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Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Cenegermin (Oxervate®) vs Vehicle in Severe Sjogren's Dry Eye Disease (NGF0221) (NGF0221)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05136170
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 29, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A

Brief Summary:
The study objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of cenegermin (rhNGF) ophthalmic solution at 20 mcg/mL concentration administered three times daily for 4 weeks in patients with severe Sjogren's dry eye disease (DED) who are under chronic treatment with topical Cyclosporine A (CsA).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dry Eye Syndrome Drug: Oxervate Other: Vehicle Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a 4 week phase III, multicenter, double-masked, vehicle-controlled study to evaluate safety and efficacy of cenegermin ophthalmic solution at 20 mcg/mL solution versus vehicle, in patients with severe Sjogren's dry eye disease.

During the screening all procedures for inclusion will be performed. From the day of screening the patients will stop any kind of further treatment, except CsA and commercially available preservative free artificial tears provided by Sponsor for a period of 7 days and 9 days. At the end of the washout period , patients meeting the entry criteria for this study will be randomized 1:1 and treated for 4 weeks with either cenegermin ophthalmic solution 20 mcg/mL TID or vehicle TID.

In addition to topical CsA eye drops (both groups will continue with topical CsA eye drops, or other topical ophthalmic treatment of the same class), during the 4 weeks of masked treatment only the administration of IMP is allowed. During the follow up period, the patient can administer additional artificial tear eye drops, provided by Sponsor, only if strictly needed, and must document in the patient's diary the number of additional drops administered for each eye. Patients will then be followed up for efficacy and safety endpoints until week 16 and for safety endpoints until week 24. The total duration of the study is 25 weeks including 1 week of screening.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: multicenter, double-masked, vehicle-controlled study
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: 4 Week, Double-masked, Vehicle-controlled Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Cenegermin (Oxervate®) 20 mcg/mL Ophthalmic Solution vs Vehicle, in Patients With Severe Sjogren's Dry Eye Disease Under Treatment With Cyclosporine A.
Actual Study Start Date : January 27, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eye Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oxervate
Oxervate®, an ophthalmic solution containing cenegermin 20 mcg/mL, which is a recombinant human Nerve Growth Factor (rhNGF). in this arm one drop of cenegermin 20 mcg/mL will be instilled in both eyes TID for 28 consecutive days.
Drug: Oxervate
One drop of the test product will be instilled in both eyes TID
Other Name: Cenegermin

Placebo Comparator: Vehicle
In this arm one drop of vehicle will be instilled in both eyes TID for 28 consecutive days.
Other: Vehicle
One drop of the placebo will be instilled in both eyes TID
Other Name: Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Schirmer I test (without anesthesia) >10mm/5min in the eligible eye [ Time Frame: at week 4 ]

    The Schirmer test is used in ophthalmic examination to measure tear production for the diagnosis of conditions such as keratoconjunctivitis sicca and dry eye.

    Without previously instilling anesthetic drops, the Schirmer strip is inserted into the lower conjunctival sac at the junction of the lateral and middle thirds, avoiding touching the cornea, and the length of wetting strips in millimeters is recorded after 5 minutes.

    The patients will be instructed to close their eyes gently. After 5 minutes have elapsed, the Schirmer test strip will be removed and the length of the tear absorption on the strip will be measured (millimeters/5 minutes)

    Cutoff values:

    <5 mm - pathologic dry eye 5-10 mm - marginal dry eye >10 and <30 mm - normal secretion



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in SANDE global score [ Time Frame: At weeks 8, 12 and 16 ]

    The Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye (SANDE) questionnaire is a short questionnaire to evaluate both dry eye intensity and frequency by using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS). The patient symptoms of ocular dryness and/or irritation were quantified on the scale based on two questions that assessed both the severity and frequency of symptoms.

    The SANDE score is calculated by taking the square root of the product of the frequency of symptoms score and the severity of symptoms score. The SANDE scale ranges from 0 to 100 with 100 being the maximal amount of dry eye symptoms and 0 being the minimal amount of dry eye symptoms.


  2. Change from baseline in Schirmer I test (without anesthesia) [ Time Frame: At weeks 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]

    The Schirmer test is used in ophthalmic examination to measure tear production for the diagnosis of conditions such as keratoconjunctivitis sicca and dry eye.

    Without previously instilling anesthetic drops, the Schirmer strip is inserted into the lower conjunctival sac at the junction of the lateral and middle thirds, avoiding touching the cornea, and the length of wetting strips in millimeters is recorded after 5 minutes.

    The patients will be instructed to close their eyes gently. After 5 minutes have elapsed, the Schirmer test strip will be removed and the length of the tear absorption on the strip will be measured (millimeters/5 minutes)

    Cutoff values:

    <5 mm - pathologic dry eye 5-10 mm - marginal dry eye >10 and <30 mm - normal secretion


  3. Change from baseline in Cornea and conjunctiva vital staining with fluorescein (National Eye Institute [NEI] scales [ Time Frame: At weeks 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]

    The NEI/Industry Workshop guidelines are used for grading the scale of corneal and conjunctival damage. The cornea is divided into five sectors (central, superior, inferior, nasal and temporal), each of which is scored on a scale of 0-3, with a maximal total corneal staining score of 15.

    Both nasally and temporally, the conjunctiva is divided into a superior paralimbal area, an inferior paralimbal area, and a peripheral area with a grading scale of 0-3 and with a maximal total score of 9 for the nasal and temporal conjunctiva (overall the total score ranged from 0-18).

    Briefly, grade 0 reflects normal/healthy situation, whereas grade 3 reflects a severe damage in the considered sector.


  4. Change from baseline in Tear Film Break-Up Time (TFBUT) [ Time Frame: At weeks 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]

    Tear film break-up time (TFBUT) is the time taken to appear first dry spot on cornea after a complete blinking. TFBUT measurement is an easy and fast method used to assess the stability of tear film. It is a standard diagnostic procedure in the dry eye clinics. TFBUT is measured by determining the time to tear break-up. The TFBUT is performed after instillation of 5 μL of 2% preservative-free sodium fluorescein solution into the inferior conjunctival cul-de-sac of each eye. The patient is instructed to blink several times to thoroughly mix the fluorescein with the tear film.

    A TFBUT greater than 15 seconds is considered normal, while a break time of less than 10 seconds is to be considered pathological.


  5. Change from baseline in SANDE scores for severity and frequency [ Time Frame: At weeks 8, 12 and 16 ]

    The Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye (SANDE) questionnaire is a short questionnaire to evaluate both dry eye intensity and frequency by using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS). The patient symptoms of ocular dryness and/or irritation were quantified on the scale based on two questions that assessed both the severity and frequency of symptoms.

    The SANDE score is calculated by taking the square root of the product of the frequency of symptoms score and the severity of symptoms score. The SANDE scale ranges from 0 to 100 with 100 being the maximal amount of dry eye symptoms and 0 being the minimal amount of dry eye symptoms.


  6. Number of patients experiencing a worsening in SANDE and/or NEI score ≥ 50% [ Time Frame: At week 4 ]

    The Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye (SANDE) questionnaire is a short questionnaire to evaluate both dry eye intensity and frequency by using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS). The patient symptoms of ocular dryness and/or irritation were quantified on the scale based on two questions that assessed both the severity and frequency of symptoms.

    The SANDE score is calculated by taking the square root of the product of the frequency of symptoms score and the severity of symptoms score. The SANDE scale ranges from 0 to 100 with 100 being the maximal amount of dry eye symptoms and 0 being the minimal amount of dry eye symptoms.


  7. Quality of life (IDEEL) questionnaire [ Time Frame: At weeks 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]

    IDEEL assesses quality of life, symptoms and treatment effects on patients with dry eye.

    The IDEEL contains 3 modules (Daily Activities, Treatment Satisfaction, and Symptom Bother) with a total of 57 questions.

    The Daily Activities Module is the quality of life instrument. It is comprised of 27 items.

    The IDEEL Treatment Satisfaction and Bother Module is divided into 2 sections, Treatment - In General and Treatment - Eye Drops.

    The Symptom Bother Module consists of 20 items in a single content domain, Symptom Bother.

    Scores for each dimensions ranged from 0 to 100.

    Higher scores for:

    dimension of the Dry Eye Impact on Daily Life module indicates less impact on daily activities; symptom-bother dimension indicates greater bother due to symptoms; satisfaction with Treatment Effectiveness dimension indicates greater satisfaction with treatment effectiveness; treatment-related bother/inconvenience indicates less treatment-related bother or inconvenience.


  8. Incidence and frequency of Adverse Events (AEs) and Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), [ Time Frame: From Screening day ( Day 8) up to Follow-up week 24 (day 168 +/-7days) ]

    An adverse event (AE) is any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation subject administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment. An adverse event (AE) can therefore be any unfavourable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal (investigational) product, whether or not related to the medicinal (investigational) product.

    Treatment emergent adverse events (TEAE) are undesirable events not present prior to medical treatment, or an already present event that worsens either in intensity or frequency following the treatment.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female aged ≥ 18 years
  2. Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of Sjogren syndrome or other autoimmune disease known to induce Sjogren's DED.
  3. Patients with severe Sjogren's DED characterized by the following clinical features:

    1. Corneal and/or conjunctival staining with fluorescein using National Eye Institute (NEI) grading system ≥3
    2. Symptom assessment in dry eye (SANDE) questionnaire global score >25 mm
    3. Schirmer test I (without anaesthesia) between 2 and 5mm/5min, inclusive
  4. The same eye (eligible eye) must fulfill all the above criteria
  5. Diagnosis of severe Sjogren's DED at least 3 months before enrolment (current use or recommended use of artificial tears for the treatment of Sjogren's related dry eye)
  6. Best corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA) score of ≥ 0 .1 decimal units ( 20/200 Snellen value) in each eye at the time of study enrolment
  7. If a female with childbearing potential, have a negative pregnancy test
  8. Patients who have given written informed consent before any study-related procedures not part of standard medical care are performed.
  9. Patients must have the ability and willingness to comply with study procedures.
  10. Patients under treatment with topical cyclosporine (CsA), or topical ophthalmic treatments of the same class for at least 30 days before screening visit (day -8).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inability to speak and understand the local language sufficiently to understand the nature of the study, to provide written informed consent, and to allow the completion of all study assessments
  2. Evidence of an active ocular infection, in either eye
  3. Presence of any other ocular disorder or condition requiring topical medication during the entire duration of study in either eye
  4. History of severe systemic allergy or of ocular allergy (including seasonal conjunctivitis) or chronic conjunctivitis and/or keratitis other than due to dry eye (DE)
  5. Intraocular inflammation defined as Tyndall score >0
  6. History of malignancy in the last 5 years
  7. Systemic disease not stabilized within 1 month before Screening Visit (e.g. diabetes with glycemia out of range, thyroid malfunction) or judged by the investigator to be incompatible with the study (e.g. current systemic infections) or with a condition incompatible with the frequent assessment required by the study
  8. Patient with a history of serious adverse reaction or significant hypersensitivity to any drug or chemically related compounds or clinically significant allergy to foods, amide local anesthetics or other materials including commercial artificial tears (in the opinion of the investigator)
  9. Females of childbearing potential (those who are not surgically sterilized or postmenopausal for at least 1 year) are excluded from participation in the study if they meet any one of the following conditions:

    1. are currently pregnant or,
    2. have a positive result at the urine pregnancy test (Baseline/Day 1) or,
    3. intend to become pregnant during the study treatment period or,
    4. are breast-feeding or,
    5. are not willing to use highly effective birth control measures, during the entire course of and 30 days after the study treatment period
  10. Any concurrent medical condition, that in the judgment of the PI, might interfere with the conduct of the study, confound the interpretation of the study results, or endanger the patient's well-being
  11. Use of topical corticosteroids, lifitegrast, autologous serum tears in either eye during the study (previous use not an exclusion criteria but must be discontinued at the screening visit)
  12. Contact lenses, true tear device, moisture googles, sutureless amniotic membrane or punctum plug use during the study (previous use not an exclusion criteria but must be discontinued at the screening visit)
  13. History of drug addiction or alcohol abuse within the last year
  14. Any prior ocular surgery (including refractive, palpebral and cataract surgery) if within 90 days before the screening visit
  15. Participation in a clinical trial with a new active substance during the past 3 months prior of screening
  16. Participation in another clinical trial study at the same time as the present study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05136170


Contacts
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Contact: Maria De Pizzol, PhD +39 02 583831 clinops@pec.dompe.it
Contact: Giovanna Di Turi, BSc clinops@pec.dompe.it

Locations
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United States, California
Lugene Eye Institute - Glendale Office Recruiting
Glendale, California, United States, 91204
United States, Georgia
Eye Consultants of Atlanta Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30339
United States, Maryland
The Johns Hopkins University Not yet recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21218
United States, Massachusetts
Tufts University School of Medicine (TUSM) - New England Eye Center/Tufts Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
United States, Tennessee
Houston Eye Associates HEA - Gramercy Location Recruiting
Houston, Tennessee, United States, 77025
Toyos Clinic - Nashville Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37215
Italy
AOU Gaspare Rodolico - Ospedale San Marco Recruiting
Catania, Italy, 95123
Contact: Teresio Avitabile, MD         
Università degli Studi "Gabriele D'Annunzio" - Ospedale SS. Annunziata - Clinica Oftalmologica Not yet recruiting
Chieti, Italy, 66100
Contact: Leonardo Mastropasqua, MD         
Università degli Studi di Milano - Ospedale San Giuseppe - UO Oculistica Not yet recruiting
Milan, Italy, 20123
Contact: Edoardo Villani, MD         
AOU Policlinico Umberto I - Dipartimento Organi di Senso - Clinica Oculistica Recruiting
Roma, Italy, 00161
Contact: Antonietta Moramarco, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A
Investigators
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Study Director: Francesco Sergio, MD Dompé Farmaceutici
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Responsible Party: Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05136170    
Other Study ID Numbers: NGF0221
2021-003749-39 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 29, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A:
Sjorgen's dry eye
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dry Eye Syndromes
Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
Eye Diseases
Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases
Keratoconjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis
Conjunctival Diseases
Keratitis
Corneal Diseases