The Feasibility and Efficacy of a Two-week MCT Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in a Group Setting
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05402306|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 2, 2022
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2022
Long treatment durations may not always be feasible for patients due to pressure to get better quickly, long travel distance to treatment clinics, inflexible working hours, or childcare. To overcome these challenges intensive treatments are currently emerging and several research studies have shown significant and lasting results of diagnosis-specific intensive treatments. A transdiagnostic treatment in a group setting can contribute to a more efficient course of treatment for patients.
Research suggests that Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders. However, MCT has not previously been used on inpatients over a two-week period. To make the treatment tangible for patients and easy to administer for therapists over a short time, attention training technique (ATT) will mainly be used as a changing technique.
The main aim of the study is to explore the feasibility and efficacy of intensive and short-term MCT for anxiety disorders in a group setting.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Anxiety Disorders||Other: Treatment group||Not Applicable|
Design: The study will use randomized control trial with a waitlist control. Cohorts of 12 included patients will be randomly assigned to active treatment or waitlist for two weeks. The waitlist patients will receive the same treatment immediately after the two-week waiting period.
Inclusion criteria: Adults ranging from 18 to 30 years of age meeting diagnostic criteria for generalised anxiety disorder, social phobia, and/or panic disorder with or without agoraphobia will be included in the study. Further the participants must be able to communicate in Norwegian and provide written consent.
Exclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria will be ongoing drug abuse, history of psychotic episodes, current suicidality, or participants not able to adapt to an intensive group format.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||The Feasibility and Efficacy of a Two-week MCT Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in a Group Setting|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 28, 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 28, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 28, 2023|
Experimental: Treatment group
A two-week intensive group treatment with MCT mainly focusing on attention training. The participants will be allocated into treatment in groups of six. Group sessions will be conducted two times a day for approximately 60 minutes.
Other: Treatment group
Group metacognitive therapy, mainly with attention training technique over two weeks.
No Intervention: Waitlist control group
Cohorts of 12 included patients will be randomly assigned to active treatment or waitlist for two weeks. The waitlist patients will receive the same treatment immediately after four-week waiting period.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7, Spitzer et al., 2006) will be used to measure anxiety symptoms. GAD-7 is a seven-item, self-report measure which assess the severity of anxiety symptoms within the last two weeks. The items are scored on a four-point Likert scale (0-3), with the scores ranging from minimum 0 to maximum 21. Higher scores means worse outcome.
- Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer & Williams, 2001) will be used to measure symptoms of depression. The questionnaire consists of nine items where each is scored on a four-point Likert scale (0-3), with the range of scores from 0 to 27. Higher scores indicate greater depression severity
- Social Phobia Inventory (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN; Connor et al., 2000) will be used to measure symptoms of social phobia. SPIN is a 17-item, self-report measure which assess social phobia symptoms during the last weeks. Items is rated from 0 to 4, from "not at all", "a little bit", "somewhat", "very much" to "extremely". The score ranges from 0 to 68. Higher scores indicate greater social anxiety severity. A cut-off score of 19 assumes to indicate a clinical social phobia.
- CAS-1 (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]CAS-1 (Wells, 2009) is a 16-item self-report measure which assess metacognitive strategies and metacognitive beliefs within the last week.The first two items examine time used on worry/rumination and threat monitoring rated on an eight-point scale from "no time" to "all the time". The next six items assess unhelpful coping behaviours on the same likert-scale. The last eight items investigate metacognitive beliefs which is rated from 0 to 100. Higher scores means more time spent on CAS and higher belief in metacognitions.
- Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-32; Horowitz et al., 2000) is a 32-item self-report questionnaire which measure interpersonal functioning in total and on eight different subscales. The items are rated from 0 "not at all" to 4 "extremely". High scores for the total score and the subscales indicate an increased level of interpersonal problems.
- Metacognition questionnaire 30 (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]The Metacognition questionnaire (MCQ-30; Wells & Cartwright-Hatton, 2004) will be used to measure metacognitive beliefs. MCQ-30 is a 30-item self-report measuring general belief in different metacognitions on a scale from 1 to 4, and the responses are "do not agree", "agree slightly", "agree moderately", and "agree very much". The items are divided in five subscales; cognitive confidence, positive beliefs about worry, cognitive self-consciousness, negative beliefs about uncontrollability and danger, and need to control thoughts. The scores for each subscale range from 6 to 24. Summing each subscale gives an overall total score that ranges from 30 to 120, with higher scores indicating higher beliefs in metacognitions.
- The Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being scale (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]The Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (SWEMWBS; Stewart-Brown et al., 2009) is a measure of mental well-being. SWEMWBS is a seven-item self-report related to positive aspects of subjective well-being and psychological functioning over the previous two weeks. Items is rated from 1 "none of the time" to 5 "all of the time". Scores range from 7 to 35 and a higher score indicates a higher level of mental well-being.
- Work ability score (WAS) (Change) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline; pre-intervention; after the intervention; 3 months follow up; 6 months follow up. ]The single-item Work Ability Score (WAS) will be used to measure work ability. The WAS concerns the first item of the 7-item Work Ability Index (WAI), "Current work ability compared with the lifetime best" (Ilmarines, 2007). The item is rated from 0 "completely unable to work" to 10 "work ability at its best". Higher score indicate greater work ability.
- Ecological Momentary Assessment-questions [ Time Frame: 4 times per day before, during and after treatment. The collection will go on for a total of six weeks. ]Single item questions capturing anxiety and depression symptoms, and different mechanisms of change.
- Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview [ Time Frame: Evaluation at baseline, two weeks after the intervention and follow up at 6 months. ]Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.; Sheehan et al., 1998) will be used for diagnostic evaluation of the participants.
- ADIS Severity Scale in Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule IV (Brown, DiNardo & Barlow, 1996) [ Time Frame: Evaluation at baseline, two weeks after the intervention and follow up at 6 months. ]We will use the ADIS Diagnostic severity Scale to evaluate the severity of the diagnoses.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05402306
|Contact: Sverre Urnes Johnson, PhDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Sverre Urnes Johnson, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Sverre Urnes Johnson, PhD||University of Oslo & Modum Bad|
|Principal Investigator:||Henrik Nordahl, PhD||Norwegian University of Science and Technology|
|Principal Investigator:||KariAnne Vrabel, PhD||Modum bad & University of Oslo|
|Principal Investigator:||Asle Hoffart, PhD||Modum Bad & University of Oslo|
|Principal Investigator:||Therese R. Snuggerud, Masters||Modum Bad|