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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    apitegromab
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Efficacy and Safety of Apitegromab in Patients With Later-Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treated With Nusinersen or Risdiplam (SAPPHIRE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05156320
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 14, 2021
Last Update Posted : September 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Scholar Rock, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This Phase 3 trial (Study SRK-015-003) is being conducted in patients ≥2 years old at Screening, who were previously diagnosed with later-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) (i.e., Type 2 and Type 3 SMA) and are receiving an approved survival motor neuron (SMN) upregulator therapy (i.e., either nusinersen or risdiplam), to confirm the efficacy and safety of apitegromab as an adjunctive therapy to nusinersen and evaluate the efficacy and safety of apitegromab as an adjunctive therapy to risdiplam.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3 Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 2 SMA Neuromuscular Diseases Muscular Atrophy Atrophy Muscular Atrophy, Spinal Neuromuscular Manifestations Anti-myostatin Drug: Apitegromab Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 204 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Active treatment, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 3, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Apitegromab (SRK-015) in Patients With Later-Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy Receiving Background Nusinersen or Risdiplam Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : February 24, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Main Efficacy Population (Apitegromab 10 mg/kg)
Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 2 through 12 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive apitegromab 10 mg/kg for up to 52 weeks.
Drug: Apitegromab
Apitegromab is a fully human anti-proMyostatin monoclonal antibody (mAb) of the immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)/lambda isotype that specifically binds to human pro/latent myostatin with high affinity inhibiting myostatin activation. SRK-015 will be administered every 4 weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: SRK-015

Experimental: Main Efficacy Population (Apitegromab 20 mg/kg)
Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 2 through 12 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive apitegromab 20 mg/kg for up to 52 weeks.
Drug: Apitegromab
Apitegromab is a fully human anti-proMyostatin monoclonal antibody (mAb) of the immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)/lambda isotype that specifically binds to human pro/latent myostatin with high affinity inhibiting myostatin activation. SRK-015 will be administered every 4 weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: SRK-015

Placebo Comparator: Main Efficacy Population (Placebo)
Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 2 through 12 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive placebo for up to 52 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo will be administered every 4 weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion.

Experimental: Exploratory Subpopulation (Apitegromab)
Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 13 through 21 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive apitegromab 20 mg/kg for up to 52 weeks.
Drug: Apitegromab
Apitegromab is a fully human anti-proMyostatin monoclonal antibody (mAb) of the immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)/lambda isotype that specifically binds to human pro/latent myostatin with high affinity inhibiting myostatin activation. SRK-015 will be administered every 4 weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: SRK-015

Placebo Comparator: Exploratory Subpopulation (Placebo)
Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 13 through 21 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive placebo for up to 52 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo will be administered every 4 weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
    The HFMSE assesses the physical abilities of patients with Type 2 and Type 3 SMA. It comprises of 33 items graded on a scale of 0, 1, or 2, where 0 denotes unable, 1 denotes performed with modification or adaptation, and 2 denotes performed without modification or adaptation. The overall score is the sum of the scores for all activities with a maximum achievable score of 66. Higher scores indicate increased motor function.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Main Efficacy Population: Proportion of patients with ≥3-point change from Baseline in Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
    The HFMSE assesses the physical abilities of patients with Type 2 and Type 3 SMA. It comprises of 33 items graded on a scale of 0, 1, or 2, where 0 denotes unable, 1 denotes performed with modification or adaptation, and 2 denotes performed without modification or adaptation. The overall score is the sum of the scores for all activities with a maximum achievable score of 66. Higher scores indicate increased motor function.

  2. Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in Revised Upper Limb Module (RULM) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
    The RULM is a 20 item assessment of upper limb function in nonambulatory patients with SMA that was performed for patients who were 30 months of age or older at baseline. The 19 scored items assess functions that relate to everyday life, such as pressing a button and picking up a token; these items are scored 0, 1, or 2, where 0 denotes unable, 1 denotes able with modification, and 2 denotes able with no modification. The maximum score achievable is 37. Higher scores increased great upper limb function.

  3. Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in number of WHO motor development milestones attained at 12 months. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  4. Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Severe Adverse Events (SAEs) by severity. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  5. Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Apitegromab concentrations in serum from blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  6. Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Circulating latent myostatin concentrations in blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  7. Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Presence or absence of ADA against apitegromab in serum from blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females 2 through 21 years old at Screening.
  • Documented diagnosis of 5q SMA.
  • Diagnosed with later-onset SMA (i.e., Type 2 and Type 3 SMA) before receiving an approved SMN upregulator therapy (i.e., either nusinersen or risdiplam).
  • Must be Nonambulatory at Screening. Nonambulatory patients must be able to sit independently (sits up straight with head erect for at least 10 seconds; does not use arms or hands to balance body or support position) per World Health Organization (WHO) motor milestones definition at Screening.
  • Receiving one background therapy for SMA (i.e., either nusinersen or risdiplam) for the time period specified below and anticipated to remain on that same treatment throughout the trial:

    1. If receiving the SMN upregulator therapy nusinersen, must have completed at least 10 months of dosing (i.e., completed the loading regimen and at least 2 maintenance doses) before Screening;
    2. If receiving the SMN upregulator therapy risdiplam, must have completed at least 6 months of dosing before Screening.
  • Motor Function Score (HFMSE) ≥10 and ≤45 at Screening.
  • Have no physical limitations that would prevent the patient from undergoing motor function outcome measures throughout the duration of the study.
  • Able to receive study drug infusions and provide blood samples through the use of a peripheral intravenous (IV) or a long-term IV access device that the patient has placed for reasons independent from the study throughout the duration of the study.
  • Able to adhere to the requirements of the protocol, including travel to the study center and completing all study procedures and study visits.
  • For patients who are expected to have reached reproductive maturity by the end of the study, adhere to study specific contraception requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Received ZOLGENSMA® (onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi) at any time and previous treatment with apitegromab.
  • Use of invasive ventilation and tracheostomy.
  • Use of chronic daytime non-invasive ventilatory support for >16 hours daily in the 2 weeks prior to dosing, or anticipated to regularly receive such daytime ventilator support chronically over the duration of the study.
  • Any acute or co-morbid condition interfering with the well-being of the patient within 7 days of screening, including active systemic infection, the need for acute treatment or inpatient observation due to any reason.
  • Severe scoliosis and/or contractures at screening. Based on clinical judgement, any scoliosis or contractures present must be stable over the past 6 months, anticipated to be stable for the duration of the study and not prevent the patient from being evaluated on any functional outcome measures throughout the duration of the study.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Major orthopedic or other interventional procedure, including spine or hip surgery, considered to have the potential to substantially limit the ability of the patient to be evaluated on any functional outcome measures, within 6 months prior to Screening, or anticipated for the duration of the study.
  • Prior history of a hypersensitivity reaction to a monoclonal antibody (mAb) or recombinant protein bearing an Fc domain (such as a soluble receptor-Fc fusion protein), apitegromab, or excipients of apitegromab.
  • Treatment with investigational drugs within 3 months prior to Screening.
  • Use of therapies with potentially significant muscle effects (such as androgens, insulin-like growth factor, growth hormone, systemic beta-agonist, botulinum toxin, or muscle relaxants or muscle-enhancing supplements) or potentially significant neuromuscular effects (such as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) within 60 days prior to screening.
  • Nutritional status not stable over the past 6 months and not anticipated to be stable throughout the duration of the study.
  • Patient has any other condition, which in the opinion of the Investigator may compromise safety or compliance, would preclude the patient from successful completion of the study, or interfere with the interpretation of the results.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05156320


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Scholar Rock, Inc.
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Responsible Party: Scholar Rock, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05156320    
Other Study ID Numbers: SRK-015-003
First Posted: December 14, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2022
Last Verified: September 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Atrophy
Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
Neuromuscular Diseases
Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Atrophy
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Motor Neuron Disease
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Genetic Diseases, Inborn