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Combination of Radium-223 and Lutetium-177 PSMA-I&T in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Phase I/II Study (AlphaBet)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05383079
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 19, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 19, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia

Brief Summary:
This clinical trial will evaluate the safety of Radium-223 in combination with 177Lu-PSMA-I&T in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: Phase I/II study

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer mCRPC Prostate Cancer Drug: Lutetium-177 PSMA-I&T Drug: Radium-223 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This prospective, single-centre, single-arm, open label, phase I/II trial will assess and establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of Radium-223 in combination with 177Lu-PSMA-I&T in patients with mCRPC.

36 men with mCRPC who have progressed on second-generation AR antagonist will be enrolled in this trial in two stages: dose escalation and a dose expansion phase over a period of 24 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination of Radium-223 and Lutetium-177 PSMA-I&T in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Phase I/II Study
Estimated Study Start Date : August 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer
Drug Information available for: Lutetium

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Radium-223 and Lutetium-177 PSMA-I&T
In this single-arm study, patients will receive 7.4 GBq of 177Lu-PSMA-I&T on Day 1 of every 6 week Cycle. Radium-223 will be administered concurrently every 6 weeks. The dose of Radium-223 will vary in dose-escalation. Up to 6 Cycles will be given.
Drug: Lutetium-177 PSMA-I&T
Patients will be given 7.4 GBq of 177Lu-PSMA every 6 weeks for up to 6 Cycles

Drug: Radium-223
During dose escalation, doses of Radium-223 that will be administered 27.5 kBq/kg and 55 kBq/kg. The recommended phase 2 dose of Radium-223 will be used during dose expansion. Radium-223 will be given once every 6 weeks for up to 6 doses between day 1-5 of each Cycle.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose Limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: Dose escalation phase is expected to be completed 6 months from the time the first patient is recruited. ]

    A DLT is defined as a toxicity that prevents further administration of the trial treatment at that dose level.

    Each cohort of 3 patients be assessed for DLTs in the first 6 weeks (cycle 1) of treatment and a dose for the next cohort will be determined.


  2. Maximum Tolerated dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: Dose escalation phase is expected to be completed 6 months from the time the first patient is recruited. ]
    The MTD is defined as the highest dose level at which the incidence of DLT was less than 2/6.

  3. Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 months from the time the first patient is recruited. ]
    After the MTD is established, additional patients will be treated at the MTD. Safety and efficacy data from the study will be used to define the RP2D.

  4. 50% Prostate-Specific Antigen Response Rate (PSA-RR) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up until 12 months after the last patient commences treatment ]
    PSA will be assessed at baseline and every 3 weeks from cycle 1 day 1. PSA response will be defined as a 50% or greater decrease in PSA from baseline to the lowest post-baseline PSA result. A second consecutive value obtained 3 or more weeks later is required to confirm the PSA response.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events measured using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v5.0 [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up until 12 months after the last patient commences treatment ]
    Safety of the combination will be measured by AEs and SAEs.

  2. Radiographic Progression-Free Survival (rPFS) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up until 12 months after the last patient commences treatment ]
    rPFS is defined as the time from treatment initiation to the first date of documented radiographic progression using conventional imaging or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. The radiographic progression will be assessed by the investigator per RECIST1.1 for soft tissue and PCWG3 for bone lesions.

  3. PSA progression free survival (PSA-PFS) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up until 12 months after the last patient commences treatment ]
    PSA-PFS is defined as the time from treatment initiation to the date of PSA progression per PCWG3 or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. The date of PSA progression is the date that an increase of 25% or more and an absolute increase of 2ng/mL or more from the nadir is documented. For patients who have an initial PSA decline during treatment, this must be confirmed by a second value 3 or more weeks later.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up until 12 months after the last patient commences treatment ]
    OS is defined as the time from treatment initiation to the date of death due to any cause.

  5. Objective response rate (ORR) by RECIST1.1 in patients with measurable disease [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up until 12 months after the last patient commences treatment ]
    Objective Response (OR) is only applicable for the subset of patients with measurable disease by RECIST1.1. OR is defined as a partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) at any stage from time of commencement of protocol treatment to the time of subsequent systemic anti-cancer treatment. The ORR is calculated as the proportion of patients with a best response of CR or PR.

  6. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up until 12 months after the last patient commences treatment ]
    Time from randomisation to the date of PSA progression, or radiographic progression (PCWG3 for bone and RECIST 1.1 for soft tissue), or death.

  7. Describe pain within 12 months of treatment commencement [ Time Frame: Through completion of 12 months after treatment commencement of last patient ]

    Pain will be assessed using the Brief Pain Inventory - Short Form (BPI-SF). The primary endpoint for pain is the area under the curve (AUC) of the worst pain in 24h.

    Pain and QoL will be assessed at baseline, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months and will be scored according to the respective manuals.


  8. Describe health-related QoL within 12 months of treatment commencement [ Time Frame: Through completion of 12 months after treatment commencement of last patient ]

    QoL will be assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy for Prostate Cancer (FACT-P) questionnaire. The primary endpoint for QoL is the area under the curve (AUC) of the trial outcome index (TOI).

    QoL will be assessed at baseline, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months and will be scored according to the respective manuals.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must be ≥ 18 years of age and must have provided written informed consent.
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate, OR unequivocal diagnosis of metastatic prostate cancer. (i.e. involving bone or pelvic lymph nodes or para-aortic lymph nodes) with an elevated serum PSA.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2
  • Patients must have progressed on ≥ 1 second-generation AR-targeted agent (e.g., enzalutamide, abiraterone, or apalutamide).
  • Patients must have progressive disease for study entry. PCWG3 defines this as any one of the following:

    • PSA progression: minimum of two rising PSA values from a baseline measurement with an interval of ≥ 1 week between each measurement.
    • Soft tissue progression as per RECIST 1.1 criteria
    • Bone progression: ≥ 2 new lesions on bone scan
    • Symptomatic progression eg. Bone pain
  • At least three weeks since the completion of surgery or radiotherapy prior to registration.
  • Prior surgical orchiectomy or chemical castration maintained on luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue (agonist or antagonist).
  • Serum testosterone levels ≤ 1.75nmol/L (≤ 50ng/dL) within 28 days before registration.
  • Significant PSMA avidity on PSMA PET/CT, defined as a minimum uptake of SUVmax 20 at a site of disease, and SUVmax >10 at sites of measurable disease >10mm (unless subject to factors explaining a lower uptake, e.g. respiratory motion, reconstruction artefact).
  • ≥ 2 bone metastases must be present on bone scintigraphy which have not been previously treated with radiotherapy.
  • No contraindication to treatment with a bone antiresorptive agent such as denosumab or zoledronic acid.
  • Patients must have adequate bone marrow, hepatic and renal function documented within 28 days prior to registration, defined as:

    • Haemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L independent of transfusions (no red blood cell transfusion in last four weeks)
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5x10^9/L
    • Platelets ≥ 150 x10^9/L
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) except for patients with known Gilbert's syndrome, where this applies for the unconjugated bilirubin component.
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN if there is no evidence of liver metastasis or ≤ 5 x ULN in the presence of liver metastases
    • Albumin ≥ 25 g/L
    • Adequate renal function: patients must have a creatinine clearance estimated of ≥ 40 mL/min using the Cockcroft Gault equation
  • Sexually active patients are willing to use medically acceptable forms of barrier contraception.
  • Willing to undergo biopsies, if disease is considered accessible and biopsy is feasible.
  • Willing and able to comply with all study requirements, including all treatments and the timing and nature of all required assessments.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from study entry:

  • Superscan on Bone scan (WBBS) or diffuse marrow involvement on PSMA PET/CT
  • Prior treatment with 223Ra or 177Lu-PSMA.
  • Has not received more than one previous line of chemotherapy for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer.
  • Sites of discordant FDG-positive disease defined by minimal PSMA-expression and no uptake on WBBS (for bone metastases).
  • Other malignancies within the previous 2 years other than basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas of skin or other cancers that are unlikely to recur within 24 months.
  • Symptomatic brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Patients with symptomatic or impending cord compression unless appropriately treated beforehand and clinically stable for ≥ four weeks.
  • Concurrent illness, including severe infection that may jeopardise the ability of the patient to undergo the procedures outlined in this protocol with reasonable safety.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05383079


Contacts
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Contact: Gaurav Sharma 03 85596830 Gaurav.Sharma@petermac.org
Contact: Dr Louise Kostos, MBBS, FRACP Louise.kostos@petermac.org

Locations
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Australia, Victoria
Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3000
Contact: Gaurav Sharma    03 85596830    Gaurav.sharma@petermac.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Prof Michael Hofman Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia
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Responsible Party: Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05383079    
Other Study ID Numbers: 21/029
First Posted: May 19, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases