Pattern of Acute Pediatric Poisoning at Assiut University Hospitals
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05229419|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 8, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 27, 2022
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Acute pediatric poisoning is a common worldwide problematic emergency and represents frequent cause of emergency department admissions throughout the world. In 2017, the 35th Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System referred more than 2 million calls for cases of human exposure to toxic substance, more than 50% of them occurred in children less than 13 years old. Also, about 1030 patients less than 14 years old were acutely intoxicated and presented to the Regina Margherita Hospital in Italy from 2012 to 2017. According to Ain Shams study during the period between 2009 and 2013, acute poisoning presented to Ain Shams Poison Control Center; accounts for an estimated 38,470 case among children less than or equals to 18 years old. In the same age group mentioned above, about 760 cases admitted to Menoufia Poison Control Center during the year 2016, those between 2 and 6 years represented the highest age group.
Although pediatric poisoning represents a major and preventable cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world, usually there is a great challenge with the management of acute pediatric poisoning due to the fact of difficult history taking, unreliable examination compared with that of an adult, in addition, pediatric patients are usually more vulnerable due to physiological difference between developmental stages. Also, the evident curiosity for the surroundings and the desire to explore and to emulate adults, make children particularly exposed to acute intoxications.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Poisoning||Other: complete blood count|
In pediatric poisoning, the age, distribution, causes of poisoning and types of products involved differ between different geographical areas, even in the same area etiology and demographics of pediatric poisoning may change over the time depending on accessibility of poisoning to child, socioeconomic level, education, local beliefs, and customs. So, surveillance of epidemiology and patterns of children acute poisoning in each country is beneficial to define the scope of the problem and its management regarding prevention and treatment.
Acute pediatric poisoning may be unintentional (accidental, therapeutic error), or intentional (suicide, substance abuse). Unintentional poisoning is common in preschool age, mostly due to non-pharmaceutical agents, the most frequent agent of them is caustic ingestion according to Ain Shams Poison Control Center study. Caustic chemicals are widely distributed in our environment, caustic exposure is a lifelong and global problem associated with severe tissue and mucous membrane injuries with an estimated 80% of its exposure occurring among children. Caustic exposure is among the leading causes of mortality in those younger than 5 years, more than 15.8 cases per 100,000 children in the USA are reported annually, the situation is more severe in developing countries.
While the developed world has accurate demographic date about acute pediatric poisoning and its incidence, this major health problem is still insufficiently studied in the developing world and poorly documented. To knowledge, Assiut University Hospitals are lacking good demographic and epidemiological data regarding pediatric poisoning.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Official Title:||Pattern of Acute Pediatric Poisoning at Assiut University Hospitals: Prospective Study|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||May 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 2023|
acute pediatric poisoning cases
All cases of acute pediatric poisoning of both sexes, in age group less than or equals to 18 years old will presenting to Assiut University Hospital with acute poisoning whose their adverse effects occurring following administration of single dose of a substance or multiple doses exposure within 24 hours.
Other: complete blood count
complete blood count will be done for corrosive cases
- Incidence of acute pediatric poisoning by numbers in Assiut University Hospitals. [ Time Frame: 1/2/2022 to 31/1/2023 ]All cases of acute pediatric poisoning of both sexes, in age group less than or equals to 18 years old will presenting to Assiut University Hospitals with acute poisoning whose their adverse effects occurring following administration of single dose of a substance or multiple doses exposure within 24 hours will be included.
- Correlation of acute poisoning in different pediatric age groups (from 0 to 18 years old) with each other as a plan for its appropriate prevention and management. [ Time Frame: 1/2/2022 to 31/1/2023 ]Determination of different causative agents by history, exposure route, if there is any time delay before coming to the hospital, clinical characteristics, whether the parent induced vomiting before seeking medical help or not, the outcome regarding mortality and morbidity, seasonal variation, and management data will be obtained. All of that data will be compared with each other in different pediatric age groups( infants < 1 year, toddlers 1-<3 years, preschool age 3-<6 years, school age 6-<12 years, adolescents 12-18 years) .
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||1 Day to 18 Years (Child, Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Sampling Method:||Probability Sample|
- Children (under or equals to 18 years old)
- children with acute poisoning whose their adverse effects occurring following administration of single dose of a substance or multiple doses exposure within 24hours.
- Any child with the following Criteria will be excluded from our study;
- Those with allergic reactions.
- Those with foreign body ingestion (coins, plastics, or toys).
- Those with chronic toxicity as lead poisoning.
- Any child with other diseases will not be involved in the study.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05229419
|Contact: Safaa M. George, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Nora Z. Abdellah, Assistant email@example.com|
|Responsible Party:||Seham Ahmed Abdelrahman, principal investigator, Assiut University|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||February 8, 2022 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||May 27, 2022|
|Last Verified:||March 2022|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|