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Seeking Objectivity in Allocation of Advanced Heart Failure (SOCIAL HF) Therapies Trial (SOCIAL HF)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05390411
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : May 25, 2022
Last Update Posted : September 8, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Khadijah Breathett, MD, MS, FACC, FAHA, FHFSA, Indiana University

Brief Summary:
The primary goal of this study is to assess real-world effectiveness and implementation of an evidence-based multi-component strategy to achieve equity in the allocation rate of advanced heart failure therapies, heart transplants and ventricular assist devices. This study proposes to implement evidence-based strategies that reduce bias, replace subjective evaluations with objective criteria, and improve group dynamics in a randomized cluster trial. This rigorously designed trial may inform national guidelines for advanced heart failure therapy allocation, and data are likely to be generalizable to other organ replacement treatments and advanced chronic disease decision-making processes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Implementation Science Heart Transplant Decision Making Bias, Racial Health Equity Bias, Sex Behavioral: SOCIAL HF Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Standardized protocols can reduce the impact of implicit bias but are underused. Since the Institute of Medicine's report, "Unequal Treatment", multiple studies have confirmed that standardization of decision- making processes reduces bias, but bias in the allocation of advanced therapies has not been addressed. Using an evidence-based framework for behavior change [Capability, Opportunity, and Motivation for Behavior Change/Behavior Change Wheel (COM-B/BCW)], a standardized protocol strategy Seeking Objectivity in Allocation of Advanced Heart Failure (SOCIAL HF) was developed, that addresses significant barriers to equity in advanced therapies:1) bias, 2) subjectivity in evaluation of social support and adherence, and 3) poor group dynamics. Thus, SOCIAL HF includes: 1) evidence-based bias training tailored for HF, 2) restriction to objective evaluations of social support and adherence, and 3) environmental restructuring and modeling of meeting settings to include anonymous electronic voting and equitable seating arrangement. In complex decision-making that includes individuals and groups, the standardized protocol strategy, SOCIAL HF, has the greatest likelihood of achieving health equity in advanced HF. The goal is to assess real-world effectiveness (Aim 1) and implementation (Aim 2) of SOCIAL HF for allocation of advanced HF therapies, heart transplant and ventricular assist device implantation. A randomized controlled cluster design will be used to test the effectiveness of SOCIAL HF strategy. Investigators will evaluate Implementation of SOCIAL HF across study sites using mixed-methods in order to learn optimal implementation strategies to achieve equity. Investigators will use normalization process theory to evaluate how SOCIAL HF affects processes and outcomes important to advanced HF centers (e.g. fidelity/variation). Investigators will use RE-AIM framework (reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) to evaluate factors that promote reach and adoption and resources needed for implementation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1463 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Pragmatic randomized controlled cluster trial
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Seeking Objectivity in Allocation of Advanced Heart Failure (SOCIAL HF) Therapies Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : January 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Failure

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control Sites
No Intervention
Experimental: Sites Randomized to SOCIAL HF
SOCIAL HF is composed of evidence-based bias reduction training, employment of objective measures of social support, and changes to facilitate group dynamics.
Behavioral: SOCIAL HF
participate in SOCIAL HF training




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of evaluated minoritized racial/ethnic patients and women patients receiving advanced therapies. [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  2. Change in SOCIAL HF fidelity from time of training completion (month 2) to time study target has been reached (up to 2 years) and 6 months after reaching study target (up to 2.5 years) [ Time Frame: Month 2, up to 2 years, and up to 2.5 years ]

    Evaluated as barriers, facilitators, and variability in adoption, reach, implementation and maintenance through structured interviews.

    Study target is defined as time 50 patients of color and 50 women have been evaluated for advanced heart failure therapies.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behavior change among clinicians at 2 months and time at which study target has been reached (up to 2 years) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 months, and up to 2 years ]

    Multiple survey responses by participants will indicate knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behavior changes over time.

    Study target is defined as time 50 patients of color and 50 women have been evaluated for advanced heart failure therapies.


  2. Discussion themes during allocation meetings across patient race/ethnicity and gender [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 months, and up to 2 years ]
    Transcriptions of meetings will be qualitatively evaluated over time.

  3. Change from baseline sum group function scores at 2 months and time at which study target has been reached (up to 2 years) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 months, and up to 2 years ]

    The de Groot Critically Reflective Diagnoses protocol objectively measures categories associated with group function including challenging groupthink, critical opinion sharing, research utilization, openness to mistakes, asking and giving feedback, and experimentation. Each category is scaled from 1-4 (high-low), 1 = demonstrating interaction and reflection, 2 = reflective on an individual basis, 3 = non-reflective and non-interactive, and 4 = restricted.

    Study target is defined as time 50 patients of color and 50 women have been evaluated for advanced heart failure therapies.


  4. Adoption of SOCIAL HF [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Proportion of eligible advanced therapy professionals who participate in training

  5. Reach of SOCIAL HF [ Time Frame: From 2 months up to 2 years ]
    Proportion of patients evaluated using any parts of SOCIAL HF

  6. Implementation of SOCIAL HF [ Time Frame: From 2 months up to 2 years ]
    Proportion of patients evaluated using all parts of SOCIAL HF



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Active United Network for Organ Sharing heart transplant and ventricular assist device center
  2. Centers that routinely evaluate at least 50 minoritized racial/ethnic patients and 50 women for advanced heart failure therapies (heart transplant and ventricular assist device) over 2 years
  3. Advanced therapy professionals from participating centers (i.e., coordinators, physicians, pharmacists, nurses, social workers)
  4. Participants for the interview portion will be a subset of otherwise eligible advanced therapy professionals who are included on selection meeting attendance sheets at an included center

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Centers unable to fully participate in the training and evaluation measures
  2. If the center ceases to be an active heart failure/transplant center

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05390411


Locations
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United States, Indiana
Indiana University
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Khadijah Breathett, MD, MS Indiana University
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Khadijah Breathett, MD, MS, FACC, FAHA, FHFSA, tenured Associate Professor of Medicine, Indiana University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05390411    
Other Study ID Numbers: 13943
R56HL159216 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R01HL159216 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 25, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 8, 2022
Last Verified: September 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Khadijah Breathett, MD, MS, FACC, FAHA, FHFSA, Indiana University:
Healthcare Disparities
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases