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Meningococcal Serogroup ACYWX Conjugate Vaccine in Comparison With MenACWY-TT Conjugate Vaccine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05093829
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : October 26, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wilbur Chen, University of Maryland, Baltimore

Brief Summary:
Infants aged 9 months will be randomized to receive a meningococcal vaccine at 9 months or 15 months. Infants randomized to the 9-month age group will be further randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of the experimental meningococcal vaccine (NmCV-5) or a single dose of the comparator meningococcal vaccine (MenACWY-TT). Prospectively identified and consented infants randomized to the 15-month age group will return when aged 15 months and will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of NmCV-5 or a single dose of MenACWY-TT.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Meningitis Biological: NmCV-5 Biological: MenACWY-TT Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Meningococcal meningitis, caused by invasive strains of Neisseria meningitidis, is a major public health concern because of its considerable morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Case fatality during meningococcal meningitis epidemics can surpass 15%, and rates of permanent sequelae among meningitis survivors in Africa are twice as high as they are in high income countries. Because of the fulminant clinical course of invasive bacterial meningitis and difficulties in access to care in the African meningitis belt, prevention by vaccination is the optimal way to reduce meningococcal meningitis morbidity and mortality. Before 2010, serogroup A meningococcal strains were routinely responsible for the majority (70-96%) of invasive meningococcal disease in sub-Saharan Africa. And annual epidemic could be associated with an incidence of meningococcal disease which could range between 100-1000 cases per 100,000 persons in any given year.

Progressive introduction of MenAfriVac since 2010 has resulted in a substantial reduction in cases of serogroup A meningococcal disease. However, regular large-scale epidemics due to serogroups C, W and X remain common in the African meningitis belt. An affordable and scalable pentavalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (NmCV-5) has been developed by Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd. (SIIPL), the manufacturer of MenAfriVac. NmCV-5 is designed to protect against serogroups A, C, W, Y and X. The immediate goal for the clinical development of NmCV-5 is for WHO Pre-Qualification (WHO-PQ), to enable the vaccine to be used in the Meningitis Belt of sub-Saharan Africa.

This trial will evaluate a single dose of NmCV-5 administered at either 9 months or 15 months of age, time points in the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) schedule when meningococcal vaccine is most likely to be administered. Infants aged 9 months will be randomized to receive a meningococcal vaccine at 9 months or 15 months. Infants aged 9 months (eligibility 9-11 months) and randomized to the 9-month age group will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of NmCV-5 or a single dose of MenACWY-TT. Prospectively identified and consented infants randomized to the 15-month age group will return when aged 15 months (eligibility 15-17 months) and will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of NmCV-5 or a single dose of MenACWY-TT. "Enhanced" EPI vaccines will be co-administered and will consist of 2-doses of a measles-containing vaccine administered at 9 months and 15 months and a single dose of yellow fever vaccine administered at 9 months.

This study protocol is designed to provide evidence that concomitant vaccination with NmCV-5 will not significantly affect the immune responses of infants to their normally scheduled EPI vaccines. This study has been specifically designed to provide information at two distinct timepoints, 9 months and 15 months. The current Mali EPI schedule consists of a measles only vaccine, yellow fever vaccine, and MenA vaccine at 9 months of age; there is no 15 months of age EPI vaccine visit and typically only a single dose of a measles-containing vaccine is administered. However, to satisfy the conditions for WHO-PQ, study participants will receive two doses of a measles-containing vaccine, at 9-months and 15-months. Furthermore, the noninferiority evaluation must include an assessment of the rubella vaccine responses. These modifications to the standard Malian EPI schedule provide a level-of-care that is higher than the current standard-of-care for the general population. Within the context of this study, the researchers will refer to this as an "enhanced" EPI schedule.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1320 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 3 Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Immunogenicity, and Non-Interference With Concomitant Routine Vaccines, of a Meningococcal Serogroup ACYWX Conjugate Vaccine (NmCV-5) in Comparison With MenACWY-TT Conjugate Vaccine in Healthy Malian Infants
Estimated Study Start Date : February 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Meningitis Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vaccination at 9 months of age with NmCV-5
Infant participants randomized to receive the NmCV-5 meningococcal vaccination at 9 months of age, while receiving the current Mali EPI schedule of vaccines.
Biological: NmCV-5
NmCV-5 is a pentavalent meningococcal (A, C, Y, W, X) polysaccharideconjugate vaccine composed of capsularpolysaccharides (PS) from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, C, Y, W, and X individually conjugated to a protein carrier, either mutant diphtheria toxoid (CRM197) or tetanus toxoid (TT).

Active Comparator: Vaccination at 9 months of age with MenACWY-TT
Infant participants randomized to receive the MenACWY-TT meningococcal vaccination at 9 months of age, while receiving the current Mali EPI schedule of vaccines.
Biological: MenACWY-TT
MenACWY-TT (the comparator meningococcal vaccine) is a WHO-PQ quadrivalent meningococcal (A, C, Y, W) polysaccharide-conjugate vaccine manufactured by Pfizer.
Other Name: Nimenrix

Experimental: Vaccination at 15 months of age with NmCV-5
Infant participants randomized to receive the NmCV-5 meningococcal vaccination at 15 months of age, while receiving the current Mali EPI schedule of vaccines.
Biological: NmCV-5
NmCV-5 is a pentavalent meningococcal (A, C, Y, W, X) polysaccharideconjugate vaccine composed of capsularpolysaccharides (PS) from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, C, Y, W, and X individually conjugated to a protein carrier, either mutant diphtheria toxoid (CRM197) or tetanus toxoid (TT).

Active Comparator: Vaccination at 15 months of age with MenACWY-TT
Infant participants randomized to receive the MenACWY-TT meningococcal vaccination at 15 months of age, while receiving the current Mali EPI schedule of vaccines.
Biological: MenACWY-TT
MenACWY-TT (the comparator meningococcal vaccine) is a WHO-PQ quadrivalent meningococcal (A, C, Y, W) polysaccharide-conjugate vaccine manufactured by Pfizer.
Other Name: Nimenrix




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants with Seroprotective Response [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The percentage of participants with seroprotective response (defined as rabbit serum bactericidal antibody (rSBA) titers ≥ 8) against each meningococcal serogroup A, C, W, X and Y, 28 days after a single dose of meningococcal vaccine, will be compared between study arms, among participants vaccinated at either 9 months or 15 months of age.

  2. Percentage of Participants with Seroprotective Response to Serogroup X after NmCV-5 [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The percentage of participants with seroprotective response to serogroup X in the NmCV-5 arm, to be compared to the percentage of participants with the lowest seroprotective response among serogroups A, C, W and Y in the MenACWY-TT arm.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants with Seroprotective Response to Serogroup X [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The percentage of participants with seroprotective response (rSBA antibody titers ≥ 8) to serogroup X in the NmCV-5 arm compared to the percentage of participants with seroprotective response to serogroup X MenACWY-TT arm, 28 days after a single dose of meningococcal vaccine.

  2. rSBA Titers [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    Level of rSBA titers (evaluated as geometric mean titers (GMTs)) against meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, X and Y, 28 days after meningococcal vaccine at either 9-11 or 15-17 months of age.

  3. Percentage of Participants with Seroresponse in rSBA Titers [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    For a subset of participants, the percentage of participants with seroresponse in rSBA titers to meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, X and Y at 28 days after a single dose of meningococcal vaccine at either 9 months or 15 months of age will be examined. Seroresponse is defined as a post-immunization rSBA titer of 32 or greater if the participant's preimmunization (Baseline) rSBA titer was < 8; or a ≥ four-fold increase over baseline at Day 29 post-immunization if the participant's pre-immunization rSBA titer was ≥ 8.

  4. Proportion of Participants with rSBA titers ≥ 128 [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The proportion of participants with rSBA titers ≥ 128 at 28 days after a single dose of meningococcal vaccine will be examined.

  5. Number of Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 6 months after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The number of serious adverse events reported after meningococcal vaccination will be compared between study arms.

  6. Number of Solicited Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 7 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The number of solicited adverse events reported after meningococcal vaccination will be compared between study arms. Solicited adverse events following meningococcal vaccination include injection site tenderness, swelling/induration, erythema, irritability, drowsiness, anorexia, and fever.

  7. Number of Unsolicited Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The number of unsolicited adverse events following meningococcal vaccination will be compared between study arms.

  8. Proportion of Participants with Seropositive Response for Measles [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    Proportion of participants with seropositive response for measles vaccine will be compared between study arms. The seropositive response to measles vaccine is defined as achieving anti-measles immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration ≥ 150 milli-international units per milliliter (mIU/mL).

  9. Proportion of Participants with Seropositive Response for Rubella [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    Proportion of participants with seropositive response for rubella vaccine will be compared between study arms. The seropositive response to rubella vaccine is defined as achieving anti-rubella IgG concentration ≥ 4 IU/mL.

  10. Proportion of Participants with Seroprotective Titers for Yellow Fever Vaccine [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    Proportion of participants with seroprotective titers for yellow fever vaccine will be compared between study arms. The seroprotective response to yellow fever vaccine is defined as yellow fever neutralizing antibody titers ≥ 1:8.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The number of serious adverse events, reported through 2 years of follow-up or during the entire study period, will be compared between study arms.

  2. Change in Proportion of Participants with rSBA Titers ≥ 8 [ Time Frame: 6 months and 2 years following meningococcal vaccination ]
    The number and proportion of participants with rSBA titers ≥ 8 will be compared between study arms.

  3. Change in Proportion of Participants with rSBA Titers ≥ 128 [ Time Frame: 6 months and 2 years following meningococcal vaccination ]
    The number and proportion of participants with rSBA titers ≥ 128 will be compared between study arms.

  4. Change in Calculated rSBA Titers [ Time Frame: 6 months and 2 years following meningococcal vaccination ]
    The calculated rSBA GMTs against each of the five meningococcal serogroups will be compared between study arms.

  5. Seroprotective Response Rates by Age at Vaccination [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The comparison of the 9-month and 15-month group proportions of seroprotective response rates will be examined as an exploratory endpoint.

  6. rSBA GMTs by Age at Vaccination [ Time Frame: 28 days after meningococcal vaccination ]
    The comparison of the 9-month and 15-month group proportions of rSBA GMTs against each of the five meningococcal serogroups will be examined as an exploratory endpoint.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Months to 11 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male and female children between 9 months and 11 months old inclusive.
  2. Parent(s)/legal guardian(s) have provided written informed consent, after the nature of the study has been explained according to local regulatory requirements.
  3. The investigator believes that their parent(s)/guardian(s) will be available for all the subjects visits and will comply with the requirements of the protocol (e.g., timely reporting of adverse events).
  4. Individual is in good health as determined by medical history, physical examination, and clinical judgement of the investigator.
  5. Individual has completed their local infant EPI vaccines, not including 9-month EPI vaccines (at the 9-month visit) or 15- month EPI vaccines (at the 15-month visit). A birth dose of oral polio vaccine is not required.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of receipt of any meningococcal vaccine.
  2. Has received a measles-containing vaccine.
  3. Current or previous, confirm or suspected disease caused by N. meningitidis.
  4. Household contact with and/or intimate exposure to an individual with any laboratory confirmed N. meningitidis infection within 60 days of enrolment or study vaccination (for the 15-month age group).
  5. History of severe allergic reactions after previous vaccinations or hypersensitivity to any study vaccine component including tetanus, diphtheria and mutant diphtheria toxoid (CRM197).
  6. Acute or chronic, clinically significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, metabolic, neurological, hepatic, or renal functional abnormality, as determined by medical history or physical examination.
  7. Any confirmed or suspected condition with impaired or altered function of the immune system (e.g., immunodeficiency, autoimmune conditions, malnutrition).
  8. Have any bleeding disorder which is considered a contraindication to intramuscular injection or blood draw.
  9. Severe acute malnutrition. Note: a weight-for-length Z-score of less than -3 satisfies this exclusion criteria.
  10. History of either hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus infection, human immunodeficiency virus infection, or hereditary immunodeficiency.
  11. Presence of major and clinically significant congenital defects.
  12. Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within three months prior to the study vaccination or planned use throughout the study period (for corticosteroids, this means prednisone, or equivalent, ≥ 0.5 mg/kg per day. Inhaled, intranasal, and topical steroids are allowed).
  13. Administration of blood, blood products and/or plasma derivatives or any parenteral immunoglobulin preparation in the past 3 months or planned use throughout the study period.
  14. Administration of any vaccine within 14 days prior to enrolment in the study or planned administration of any vaccine within 14 days before or after study vaccination.
  15. Use of any investigational or non-registered drug or vaccine within 28 days prior to the administration of study vaccine or planned during the study.
  16. Malaria infection as confirmed by a Rapid Diagnostic Test. Note: subjects positive at screening may be treated for malaria as per national guidelines outside of the study, and if the subject remains eligible, vaccinated no earlier than 5 days after completing treatment.
  17. Individuals who are close family member* of individuals conducting this study. *defined as a child with direct genetic relationship to a member of the study team.
  18. Have experienced a moderate or severe acute infection and/or fever (defined as temperature ≥ 37.5°C) within 3 days prior to enrolment or study vaccination.
  19. Have received systemic antibiotic treatment within 3 days prior to enrolment or study vaccination.
  20. Non-residence in the study area or intent to move out within six months.
  21. Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, might post additional risk to the subject due to participation in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05093829


Contacts
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Contact: Wilbur Chen, MD, MS 410-706-5328 wchen@som.umaryland.edu

Locations
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Mali
Centre pour le Developpement des Vaccins du Mali
Bamako, Mali
Contact: Samba Sow    00223 2023 6031    ssow@som.umaryland.edu   
Principal Investigator: Samba Sow, MD         
Principal Investigator: Milagritos Tapia, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Study Chair: Wilbur Chen, MD, MS University of Maryland, Baltimore
Study Director: Karen Kotloff, MD University of Maryland, Baltimore
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Responsible Party: Wilbur Chen, Professor, University of Maryland, Baltimore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05093829    
Other Study ID Numbers: EUCC-DMID-20-0024
UM1AI148689 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 26, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Wilbur Chen, University of Maryland, Baltimore:
vaccine
meningococcal
Neisseria meningitidis
conjugate meningococcal vaccine
meningococcal serogroup X
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Meningitis
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases