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Trial record 3 of 3 for:    blood flow restriction | Multiple Sclerosis | United States

Blood Flow Restriction And Veterans With MS (BRAVe-MS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05433103
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 27, 2022
Last Update Posted : January 19, 2023
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development

Brief Summary:
There currently is a lack of evidence to support exercise interventions in people with advanced disability due to MS (i.e., need assistance to walk or use a wheelchair). This project proposes to study a strength training program using blood flow restriction (BFR) in people with advanced disability due to MS. BFR uses a device that partially blocks blood flow to the exercising limb and causes a response in the muscle which can replicate the effects of high-intensity training using much lower intensities. This is ideal for people with MS who have advanced disability, as they often cannot tolerate higher intensity exercise due to severe weakness and fatigue. By studying BFR training in people with advanced disability due to MS, the investigators hope to help improve strength, mobility, fatigue, and quality of life in people with MS. This study will target enrollment of Veterans with MS, who tend to have more advanced disability than non-Veterans with MS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Other: Low-Load Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction Other: Low-Load Exercise Control Group Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disorder affecting about 1 million Americans. Among the many MS symptoms, muscle weakness is among the most common, contributes to decreased mobility, and worsens as disability advances. While there is strong evidence that moderate-to-high intensity resistance training improves muscle strength in people with MS and low disability, there is little evidence evaluating resistance training in people with advanced disability due to MS (i.e., those who need assistance to walk or use a wheelchair). People with advanced disability due to MS require unique approaches to resistance training as they often cannot tolerate higher intensity exercise because of severe weakness and fatigue. Blood flow restriction (BFR) has the potential to address these issues. With BFR, resistance training at low intensities has been shown to be as effective as high intensity training without BFR at increasing muscle strength and hypertrophy in people with a variety of musculoskeletal conditions. The preliminary data supports the safety, feasibility, and tolerance of BFR resistance training in people with advanced disability due to MS. The objective of the currently proposed study is to evaluate the efficacy of low-load resistance training with BFR on muscle strength, mobility, and fatigue in people with advanced disability due to MS.

This proposed Phase II clinical trial will target enrollment of Veterans with MS, who would often have more severe symptoms, worse mobility, and more advanced disability compared to non-Veterans with MS. The study hopes to address a crucial gap that is highly relevant for Veterans with MS:

interventions to improve mobility and optimize function for those with advanced disability. Fifty-eight participants with MS and advanced disability will be randomized (1:1) to low-load resistance training with BFR (experimental) or without BFR (control). Resistance training will target knee and hip extension, knee and hip flexion, and ankle plantarflexion 2x/week for 10 weeks. A blinded assessor will collect outcomes at baseline, post- intervention (primary endpoint), and after 8 weeks of follow-up. The Study Aims are to determine between-group differences in 1) Muscle health: quadriceps strength (primary outcome) and muscle morphology (thickness and echogenicity); 2) Mobility: 30-Second Sit-to-Stand; and 3) Self-reported fatigue: Modified Fatigue Impact Scale. The investigators hypothesize that the experimental group will have significantly greater improvements in muscle strength and thickness, mobility, and self-reported fatigue compared to the control group. The long-term goal of this research is to develop clinically feasible exercise interventions for people with advanced disability due to MS that can improve participation, quality of life, and disability.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 58 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomized control trial with two groups.
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Investigator and Outcomes Assessor will be blinded to group allocation
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Low-Load Resistance Training With Blood Flow Restriction in People With Multiple Sclerosis and Advanced Disability: A Randomized Control Trial
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2027
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Low-Load Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction
The BFR intervention will combine low-load resistance training with between 60%-80% blood flow occlusion under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist.
Other: Low-Load Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction
Participants in the BFR group will attend a 10-week, twice weekly intervention exercise session combining low-load resistance training with at least 60% blood flow occlusion. Standard education regarding the importance of exercise for people with MS will also be provided. All participants will also be asked to practice a home exercise program focusing on functional tasks one time a week.
Other Name: BFR

Active Comparator: Low-Load Exercise Control
The control group with consist only of low-load resistance training under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist.
Other: Low-Load Exercise Control Group
Participants in the Control group will attend a 10-week, twice weekly intervention exercise session combining low-load resistance training. Standard education regarding the importance of exercise for people with MS will also be provided. All participants will also be asked to practice a home exercise program focusing on functional tasks one time a week.
Other Name: Control




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quadriceps muscle strength [ Time Frame: Change in muscle strength between Baseline (Week 0) and Primary Endpoint (Week 11) ]
    Quadriceps muscle strength measured using dynamometry.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Muscle morphology [ Time Frame: Change between Baseline (Week 0) and Primary Endpoint (Week 11) ]
    Muscle morphology is measured using ultrasonography to determine thickness and echogenicity.

  2. 30-second sit to stand [ Time Frame: Change between Baseline (Week 0) and Primary Endpoint (Week 11) ]
    The number of times the participant can transition from sitting to standing in 30 seconds.

  3. Modified Fatigue Impact Scale [ Time Frame: Change between Baseline (Week 0) and Primary Endpoint (Week 11) ]
    A 21-item questionnaire describing how fatigue may affect a person. Scores range from 0 to 84 with higher scores indicating more fatigue.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Berg Balance Scale [ Time Frame: Change between Baseline (Week 0) and Primary Endpoint (Week 11) ]
    A test administered by a trained professional consisting of 14 predetermined tasks, each of which are scored on a scale from 0 to 4. Total scores range from 0 to 56 with higher scores indicating better balance.

  2. Activity Monitor Sedentary Time [ Time Frame: Change between Baseline (Week 0) and Primary Endpoint (Week 11) ]
    Sedentary time is measured using an ActivPal device and is defined as time spent sitting, lying, or sleeping.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Confirmed diagnosis of MS
  2. Age 18-70
  3. Patient Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) 4 to 7

    • PDDS 4: Early cane: I use a cane or a single crutch or some other form of support (such as touching a wall or leaning on someone's arm) for walking all the time or part of the time, especially when walking outside. I think I can walk 25 feet in 20 seconds without a cane or crutch. I always need some assistance (cane or crutch) if I want to walk as far as three blocks.
    • PDDS 5: Late cane: To be able to walk 25 feet, I have to have a cane, crutch, or someone to hold onto. I can get around the house or other buildings by holding onto furniture or touching the walls for support. I may use a scooter or wheelchair if I want to go greater distances.
    • PDDS 6: Bilateral support: To be able to walk as far as 25 feet I must have two canes or crutches or a walker. I may use a scooter or wheelchair for longer distances.
    • PDDS 7: Wheelchair/scooter: My main form of mobility is a wheelchair. I may be able to stand and/or take one or two steps, but I can't walk 25 feet, even with crutches or a walker.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. PDDS 8: Unable to sit in a wheelchair for more than one hour.
  2. PDDS 3 or less: MS does not interfere with my activities, especially my walking. I can work a full day, but athletic or physically demanding activities are more difficult than they used to be. I usually don't need a can or other assistance to walk, but I might need some assistance during an attack.
  3. Moderate to Severe cognitive impairment as identified by the St. Louis University Mental Status Exam Score <=20
  4. History of deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism, peripheral vascular disease, thrombophilia, clotting disorders
  5. Systolic BP >= 180 mmHg or Diastolic BP >= 110 mmHg.
  6. Any comorbid conditions or pain that substantially affects physical function or would interfere with the participant's ability to safely complete rehabilitation (e.g. neurologic, vascular, cardiac problems, orthopedic, or ongoing medical treatments) as determined by a neurologist or physical therapist
  7. Patient report of easy bruising
  8. Severe lower extremity spasticity as defined as Modified Ashworth scale >2.
  9. Engaged in progressive resistance training program currently or in the previous 2 months prior to enrollment.
  10. Use of blood flow restriction currently or in the previous 2 months prior to enrollment.
  11. MS-related exacerbation or changes to their disease-modifying drug therapy in the month prior to enrollment.
  12. Inability to tolerate pressure cuff during baseline assessment.
  13. Unable to perform seated leg press exercise or no against gravity knee extension strength in at least one limb.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05433103


Contacts
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Contact: Mark M Manago, PT (303) 399-8020 mark.manago@va.gov
Contact: Emily R Hager, BS MS (303) 724-6035 emily.hager@va.gov

Locations
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United States, Colorado
Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center, Aurora, CO Recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Mark M Manago, PT    303-399-8020    mark.manago@va.gov   
Contact: Emily R Hager, BS MS    (303) 724-6035    emily.hager@va.gov   
Principal Investigator: Mark M Manago, PT         
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mark M Manago, PT Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center, Aurora, CO
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Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05433103    
Other Study ID Numbers: F4242-W
First Posted: June 27, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 19, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Multiple Sclerosis
Blood Flow Restriction
Exercise
Low-load resistance training
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases