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GV1001 Subcutaneous(SC) for the Treatment of Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease (AD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05189210
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 12, 2022
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GemVax & Kael

Brief Summary:
The current study is being conducted by the Sponsor to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GV1001 (0.56 mg and 1.12 mg) administered subcutaneously as a treatment for mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). Studies using in vivo and in vitro AD models have shown that GV1001 inhibits neurotoxicity, apoptosis, and the production of reactive oxygen species induced by amyloid beta (Aβ) in neural stem cells by mimicking the extra-telomeric functions of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). In nonclinical studies, using both mild (early stage) and severe (late stage) AD mouse models, GV1001 was shown to improve cognitive function and memory, as well as significantly reduce the amount of Aβ and tau proteins. The multifunctional effect of GV1001 makes it a promising therapeutic option for the treatment for AD. In a completed Phase 2 study conducted in Korea, GV1001 showed significant improvement in change from baseline of Severe Impairment Battery score at Week 24 and demonstrated a clinically acceptable safety profile in patients with moderate to severe AD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease Drug: GV1001 Placebo Drug: GV1001 0.56mg Drug: GV1001 1.12mg Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group Phase 2 study in participants with mild to moderate AD. The study will consist of a screening visit (up to 60 days prior to first dose), a 52-week double-blind treatment period, and an end-of-study (EOS) visit 2 weeks after the last dose of study drug. Eligible participants will be randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive GV1001 0.56 mg, GV1001 1.12 mg, or placebo (normal saline) every week for 4 weeks beginning on Day 1 (of Week 1) followed by every 2 weeks through Week 50.

Prior to randomization, eligibility of potential participants will be confirmed through an adjudication process in which screening data (eg, MMSE, magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography [MRI/CT] scans) obtained to evaluate AD status are reviewed by a central independent adjudicator. The central independent adjudicator will review the scoring sheet completed by the Investigator prior to randomization and provide an independent assessment of the participant's eligibility and may request exclusion of a participant from entry into the study. A central independent reader will review MRI and/or CT scans to confirm eligibility. Investigators must not randomize a participant prior to receipt of this independent confirmation of the participant's eligibility. Results from Aβ positron emission tomography (PET) scan or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination performed within the 2 years prior to screening will also be used to confirm eligibility. If no Aβ PET scan or CSF examination results are available, participants will undergo an Aβ PET scan at screening.

If a participant discontinues treatment prematurely, the participant will be asked to continue with the scheduled study visits until the EOS visit. If a participant discontinues the study prematurely (except for those who withdraw their consent), the participant will be asked to come for an early termination (ET) visit for efficacy scale and safety assessments. These assessments are the same as those scheduled at the primary endpoint (PE) visit at Week 52. If the ET visit takes place within 4 weeks after a completed protocol scheduled visit with efficacy assessments, efficacy scale assessments are not required at the ET visit.

For an individual participant, the maximum duration of study participation is approximately 14.5 months, including an up to 60-day screening period.

An independent Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) review to evaluate safety data will be performed when at least 90 participants (50%) have either completed Week 26 or have discontinued the study. The DSMB may recommend early stopping of the study for safety reasons.

Efficacy evaluations will be performed at baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 using the cognitive subscale of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale [ADAS-cog11]), assessment of activities of daily living (ie, Amsterdam Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Questionnaire [A-IADL-Q]), and global ratings of dementia (ie, Clinical Dementia Rating-Sum of Boxes [CDR-SB], Neuropsychiatric Inventory [NPI], Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE], Clinician's Interview-Based Impression of Change - Plus Family Input [CIBIC-Plus], and Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease [QoL-AD]). The ADAS-cog11 scale will be evaluated by a central independent reader for each visit. At the visits where several efficacy assessments are administered, every effort should be made to perform the efficacy evaluations in the same order at each visit (ADAS-cog11, A-IADL-Q, CDR-SB, NPI, MMSE, CIBIC-Plus, and QoL-AD).

Safety will be assessed throughout the study by monitoring for AEs, laboratory evaluations, electrocardiogram (ECG) findings, and vital signs measurements. Suicidal ideation and behavior will be assessed using the C-SSRS. Blood and CSF samples will be collected to evaluate the effect of GV1001 on analysis of biomarkers of AD. Blood

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Design, Prospective, 52-Week, Phase 2 Clinical Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of GV1001 Administered Subcutaneously for the Treatment of Mild to Moderate AD
Estimated Study Start Date : May 31, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo SC injection administered once weekly for 4 weeks then every 2 weeks through Week 50
Drug: GV1001 Placebo
0.9% normal saline
Other Name: Normal saline

Experimental: GV1001 0.56 mg
GV1001 0.56 mg SC injection administered once weekly for 4 weeks then every 2 weeks through Week 50
Drug: GV1001 0.56mg
Lyophilized peptide from hTERT
Other Name: Tertomotide 0.84mg

Experimental: GV1001 1.12 mg
GV1001 1.12 mg SC injection administered once weekly for 4 weeks then every 2 weeks through Week 50
Drug: GV1001 1.12mg
Lyophilized peptide from hTERT
Other Name: Tertomotide 1.68mg




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in ADAS-Cog11 score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]

    The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS) consists of 2 parts, a cognitive subscale and a behavioral subscale. The 11-item cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) of the ADAS instrument will be used in this study. The ADAS-cog11 is a widely accepted performance-based assessment of cognition used in clinical studies for the treatment of participants with AD.

    The ADAS-cog11 (score range) consists of word recall (0-10) and word recognition memory tests (0-12), object and finger naming (0-5), commands (0-5), constructional praxis (0-5), ideational praxis (0-5), orientation (0-8), remembering test instructions (0-5), spoken language ability (0-5), comprehension of spoken language (0-5) and word finding difficulty (0-5). The maximum possible total score is 70, with a higher ADAS-cog11 score indicating worse cognitive function.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in A-IADL-Q score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]

    Assessment of cognitively complex "instrumental activities of daily living" (IADLs), such as managing personal finances, using mobile phones, or even doing grocery shopping, is related to quality of life, caregiver burden, and resource utilization and is a relevant area to assess in AD clinical trials. There are various well validated IADL scales, but some are outdated as they do not assess current daily tasks.

    The Amsterdam IADL Questionnaire (A-IADL-Q) is an adaptive and computerized questionnaire designed to assess impairments IADL in patients with cognitive decline due to mild dementia. The questionnaire is completed by a caregiver and consists of 70 items in 7 categories (time needed 20-25 minutes).


  2. Change from baseline in CDR-SB score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]

    The Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) is a 5-point global rating scale used to characterize 6 domains of cognitive and functional performance applicable to AD and related dementias: memory, orientation, judgment & problem solving, community affairs, home & hobbies, and personal care. The information needed to make each rating is obtained through a semi-structured interview of the participant and a reliable informant or collateral source (eg, family member). The CDR rater should be trained to administer the semi-structured interview and should be blinded to results of other assessments.

    For each domain, a rating is assigned to quantify the severity of impairment/dementia (0=no impairment; 0.5=very mild impairment; 1=mild impairment; 2=moderate impairment; and 3=severe impairment). The sum of the ratings for the 6 domains is the Clinical Dementia Rating-Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) score.


  3. Clinical worsening, defined as ≥4 points change from baseline in the ADAS-cog11 score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]

    The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS) consists of 2 parts, a cognitive subscale and a behavioral subscale. The 11-item cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) of the ADAS instrument will be used in this study. The ADAS-cog11 is a widely accepted performance-based assessment of cognition used in clinical studies for the treatment of participants with AD.

    The ADAS-cog11 (score range) consists of word recall (0-10) and word recognition memory tests (0-12), object and finger naming (0-5), commands (0-5), constructional praxis (0-5), ideational praxis (0-5), orientation (0-8), remembering test instructions (0-5), spoken language ability (0-5), comprehension of spoken language (0-5) and word finding difficulty (0-5). The maximum possible total score is 70, with a higher ADAS-cog11 score indicating worse cognitive function.


  4. Change from baseline in NPI score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]

    The NPI is a validated informant-based interview that assesses behavioral symptoms of dementia. It covers 12 domains.

    The NPI is administered to the participant's caregiver and includes an integrated caregiver distress measure. For each domain, abnormal behavior is noted to be absent (score=0) or present. If present, the frequency (rarely=1, sometimes=2, often=3, and very often=4), severity (mild=1, moderate=2, and severe=3), and associated caregiver distress (0=not at all, 1=minimally, 2=mildly, 3=moderately, 4=severely, and 5=very severely or extremely) are to be rated.

    The product of frequency and severity (maxi.=12) is calculated for each domain. A total NPI was the sum of the frequency and severity products (maxi. =144). A higher NPI score indicates a greater degree of behavioral disturbances.


  5. Change from baseline in MMSE score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]
    The MMSE is a brief test of cognitive function, defined as the sum of 11 items: orientation in time and place, registration, attention and concentration, recall, naming 2 objects, repetition, 3-stage command, reading, writing and copying. Scores range from 0 to 30; higher scores indicate better cognitive function.

  6. Change from baseline in CIBIC-Plus score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]

    The CIBIC-Plus is used as a measure of global clinical status. It is an independent, semi-structured medical interview that is used to assess changes in the participant's condition during a clinical study. An independent, experienced, and properly trained rater will provide a global impression of the participant's condition based on separate interviews with the participant and caregiver.

    The rater is not to elicit caregiver's opinion of the participant's condition but only factual information about the study participant's functioning.

    The change from baseline in CIBIC-Plus is rated on a 7-point scale: 1=markedly improved, 2=moderately improved, 3 = minimally improved, 4=no change, 5=minimally worse, 6=moderately worse, and 7=markedly worse.


  7. Change from baseline in QoL-AD score at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12, Week 26, Week 38, and Week 52 ]
    The QoL-AD includes the participant's and caregiver's appraisal of the participant's physical condition, mood, interpersonal relationships, ability to participate in meaningful activities, financial situation, and an overall assessment of self as a whole and life quality as a whole. It seems to be reliable and valid for individuals with MMSE scores greater than 10. The measure has 13 items, rated on a 4-point scale (poor, fair, good, excellent), with "l" being poor and "4" being excellent. Total scores range from 13 to 52. Separate scores are calculated for participant and caregiver reports.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female participants 55 to 85 years of age (both inclusive) at the time of signing the informed consent.
  2. Diagnosis of probable AD based on NINCDS-ADRDA criteria as determined by a neurologist, geriatrician, psychiatrist, or clinician approved by the Sponsor or designee.
  3. Mild or moderate dementia as evidenced by MMSE score ≥13 to ≤24 at screening (Visit 1).
  4. Imaging studies (MRI or CT) within 2 years prior to screening that has findings consistent with AD and without any other disease that may cause dementia.
  5. An Aβ PET scan or CSF examination performed within 2 years prior to screening with results consistent with the presence of amyloid pathology.
  6. If receiving an approved medication for AD (ie, donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine, memantine, or memantine/donepezil combination product), must be on the medication with a stable dose for at least 12 weeks before the screening visit (dosing should remain stable throughout the study).
  7. If receiving an OTC supplement for cognition (eg, gingko biloba, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, vitamin E, curcumin), must not be exceeding the recommended dose for at least 12 weeks prior to screening visit.
  8. Able to visit the study center and undergo cognitive, functional, and other tests specified in the protocol.
  9. Has a caregiver who:

    • Agrees to accompany the participant to all study visits and able to supervise the participant's compliance with the study procedures and provide detailed information about the participant.
    • Either lives with the participant or sees the participant on average for ≥1 hour/day ≥3 days/week, or in the Investigator's opinion, the extent of contact is sufficient to provide meaningful assessment of changes in participant behavior and function over time and provide information on safety and tolerability.
    • Is able to read, understand, and speak the designated language at the study center.
    • Caregiver must be cognitively able to fulfill the requirements of the study.
  10. A male participant must agree to use a highly effective contraception method as detailed in Protocol Appendix 3 during the treatment period and for at least 3 months after the last dose of study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period.
  11. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

    • Not a woman of childbearing potential as defined in Protocol Appendix 3. OR
    • A WOCBP who agrees to use a highly effective contraception method as detailed in Appendix 3 during the treatment period and for at least 3 months after the last dose of study treatment.
  12. A WOCBP must have a negative serum pregnancy test (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [β-hCG]) at screening (Visit 1) and a negative urine pregnancy test at Visit 2 before randomization, and must use medically accepted means of contraception throughout the study.
  13. Written informed consent provided by participant (or legal representative) and caregiver prior to any study-specific procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any other cause of dementia shown by MRI/CT findings within 2 years of screening and neurological examination at screening and Day 1.

    • Possible, probable, or definite vascular dementia according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and Association Internationale pour la Recherché et l'Enseignement en Neurosciences (NINDS-AIREN) criteria.
    • Evidence of significant abnormality that would suggest another potential etiology for dementia (eg, evidence of cerebral contusion, encephalomalacia, aneurysm, vascular malformation, >5 microhemorrhages, macrohemorrhage, single infarct >1 cm3).
    • Other central nervous system diseases that may cause cognitive impairment (eg, cerebrovascular disease including cerebrovascular dementia, Parkinsonism, Huntington's disease, subdural hematoma, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease).
  2. Concurrent or history of clinically significant psychiatric conditions (eg, schizophrenia or bipolar affective disorder) that in the Investigator's opinion prevents the participant from participating, or is likely to confound interpretation of drug effect or affect cognitive assessments.
  3. Vitamin B12, folic acid, syphilis serology, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) results that are thought to contribute to the severity of dementia or cause dementia. Participants may be enrolled if in the Investigator's medical judgment, the abnormal laboratory values are not the cause of the cognitive symptoms.
  4. History of known or suspected seizures including febrile seizures (excluding self-limited childhood febrile seizures), a history of significant head trauma with loss of consciousness or recent unconsciousness that is not explained.
  5. Acute or unstable cardiovascular disease, active peptic ulcer, uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes or insulin dependent patients or any medical condition that may interfere with the completion of the clinical study.
  6. Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to GV1001 or similar products or excipients.
  7. History of alcohol, substance abuse or dependence as per DSM-V criteria (except nicotine dependence) within the last 2 years.
  8. Concurrent malignancies or invasive cancers diagnosed within the past 5 years except for non-metastatic basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of skin, in situ carcinoma of the uterine cervix or non-metastatic prostate cancer.
  9. Sexually-active WOCBP or man capable of fathering a child who do not consent to using medicinally acceptable contraception (such as surgical sterilization, intrauterine contraceptive device, condom or diaphragm, an injectable or inserted contraceptive) during the study and for 3 months after the last dose of study treatment.
  10. Pregnant, breast feeding, or planning a pregnancy or fathering a child while enrolled in the study or for 3 months after the last dose of study treatment.
  11. Use of anxiolytics, narcotics, or sleep aids in a manner that would interfere with cognitive testing, in the opinion of the Investigator. Atypical antipsychotics may be used at the discretion of the Investigator. Tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors are prohibited
  12. Previous treatment with GV1001.
  13. Received an investigational product for AD within the last 6 months.
  14. Participated in another clinical study within 4 weeks prior to this study.
  15. Treated with aducanumab or participated in a clinical study with aducanumab.
  16. Renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CrCL] <30 mL/min).
  17. Severe liver dysfunction (alanine aminotransferase [ALT] or aspartate aminotransferase [AST] >2 times the upper limit of normal [ULN]).
  18. Body weight ≤35 kg.
  19. Resides in a moderate to high dependency continuous care facility (residence in low grade assisted living facility where there is sufficient autonomy to permit valid evaluation of activities of daily living is allowed).
  20. Any other reason that in the opinion of the Investigator would make the participant ineligible to participate or to complete this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05189210


Contacts
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Contact: Mino Moon +82 70 8633 7102 clinical@gemvax.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
GemVax & Kael
Investigators
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Study Director: Hyoung Gon Song GemVax & Kael
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Responsible Party: GemVax & Kael
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05189210    
Other Study ID Numbers: GV1001-AD-CL2-007
First Posted: January 12, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2022
Last Verified: December 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by GemVax & Kael:
Alzheimer's Disease
GV1001
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders