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Safety and Efficacy of Intrathecal Rituximab in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05078177
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 14, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 14, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ivan S Moiseev, St. Petersburg State Pavlov Medical University

Brief Summary:
Considering the accumulated data on the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, indicating a significant role of B cells in the progression of the disease, the use of monoclonal antibodies to CD20 antigen, administered intrathecally to achieve adequate B-lymphodepletion in the barrier tissues can increase the duration of the recurrence-free course of autoimmune diseases, suspend their progression, and also prevent clinical relapse when memory B cells are detected.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Rituximab Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive autoimmune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS), clinically manifested by impaired sensory motor function and cognitive impairment. In the pathogenesis of MS, T-cells make the main contribution to the process of inflammatory demyelination; however, the accumulated data on the pathogenesis of MS indicate a significant role of B cells in the progression of the disease. In addition to differentiation into plasma cells that produce autoantibodies, B lymphocytes stimulate T cell activity through antigen presentation, production of proinflammatory cytokines that trigger demyelination and differentiation into memory B cells that promote CD4 + T cell autoproliferation. The presence of "oligoclonal bands" in cerebrospinal fluid and demyelination plaques of brain tissue in MS patients is the result of persistent intrathecal clonal expansion of various B cell populations that contribute to the production of autoreactive antibodies. Thus, B cells located in the central nervous system, protected by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and, as a consequence, not undergoing complete eradication due to limited penetration of the BBB by immunosuppressive drugs, are a potential target for the treatment of patients with MS. Depletion of B cells through the use of monoclonal antibodies to the CD20 antigen, which is expressed predominantly on mature B lymphocytes, is a promising direction in the therapy of autoimmune diseases. The most readily available anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody is rituximab. The available data from numerous studies on the use of intravenous rituximab have demonstrated a decrease in MR activity and clinical activity in patients with RRMS. At the same time, rituximab does not affect clinical outcomes in patients with PPMS and SPMS with a long history of the disease, probably due to insufficient antibody concentration in intact BBB in the CNS tissue affected by tertiary lymphoid follicles, because the ratio of rituximab concentration in CSF and serum after intravenous infusion ranges from 0.1% to 1-1.7%. Thus, to ensure a sufficient therapeutic concentration of rituximab in the tissues of the central nervous system, the use of the intrathecal route of drug administration is justified. To date, sufficient data have been accumulated on the safety of using intrathecal rituximab in the treatment of both oncological and autoimmune diseases (including MS).

Thus, the use of an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody injected intrathecally in order to achieve adequate B-lymphodepletion in the barrier tissues can increase the duration of the recurrence-free course of autoimmune diseases, suspend their progression, and also prevent clinical relapse when memory B cells are detected.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Pathogenetic Therapy of Multiple Sclerosis and Other Autoimmune Diseases Using Intrathecal Rituximab
Actual Study Start Date : December 21, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 21, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 21, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Rituximab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: AHSCT + intrathecal Rituximab
AHSCT with reduced intensity condition regimen (RIC). Lumbar puncture with intrathecal injection of 25 mg Rituximab will be performed once from about D+12 to D+14 AHSCT, depending on the duration of cytopenia.
Drug: Rituximab
All patients receive AHSCT with RIC (Cyclophosphamide, Antithymocyte globulin/Rituximab). After resolution of cytopenia (approximately from about D+12 to D+14 AHSCT), patients will receive intrathecal Rituximab.
Other Names:
  • Mabthera
  • Reditux
  • Acellbia




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Multiple sclerosis progression free survival [ Time Frame: 365 days ]
    To evaluate safety and effectiveness of intrathecal Rituximab in patients with refractory multiple sclerosis after AHSCT. Multiple sclerosis progression free survival


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 365 days ]
    To evaluate overall survival after AHSCT in combination with intrathecal Rituximab in patients with autoimmune diseases.

  2. To evaluate adverse effects after intrathecal Rituximab [ Time Frame: 365 days ]
    Toxicity based NCI CTCAE ver.5.0, including analysis of severe bacterial, fungal and viral infections incidence

  3. Quality of life status 1 [ Time Frame: 365 days ]

    Multiple sclerosis-specific questionnaire - HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) before and after AHSCT:

    0-7 points - normal; 8-10 - subclinically expressed anxiety/depression; 11-21 - clinically expressed anxiety/depression.


  4. Quality of life status 2 [ Time Frame: 365 days ]

    Multiple sclerosis-specific questionnaire - The Short Form-36 (SF-36) before and after AHSCT:

    The SF-36 consists of 36 questions grouped into eight scales: physical functioning, role-physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. The indicators of each scale are compiled in such a way that the higher the value of the indicator (from 0 to 100), the better the score on the chosen scale. Of these, two parameters are formed: the psychological and physical components of health.


  5. Quality of life status 3 [ Time Frame: 365 days ]

    Multiple sclerosis-specific questionnaire - Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) before and after AHSCT:

    The MSIS-29 scale consists of 29 items and includes indicators observed over the previous two weeks, including 20 of which characterize physical condition, coordination and mobility, and 9 questions reflect the patient's mental state. Answers are ranked on a 5-point Likert scale from 1 to 5 (1 = none; 2 = little; 3 = moderate; 4 = significant; 5 = very strong) in one direction.

    The total score is the sum of all 29 responses and can range from 29 to 145. A higher score means a higher degree of disability. The result is assessed on a scale from 0 to 100, where a higher result means worse health.


  6. Quality of life status 4 [ Time Frame: 365 days ]

    Multiple sclerosis-specific questionnaire - Functional Assessment of Multiple Sclerosis (FAMS) before and after AHSCT:

    FAMS Total score (range=0-176) is derived by adding: 1) Mobility (r=0-28). 2) Symptoms (r=0-28). 3) Emotional well-being (r=0-28). 4) General contentment (r=0-28). 5) Thinking and fatigue (r=0-36). 6) Family/social wellbeing (r=0-28).

    Higher scores indicate better quality of life.


  7. Neurological status 1 [ Time Frame: 365 days ]

    Multiple sclerosis-specific questionnaire - EDSS (Expanded Disability Status Scale) before and after AHSCT:

    0 points - Normal neurologic exam; 1.0-1.5 - No disability, minimal signs in one or two Functional Systems (FS); 2.0-2.5 - Minimal disability in one or two FS; 3.0-3,5 - Moderate disability in one FS, fully ambulatory; 4.0-4.5 - Fully ambulatory without aid. Able to walk without aid or rest some 500 or 300 meters; 5.0-5.5 - Ambulatory without aid or rest for about 200 or 100 meters; 6.0 - Intermittent assistance required to walk about 100 meters; 6.5 - Constant bilateral assistance required to walk about 20 meters; 7.0-7.5 - Unable to walk beyond about 5 meters or more than a few steps; 8.0 - Essentially restricted to bed, but may be out of bed itself; 8.5 - Essentially restricted to bed; 9.0 - Helpless bed patient; can communicate and eat; 9.5 - Totally helpless bed patient; unable to communicate effectively or eat/swallow; 10 - Death due to MS


  8. Evaluation of Immune system reconstitution after AHSCT 1 [ Time Frame: 365 days ]
    Determination of absolute and relative values of the subpopulation composition of T-lymphocytes (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD45) and the ratio of T-helpers/T-cytotoxic cells before and after AHSCT.

  9. Evaluation of Immune system reconstitution after AHSCT 2 [ Time Frame: 365 days ]
    Determination of the absolute and relative number of CD19 + B-lymphocytes and analysis of subpopulations of B-lymphocytes: B1-cells (CD19+CD5+), B-2 cells (CD19+CD5-), memory B-cells (CD19+CD5-CD27+) before and after AHSCT.

  10. Impact of autoHSCT+intrathecal Rituximab on brain structure anatomy [ Time Frame: 365 days ]
    MRI 3,0 T



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-65;
  • 1.0-7.5 points on the EDSS scale (for MS);
  • Length of illness - any;
  • Disease progression during the last 6 months while taking drugs of 1st and 2nd lines;
  • An established and confirmed diagnosis of an autoimmune disease in the previous stages of treatment;
  • Ineffectiveness, inaccessibility or intolerance of Disease-Modifying Therapies;
  • Relapse after AHSCT.
  • Absence of severe concomitant somatic pathology;
  • Left ventricular injection fraction > 50%;
  • Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS) > 30%;
  • The ability to take oral medications;
  • Life expectancy is more than 1 month;
  • Signed informed consent of the patient or legal representatives.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Moderate or severe cardiac dysfunction, left ventricular ejection fraction <50%
  • Moderate or severe decrease in pulmonary function, FEV1 <70% or DLCO<70% of predicted
  • Respiratory distress >grade I
  • Severe organ dysfunction: AST or ALT >5 upper normal limits, bilirubin >1.5 upper normal limits, creatinine >2 upper normal limits
  • Creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min
  • Uncontrolled bacterial or fungal infection at the time of enrollment
  • Requirement for vasopressor support at the time of enrollment
  • Karnofsky performans status <30%
  • Pregnancy
  • Somatic or psychiatric disorder making the patient unable to sign informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05078177


Contacts
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Contact: Alexey Yu Polushin, MD +79118167559 alexpolushin@yandex.ru
Contact: Yury R Zalyalov, MD +79112193127 yz21@mail.ru

Locations
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Russian Federation
First Pavlov State Medical University of St. Petersburg Recruiting
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022
Contact: Alexey Yu Polushin, MD    +79118167559    alexpolushin@yandex.ru   
Contact: Yury R Zalyalov, MD    +79112193127    yz21@mail.ru   
Principal Investigator: Alexey Yu Polushin, MD         
Principal Investigator: Yury R Zalyalov, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Alexander A Tsynchenko         
Sub-Investigator: Evgenia I Kakoulina         
Sub-Investigator: Elena S Saganova, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Petersburg State Pavlov Medical University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ivan S Moiseev, MD, Ph.D Pavlov First Saint-Petersburg State Medical University
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Responsible Party: Ivan S Moiseev, Vice-director for science of R.M. Gorbacheva Memorial Institute of Hematology, Oncology and Transplantation, St. Petersburg State Pavlov Medical University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05078177    
Other Study ID Numbers: intrathecal_rtx_ms
First Posted: October 14, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 14, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ivan S Moiseev, St. Petersburg State Pavlov Medical University:
Autoimmune Diseases
Rituximab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Autoimmune Diseases
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents