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Pharmacokinetic Study of a Novel Lipid Formulation of Cannabidiol Compared to a Standard Formulation (CLIP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05032807
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 2, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
King's College London

Brief Summary:

Cannabidiol (CBD) has been approved as a treatment for rare childhood epilepsies and could be an effective treatment for psychotic disorders, anxiety disorders and addictions. It is available as an oral liquid and as standard oral capsules.

The bioavailability of oral cannabidiol is poor (only around 5-10% is absorbed), particularly in the fasted state. With food, its absorption is much higher. In one study, a high-fat breakfast increased the maximum plasma concentration by 4-5 times. As a result of this food effect, when prescribing standard oral formulations of CBD, clinicians should provide advice on dosing the drug according to mealtimes, otherwise, there may be an increased risk of side effects or limited effectiveness.

One way to reduce the food effect and improve bioavailability is to use lipid encapsulation. In the present study, the investigators will evaluate CBD at the dose that is effective in patients with chronic psychosis (1000mg). The novel formulation will use lipids that are all EU pharmacopoeia approved and have been used in medicinal products before.

The study aims to assess whether a novel lipid formulation can increase the bioavailability of oral CBD in the fasting state.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Absorption; Chemicals Drug: Cannabidiol standard formulation Drug: Cannabidiol novel formulation Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacokinetic Study of a Novel Lipid Formulation of Cannabidiol Compared to a Standard Formulation
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2022
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 26, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : September 10, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Cannabidiol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Novel lipid formulation cannabidiol Drug: Cannabidiol novel formulation
Cannabidiol 1000mg with lipid encapsulation, single dose, oral

Active Comparator: Standard formulation cannabidiol Drug: Cannabidiol standard formulation
Cannabidiol 1000mg standard formulation, single dose, oral

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total drug exposure. (Area under the curve to infinity [AUC(inf)] [ Time Frame: 0 - 48 hours ]
    Difference in AUC(inf) for a single dose of oral CBD between the novel and standard formulations in the fasting state.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cmax [ Time Frame: 0 - 48 hours ]
    Maximum plasma concentration

  2. Tmax [ Time Frame: 0 - 48 hours ]
    Time after administration of drug when maximum plasma concentration is reached

  3. Plasma half-life (t½) [ Time Frame: 0 - 48 hours ]
  4. 48 hour drug exposure (AUC0-48) [ Time Frame: 0 - 48 hours ]
    Area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to 48hours

  5. Drug Effects Questionnaire (DEQ-5) [ Time Frame: pre dose and at 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 and 48hrs post-dose. ]
    The DEQ-5 is questionnaire with five items, for example ''Do you feel a drug effect, right now?' with the response anchors 'Not at all' and 'Extremely'.

  6. Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) [ Time Frame: The scale will be used pre-dose and at 24 and 48 hours post dose. ]
    The GSRS is a 15-item rating scale which assesses five symptom clusters: reflux, abdominal pain, indigestion, diarrhoea and constipation. Each item is assessed with a 7-point Likert scale. The standard recall period for the scale is 7 days; this will be amended so that it assesses past 24 hours only.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion criteria i. Healthy volunteers. Defined as healthy on the basis of a clinical history, physical examination, ECG, vital signs, and laboratory tests of blood and urine.

ii. Age 18-45 iii. Agreeing to fast 15 hours; 10pm-1pm on dosing days iv. Capable of giving informed consent v. Written informed consent from participant

Exclusion criteria i. Clinically relevant medical history, physical findings, ECG, or laboratory values at the pre-trial screening assessment that could interfere with the objectives of the trial or the safety of the participant.

ii. Presence of acute or chronic illness or history of chronic illness sufficient to invalidate the volunteer's participation in the trial or make it unnecessarily hazardous.

iii. Impaired endocrine, thyroid, hepatic, respiratory or renal function, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, or history of any neurological or mental illness.

iv. Surgery or medical condition that might affect absorption of medicines. v. Blood pressure and heart rate in supine position at the screening examination outside the ranges: blood pressure 90-140 mm Hg systolic, 40-90 mm Hg diastolic; heart rate 40-100 beats/min. Repeat measurements are permitted if values are borderline (i.e. values that are within 5 mm Hg for blood pressure or 5 beats/min for heart rate) or if requested by the investigator. Subjects can be included if the repeat value is within range or still borderline but deemed not clinically significant by the investigator.

vi. Loss of more than 400 mL blood during the 3 months before the trial, e.g. as a blood donor.

vii. Any prescribed medication (apart from contraceptives) viii. Use of any CBD products within six months of IMP administration ix. Use of any over-the-counter medications or health supplements within the past 2 weeks x. BMI <18 or >30.0kg/m2 xi. History of alcohol or substance misuse disorder xii. Intake of more than 14 units of alcohol weekly. xiii. Smokes more than 10 cigarettes per day xiv. Use of any illicit substances within the last six months of IMP administration xv. Pregnant or breastfeeding xvi. Women of childbearing potential (as defined in CTFG guidelines, see 5.7 Concomitant Medication) not willing to use a highly effective form of contraception (as defined in CTFG guidelines, see section 5.7 Concomitant Medication) during participation in the study or male patients not willing to ensure use of a condom during participation in the study.

xvii. eGFR≤ 70 mls/min xviii. Any liver function or renal function test abnormality. A repeat is allowed on one occasion for determination of eligibility.

xix. Urine drug screen positive for any substances xx. Positive alcohol breath test xxi. Participant in any other clinical trial or experimental drug study in the past 3 months xxii. Known hypersensitivity to CBD and/or SEEK formulation excipients xxiii. Participant is not able to swallow capsules

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05032807

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United Kingdom
King's College London
London, United Kingdom, SE5 8AB
Sponsors and Collaborators
King's College London
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by King's College London:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 6, 2022

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Responsible Party: King's College London
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05032807    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRAS: 288415
First Posted: September 2, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 4, 2022
Last Verified: August 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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