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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    05241860
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Testing Interruption of Hormonal Medications in Patients Responding Exceptionally to Therapy for Metastatic Prostate Cancer, (A-DREAM) (A-DREAM)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05241860
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 16, 2022
Last Update Posted : February 16, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial examines antiandrogen therapy interruptions in patients with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) responding exceptionally well to androgen receptor-pathway inhibitor therapy. The usual treatment for patients with metastatic prostate cancer is to receive hormonal medications including a medication to decrease testosterone levels in the body and a potent oral hormonal medication to block growth signals from male hormones (like testosterone) in the cancer cells. Patients whose cancer is responding exceptionally well to this therapy may take a break from these medications according to their doctor's guidance. This trial may help doctors determine if stopping treatment can allow for testosterone recovery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Castration-Sensitive Prostate Carcinoma Metastatic Prostate Carcinoma Stage IV Prostate Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Prostate Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Prostate Cancer AJCC v8 Other: Pharmacotherapy Discontinuation Other: Follow-Up Other: Questionnaire Administration Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the proportion of men who experience 18-month treatment-free interval from therapy with eugonadal testosterone (to >= 150 ng/ml) after treatment interruption.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine time to eugonadal testosterone (> 150 ng/dl). II. To determine duration off-treatment.

III. To assess changes in quality of life as follows:

  1. To assess changes in patient-reported quality of life as assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy- Prostate (FACT-P) total score from baseline to 24 months after treatment interruption.
  2. To assess changes in the FACT-P subscales (i.e., physical well-being, social and family well-being, emotional well-being, functional well-being, and prostate cancer subscale) from baseline to 24 months after treatment interruption.
  3. To assess changes in the FACT-P total score and subscales (i.e., physical well-being, social and family well-being, emotional well-being, functional well-being, and prostate cancer subscale) from baseline to the remaining post-baseline time points (i.e., 6, 12, and 18 months) after treatment interruption.

OUTLINE:

Patients stop both hormonal medications (medication to decrease testosterone levels in the body and potent oral hormonal medication to block growth signals from male hormones in the cancer cells). Patients are then followed every 12 months for symptoms. Patients with an increase in prostate specific antigen (PSA) level to greater than or equal to 5 ng/ml, changes on imaging studies suggesting that their cancer is growing back, or symptoms that the doctor thinks is related to their cancer growing back, resume both hormonal treatments.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 10 years from registration or withdrawal from the study or death.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 75 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Trial of ADT Interruption in Patients Responding Exceptionally to AR-Pathway Inhibitor in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer (MHSPC): A-DREAM
Estimated Study Start Date : July 15, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2033

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (discontinue hormonal medication, follow up)
Patients stop both hormonal medications (medication to decrease testosterone levels in the body and potent oral hormonal medication to block growth signals from male hormones in the cancer cells). Patients are then followed every 12 months for symptoms. Patients with an increase in PSA level to greater than or equal to 5 ng/ml, changes on imaging studies suggesting that their cancer is growing back, or symptoms that the doctor thinks is related to their cancer growing back, resume both hormonal treatments.
Other: Pharmacotherapy Discontinuation
Stop hormonal medications (Abiraterone, Enzalutamide, Apalutamide, Leuprolide, Goserelin, Degarelix, Relugolix)
Other Name: Medication Discontinuation

Other: Follow-Up
Undergo follow-up

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment-free with eugonadal testosterone (> 150 ng/dl) [ Time Frame: At 18 months ]
    The proportion of men who experience 18-month treatment-free interval from therapy with eugonadal testosterone (to >= 150 ng/ml) after treatment interruption will be calculated for the study cohort.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to eugonadal testosterone [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    The median time to eugonadal testosterone (> 150 ng/dl) will be computed by the cumulative incidence function.

  2. Duration off-treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    The median time off-treatment.

  3. Radiographic progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    The median time to radiographic progression or death (whichever occurs first) will be computed by the Kaplan-Meier estimator.

  4. Time to next treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    The median time to the first subsequent treatment will be computed by the cumulative incidence function.

  5. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 10 years ]
    The median survival time will be computed by the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Survival time defined as from treatment interruption per protocol to death due to any cause or censored at date last known alive.

  6. Cancer-specific survival [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 10 years ]
    The median survival time will be computed by the cumulative incidence function. Cancer-specific survival as defined as from treatment interruption per protocol to death attributable to cancer or its treatment in the opinion of the treating investigator or censored at date last known alive.

  7. Non-cancer specific survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    The median survival time will be computed by the cumulative incidence function. Non-cancer-specific survival as defined as from treatment interruption per protocol to death not attributable to cancer or its treatment in the opinion of the treating investigator or censored at date last known alive.

  8. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 10 years ]
    The median PSA progression free survival time will be computed by the Kaplan-Meier estimator. PSA progression free survival as defined as from treatment interruption per protocol to the first PSA failure (two consecutive increases in PSA of 25% and >= 2 ng/mL above nadir) or death.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic or clinical diagnosis of metastatic prostate cancer
  • Must have had evidence of metastatic disease by bone scan, or nodal or visceral lesions on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to starting on intense antiandrogen therapy (ADT)

    • Radiographic evidence of disease is not required at the time of enrollment
    • No metastases to liver or to brain, as these represent aggressive variant disease biology for which intermittent treatment may not be favored
  • Must currently be receiving intense ADT for metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC)

    • Testosterone suppression (TS) with luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH)-agonist or LHRH-antagonist AND
    • An approved secondary androgen receptor pathway inhibitor (ARPI) abiraterone, enzalutamide, or apalutamide (or darolutamide if approved for this indication)
  • Must have remained on testosterone suppression for metastatic disease continuously (without treatment breaks) for 540-750 days (approximately 18 to 24 months) from time of first dose of LHRH agonist or antagonist by time of registration. A period of anti-androgen treatment prior to LHRH agonist or antagonist initiation is not included in the 540 - 750 days (approximately 18 to 24 months)
  • Must have received treatment with ARPI for at least 360 days in total by time of A032101 registration. Treatment breaks from ARPI of up to 28 days are permitted (for example peri-procedural or for management of a temporary adverse event) as long as PSA did not rise while holding therapy
  • Prior TS in the context of neoadjuvant/concurrent/adjuvant treatment with local therapy is permitted. Prior course(s) of intermittent TS for biochemical-only recurrence is permitted. However, if the patient previously received TS, metastatic progression for which intense ADT was initiated must have occurred during an off-treatment interval and with testosterone >= 150 ng/dL
  • Prior local therapy for prostate cancer (either before or after diagnosis of metastatic disease) is permitted. Prior treatment with docetaxel chemotherapy for up to 6 cycles is permitted. Prior radiation therapy to metastatic sites (either for symptom palliation or for ablation of oligometastatic disease) is permitted

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No history of surgical castration
  • No history of ARPI use prior to diagnosis of mHSPC for which the patient is currently receiving intense ADT (such as in the neoadjuvant setting with prior local therapy)
  • No current or prior treatment with experimental agents for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Prior to initiating intense ADT

    • Prostate specific antigen (PSA) >= 5 ng/ml
    • Testosterone >= 150 ng/dl. Patients are permitted to enroll if testosterone was not measured prior to initiating intense ADT for mHSPC if they did not previously receive TS and were not known or suspected to be hypogonadal at the time
  • At time of enrollment to A032101

    • PSA < 0.2 ng/ml

      ** PSA values (measured in the same laboratory) must be stable or falling for 3 consecutive measurements - i.e. any PSA rise must be followed by a decrease in PSA that is further decreased or stable on a 3rd measurement. Any patient with 2 consecutive rises in PSA values since achieving castrate level of testosterone is not eligible

    • Testosterone < 50 ng/dl
  • No current participation in a clinical study that does not allow for TS or ARPI interruption
  • No patients with a "currently active" second malignancy * Patients with non-melanomatous skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, cancer not needing active therapy for at least 2 years, cancer for which the treating investigator deems the subject

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05241860


Contacts
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Contact: Atish D. Choudhury, MD, PhD 617-632-6328 achoudhury@partners.org

Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Study Chair: Atish D. Choudhury, MD, PhD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05241860    
Other Study ID Numbers: A032101
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
NCI-2021-13974 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Reporting Program )
First Posted: February 16, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 16, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Prostatic Neoplasms
Hypersensitivity
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Immune System Diseases