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New Clinical End-points in Patients With Primary Sjögren's Syndrome (NECESSITY)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05113004
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:

There are no approved treatments for pSS and the clinical endpoints currently used in clinical trials are inadequate to capture all aspects of the disease that should be evaluated in clinical trials. The newly developed composite endpoint: Sjögren's Tool for Assessing Response to treatment (STAR) will allow a more specific and meaningful assessment of treatment efficacy in pSS.

Because of the heterogeneity of the disease and of the central role of the interplay between B- and T-cells in the pathogenesis, it is worth to evaluate combination of conventional synthetic immunomodulatory drugs targeting both B- and T-cells.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) Drug: Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d Drug: Leflunomide 20mg/d Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d Drug: Placebo of Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d Drug: Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d Drug: Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease with a female-to-male predominance of 9:1 and a peak incidence at 50 years of age. It is characterized by chronic inflammation and subsequent destruction of exocrine glands, mainly lacrimal and salivary glands, with ocular and oral dryness. Patients also experience joint pain and extreme fatigue. In 20-40% of patients, the inflammatory process extends beyond the exocrine glands and patients experience systemic extra glandular manifestations, with 5-10% developing B-cell lymphoma.

Two populations of pSS patients can be defined. Patients with dryness, fatigue, pain and low systemic activity present no or limited long-term extraglandular damage but they have a profoundly reduced quality of life with marked anxiety, depression, and social isolation (Rischmueller 2016)(Meijer, 2009). Patients with high systemic activity have important long-term damage and bad prognosis. To date, there are no approved disease-modifying treatments.

Current clinical outcome assessment (COA) tools in pSS have shown important weaknesses (e.g. high placebo response rate) which may hamper demonstration of therapeutic benefit. A novel COA called STAR has recently been developed by the NECESSITY consortium (funded by the Innovative Medicines Initiative) and should allow the identification of new therapeutic options for both patient populations.

the investigator aim to demonstrate, thanks to the new STAR outcome measure, efficacy of a combination therapy targeting both B- and T-cells in pSS patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Multi-center, prospective, randomized, double blinded
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: NEw Clinical Endpoints in Patients With Primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS): an Interventional Trial Based on stratifYing Patients
Actual Study Start Date : January 20, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 5, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Arm 1

Cohort 1 : Patients with High levels of symptoms and low disease activity receive :

Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d Placebo of hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d

Drug: Placebo of Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d
Placebo of Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a 4-aminoquinoline belonging to the group of antimalarial agents. Its immunomodulatory activity on B-cells has mainly been attributed to its inhibition of antigen presentation, cytokine production, and recently on Toll-like receptor signaling and IFN secretion that drives B cell activation.

Drug: Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d
Placebo of Leflunomide (LEF) is a derivative of isoxazole and is converted into an active metabolite which blocks de novo synthesis of pyrimidines in activated T lymphocytes, thereby inhibiting T cell proliferation

Drug: Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d
Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid which blocks proliferation of lymphocytes by inhibiting the de novo pathway of purine biosynthesis (Allison, 2000).

Arm 2

Cohort 1 : Patients with High levels of symptoms and low disease activity receive :

Leflunomide 20mg/d hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000 mg/d

Drug: Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a 4-aminoquinoline belonging to the group of antimalarial agents. Its immunomodulatory activity on B-cells has mainly been attributed to its inhibition of antigen presentation, cytokine production, and recently on Toll-like receptor signaling and IFN secretion that drives B cell activation.

Drug: Leflunomide 20mg/d
Leflunomide (LEF) is a derivative of isoxazole and is converted into an active metabolite which blocks de novo synthesis of pyrimidines in activated T lymphocytes, thereby inhibiting T cell proliferation and consequently T cell-dependent B cell formation of autoantibodies.

Drug: Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d
Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid which blocks proliferation of lymphocytes by inhibiting the de novo pathway of purine biosynthesis (Allison, 2000).

Arm 3

Cohort 1 : Patients with High levels of symptoms and low disease activity receive :

Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d

Drug: Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a 4-aminoquinoline belonging to the group of antimalarial agents. Its immunomodulatory activity on B-cells has mainly been attributed to its inhibition of antigen presentation, cytokine production, and recently on Toll-like receptor signaling and IFN secretion that drives B cell activation.

Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid which blocks proliferation of lymphocytes by inhibiting the de novo pathway of purine biosynthesis (Allison, 2000).

Drug: Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d
Placebo of Leflunomide (LEF) is a derivative of isoxazole and is converted into an active metabolite which blocks de novo synthesis of pyrimidines in activated T lymphocytes, thereby inhibiting T cell proliferation

Placebo Comparator: Arm 4

Cohorte 2 :Patients with moderate or hight activity, regardless of level of symptoms, they receive :

Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d Placebo of hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d

Drug: Placebo of Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d
Placebo of Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a 4-aminoquinoline belonging to the group of antimalarial agents. Its immunomodulatory activity on B-cells has mainly been attributed to its inhibition of antigen presentation, cytokine production, and recently on Toll-like receptor signaling and IFN secretion that drives B cell activation.

Drug: Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d
Placebo of Leflunomide (LEF) is a derivative of isoxazole and is converted into an active metabolite which blocks de novo synthesis of pyrimidines in activated T lymphocytes, thereby inhibiting T cell proliferation

Drug: Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d
Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid which blocks proliferation of lymphocytes by inhibiting the de novo pathway of purine biosynthesis (Allison, 2000).

Arm 5

Cohorte 2 :Patients with moderate or hight activity, regardless of level of symptoms, they receive :

Leflunomide 20mg/d hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000 mg/d

Drug: Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a 4-aminoquinoline belonging to the group of antimalarial agents. Its immunomodulatory activity on B-cells has mainly been attributed to its inhibition of antigen presentation, cytokine production, and recently on Toll-like receptor signaling and IFN secretion that drives B cell activation.

Drug: Leflunomide 20mg/d
Leflunomide (LEF) is a derivative of isoxazole and is converted into an active metabolite which blocks de novo synthesis of pyrimidines in activated T lymphocytes, thereby inhibiting T cell proliferation and consequently T cell-dependent B cell formation of autoantibodies.

Drug: Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d
Placebo of Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid which blocks proliferation of lymphocytes by inhibiting the de novo pathway of purine biosynthesis (Allison, 2000).

Arm 6

Cohorte 2 :Patients with moderate or hight activity, regardless of level of symptoms, they receive :

Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d Mycophenolate mofetil 2000mg/d hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d

Drug: Hydroxychloroquine 400mg/d
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a 4-aminoquinoline belonging to the group of antimalarial agents. Its immunomodulatory activity on B-cells has mainly been attributed to its inhibition of antigen presentation, cytokine production, and recently on Toll-like receptor signaling and IFN secretion that drives B cell activation.

Drug: Leflunomide 20mg/d
Leflunomide (LEF) is a derivative of isoxazole and is converted into an active metabolite which blocks de novo synthesis of pyrimidines in activated T lymphocytes, thereby inhibiting T cell proliferation and consequently T cell-dependent B cell formation of autoantibodies.

Drug: Placebo of Leflunomide 20mg/d
Placebo of Leflunomide (LEF) is a derivative of isoxazole and is converted into an active metabolite which blocks de novo synthesis of pyrimidines in activated T lymphocytes, thereby inhibiting T cell proliferation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cohort 1. Proportion of patients achieving a response according to preliminary STAR at week 24 between each active treatment arm and placebo arm. [ Time Frame: During the 24 weeks of the trials ]
  2. Cohort 2. Proportion of patients achieving a response according to preliminary STAR at week 24 between each active treatment arm and placebo arm. [ Time Frame: During the 24 weeks of the trials ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cohort 1
  • Having given written informed consent prior to undertaking any study-related procedures.
  • Patients with pSS according to ACR/EULAR 2016 criteria or AECG 2002 criteria
  • With a high level of symptoms (ESSPRI ≥ 5) and low systemic disease activity (ESSDAI < 5).
  • Negative pregnancy test (serum at screening)
  • Use highly reliable contraception during research treatment from the screening and for two years after stopping treatment.
  • Cohort 2
  • Having given written informed consent prior to undertaking any study-related procedures.
  • Patients with pSS according to ACR/EULAR 2016 criteria or AECG 2002 criteria
  • With moderate/high systemic disease activity, as defined by ESSDAI ≥ 5.
  • Negative pregnancy test (serum at screening)
  • Use highly reliable contraception during research treatment from the screening and for two years after stopping treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • For both cohorts:
  • Age < 18 years
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women or women wanted to conceive either during or within two years after the end of the treatment period
  • Women of childbearing potential not using highly effective methods of contraception (as defined in section 6.3)
  • Participation in another interventional trial
  • Contra-indication to HCQ: pre-existing retinopathy, hypersensitivity to HCQ or to any of the excipients of the specialty used
  • Contra-indication to MMF: hypersensitivity to mycophenolate mofetil, acid mycophenolic, mycophenolate sodium or to any of the excipients of the specialty used
  • Contra-indication tor LEF: hypersensitivity to the active substance, the main active metabolite teriflunomide or to any excipients of the specialty used.
  • Concomitant treatment with corticosteroids more than 10 mg/day of prednisone equivalent at screening or inclusion (randomisation)
  • Concomitant treatment with other immunomodulators including methotrexate, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine and tacrolimus
  • Previous treatment with HCQ, LEF, MMF in the last 3 months
  • Previous treatment with rituximab, other B-cell targeted biologic therapy or cyclophosphamide in the last 6 months
  • Previous treatment with anti-TNF, abatacept, tocilizumab or belimumab or any other biologic in the setting of a past clinical trial in the last 3 months
  • Severe life-threatening systemic involvement requiring cyclophosphamide or high dose corticosteroids, or any drug considered as an exclusion criteria
  • Impairment of other severe immunodeficiency states
  • Patients with active malignancy or history of malignancy within the last 5 years except non-melanoma skin cancer
  • Patients with history of gastrointestinal tract ulceration, hemorrhage and perforation
  • Patients with history of cardiomyopathy
  • Patients with known hereditary deficiency of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase (HGPRT) such as Lesch-Nyhan and Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome
  • Serious infection in the past month
  • Evidence of active tuberculosis infection
  • Active HCV (positive PCR)
  • Active HBV infection (positivity for HBS antigen, or positivity for anti-HBC antibody without any HBS antigen)
  • HIV infection (positive serology)
  • Positive SARS-Cov2 PCR (if vaccinated for COVID-19, no PCR is required; if history of COVID-19 infection, positive serology is sufficient)
  • Cytopenia defined as neutrophils < 1.0 G/L, lymphocytes < 0.5 G/L, Hb < 10 g/dl or platelets < 100 G/L
  • Moderate to severe renal insufficiency (GFR < 30 ml/min)
  • Severe hypogammaglobulinemia defined as gamma globulins or IgG < 5 g/l Reduced hepatic function: AST or ALT > 2x ULN (re-testing is allowed, see section 5.10)
  • Prolonged ECG's corrected QT interval (>500 ms)
  • Known history of maculopathy
  • Patients will be informed of the risk of alcohol consumption and will be recommended to avoid alcohol during the entire study
  • Not affiliated to a social security regime (specific for France)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05113004


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Xavier MARIETTE 01.45.21.37.51 xavier.mariette@aphp.fr
Contact: Jacques-Eric GOTTENBERG 03 88 12 79 53 jacques-eric.gottenberg@chru-strasbourg.fr

Locations
Layout table for location information
France
Raphaele Seror Recruiting
Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France
Contact: Raphaele PH Raphaele Seror, Phd    +33 1 45 21 21 21      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05113004    
Other Study ID Numbers: APHP190131
First Posted: November 9, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
dry eye
Oral Dryness and Saliva Altered
Eular Sjögren Syndrome Disease Activity index
Primary Sjögrens's syndrome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sjogren's Syndrome
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Xerostomia
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Dry Eye Syndromes
Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases
Eye Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Mycophenolic Acid
Hydroxychloroquine
Leflunomide
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action