, Single-center, Randomized Controlled Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05457101
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 13, 2022
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University

Brief Summary:
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is a key procedure for diagnosing biliopancreatic diseases. However, the performance among EUS endoscopists varies greatly and leads to blind areas during operation, which impaired the health outcome of patients. We previously developed an artificial intelligence (AI) device that accurately identifies EUS standard stations and significantly reduces the difficulty of ultrasound image interpretation. In this study, we updated the device (named EUS-IREAD) and assessed its performance in improving the quality of EUS examination in a single-center randomized controlled trial.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Endoscopic Ultrasonography Pancreatic Disease Bile Duct Diseases Artificial Intelligence Other: AI-based biliopancreatic EUS navigation system Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

In recent years, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has developed into a preferred imaging modality for the diagnosis of biliopancreatic diseases, especially small (< 3 cm) pancreatic tumors and small (< 4 mm) bile duct stones. Therefore, EUS is often chosen as the main tool for screening early biliopancreatic diseases among high-risk individuals. However, a plenty of studies have shown that the detection rate of biliopancreatic diseases under EUS varies from 70% to 93% among different endoscopists due to examination quality and operators differences, which suggest that there are missed diagnosis of lesions. The missed diagnosis of pancreatic cancer makes patients lose the opportunity of radical surgery, and the five-year survival rate is reduced to 7.2%; and the missed diagnosis of choledocholithiasis causes severe acute diseases such asacute cholangitis and acute pancreatitis; it has serious consequences on the prognosis and quality of life of patients. Therefore it is important to reduce the missed diagnosis of lesions while further expanding the application of EUS.

Ensuring the examination quality is a seminal prerequisite for discovering biliopancreatic lesions in EUS. There are two main reasons affecting the quality of biliopancreatic EUS examination: First, non-standard operation by endoscopists; excellent biliopancreatic EUS examinations require the continuity and integrity of the scan. According to the experience of the Japanese Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and European and American experts, multi-station approach in biliopancreatic EUS has been established as the standard scanning procedure. And these standard stations include anatomical landmarks that can be used to locate the transducer and identify areas that are not scanned. The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) and the American Association for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ACG) Endoscopic Quality Working Group have also issued quality indicators that should be completed for EUS examination. But they are often not well followed because of a lack of supervision and availability of practical tools, and there are a large number of blind areas in current daily EUS scans. Secondly, it is difficult in understanding US images with gray and white texture. Even experienced endoscopists have some challenges in identifying anatomical structures in EUS images. Therefore, it is critical to develop a practical tool that can monitor the blind area of EUS examination in real time, reduce the difficulty of ultrasonographic interpretation, and standardize the quality of EUS examination.

Deep learning has been successfully applied to many areas of medicine. In the field of endoscopic ultrasonography, most researches are dedicated to the use of computer tools to assist in the diagnosis of lesions in static images, while rare work studied the role of deep learning in monitoring the blind area of EUS examinations and exploring assistance on real-time ultrasonographic interpretation. Previously, we have successfully developed and validated an EUS navigation system that can identify the standard stations of pancreas and bile duct EUS in real time. Although encouraging preliminary results have been published regarding the use of artificial intelligence in reducing the difficulty of EUS images, this system has not been validated in a real-world clinical setting, and it is unclear whether it can be successfully applied in clinical practice and improve the quality of EUS examination.

Therefore, in this study, we updated the EUS-intelligent and real-time endoscopy analytical device (named EUS-IREAD) based on the aforementioned biliopancreatic EUS station recognition models and further trained an anatomical landmark identification function to better locate the transducer position and diagnose biliopancreatic lesions. We then conducted a single-center randomized controlled trial to assess its adjunctive performance to EUS endoscopists in a clinical setting.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 288 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Biliopancreatic EUS Navigation System for Real-time Quality Improvement: A Prospective, Single-center, Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 30, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: with AI-based biliopancreatic EUS navigation system
The endoscopists in the experimental group will be assisted by EndoAngel, which can in real-time prompt standard stations and anatomical structures during EUS.
Other: AI-based biliopancreatic EUS navigation system
The endoscopists in the experimental group will be assisted by EndoAngel, which can in real-time prompt standard stations and anatomical structures during EUS. The system is an non-invasive AI system .

No Intervention: without AI-based biliopancreatic EUS navigation system
The endoscopists in the contrpl group performs the examination routinely without special prompts.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Missed scanning rate of standard stations in the experimental group and control group [ Time Frame: twelve month ]
    It was calculated by dividing the number of standard stations that is not scanned by the number of stations that should be scanned.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Missed scanning rate of anatomical landmarks in the experimental group and control groups [ Time Frame: twelve month ]
    It was calculated by dividing the number of anatomical landmarks that is not scanned by the number of anatomical landmarks that should be scanned

  2. Missed scanning rate per standard station [ Time Frame: twelve month ]
    It was calculated by dividing the number of patients who are not scanned at a station by the total number of patients who should be scanned at the station

  3. Missed scanning rate of anatomical landmarks in different standard stations [ Time Frame: twelve month ]
    It was calculated by dividing the number of anatomical landmarks that is not scanned under a station by the number of important anatomical landmarks that should be scanned under that station

  4. Missed scanning rate of standard stations and anatomical landmarks for individual [ Time Frame: twelve month ]
    the Missed scanning rate of standard stations and anatomical landmarks of biliopancreatic endoscopic ultrasonography in different endoscopists in the EUS-IREAD assisted group and control groups

  5. Operation time [ Time Frame: twelve month ]
    In addition to puncture, elastography, enhanced ultrasound and other observation of lesions or treatment, the time used to observe the biliopancreatic system



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female aged 18 or above;
  2. Patients able to give informed consent were eligible to participate.
  3. Able and willing to comply with all study process.
  4. history of previous biliopancreatic disease
  5. Biliopancreatic lesions suspected due to clinical symptoms and/or radiological findings and/or laboratory findings
  6. Patients at high risk of pancreatic cancer : Known genetic mutations associated with pancreatic cancer risk (BRCA2, BRCA1, PALB2, ATM, CDKNA/p16); Familial pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma without known germline mutation; Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (STK11); Lynch syndrome (MLH1/MSH2/MSH6, EPCAM, PMS2); Familial adenomatous polyposis (APC). etc.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has participated in other clinical trials, signed informed consent and was in the follow-up period of other clinical trials.
  2. Has participated in clinical trials of the drug and is in the elution period of the experimental drug or control drug.
  3. patients with absolute contraindications to EUS examination;
  4. Drug or alcohol abuse or psychological disorder in the last 5 years.
  5. Patients in pregnancy or lactation.
  6. bleeding diathesis or thrombocytopenia
  7. history of previous digestive surgery.
  8. severe medical illness
  9. upper GI tract obstruction
  10. previous medical history of allergic reaction to anesthetics
  11. anatomical abnormalities of the upper gastrointestinal tract due to advanced neoplasia
  12. Researchers believe that the patient is not suitable to participate in the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05457101


Contacts
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Contact: Honggang Yu, Doctor +862788041911 whdxrmyy@126.com

Locations
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China, Hubei
Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University Recruiting
Wuhan, Hubei, China, 430060
Contact: Yu Honggang, Doctor    13871281899    yuhonggang@whu.edu.cn   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Honggang Yu, Doctor Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University
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Responsible Party: Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05457101    
Other Study ID Numbers: EA-19-003-26
First Posted: July 13, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Diseases
Bile Duct Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases