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Testing of Tazemetostat in Combination With Topotecan and Pembrolizumab in Patients With Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05353439
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 29, 2022
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2023
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of tazemetostat in combination with topotecan and pembrolizumab in treating patients with small cell lung cancer that has come back after a period of treatment (recurrent). Tazemetostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Chemotherapy drugs, such as topotecan, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving tazemetostat in combination with topotecan and pembrolizumab may shrink or stabilize recurrent small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Extensive Stage Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Limited Stage Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Platinum-Resistant Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Platinum-Sensitive Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Procedure: Biopsy Procedure: Biospecimen Collection Biological: Pembrolizumab Drug: Tazemetostat Hydrobromide Drug: Topotecan Hydrochloride Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of tazemetostat hydrobromide (tazemetostat) in combination with topotecan hydrochloride (topotecan) and pembrolizumab in patients with recurrent extensive stage-small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC), by reviewing dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in cycle 1 (21 days). (Dose-Escalation Cohort) II. To select the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) for a combination of tazemetostat, topotecan and pembrolizumab, based on pharmacodynamic (PD) parameters as well as overall efficacy and tolerability. (Dose-Escalation Cohort) III. To evaluate safety and tolerability of tazemetostat in combination with topotecan and pembrolizumab. (Expansion Cohort)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To observe and record anti-tumor activity. II. To determine in a very preliminary fashion, the efficacy of a combination of tazemetostat, topotecan and pembrolizumab in recurrent ES-SCLC by assessing overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), duration of response (DOR) and overall survival (OS).

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To perform molecular profiling assays on malignant and normal tissues, including, but not limited to ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequencing (RNA-Seq).

II. To assess modulation of EZH2 targets including SLFN11 and MHC among others. III. To identify potential predictive biomarkers of response. IV. To identify mechanisms of drug sensitivity and resistance using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)- and RNA-based assessment platforms.

V. To contribute genetic analysis data from de-identified biospecimens to Genomic Data Commons (GDC), a well annotated cancer molecular and clinical data repository, for current and future research; specimens will be annotated with key clinical data, including presentation, diagnosis, staging, summary treatment, and if possible, outcome.

VI. To bank formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue, blood (for cell-free DNA analysis), and nucleic acids obtained from patients at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Early-Phase and Experimental Clinical Trials Biospecimen Bank (EET Biobank) at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

VII. Characterize circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of tazemetostat followed by a dose-expansion study.

Patients receive tazemetostat orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21, pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1, and topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Cycles repeat every 21 days for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo biopsy and collection of blood on study.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months after removal from study treatment until study closure or death, whichever occurs first.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Dose Escalation and Expansion Study of Tazemetostat in Combination With Topotecan and Pembrolizumab in Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : May 12, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 1, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (tazemetostat, pembrolizumab, topotecan)
Patients receive tazemetostat PO BID on days 1-21, pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1, and topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Cycles repeat every 21 days for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo biopsy and collection of blood on study.
Procedure: Biopsy
Undergo biopsy
Other Names:
  • BIOPSY_TYPE
  • Bx

Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo collection of blood
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Drug: Tazemetostat Hydrobromide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • EPZ-6438 Monohydrobromide
  • Tazemetostat Monohydrobromide
  • TAZVERIK

Drug: Topotecan Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Hycamptamine
  • Hycamtin
  • SKF S-104864-A
  • Topotecan HCl
  • topotecan hydrochloride (oral)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) (dose-escalation cohort) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days (cycle 1) ]
  2. Incidence of adverse events (expansion cohort) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be evaluated in more detail by reporting the adverse events noted, by type and grade, for the patients in the expansion cohort.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated based on patients evaluable for response and will be presented along with a 95% confidence interval.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From the on-study date until the date of progression or death without progression, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, resulting in median survival times with 95% confidence interval.

  3. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the on-study date until the date of death or last follow-up, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, resulting in median survival times with 95% confidence interval.

  4. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From the first date of response to the date of progression, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, resulting in median survival times with 95% confidence interval.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients enrolled to the primary cohort must have limited- or extensive-disease SCLC at diagnosis, with relapse at study entry with measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, and with prior therapy with platinum doublet. Patients with extensive stage disease should have received chemo-immunotherapy. Both platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant patients will be included.
  • Age >= 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of pembrolizumab in combination with tazemetostat and topotecan in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Leukocytes > 3000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL or > 5.6 mmol/L
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for patients with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 × ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 institutional ULN OR glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 unless data exists supporting safe use at lower kidney function values, no lower than 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2

    • Note: Creatinine clearance (CrCl) should be calculated per institutional standard. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 × ULN unless patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated (a)PTT =< 1.5 × ULN unless patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load (CD4 count of greater than 250 cells/mcL) within 6 months are eligible for this trial. They must not be receiving prophylactic therapy for an opportunistic infection.
  • For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.
  • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load.
  • Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if they are symptomatically stable while off steroid therapy for a minimum of 7 days.
  • Patients should be class 2B or better on the New York Heart Association Functional Classification.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • The effects of pembrolizumab and tazemetostat on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because monoclonal antibodies, EZH2 inhibitors as well as other therapeutic agents used in this trial are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study treatment and for 6 months after the last dose of study treatment. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 3 months after completion of study treatment administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, or radiotherapy within 2 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study. Note: Patients who have had palliative radiotherapy may be included as long as they have recovered from any radiotherapy related adverse events (allow at least 3 days between radiotherapy completion and study treatment)
  • Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > Grade 1)

    • Note: Patients with =< Grade 2 neuropathy or =< Grade 2 alopecia are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
    • Note: If patients received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Untreated immunodeficiency or receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment. The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be approved after consultation with the study principal investigator (PI)
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with symptomatic brain metastasis are not eligible due to their extremely poor prognosis and since it is unclear whether the investigational agent penetrates the blood-brain barrier. However, subjects who have had treatment for their brain metastasis and are symptomatically stable while off steroid therapy for a minimum of 7 days may be enrolled. The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids may be approved after consultation with the study PI
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to pembrolizumab and tazemetostat or other agents used in study
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because pembrolizumab as a monoclonal antibody, and tazemetostat as a EZH2 inhibitor may have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with pembrolizumab or tazemetostat, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with these agents and for 1 week after the last dose of tazemetostat. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned treatment start. Seasonal flu vaccines that do not contain live virus are permitted
  • Has thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, or anemia of Grade >= 3 (per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] 5.0 criteria) or any prior history of myeloid malignancies, including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
  • Has abnormalities known to be associated with MDS (e.g. del 5q, chromosome [chr] 7 abnormality [abn]) and myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) (e.g. JAK2 V617F) observed in cytogenetic testing and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing
  • Has a prior history of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) or T-cell acute leukemia (T-ALL)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05353439


Locations
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United States, California
Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center Suspended
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center Suspended
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
United States, District of Columbia
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
Contact: Site Public Contact    202-444-2223      
Principal Investigator: Stephen V. Liu         
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University Recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Contact: Site Public Contact    312-695-1301    cancer@northwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: Nisha A. Mohindra         
United States, Kentucky
University of Kentucky/Markey Cancer Center Suspended
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40536
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center Recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Contact: Site Public Contact    410-955-8804    jhcccro@jhmi.edu   
Principal Investigator: Christine L. Hann         
NCI - Center for Cancer Research Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-411-1222      
Principal Investigator: Anish Thomas         
United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center-Einstein Campus Suspended
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Montefiore Medical Center - Moses Campus Suspended
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Anish Thomas National Cancer Institute LAO
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05353439    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2022-03215
NCI-2022-03215 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
22-C-0005
10445 ( Other Identifier: National Cancer Institute LAO )
10445 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
First Posted: April 29, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2023
Last Verified: November 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page.
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Small Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Topotecan
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action