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Cancer Preventive Vaccine Nous-209 for Lynch Syndrome Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05078866
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 15, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 23, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase Ib/II trial evaluates the safety and effect of the Nous-209 vaccine in Lynch syndrome patients. Lynch syndrome is an inherited disorder in which affected individuals have a higher-than-normal chance of developing colorectal cancer and certain other types of cancer, often before the age of 50. In Lynch syndrome, errors in the genetic information inside cells are not properly corrected. When that happens, the cells produce new proteins called neoantigens. Neoantigens are recognized by the body's immune system as foreign, and the body tries to get rid of them. Nous-209 is a vaccine made with man-made copies of some of those neoantigens. This trial aims to see whether the Nous-209 vaccine is safe to give to patients with Lynch syndrome, whether people are able to take the Nous-209 vaccine without becoming too uncomfortable, and how the immune system of patients with Lynch syndrome respond to the Nous-209 vaccine. This trial may help researchers determine whether receiving Nous-209 have an effect on the development of polyps or tumors in the colon.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lynch Syndrome Biological: Adenoviral Tumor-specific Neoantigen Priming Vaccine GAd-209-FSP Biological: MVA Tumor-specific Neoantigen Boosting Vaccine MVA-209-FSP Other: Questionnaire Administration Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of adenoviral tumor-specific neoantigen priming vaccine GAd-209-FSP (GAd20-209-FSPs) (1 prime) and MVA tumor-specific neoantigen boosting vaccine MVA-209-FSP (MVA-209-FSPs) (1 boost) vaccination when administered as a single agent (monotherapy) in participants with Lynch syndrome (LS).

II. To evaluate the neoantigen-specific immunogenicity of GAd20-209-FSPs (1 prime) and MVA-209-FSPs (1 boost) vaccination when administered as a single agent (monotherapy) in participants with LS.


I. To assess the effect of Nous-209 vaccination on T cell immune profile and T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in the peripheral blood of participants with LS.

II. To assess the effect of Nous-209 vaccination on TCR repertoire within histologically normal colorectal mucosal of participants with LS.

III. To evaluate the effect of Nous-209 vaccination on tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) immune profile and TCR repertoire within colorectal adenomas in participants with LS.

IV. To assess the cytotoxicity of matched T cells on participant-derived colorectal adenoma organoids following Nous-209 vaccination in participants with LS.

V. To evaluate the effect of Nous-209 vaccination on the burden of colorectal adenomas/advanced neoplasia/carcinoma in participants with LS.

VI. To assess the effect of Nous-209 vaccination on the burden of LS-related carcinomas in participants with LS.

VII. To evaluate the effect of Nous-209 vaccination on cell free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (cfDNA) mutation profiles and cfDNA burden in participants with LS.

VIII. To correlate tobacco and alcohol consumption with the immune response to Nous-209 in trial participants.


Patients receive GAd20-209-FSPs intramuscularly (IM) on day 1 and MVA-209-FSPs IM at week 8.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at weeks 16, 24, 36, and 52.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase Ib/II Clinical Trial of Nous-209 for Recurrent Neoantigen Immunogenicity and Cancer Immune Interception in Lynch Syndrome
Actual Study Start Date : September 19, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Prevention (Nous-209 vaccine)
Patients receive GAd20-209-FSPs IM on day 1 and MVA-209-FSPs IM at week 8.
Biological: Adenoviral Tumor-specific Neoantigen Priming Vaccine GAd-209-FSP
Given IM
Other Names:
  • GAd-209-FSP
  • GAd20-209-FSP
  • Great Ape Adenoviral Tumor-specific Neoantigen Priming Vaccine GAd-209-FSP

Biological: MVA Tumor-specific Neoantigen Boosting Vaccine MVA-209-FSP
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Modified Vaccinia Ankara Tumor-specific Neoantigen Boosting Vaccine MVA-209-FSP
  • Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara Tumor-specific Neoantigen Boosting Vaccine MVA-209-FSP
  • MVA-209-FSP

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rates of grade 2/3 adverse events and symptom reactivity following vaccination [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
  2. Rate of immunogenicity following vaccination [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 9 ]
    Immunogenicity will be defined as reactivity to at least 1 of 16 synthetic FSP pools using an enzyme-linked immune absorbent spot (ELISpot) assay. The rate of immunogenicity induced by Nous-209 will be reported along with its 95% exact (Clopper-Pearson) confidence interval.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in T cell immune profile and T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in the peripheral blood [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
  2. Changes in TCR repertoire within histologically normal colorectal mucosal [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 months ]
  3. Changes in the gene expression profile and TCR repertoire of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) within colorectal adenomas [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 months ]
  4. T cell cytotoxicity against matched colorectal adenoma organoids [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
  5. Percentage change in the number of colorectal adenomas, advanced neoplasia, and/or carcinomas [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
    Will use two-sample t-test and general linear models for the comparison.

  6. Rate of Lynch syndrome-related carcinomas [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
  7. Change in cell free deoxyribonucleic acid (cfDNA) detectability and mutation profile in the peripheral blood [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
  8. Immune response to Nous-209 [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Tobacco and alcohol consumption will be correlated with the immune response to Nous-209 in trial participants.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have a clinical diagnosis of Lynch syndrome (LS) as defined by:

    • Mutation-positive LS: documented carriers (or obligate carriers by pedigree) of a germline mutation in mismatch repair (MMR) genes (MLH1, MSH2/EPCAM, MSH6, or PMS2) that is deleterious or suspected to be deleterious (known or predicted to be detrimental/loss of function). The mutation must have been identified through a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-approved laboratory setting. Final determination of eligibility for any discordant results in pathogenicity of the mutation will be determined by the study investigator. A formal eligibility exception in those instances will not be required as long as approval by the overall study principal investigator (PI) has been granted and documented
    • Mutation-negative LS (also known as "Lynch-like syndrome" or "suspected Lynch syndrome): individuals with both of the following:

      • A personal history of a non-sporadic MMR-deficient premalignant lesion (i.e., colorectal polyp) or a non-sporadic MMR-deficient malignant tumor, where "non-sporadic MMR deficiency" is defined by (1) the loss of MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC), or (2) the detection of microsatellite instability (MSI) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or both, but no evidence of MLH1 promoter methylation in cases with loss of both MLH1 and PMS2, All testing must have been performed in accordance with local institutional guidelines in a CLIA- approved setting. (Note: central confirmation of MMR expression status, MSI, MLH1 promoter methylation or BRAF mutation is not required.); and
      • Documented results of germline mutation testing performed in a CLIA-approved laboratory environment, demonstrating either a variant of unknown significance in MMR genes or the lack of a clinically significant variant in MMR genes; or, documentation that the individual declined to undergo germline MMR genetic testing
  • Participants must have no evidence of active or recurrent invasive cancer for 6 months prior to screening and must be at least 6 months from any prior cancer-directed treatment (such as surgical resection, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiation)
  • Participants must have endoscopically accessible distal colon and/or rectal mucosa (i.e., participants must have at least part of the descending/sigmoid colon and/or rectum intact)
  • Participants must consent to standard of care surveillance with colonoscopy with biopsies every 12 months
  • Participants must consent to refrain from using aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors for the duration of the trial, except for cardio-preventive aspirin (< 100 mg daily). Individuals taking such drugs may not be enrolled unless they are willing to stop the medications (and possibly change to alternative non-excluded medications to treat the same conditions) no less than 1 month prior to enrollment. Participants will discuss with their primary care provider/local provider about the discontinuation of such medication(s) and obtain approval prior to stopping any agent
  • Age >= 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event (AE) data are currently available on the use of Nous-209 in participants < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study but will be eligible for future pediatric trials, if applicable
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL or hematocrit >= 30 %
  • Leukocyte count >= 3,500/microliter
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/microliter
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/microliter
  • Creatinine clearance (calculated if measured is not available) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2 times the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 the ULN; participants with Gilbert's disease may be enrolled with higher total bilirubin if their direct bilirubin is =< 1.5 times the ULN
  • Participants must consent to refrain to receive any other type of vaccination during the first 10 weeks of the trial
  • Participants must consent to refrain from receiving adenoviral-based vaccines for the duration of the trial (including the period from week 9 to week 52)
  • Willing and able to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in the final approved protocol
  • The effects of Nous-209 on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry for the duration of study participation (12 months) and 6 months after end of study. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document (available for both English- and Spanish-speaking individuals)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior receipt of a recombinant adenoviral or MVA vaccine including COVID19 adenovirus vaccines within the previous 6 months
  • Histologically-confirmed high-grade dysplasia or cancer on biopsy at screening
  • Individuals with active malignancy (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer)
  • Any serious uncontrolled and/or unstable pre-existing medical disorder (aside from malignancy exception above), psychiatric disorder, or other conditions that could interfere with participant's safety, obtaining informed consent, or compliance to the study procedures
  • Active infection (acute and self-limited) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Participants with laboratory evidence of cleared HBV and HCV infection will be permitted
  • History of organ allograft or other history of immunodeficiency
  • Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to study drug, or excipients, or to egg proteins
  • Individuals with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications (such as infliximab, rituximab, adalimumab, tacrolimus) within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant within 6 months after the end of study. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events (AEs) in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with Nous-209, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with Nous-209
  • Men attempting or planning to conceive children during the study or within 6 months after the end of the study
  • Participants may not be receiving any other investigational agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05078866

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United States, California
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Contact: Gregory E. Idos    626-256-4673    gidos@coh.org   
Principal Investigator: Gregory E. Idos         
United States, Pennsylvania
Fox Chase Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19111
Contact: Michael J. Hall    215-728-2861    michael.hall@fccc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Michael J. Hall         
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Eduardo Vilar-Sanchez    713-563-4743    EVilar@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: Eduardo Vilar-Sanchez         
Puerto Rico
University of Puerto Rico Not yet recruiting
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00936
Contact: Marcia R. Cruz-Correa    787-758-2525    marcia.cruz1@upr.edu   
Principal Investigator: Marcia R. Cruz-Correa         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Eduardo Vilar-Sanchez M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05078866    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2021-10799
NCI-2021-10799 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2022-0065 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
MDA21-06-01 ( Other Identifier: DCP )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UG1CA242609 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 15, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 23, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
Pathologic Processes
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
DNA Repair-Deficiency Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs