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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT05106296 | brain cancer | Augusta, Georgia, U.S.
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Chemo-immunotherapy Using Ibrutinib Plus Indoximod for Patients With Pediatric Brain Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05106296
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 3, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Augusta University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Theodore S. Johnson, Augusta University

Brief Summary:

Recent lab-based discoveries suggest that IDO (indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase) and BTK (Bruton's tyrosine Kinase) form a closely linked metabolic checkpoint in tumor-associated antigen-presenting cells. The central clinical hypothesis for the GCC2020 study is that combining ibrutinib (BTK-inhibitor) with indoximod (IDO-inhibitor) during chemotherapy will synergistically enhance anti-tumor immune responses, leading to improvement in clinical response with manageable overlapping toxicity.

GCC2020 is a prospective open-label phase 1 trial to determine the best safe dose of ibrutinib to use in combination with a previously studied chemo-immunotherapy regimen, comprised of the IDO-inhibitor indoximod plus oral metronomic cyclophosphamide and etoposide (4-drug combination) for participants, age 12 to 25 years, with relapsed or refractory ependymoma, medulloblastoma/PNET, or glioblastoma that progressed after previous treatment with indoximod plus temozolomide. Those previously treated with indoximod plus temozolomide are eligible, including prior treatment via the on-going phase 2 indoximod study (GCC1949, NCT04049669), the now closed phase 1 study (NLG2105, NCT02502708), or expanded access protocols. A dose-escalation cohort will determine the best safe dose of ibrutinib for the 4-drug combination. This will be followed by an expansion cohort, using ibrutinib at the best safe dose in the 4-drug combination, to allow assessment of preliminary evidence of efficacy.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ependymoma Medulloblastoma Glioblastoma Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (PNET) Drug: Ibrutinib Drug: Indoximod Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Etoposide Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 37 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Repurposing Ibrutinib for Chemo-Immunotherapy in a Phase 1b Study of Ibrutinib With Indoximod Plus Metronomic Cyclophosphamide and Etoposide for Pediatric Patients With Brain Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : February 8, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Regimen
Patients will be treated with the 4-drug chemo-immunotherapy regimen. Cycles are a minimum of 28 days, and maximum treatment duration is 12 cycles.
Drug: Ibrutinib
Ibrutinib will be taken by mouth once daily, on days 1-21 of each treatment cycle.

Drug: Indoximod
Indoximod will be taken by mouth twice daily, throughout each treatment cycle.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide will be taken by mouth once daily, on days 1-21 of each treatment cycle.

Drug: Etoposide
Etoposide will be taken by mouth once daily, on days 1-21 of each treatment cycle.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of regimen-limiting toxicity (RLT) [ Time Frame: First 90 days of treatment ]
    To determine the pediatric recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ibrutinib, when combined with indoximod-based chemo-immunotherapy (4-drug combination therapy)

  2. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with a best objective response of either complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) to evaluate preliminary evidence of efficacy of ibrutinib, when combined with indoximod-based chemo-immunotherapy (4-drug combination therapy), using "immunotherapy Response Assessment for Neuro-Oncology" (iRANO) criteria


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 13 months ]
    To assess frequency, severity, and recoverability of AEs for the treatment regimen

  2. Frequency of cycle delays for toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    To assess whether the immunotherapy contributes to delays in starting subsequent cycles of the chemotherapy drugs

  3. Frequency of dose-reductions of the chemotherapy regimen [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    To assess whether the immunotherapy contributes to reductions in the doses of the chemotherapy drugs

  4. Complete Response Rate (CRR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with a best objective response of CR using iRANO criteria

  5. Partial Response Rate (PRR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with a best objective response of PR using iRANO criteria

  6. Modified Objective Response Rate (mORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with best objective response of complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD, on at least 2 sequential study-timed MRIs) using iRANO criteria

  7. iRANO-PFS [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Time of Progression-Free Survival (PFS), defined as time from study entry to progression using iRANO criteria

  8. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Time from study entry to death



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Diagnosis:

  • Patients must have documented progressive disease with histologically proven initial diagnosis of ependymoma, medulloblastoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), or glioblastoma.
  • Metastatic disease is acceptable.
  • Patients must have MRI confirmation (with and without gadolinium contrast) of tumor progression or regrowth with current evidence of active disease.

Patients must be able to swallow pills.

Lansky or Karnofsky performance status score must be ≥ 50%.

Adequate renal function:

  • Creatinine clearance (CLcr) > 25 mL/min (by calculated methods) AND Creatinine ≤ 1.5-times upper limit of age-adjusted normal for age of patient.

Adequate liver function:

  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3-times upper limit of normal.
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3-times upper limit of normal.
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5-times upper limit of normal unless bilirubin rise is due to Gilbert's syndrome or of non-hepatic origin.

Adequate bone marrow function:

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/mm3 (independent of growth factor support).
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3 (independent of transfusion support).
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (independent of transfusion support).

Seizure disorders must be well controlled on antiepileptic medication.

Prior therapy:

  • Patients must have been previously treated with the combination of indoximod and temozolomide.
  • Patients previously treated with chemotherapy drugs included in this protocol are eligible for enrollment.
  • At the time of Screening, patients must be at least 21 days from the administration of any investigational agent (other than indoximod) or prior cytotoxic therapy (including chemotherapy).
  • At the time of Screening, patients must be at least 28 days from administration of antibody-based therapies (e.g., bevacizumab), tumor-directed vaccines, or cellular immune therapies (e.g., T cells, NK cells, etc.).
  • At the time of Screening, patients must be at least 56 days from administration of tumor-directed therapies using infectious agents (e.g., viruses, bacteria, etc.).
  • At the time of Screening, patients must be at least 90 days from any radiation or proton therapy (all modalities, including radiosurgery) that targeted all sites of known disease.
  • There is no lock-out window for patients who were treated with focal radiation or focal proton therapy (all modalities, including radiosurgery) that did not target all disease sites, if at least one site of active tumor is expected to persist and/or grow.

Concurrent anti-neoplastic therapy:

  • No investigational or commercial agents, including intrathecal drugs, other than that described by this clinical study protocol (GCC2020) may be administered with the intent to treat the patient's malignancy while they remain enrolled on this study.

Contraception, pregnancy, and breastfeeding:

  • Women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active must be practicing a highly effective method of birth control during and after the study. Men must agree to not donate sperm during and for 3 months after the study.
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding are ineligible for this study.
  • Patients who become pregnant while participating in this study will have to stop Study Therapy.

Patients, or their parent for patients less than 18 years of age, must sign an Informed Consent Document indicating that they understand the purpose of and procedures required for the study, including biomarkers, and are willing to participate in the study.

.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who are unable to swallow pills.

Patients with known hypersensitivity to any drugs in the treatment plan.

Patients with active autoimmune disease that requires systemic therapy.

  • Allergies, allergic conditions, and reactive inflammatory conditions that are not autoimmune in nature would not exclude patients (e.g., eczema, asthma, etc.).

Pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Major surgery or a wound that has not fully healed within 4 weeks of Screening.

Known central nervous system lymphoma.

Patients with active bleeding or history of thrombotic or hemorrhagic stroke, or intracranial hemorrhage, within 6 months prior to Screening; with the exception of retained blood products from recent prior uncomplicated surgery (e.g., tumor biopsy, debulking, or resection; VP shunt placement, etc.).

Requires anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists (e.g., phenprocoumon).

Requires chronic treatment with strong CYP3A inhibitor drugs.

Clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of Screening, or any Class 3 (moderate) or Class 4 (severe) cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification.

Patients with baseline QTc interval of more than 470 msec at the time of Screening, and patients with congenital long QT syndrome.

Vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of Screening.

Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active Hepatitis C Virus or active Hepatitis B Virus infection or any uncontrolled active systemic infection.

Any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction which, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the patient's safety, interfere with the absorption or metabolism of ibrutinib, indoximod, or chemotherapy, or put the study outcomes at undue risk.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05106296


Contacts
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Contact: Theodore S. Johnson, MD, PhD 706-721-4962 thjohnson@augusta.edu
Contact: Taylor King, RN 706-721-2949 TAYKING@AUGUSTA.EDU

Locations
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United States, Georgia
Augusta University, Georgia Cancer Center Recruiting
Augusta, Georgia, United States, 30912
Contact: Theodore S Johnson, MD, PhD    706-721-4962    thjohnson@augusta.edu   
Contact: Taylor King, RN    706-721-2949    TAYKING@AUGUSTA.EDU   
Principal Investigator: Theodore S Johnson, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Theodore S. Johnson
Augusta University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Theodore S. Johnson, MD, PhD Augusta University
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Theodore S. Johnson, Professor of Pediatrics and Co-Director of the Pediatric Immunotherapy Program, Augusta University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05106296    
Other Study ID Numbers: GCC2020
First Posted: November 3, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Theodore S. Johnson, Augusta University:
brain tumor
brain cancer
IDO
indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase
indoximod
BTK
Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase
ibrutinib
immunotherapy
pediatric
childhood
glioblastoma
medulloblastoma
ependymoma
PNET
cyclophosphamide
etoposide
immune
central nervous system
CNS
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Brain Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Glioblastoma
Ependymoma
Medulloblastoma
Sarcoma, Ewing
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Osteosarcoma
Sarcoma
Cyclophosphamide
Etoposide
Immunosuppressive Agents