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Feasibility Study of Tolerogenic Fibroblasts in Patients With Refractory Multiple Sclerosis (MSFibroblast)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05080270
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 15, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 22, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
FibroBiologics

Brief Summary:

Fibroblasts have demonstrated potent immune modulatory and therapeutic activity in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis, as well as in other models of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.

This study will assess primary safety and secondary efficacy endpoints of intravenous administration of 100 million tolerogenic fibroblasts to 5 patients with relapsing remitting MS resistant to interferon. While the safety of fibroblasts administered clinically is established, it is unknown whether these cells are effective in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Our hypothesis is that the tolerogenic fibroblasts will be well-tolerated and meet our primary objective. In addition, The investigators are optimistic that they will see signs of efficacy based on the following: Neurological assessment of the MS functional composite assessment which comprises of EDSS, the expanded EDSS (Rating Neurologic Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis, the Scripps neurological rating scale (NRS), paced auditory serial addition test (PASAT), the nine-hole peg test, and 25-foot walking time, short-form 36 (SF-36) quality of life questionnaire and gadolinium-enhanced MRI scans of the brain and cervical spinal cord.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Biological: Tolerogenic Fibroblasts Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Fibroblasts have demonstrated potent immune modulatory and therapeutic activity in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis, as well as in other models of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Mechanistically, tolerogenic fibroblasts produce anti-inflammatory and immune modulatory factors, which appear to be therapeutic in the context of autoimmunity, including IL-10 and TGF-beta. Additionally, tolerogenic fibroblasts produce neurotrophic mediators that enhance myelin production and/or prevent neuronal apoptosis.

This study will assess primary safety and secondary efficacy endpoints of intravenous administration of 100 million tolerogenic fibroblasts to 5 patients with relapsing remitting MS resistant to interferon. While the safety of fibroblasts administered clinically is established, it is unknown whether these cells are effective in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Research Hypothesis: Intravenous administration of 100 million tolerogenic fibroblasts will be well tolerated and induce a therapeutic effect in relapse remitting MS patients.

Rationale: The family of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) is immune-modulatory, and bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSCs) have induced therapeutic responses in patients with MS [1]. Tolerogenic fibroblasts possess superior immune modulatory activity compared to BM-MSCs and adipose MSCs. The investigators, therefore, seek to perform a five-patient trial to assess the safety and signs of efficacy of this cell population in MS patients resistant to interferon.

The trial's primary objective is freedom from treatment-associated adverse events at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 weeks post-treatment. The study's secondary objective will be efficacy as assessed at baseline, weeks 2, 4, 8, and 16. The results will be quantified based on the following: Neurological assessment of the MS functional composite assessment, which comprises of EDSS, the expanded EDSS (Rating Neurologic Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis, the Scripps neurological rating scale (NRS), paced auditory serial addition test (PASAT), the nine-hole peg test, and 25-foot walking time, short-form 36 (SF-36) quality of life questionnaire and gadolinium-enhanced MRI scans of the brain and cervical spinal cord.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The proposed study will assess primary safety and secondary efficacy endpoints of allogeneic tolerogenic fibroblasts administered through Intravenous infusion at a single dose of 100 million cells to 5 patients with relapsing remitting MS resistant to interferon.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Feasibility Study of Tolerogenic Fibroblasts in Patients With Refractory Multiple Sclerosis
Actual Study Start Date : September 21, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 8, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : June 8, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: tolerogenic fibroblasts administered via intravenous infusion
A single dose of 100 million tolerogenic fibroblasts administered via intravenous infusion.
Biological: Tolerogenic Fibroblasts
administrating single dose of 100 million tolerogenic fibroblasts via intravenous infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety: Adverse even monitoring of subjects for 4 hours after infusion [ Time Frame: Monitoring during the Intravenous infusion of allogeneic tolerogenic fibroblasts, and continued for 4 hours after infusion ]
    Monitor subjects for possible treatment-related acute immune symptoms or vascular occlusion symptoms during the administration of the allogeneic tolerogenic fibroblasts via intravenous infusion.

  2. Safety: Complete Blood Count to monitor inflammation markers [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, week 8, and week 16 after infusion ]
    Complete Blood Count used to monitor inflammation markers included white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil (N), lymphocyte (L), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio. This safety test is to monitor subjects for inflammation during the course of the study, relating to the course of the disease, or allogeneic tolerogenic fibroblasts administered through Intravenous infusion

  3. Safety: Serum chemistry to monitor impact on serum chemistry [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, week 8, and week 16 after infusion ]
    This test will measure the amount of certain substances in serum samples, including electrolytes (such as sodium, potassium, and chloride), fats, proteins, glucose (sugar), and enzymes. Blood chemistry tests give essential information about how well a person's kidneys, liver, and other organs are working. An abnormal amount of a substance in the blood can be a sign of disease or a side effect of treatment. Blood chemistry tests help diagnose and monitor many conditions before, during, and after treatment. Also called blood chemistry study.

  4. Safety: 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) to monitor cardiovascular health [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, week 8, and week 16 after infusion ]
    A 12-lead electrocardiogram will be used to monitor the baseline cardiovascular health of the participants and continue to monitor their cardiovascular health during the course of the study measuring heart rate, blood pressure, ventricular rate, PR interval, RP interval, QRS interval, and GT interval. This safety test is to monitor the subjects for cardiac events related to the course of the disease, or allogeneic tolerogenic fibroblasts administered through Intravenous infusion


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy: Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) to quantify disability scale and monitors changes [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, week 8, and week 16 after infusion ]
    The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) quantifies disability in multiple sclerosis and monitors changes in the level of disability over time. The test is based on neurological examination and impact on Functional Systems representing network of neurons in the brain. It is widely used in clinical trials and the assessment of people with MS. The scale was developed by a neurologist called John Kurtzke in 1983 as an advance from his previous 10 step Disability Status Scale (DSS). The EDSS scale ranges from 0 to 10 in 0.5 unit increments that represent higher levels of disability. Scoring is based on an examination by a neurologist.

  2. Efficacy: Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) to measure cognitive function and processing speed [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, week 8, and week 16 after infusion ]
    PASAT is a measure of cognitive function that assesses auditory information processing speed, flexibility, and calculation ability. The test was developed by Gronwell in 1977 and later adapted by Rao and colleagues in 1989 for use in MS. The PASAT is presented using audio cassette tape or compact disk to ensure standardization in the rate of stimulus presentation. In the test, single digits are presented every 3 seconds, and the patient must add each new digit to the one immediately prior to it. Shorter inter-stimulus intervals, e.g., 2 seconds or less, have also been used with the PASAT but tend to increase the difficulty of the task.

  3. Efficacy: Nine-Hole Peg Test to measure and quantify upper extermity function [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, week 8, and week 16 after infusion ]
    The 9-HPT is a brief, standardized, quantitative test of upper extremity function. Both the dominant and non-dominant hands are tested twice. The patient is seated at a table with a small, shallow container holding nine pegs and a wood or plastic block containing nine empty holes. On a start command when a stopwatch is started, the patient picks up the nine pegs one at a time as quickly as possible, puts them in the nine holes, and, once they are in the holes, removes them again as quickly as possible one at a time, replacing them into the shallow container. The total time to complete the task is recorded. Two consecutive trials with the dominant hand are immediately followed by two consecutive trials with the non-dominant hand.

  4. Efficacy: Timed 25-Foot Walk Test to quantify mobility and leg function [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, week 8, and week 16 after infusion ]
    The T25-FW is a quantitative mobility and leg function performance test based on a timed 25-walk. The patient is directed to one end of a clearly marked 25-foot course and is instructed to walk 25 feet as quickly as possible but safely. The time is calculated from the initiation of the instruction to start and ends when the patient has reached the 25-foot mark. The task is immediately administered again by having the patient walk back the same distance. Patients may use assistive devices when doing this task.

  5. Efficacy: Gadolinium Enhanced MRI to detect demyelinated areas of the nerves [ Time Frame: Day before infusion to establish a baseline, and week 16 after infusion ]
    Gadolinium Enhanced MRI is used to detect demyelinated areas of the nerves in the brain and cervical spinal cord. These Damaged areas can be observed by MRI presented as plaques, and the intensity of the plaques can determine the age of multiple sclerosis caused lesions.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients willing to sign an informed consent and capable of understanding the features of this clinical trial.
  2. Willing to keep a weekly diary and undergo observation for four months
  3. Non-pregnant patients 18-55 years of age with MS according to the revised McDonald criteria and meeting the Possner criteria for clinically defined MS.
  4. EDSS scores of 2·0 to 5·5 points assessed at least three months after the last acute attack of MS.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with evidence of active proliferative retinopathy.
  2. Patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (HbA1C > 8.5%).
  3. Patients with renal insufficiency (Creatinine > 2.5) or failure.
  4. Infection as evidenced by WBC count of >15,000 k/cumm and/or temperature >38C.
  5. History of organ transplant.
  6. History of previous or active malignancy, except for localized cutaneous basal or squamous cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  7. History of sickle cell anemia
  8. Cardiovascular conditions:

    1. Exercise limiting angina ( Canadian Cardiovascular Society Class greater or equal to 3
    2. Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class greater or equal to 3
    3. Unstable angina
    4. Acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (MI) within one month
    5. Transient ischemic attack or stroke within one month
    6. Severe valvular disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05080270


Locations
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Mexico
Servicios Medicos UCC, S.C.
Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, 22504
Sponsors and Collaborators
FibroBiologics
Investigators
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Study Director: Hamid Khoja, Ph.D. FibroBiologics
Additional Information:
Publications:

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Responsible Party: FibroBiologics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05080270    
Other Study ID Numbers: Fibroblast_MS_safety2021
First Posted: October 15, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 22, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by FibroBiologics:
MS
Cell Therapy
Fibroblasts
Fibrobiologics
Stem cells
regenerative medicine
tissue regeneration
Immune modulation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases