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Comprehensive Analysis of Predictors of the Treatment With Pembrolizumab and Olaparib in Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic HER2 Negative Breast Cancer and a Deleterious Germline Mutation or a Homologous Recombination Deficiency (COMPRENDO (COMPRENDO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05033756
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 5, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 30, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut fuer Frauengesundheit

Brief Summary:

This study will examine the combination of pembrolizumab and olaparib in three populations.

  • Cohort 1: aBC patients with a germline mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2,
  • cohort 2: aBC patients with a germline mutation in one of the moderate penetrance homologous repair genes (ATM, BARD1, CHEK2, FANCC, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, SLX4, XRCC2), and
  • cohort 3: aBC patients with a HRD as assessed by whole genome sequencing.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Neoplasm of Breast Breast Cancer Drug: Pembrolizumab Injection [Keytruda] Drug: Olaparib Oral Tablet [Lynparza] Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a multicenter, prospective, phase II, one-arm, three-cohort, open-label study of pembrolizumab in combination with olaparib in patients with advanced HER2 negative breast cancer who have either

  • a deleterious germline mutation in BRCA1/2 irrespective of tumor HRD status (Cohort 1),
  • or a deleterious germline mutation in ATM, BARD1, CHEK2, FANCC, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, SLX4, XRCC2 irrespective of tumor HRD status (Cohort 2),
  • or a centrally confirmed high tumor HRD status, but no deleterious germline mutation in BRCA1/2, ATM, BARD1, CHEK2, FANCC, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, SLX4, XRCC2 (Cohort 3). HRD assessment needs to be performed on a tumor biopsy not more than 12 months before study entry.

All eligible participants according to the definition of cohorts 1-3 will receive pembrolizumab i.v. 200 mg q3w in combination with olaparib tablets 300 mg twice daily (total dose 600 mg per day).

Study medication will be withdrawn/ended in case of onset of unacceptable toxicities, progression, withdrawal of consent, death, or end of study, whichever occurs first. Safety follow-up is planned for 90 days after the last application of study medication. Participants will be followed for survival for a maximum of 18 months after therapy start.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 89 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Open-Label Study for the Comprehensive Analysis of Predictors of the Treatment With Pembrolizumab and Olaparib in Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic HER2 Negative Breast Cancer and a Deleterious Germline Mutation in BRCA1/2, ATM, BARD1, CHEK2, FANCC, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, SLX4, XRCC2 or a Homologous Recombination Deficiency
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab / Olaparib
All eligible participants according to the definition of cohorts 1-3 will receive pembrolizumab i.v. 200 mg q3w in combination with olaparib tablets 300 mg twice daily (total dose 600 mg per day).
Drug: Pembrolizumab Injection [Keytruda]
The planned dose of pembrolizumab for this study is 200 mg every 3 weeks (Q3W). Based on the totality of data generated in the Keytruda development program, 200 mg Q3W is the appropriate dose of pembrolizumab for adults across all indications and regardless of tumor type.
Other Name: Keytruda

Drug: Olaparib Oral Tablet [Lynparza]
All patients will receive olaparib treatment as an addition to pembrolizumab. The dose of olaparib used in this study is 300 mg twice daily (total daily dose of 600 mg) which is the currently approved dose.
Other Name: Lynparza




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of the combination of pembrolizumab and olaparib via overall response rate [ Time Frame: baseline up to 27 weeks ]
    Overall response rate (ORR) is defined as the number of participants with a confirmed best response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) per RECIST v1.1.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. duration of response (DOR) time [ Time Frame: between the date of first response to the date of first tumor progression for up to 18 months after therapy start ]
    DOR is defined as the time between the date of first response (CR or PR) to the date of first tumor progression per RECIST v1.1.

  2. progression free survival (PFS) time [ Time Frame: between the date of study entry and the first date of progression or death for up to 18 months after therapy start ]
    PFS is defined as the time between the date of study entry and the first date of progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first

  3. overall survival (OS) time [ Time Frame: between the date of study entry and the date of death for up to 18 months after therapy start ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of study entry and the date of death due to any cause

  4. safety and tolerability of pembrolizumab in combination with olaparib [ Time Frame: study start until 90 days post last dose ]
    Incidence of adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs), incidence of deaths, and incidence of abnormalities in the laboratory diagnostics



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The participant must provide written informed consent.
  2. Male/Female participants must be ≥18 years of age at the day of signing informed consent and must be willing to comply with the study specific procedures.
  3. Histologically confirmed metastatic or advanced, unresectable HER2 negative (0, 1+ by IHC or ISH amplified < 2.0) breast cancer which is not eligible for curative treatment.
  4. Cohort 1: Germline mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2 that is predicted to be deleterious (known or predicted to be detrimental/lead to loss of function) irrespective of HRD status.
  5. Cohort 2: Germline mutation in ATM, BARD1, CHEK2, FANCC, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, SLX4, XRCC2 that is predicted to be deleterious (known or predicted to be detrimental/lead to loss of function) irrespective of HRD status.
  6. Cohort 3: High HRD status and no germline mutation in one of the above mentioned genes of cohort 1 or cohort 2.
  7. Cohort 3: Availability of FFPE tumor material for further validation of HRD status (bridging tests).
  8. Cohorts 2 and 3: Patients must have been treated with first line chemotherapy, if this chemotherapy is standard of care in this therapy situation.
  9. Prior platinum in the (neo)adjuvant setting is allowed as long as 12 months from last dose to study entry have elapsed.
  10. Participants with ER/PR positive breast cancer must have exhausted previous combination therapy of CDK4/6 inhibitors with endocrine treatment.
  11. Measurable disease based on RECIST v1.1.
  12. Provision of a recently obtained (within 12 months before study inclusion) core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion. Note: If submitting unstained cut slides, newly cut slides should be submitted to the testing laboratory within 14 days from the date slides are cut.
  13. ECOG performance status 0-1.
  14. Female participants must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 72 h prior to first dose of trial treatment, no breastfeeding.
  15. Female participants of childbearing potential must agree to use sufficient methods of contraception as outlined in section 12.3.2 Contraception Requirements during treatment plus an additional 120 days after the last dose of study medication.
  16. Male participants must agree to use sufficient methods of contraception as outlined in section 12.3.2 Contraception Requirements during treatment plus an additional 120 days after the last dose of study medication.
  17. Adequate organ function defined as:

    • Absolute neutrophile count ≥1500/µL
    • Platelets ≥100 000/µL
    • Hemoglobin ≥10.0 g/dL or ≥6.2 mmol/L
    • Geschätzte Kreatinin-Clearance ≥51 mL/min berechnet mit der Cockcroft-Gault-Gleichung oder basierend auf dem 24-Stunden-Sammelurin
    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 ×ULN OR direct bilirubin ≤ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels >1.5 × ULN
    • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤2.5 × ULN (≤5 × ULN for participants with liver metastases)
    • International normalized ratio (INR) OR prothrombin time (PT) ≤1.5 × ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or aPTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has histologically confirmed HER2 positive (3+ by IHC or ISH amplified ≥ 2.0) breast cancer.
  2. Cohorts 1 and 2: germline mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, ATM, BARD1, CHEK2, FANCC, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, SLX4, XRCC2 that are considered to be non-detrimental (e.g., "variants of uncertain/unknown clinical significance" or "benign polymorphism" etc.).
  3. Cohort 3: no high tumor HRD.
  4. Rapidly progressive disease which requires combination chemotherapy.
  5. Current participation in another investigational trial within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  6. Known hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or olaparib or any of its excipients.
  7. Prior systemic anti-cancer therapy within 4 weeks prior to allocation or no recovery from all AEs due to previous therapies to ≤ grade 1, excluding alopecia and ≤ grade 2 peripheral neuropathy.
  8. Prior treatment with a checkpoint inhibitor or a PARP inhibitor.
  9. No complete recovery from prior surgery or radiotherapy. Starting study treatment is allowed not before 2 weeks after major surgery.
  10. Prior malignancy unless curatively treated and disease-free for less than 3 years prior to study entry. Within this timeframe, prior adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, transitional cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ of the prostate, of the cervix, of the breast or in situ or stage I grade 1 endometrial cancer is eligible.
  11. Uncontrolled brain metastases (Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e. without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks (note that the assessment of the brain metastases should be performed during study screening for this purpose), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment).
  12. Live vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry.
  13. Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  14. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  15. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
  16. Known history of the following infections:

    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
    • Acute or chronic Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C
    • Active Tuberculosis
  17. Resting ECG indicating uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the investigator (e.g., unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, QTcF prolongation >500 ms, electrolyte disturbances, etc.), or patients with congenital long QT syndrome.
  18. Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) or with features suggestive of MDS/AML.
  19. Preexisting use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil). The required washout period prior to starting trial treatment is 2 weeks.
  20. Preexisting use of known strong (e.g. phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's Wort ) or moderate CYP3A inducers (e.g. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil). The required washout period prior to starting trial treatment is 5 weeks for enzalutamide or phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents.
  21. Previous allogenic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord blood transplantation (dUCBT).
  22. Poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection; any condition that interferes with pembrolizumab or olaparib treatment.
  23. Unability to swallow or gastrointestinal disorders with reduced absorption of olaparib.
  24. Psychiatric or substance abuse disorders.
  25. A woman of childbearing potential who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to inclusion. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
  26. Participants being pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  27. Any other condition in opinion of the investigator that would interfere with applied systemic treatment or other trial procedures

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05033756


Contacts
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Contact: COMPRENDO Study manager +49 9131 927 ext 8967 comprendo@ifg-erlangen.de
Contact: Peter A. Fasching, MD, Prof. +49 9131 85 ext 43470 peter.fasching@uk-erlangen.de

Locations
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Germany
Department of Gynecology, Tübingen University Hospital
Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, 72076
University Hospital Ulm
Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, 89075
Contact: Kristina Ernst, MD    +49 0731 50058 ext 520    kristina.ernst@uniklinik-ulm.de   
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Erlangen University Hospital
Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany, 91054
Marienhospital Bottrop
Bottrop, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany, 46236
Contact: Hans C Kolberg, PD    +49 02041 1061 ext 601    hans-christian.kolberg@mhb-bottrop.de   
University Hospital Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany, 40225
Contact: Tanja Fehm, MD, Prof.    +49 211 81 ext 18483    tanja.fehm@med.uni-duesseldorf.de   
Helios-Klinikum Berlin-Buch
Berlin, Germany, 13125
Contact: Michael Untch, MD, Prof.    +49 30 94 01 ext 53300    michael.untch@helios-gesundheit.de   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut fuer Frauengesundheit
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
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Study Chair: Peter A. Fasching, MD, Prof. Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Erlangen University Hospital
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Responsible Party: Institut fuer Frauengesundheit
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05033756    
Other Study ID Numbers: IFG-05-2019
AGO-B-051 ( Other Identifier: AGO Study Group )
2020-001940-25 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 5, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 30, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Institut fuer Frauengesundheit:
Germline mutation
Homologous Recombination Deficiency
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Olaparib
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action