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CLN-049 in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05143996
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 3, 2021
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cullinan Oncology, LLC

Brief Summary:
CLN-049-001 is a Phase 1, open-label, multicenter, first-in-human trial of CLN-049 in patients with Relapsed/Refractory AML

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsed/Refractory AML Drug: CLN-049 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Patients will receive a single dose of CLN-049 and will be followed for safety for 28 days. CLN-049 will be administered IV.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-label, Preliminary Pharmacokinetics (PK) and Safety Study of CLN-049 (An Fms-like Tyrosine Kinase 3 [FLT3] x Cluster of Differentiation 3 [CD3] Bispecific T Cell Engager) in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Actual Study Start Date : November 18, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Ascending Dose (SAD)
A single dose of CLN-049 in patients with Relapsed/Refractory AML
Drug: CLN-049
[FLT3] x [CD3] bispecific T cell engager

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of treatment emergent events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    TEAEs will be defined as adverse events that are reported for the first time following study drug administration for worsening of a pre-existing event after the first dose

  2. Cmax of CLN-049 [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]
    Maximum drug concentration

  3. Ctrough of CLN-049 [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]
    The observed plasma concentration just prior to the beginning of, or at the end of a dosing interval

  4. Tmax of CLN-049 [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]
    Time to Cmax

  5. T1/2 of CLN-049 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    28 Days

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immunogenicity of CLN-049 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Number of ADA (anti-drug antibodies) positive samples at the end of therapy - minus the number of samples that are positive at baseline

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or females aged > 18 years of age.
  2. Willing and able to give written informed consent and adhere to protocol requirements; written informed consent and any locally required authorization must be obtained from the patient prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations, and serial samples of bone marrow and peripheral blood.
  3. Confirmed diagnosis of recurrent or refractory AML as defined below.

    1. AML either de novo or secondary that either: are in relapse to standard therapy following an initial response or failed primary induction therapy (PIF) with no complete response (CR [failed ≥2 induction attempts]) and for whom no other approved therapy is available.
    2. For adults who have comorbidities that preclude use of intensive induction chemotherapy, PIF is defined as AML refractory to one of the following, less intensive regimens:

    i. Patient has received 2 or more cycles of B-cell lymphoma 2 (bcl-2) inhibitors in combination with azacitidine, decitabine, or low dose cytarabine.

  4. Patient has received, and has progressed, recurred, or is intolerant of approved therapeutic options that are available, or declines treatment with these therapies.
  5. White blood cell (WBC) count at the time of the first dose is < 20,000/uL (microliter) (hydroxyurea is permitted according to standard institutional practice).
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status is 0 to 2.
  7. Toxicities related to prior study therapy should have resolved to Grade 1 or less according to criteria of NCI CTCAE v5.0, except for alopecia, lymphopenia, neutropenia, leukopenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia. Patients with chronic but stable toxicities may be allowed to enroll after agreement between the Investigator and Sponsor.
  8. The patient's laboratory values meet the following criteria:

    1. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Section 15.1) must be ≥ 60 mL/min;
    2. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (upper limit of normal). This does not apply for patients with confirmed Gilbert's Syndrome, hemolysis, or chronic blood transfusions, for whom total bilirubin must be less than 3.0 mg/dL with a conjugated bilirubin less than 0.5 mg/dL;
    3. AST (aspartate aminotransferase) and ALT (alanine aminotransferase) ≤ 3.0 × ULN (upper limit of normal) (unless attributed to leukemic involvement).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
  2. Active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia. For patients with a history of CNS leukemia, a lumbar puncture should be performed during screening to exclude the presence of active CNS involvement.
  3. Isolated extramedullary relapse
  4. Prior organ allograft
  5. Allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation
  6. Treatment with any of the following:

    1. Radiation therapy (XRT) within 28 days of the first dose of CLN-049, or craniospinal XRT within 8 weeks of the first dose of CLN-049, or history of total body irradiation (TBI).
    2. Prior immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, ≤ 42 days prior to the first dose of CLN-049.
    3. Prior history of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-T) cell therapy or other modified T cell therapy.
    4. Anti-leukemic therapy except hydroxyurea for cytoreduction, and intrathecal chemotherapy ≤ 14 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior to the first dose of CLN-049.
    5. Short-acting hematopoietic growth factors ≤ 7 days prior to the first dose of CLN-049
    6. Long-acting growth factors ≤ 14 days prior to the first dose of CLN-049.
    7. Systemic glucocorticoid therapy (except equivalent of < 10 mg prednisone daily) or other immune-suppressive drugs ≤ 14 days prior to the first dose of CLN-049 (see separate guidelines for patients who are post allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation). The transient use of corticosteroids for transfusion premedication or the treatment of infusion or transfusion reactions will not be considered for this criterion. Topical corticosteroids and steroid eye drops are allowed, and will not exclude the patient from eligibility.
    8. Prior treatment with a FLT3-directed bispecific molecule, or a FLT3-targeted antibody.
  7. Currently participating/previously participated in an interventional study and received an investigational drug within 14 days (or five half-lives, whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of CLN-049.
  8. Patients with concomitant second malignancies requiring active treatment in the past 12 months, or if additional therapy is required or anticipated during study participation.
  9. Patients with any active autoimmune disease or a history of known or suspected autoimmune disease, or history of a syndrome that requires systemic corticosteroids or immunosuppressive medications, except for patients with vitiligo, psoriasis (in consultation with the Sponsor), resolved childhood asthma/atopy or autoimmune thyroid disorders on stable thyroid hormone supplementation.
  10. A serious uncontrolled medical disorder that would impair the ability of the patient to receive protocol therapy or whose control may be jeopardized by the complications of this therapy. These criteria include, but are not limited to the following:

    1. Uncontrolled airway hyper-reactivity;
    2. Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients are allowed if patient is under stable glycemic control as per Investigator assessment;
    3. Uncontrolled, clinically significant pulmonary disease;
    4. Requirement for supplemental oxygen;
    5. Symptomatic congestive heart failure as per Investigator assessment or documented cardiac ejection fraction less than 45%. Note: Patients with prior anthracycline exposure or a history of ventricular dysfunction should have a baseline assessment of cardiac function with an ejection fraction > 45% and no clinically significant pericardial effusion.
    6. History of unstable angina or myocardial infarction within six months of the first dose of CLN-049;
    7. Unstable cardiac arrhythmia or clinically significant ventricular arrhythmia; presence of intracardiac defibrillator;
    8. Uncontrolled hypertension;
    9. History of stroke or cerebral hemorrhage within one year of the first dose of CLN-049;
    10. Poorly controlled seizure disorder;
    11. Recent major surgery within three months of the first dose of CLN-049 (with the exception of indwelling catheter or port placement) or major surgery with unresolved complications that could interfere with study treatment.
  11. Any concurrent condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that, in the opinion of the investigator, might compromise patient safety or interfere with the evaluation of the safety of the drug.
  12. Treatment with systemic antiviral, antibacterial, or antifungal agents for acute infection within 7 days of the first dose of CLN-049. Use of these agents for treatment of chronic, controlled infection or as prophylaxis is permitted.
  13. Has a history of, or a positive test for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) 1/2 or primary immunodeficiency disease such as HIV.
  14. Known history of hepatitis B (with positive testing for either hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] or hepatitis B core Ag), hepatitis C (HCV) infection (with positive testing for HCV antibody and/or HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA] in serum), or acute hepatitis A (with positive testing for hepatitis A IgM). Note: patients with chronic HCV with undetectable viral load defined by sustained virologic response 24 weeks (SVR24) after completion of anti-hepatitis C treatment.
  15. Active severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection including history of positive SARS-CoV-2 testing without subsequent documentation of negative test results, patients with results that are pending but not yet known, or patients with suspected active infection based on clinical features
  16. History of the following events in conjunction with prior treatment with immunotherapy: Grade 3 or greater neurotoxicity, ocular toxicity, pneumonitis, myocarditis, or colitis; liver dysfunction meeting the laboratory criteria for Hy's Law.
  17. Live virus vaccines within 28 days of the first dose of CLN-049, during treatment, and until the end of last dose of CLN-049.
  18. Woman of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) who is pregnant or breast-feeding, plans to become pregnant within 120 days of last study drug administration, or declines to use an acceptable method to prevent pregnancy during study treatment and for 120 days after the last dose of study drug administration (Section 15.2).

    A WOCBP is defined as:

    1. Not surgically sterile, ie, bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or complete hysterectomy, or;
    2. Not post-menopausal, defined as amenorrhea for ≥ 2 years without an alternative medical cause.

    Note: Women with amenorrhea for < 2 years and who are not surgically sterile ie, tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or complete hysterectomy will only be considered not to be of reproductive potential if patient have a documented follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value in the postmenopausal range.

  19. Male patient who plans to father a child or donate sperm within 120 days of last study drug administration, or who has a partner who is a WOCBP, and declines to use acceptable method to prevent pregnancy during study treatment and for 120 days after the last dose of study drug administration (Section 15.2).
  20. QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) of ≥ 480 milliseconds.
  21. Patient has history of drug-related anaphylactic reactions to any components of CLN-049. History of Grade 4 anaphylactic reaction to any bispecific molecule or monoclonal antibody therapy.
  22. Known history of prior human anti-human antibody response. Patients will not be screened for human anti-human antibody prior to study participation.
  23. Known active alcohol or drug abuse.
  24. Patients who are incapacitated or involuntarily incarcerated.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05143996

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Contact: Sandeep Kaur 7817756212

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United States, Florida
Moffitt Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Principal Investigator: David Sallman         
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Principal Investigator: Rupa Narayan         
United States, New York
New York University Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Contact: Rachel Joseph   
Principal Investigator: Mohammad Maher Abdul Hay         
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Not yet recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Principal Investigator: Ghayas Issa         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cullinan Oncology, LLC
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Responsible Party: Cullinan Oncology, LLC Identifier: NCT05143996    
Other Study ID Numbers: CLN-049-001
2020-005195-35 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 3, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2021
Last Verified: December 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Leukemia, Myeloid