Phase-I Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Prophylactic pDNA Vaccine Candidate Against COVID-19 in Healthy Adults
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05171946|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 29, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2022
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A pneumonia of unknown cause detected in Wuhan, China, was first reported in December 2019. On 08 January 2020, the pathogen causing this outbreak was identified as a novel coronavirus 2019. The outbreak was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020. On 12 February 2020, the virus was officially named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the WHO officially named the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). On 11 March 2020, the WHO upgraded the status of the COVID-19 outbreak from epidemic to pandemic, which is now spreading globally at high speed.
There are currently few licensed vaccines to prevent infection with SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19 and the duration of response is unknown. Given the rapid transmission of COVID-19 and incidence of disease on a worldwide basis, the rapid development of effective vaccines with sufficient protection and duration of response is of utmost importance.
IAU has developed a thermally stable plasmid DNA (pDNA)-based vaccine candidate using a platform approach that enables the rapid development of vaccines against emerging viral diseases, including SARS-CoV-2. The pDNA vaccine developed by IAU is a synthetic, codon-optimized, encode either the full-length Spike (S) gene or S1 domain of SARS-CoV-2 as genes of interest. Here, we aim to test a synthetic, codon optimized pDNA encoding S.opt.FL as vaccine candidate against COVID-19.
A key advantage of pDNA vaccine is that multiple immunization can be used without the limitations of anti-vector responses.
This study is intended to investigate the safety, immunogenicity, and tolerbilty of this prophylactic vaccine against COVID-19 administered as intramuscular immunization (i.m.).
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Safety Vaccine Reaction Vaccine Adverse Reaction Immunization; Infection||Drug: S.opt.FL COVID-19 pDNA vaccine||Phase 1|
Sever Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a newly emerging coronavirus that is known to cause worldwide public health crisis and an ongoing pandemic since February 2020 with 219 million cases and 4.5 million deaths as of September 2021 (1). The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the term Coronavirus Diseases 19 (COVID-19) to indicate the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. Individuals infected SARS-CoV-2 can have wide ranges of symptoms that varies between mild to very severe (1,2).
Despite the existence of several COVID-19 vaccine that are approved under emergency use by EMA and FDA (2,3,4,5,6,7), there is a global demand for the manufacturing of sufficient vaccine to control the COVID-19 worldwide. In addition, there is a demand for the development and deployment of new COVID-19 vaccine that is generic and thermally stable for which the vaccine can be stored for a longer period, especially in countries that lacks the infrastructure capabilities to store the vaccine under freezing temperature.
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) has developed an investigational prophylactic COVID-1 pDNA vaccine using a codon optimized spike gene of the SARS-CoV-2 (S.opt.FL). The developed pDNA vaccine possess several advantages; Unlike with mRNA vaccine platforms, pDNA is more stable. Therefore, cold-chain shipment and storage is not needed. Also, the chance for anti-vector immunity generated after immunization viral vector vaccine platform is omitted in pDNA vaccine platform. Importantly, the pDNA can stimulate humoral and cellular immune responses (9,10,11).
IAU COVID-19 vaccine Almansour-001 consists of a plasmid DNA (pDNA) carrying a synthetic, codon-optimized, gene insert that encodes spike (S) gene of COVID-19. The pDNA included in the study is (pVAX-1), an FDA approved plasmid for the application in clinical trials.
Preclinical study conducted at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) have demonstrated that S.opt.FL and S1.opt are immunogenic in mice (8). The study investigated 3 doses versus 4 doses of DNA vaccine. The study demonstrated three doses S1.opt.FL elicited high bAB and nAB responses (8) as well as interferon-Gamma as an indicator of cellular immunity. Previous work on pDNA vaccines encoding the S gene of SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2 have demonstrated that pDNA vaccine is safe and well tolerated (12,13,14,15).
The purpose of this clinical trial is to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of 2 or 3 dose regimen of investigational pDNA vaccine encoding S.opt.FL gene inserted into pVAX1 plasmid (Almansour-001). Here, in this phase-I study, the pDNA vaccine candidate is administered intramuscularly (IM) by immunizing healthy adults (18-55 years). The S.opt.FL pDNA vaccine is evaluated in dose wise manner in three different cohorts (cohort 1: low dosage of pDNA vaccine "1 mg", cohort 2: middle dosage of pDNA vaccine "2 mg", cohort 3: high dosage of pDNA vaccine "4 mg")
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Official Title:||Phase-I, Single Center, Randomized, Dosage Finding Study, to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of a Prophylactic COVID-19 pDNA Vaccine After Multiple Ascending Doses in Healthy Adults|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||November 20, 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||March 1, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 1, 2023|
Experimental: Cohort 1
Low-Dose, 1mg, 3 doses 21 days apart
Drug: S.opt.FL COVID-19 pDNA vaccine
Low-Dose: (1mg) level
Other Name: Almansour-001
Experimental: Cohort 2
Mid-Dose, 2 mg, 2 doses 21 days apart
Drug: S.opt.FL COVID-19 pDNA vaccine
Mid-Dose: (2mg) level
Other Name: Almansour-001
Experimental: Cohort 3
High-Dose, 4 mg, 2 doses 21 days apart
Drug: S.opt.FL COVID-19 pDNA vaccine
High-Dose: (4mg) level
Other Name: Almansour-001
- The percentage and frequency of study subjects reporting local reaction [ Time Frame: Through 10 days after receiving each dose ]
- The percentage of study subjects reporting systematic reaction [ Time Frame: Through 30 days after receiving each dose ]
- The percentage and frequency of study subjects reporting adverse events (AE) [ Time Frame: From dose 1 through six months after last dose ]
- The percentage and frequency of study subjects reporting systemic events (SAE) [ Time Frame: From dose 1 through six months after last dose ]
- GMT of the serum SARS-CoV-2 binding antibodies (anti-S, anti S1, and anti-RBD) [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination) and one month after last dose ]
- Proportion of subjects with four folds increase in serum SARS-CoV-2 binding antibodies (anti-S, anti S1, and anti- RBD) [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination) and one month after last dose ]
- GMT of the serum SARS-CoV-2 S neutralizing antibodies [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination) and one month after last dose ]
- Proportion of subjects with four folds increase in serum SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination) and one month after last dose ]
- GMT of the serum SARS-CoV-2 binding antibodies (anti-S, anti S1, and anti-RBD) [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination), three weeks after dose 1, three weeks after dose 2, one month after dose 3 ]
- Proportion of subjects with four folds increase in serum SARS-CoV-2 binding antibodies (anti-S, anti S1, and anti- RBD) [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination), three weeks after dose 1, three weeks after dose 2, one month after dose 3 ]
- GMT of the serum SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination), three weeks after dose 1, three weeks after dose 2, one month after dose 3 ]
- Proportion of subjects with four folds increase in serum SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination), three weeks after dose 1, three weeks after dose 2, one month after dose 3 ]
- GMT of SARS-CoV-2 S specific binding antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Omicron) [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination) and one month after last dose ]V-PLEX SARS-CoV-2 Panel 28 IgG
- GMT of SARS-CoV-2 S specific neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Omicron) [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination) and one month after last dose ]V-PLEX SARS-CoV-2 Panel 28 ACE2
- Evaluation of intracellular cytokine responses [ Time Frame: At baseline (pre-vaccination), three weeks after dose 1, three weeks after dose 2, one month after dose 3 ]Analysis of post-culture PBMCs under 3 conditions with the following panel:IFN-Gamma, TNF, IL-2, IL-4, IL-13 (V-Plex Viral Panel human Kit)
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 55 Years (Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||Yes|
Study participants should meet ALL the below inclusion criteria to be eligible for the study:
- Male or female participants between the age of 18 to 55 years (inclusive) at the time of enrollment.
- Healthy participants as determined by the medical history, physical examination, clinical verification by the investigator.
- Participant who are committed to comply with planned scheduled visits, vaccination, laboratory tests, and any other procedures.
- Participants who received 2 doses of an approved mRNA COVID-19 vaccine at least 4 months prior to enrollment.
- Female subjects must have used an acceptable contraceptive method for at least 60 days prior to receiving the first dose of the investigational vaccine and should continue using contraception for at least 1 month after receiving the last dose of the investigational vaccine.
- Male subjects able to father children, and sexually active with a female partner who is able to bear children must be willing to use (or have his female partner use) an acceptable contraceptive method from the time they receive the first dose of the study vaccine until at least 1 month after the last dose of study vaccine.
- Willing to sign the informed consent which includes all the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent and the protocol.
Study participants should meet NONE of the exclusion criteria listed below:
- Participant with known infection with Hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Individuals with current infection and diagnosis with COVID-19 documented by PCR nasal swab test.
- Individuals who received an authorized mRNA COVID-19 vaccine within the past 4 months of first study drug administration.
- Individuals who received only one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.
- Individuals working in facility with high probability of infection with SARS-CoV-2 such as health workers in hospitals.
- History of adverse reaction associated with vaccines and/or severe allergic reaction to any component of the study intervention.
- Individuals under immunosuppressive therapy.
- Individuals receiving treatment or medications that can adherently affect the immune system in the last 90 days, including but not limited to: interferon, immunoglobin, immunomodulators, epinephrine injector, cytotoxic drug.
Individuals diagnosed any diseases that is/are associated with sever COVID-19, including the following factors:
- BMI more than 30 kg/m2
- Pregnant or lactating women.
- Chronic pulmonary disease
- Chronic liver diseases
- Chronic renal diseases
- Individuals with known or suspected immunological disorders, including, autoimmune disease and diabetes mellitus.
- Individuals with current or previous neurological disorders, such as seizure or Gillian-Barre syndrome.
- Individuals with psychiatric disorder or cognitive impairment.
- Individuals with bleeding disorder or other conditions associated with prolonged bleeding time.
- Individuals with clinically significant abnormal safety laboratory results at screening in the opinion of the investigator.
- Individuals receiving or planning to receive non-study vaccine 30 days prior to study enrollment.
- Individuals receiving or donating blood or blood components 60 days prior to study enrollment.
- Individuals participating in a clinical trial with an investigational vaccine, treatment, or device 30 days prior to study enrollment.
- Individuals intending to participate in another clinical trial while being enrolled in this study.
- Individuals with history of alcohol or drug addiction.
- Individual with other condition that may interfere with the health or the participants or that interfere with study's primary or secondary objectives.
- Female participants who are pregnant, plan to get pregnant or are breast feeding.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05171946
|Contact: Iman Almansour, Ph.D.||email@example.com|
|Responsible Party:||Iman Almansour, Clinical Trial Manager, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||December 29, 2021 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||October 19, 2022|
|Last Verified:||October 2022|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Respiratory Tract Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Physiological Effects of Drugs