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The Effect of Aroma Massage on Constipation (aromatherapy)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05343910
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 25, 2022
Last Update Posted : April 25, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Didem Lafci, Mersin University

Brief Summary:
Advancing age arising changes in health status and systems adversely affect the quality of life of the elderly and the elderly face many complex health problems. Constipation is one of the common problems in the elderly. Therefore, The aim of this study is to examine effects of aromatherapy massage on constipation in the elderly.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Constipation Other: Aroma massage Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Old age is a physiological period of life in which various changes take place, meaning that the elderly must be given special consideration as a group with regard to health care. Advancing age arising changes in health status and systems adversely affect the quality of life of the elderly and the elderly face many complex health problems. Constipation is one of the common problems in the elderly. Insufficient liquid intake, insufficient or unsuitable diet, decreased mobility, the side effects of medication, underlying diseases, and rectal sensory-motor dysfunction are among the causes of constipation in the elderly. Constipation is a preventable and treatable problem, which if left untreated can cause physical and associated psychological problems such as back and waist pain, rectal pressure, loss of appetite, confusion, incontinence, nausea and vomiting, urinary dysfunction, fissure, rectal prolapse, hemorrhoids, intestinal obstruction, and syncope. Constipation can be managed using pharmacological methods, such as laxatives, enemas, suppositories, along with nonpharmacological procedures, such as changes in nutritional habits, fluid intake, education, activities to develop healthy intestinal habits, exercise, massage, aroma massage, biofeedback, stress management and acupuncture.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: The Effect of Aroma Massage on Constipation in Elderly
Actual Study Start Date : December 1, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : March 1, 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Constipation

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Aromatherapy massage group
Experimental: aromatherapy massage group The oil mixture used in this study (1:, 1:, 1: 1, 20cc rosemary, 20cc mint, 20cc ginger, 20cc black pepper), 80% of the mixture obtained from the total 4% (3.2cc) carrier oil (100% almond oil=96.8cc) and then combined with abdominal massage. Before implementing the procedure in the experimental group (n=25), information about what an abdominal and aroma massage is, how long it will take, and how it will be applied was provided to the participants. The older adult participants in the experimental group were applied aroma massage through gentle movements with slight pressure for 15 min a day, five days a week for three weeks.
Other: Aroma massage
The older adult participants in the experimental group were applied aroma massage through gentle movements with slight pressure for 15 min a day, five days a week for three weeks.

No Intervention: Control group
Individuals in the control group (n=24) did not receive any type of aroma massage application.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Stool consistency [ Time Frame: change from before intervention, 3rd and 4th week of intervention ]

    Small as marble, hard (1 point) Bulky, hard (2 points) Normal (3 points) Soft (4 points) Juicy (5 points)

    7-day total value for stool consistency / 7-day total number of stools


  2. Amount of stool [ Time Frame: change from before intervention, 3rd and 4th week of intervention ]
    None (0 points) Less than the previous stool (1 point) Normal (2 points) a lot (3 points) 7-day total value for stool amount / 7-day total number of stools

  3. Straining during defecation [ Time Frame: change from before intervention, 3rd and 4th week of intervention ]

    Defecation without straining (1 point) Straining at the beginning of defecation (2 points) Straining at half defecation (3 points) Straining during the entire defecation (4 points)

    Obtained 7 days for straining during defecation total value / total number of defecations in 7 days


  4. 38 / 5.000 Çeviri sonuçları Full after defecation feeling of inability to ejaculate [ Time Frame: change from before intervention, 3rd and 4th week of intervention ]

    None after defecation (0 points) Present after defecation (1 point)

    7 for the feeling of incomplete ejaculation after defecation. total value obtained per day / total number of defecations in 7 days


  5. Number of defecations [ Time Frame: change from before intervention, 3rd and 4th week of intervention ]

    How many defecations per day

    Total number of defecations in 7 days / 7




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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 90 Years   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 65 years and older
  • Communication and cooperation can be established
  • Conscious,, agreeing to participate in the research,
  • Decreasing bowel movements, not able to deactivate for 3 days or more
  • Living more than two of the complaints related to defecation, who have not undergone intestinal surgery before
  • Lesion or infection that disrupts skin integrity in the abdominal region, elderly without any problems such as heart disease and dementia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • had language problems
  • were below 65 years of age and
  • refused to participate in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05343910


Locations
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Turkey
Mersin University
Mersin, Turkey, 33110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mersin University
Investigators
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Study Director: Mağfiret Kaşıkçı, Prof. Atatürk University
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Responsible Party: Didem Lafci, Principal Investigator, Mersin University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05343910    
Other Study ID Numbers: MersinUniversty
First Posted: April 25, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 25, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Didem Lafci, Mersin University:
aroma massage
constipation
elderly
nursing
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Constipation
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive