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The Safety and Tolerability of Engensis (VM202) in Patients With Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Subtype 1A (CMT1A)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05361031
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 4, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Helixmith Co., Ltd.

Brief Summary:
To assess the safety and tolerability of the investigational product (VM202) injected in the weakened lower limb muscles of CMT1A patients

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
CMT Biological: Engensis (VM202) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
There are no therapeutic agents for CMT to date. Attempts were made to develop therapeutic agents, but efficacy could not be demonstrated in clinical studies. Most of the attempted developments for therapeutic agents targeted alleviating the symptoms of CMT1A by regulating the expression of PMP22. This study will use Engensis (VM202), which is a DNA plasmid that contains novel genomic cDNA hybrid human HGF coding sequence (HGF-X7) expressing two isoforms of HGF, HGF 728 and HGF 723. HGF has been thought of as an angiogenic factor, but it has been recently identified as serving the role of a neurotrophic factor. Moreover, it has been reported that it can contribute to muscle tissue regeneration by targeting on muscles. Considering the pathologic mechanism of CMT, the biological activity of HGF helps peripheral nerve regeneration, relieves muscle atrophy, and reduces pain, so it is highly likely to show a therapeutic effect for CMT.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single center, repeat dose, open label, phase I/IIA clinical study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Single Center, Open Label, Repeat Intramuscular Administration, 270 Days, Phase I/2a Clinical Trial to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability of Investigational Product (Engensis: VM202) With Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Subtype 1A (CMT1A)
Actual Study Start Date : September 21, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 9, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : September 9, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Engensis (VM202)
56 (ea) 0.25mg (0.5 mL) injections in each of the left and right lower limbs on Days 0, 14, 90, and 104.
Biological: Engensis (VM202)
Intramuscular injections




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of intramuscular (IM) injections of Engensis in Participants [ Time Frame: Day 0 visit to the Day 270 visit ]
    Frequency and percentage of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and serious adverse events after injections, injection site reactions, vital sign, and clinically significant laboratory values for Engensis.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of Severity of disease changes following Engensis injections [ Time Frame: Day 0, 90, 180 and Day 270] ]
    As assessed using the CMTNS v2 (Charcot Marie Tooth Neuropathy Score version The scores range from 0-36. The severity of disease shall be classified according to scores as mild (≤10), moderate (11 to 20), and severe (>20).

  2. Evaluation of patient's neurological disability [ Time Frame: Day 0, 90, 180 and Day 270 ]
    As assessed using the FDS (functional disability scale). normal is 0 point, and if determined as bedridden, it is evaluated as 8 points.

  3. Evaluation of the activity level of patients with peripheral neuropathy [ Time Frame: Day 0, 90, 180 and Day 270 ]
    As assessed using the overall neuropathy limitation scale (ONLS) leg scale. It is scored from 0 to 7. The worst score, 7 points, is defined as restricted to wheelchair, or bed most of the day, unable to make any purposeful movements of the leg.

  4. Evaluation of patient's walking ability [ Time Frame: Day 0, 90, 180 and Day 270 ]
    This test measures the time required for a subject to walk 10m through the 10-Meter Walking Test (10MWT) v2.2.

  5. Changes in fatty infiltration level of lower limb muscles [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Day 270 ]
    Imaged via MRI.

  6. Evaluation of the presence of a disorder in a neurotransmission pathway. [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Day 270 ]
    As assessed using the Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) v2.0

  7. Evaluation of the presence of hepatocyte growth factor in the body. [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Day 270 ]
    As assessed using Anti-HGF Ab test



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or females ≥ 19 years of age and ≤ 65 years of age
  2. Patients with confirmed diagnosis of CMT1A by genetic testing
  3. Patients with mild to moderate severity assessed by Charcot Marie Tooth Neuropathy Score version 2 (CMTNS v2) with a score > 2 and ≤ 20
  4. Individuals with lower limb muscle weakness with minimum dorsiflexion or more
  5. Individuals who voluntarily consented to participate in this study and signed the IRB approved informed consent form after listening to a description on the characteristics of this clinical study prior to all screening tests
  6. Individuals who can comply with the requirements in the clinical study
  7. In case of females of child bearing potential, those who test negative in a urine or serum pregnancy test at screening
  8. Individuals who practice medically approved contraceptive methods throughout the clinical study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with significant respiratory, circulatory, renal, gastrointestinal, hepatic, endocrine, hematologic, psychiatric disorders or other severe diseases, or alcohol or drug addiction who may develop safety issues or cause confusion in the interpretation of the clinical study results as determined by the principal investigator
  2. Patients with other neuromuscular diseases or neuropathy-inducing factors: Patients with chronic alcohol addiction, undergoing anticancer chemotherapy, or taking neurotoxic drugs
  3. Patients diagnosed with diabetes
  4. Patients diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease
  5. Patients with a history of stroke or cerebral ischemic attack within 12 months prior to the screening date
  6. Patients with a history of coronary artery disease, such as myocardial infarction and unstable angina pectoris, within 12 months prior to the screening date
  7. Morbidly obese patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 37
  8. Patients who underwent orthopedic surgery (corrective surgery for bone and ligament, artificial joint implantation, osteosynthesis, osteotomy, arthroscopic surgery) in the lower limbs within 6 months prior to the screening date
  9. Patients who may be affected by the muscle strength measurement test due to ankle contracture or surgery
  10. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension (if systolic blood pressure is ≥ 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure is ≥ 100 mmHg at screening)
  11. Patients or patient's immediate family members (parents, siblings, offspring) with a history of malignant tumors within the last 5 years prior to the screening date, excluding basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma that occurs on the skin (if it is determined that there is no possibility of relapse after resection), or with a family history of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)
  12. Patients who have not completed a national cancer screening program applicable to their sex and age (if it cannot be confirmed that the relevant test was received at a national cancer screening center or a recognized screening center)

    However, if it is confirmed that the relevant test was received at a national cancer screening center or a recognized screening center during the screening period, and that the results were within normal range, the patients may participate in the clinical study.

    Common to males and females: If a patient is ≥ 50 years of age, the results of a colonoscopy within 5 years prior to the screening must be determined as being within normal range, and if adenomatous polyps are evident, the results of a colonoscopy within 1 year must be determined as being within normal range (inflammatory polyps or hyperplastic polyps are included in the normal range). If a patient is ≥ 40 years of age, the results of a gastroscopy within 2 years prior to the screening must be within normal range. If a patient is ≥ 54 years of age and has a 30 pack-year history of smoking or more, the results of a low-dose chest CT within 2 years prior to the screening must be within normal range. In case of liver cancer, carriers of hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus and patients with hepatic cirrhosis fall under the exclusion criteria.

    Females: For females ≥ 40 years of age, normal range findings must be confirmed in a mammogram within 2 years. For females ≥ 20 years of age, normal range findings must be confirmed in a Pap smear within 2 years.

  13. Patients diagnosed with active pulmonary tuberculosis
  14. Patients with HBV or HCV
  15. Patients who test positive in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody test
  16. Patients in an immunosuppressive state due to treatments such as immunosuppressants, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy
  17. Patients with a history of mental disease within 6 months prior to the screening date, which may interfere with participation in the study
  18. Patients who must take medications, that are known to have significant drug interactions within 14 days after the first administration of the investigational product or deemed unsuitable by the investigator's judgment
  19. Individuals who participated in another clinical study within 6 months before the time of screening
  20. Individuals who have shown significant adverse events such as hypersensitivity reactions to the investigational product
  21. Pregnant or breastfeeding females
  22. Other individuals determined ineligible by the principal investigator to participate in the clinical study due to other reasons including clinical laboratory test results

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05361031


Locations
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Korea, Republic of
Samsung Medical Center, Seoul National University Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 06351
Sponsors and Collaborators
Helixmith Co., Ltd.
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Responsible Party: Helixmith Co., Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05361031    
Other Study ID Numbers: VMCMT-001
First Posted: May 4, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tooth Diseases
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Nerve Compression Syndromes
Hereditary Sensory and Motor Neuropathy
Stomatognathic Diseases
Nervous System Malformations
Nervous System Diseases
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Polyneuropathies
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Congenital Abnormalities
Genetic Diseases, Inborn