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A Phase 3 Study to Evaluate Surufatinib Plus Toripalimab in the Treatment of Advanced Neuroendocrine Carcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05015621
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 20, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 1, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hutchison Medipharma Limited

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the efficacy of Surufatnib combined with Toripalimab compared with FOLFIRI in the treatment of advanced neuroendocrine carcinoma

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Drug: Surufatinib plus Toripalimab Drug: 5-fluorouracil, Calcium folinate and Irinotecan Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, controlled, open-label, multicenter, phase III clinical study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of surufatnib combined with toripalimab compared with FOLFIRI in patients with advanced neuroendocrine carcinoma who have progression of disease or intolerable toxicity after previous 1st-line chemotherapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 194 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Open-label, Multi-center Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Surufatinib Plus Toripalimab Versus FOLFIRI as a Secondline Treatment in Patients With Advanced Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 18, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Irinotecan

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: study group
all subjects will receive study treatment in 21-day cycle, Surufatinib 250mg, QD and Toripalimab, 240mg, IV drip, Q3W, D1, the treatment will continue until one of the following conditions occurs: progression of disease, death, intolerable toxicity, or the end of study treatment (as other criteria specified in the protocol are met), whichever occurs first
Drug: Surufatinib plus Toripalimab
Surufatinib is a tablet in the form of 50mg, oral, once a day; Toripalimab is an injection in the form of 240mg, intravenous, once three weeks.
Other Name: HMPL-012 plus JS001

control group
FOLFIRI group subjects will receive study treatment in 14- day cycle, Irinotecan: 180 mg/m^2, iv drip over 30~90 minutes, on Day 1; Calcium folinate: 400 mg/m^2, iv drip for about 2 hours, given upon completion of infusion of Irinotecan on Day 1; 5-FU: 400 mg/m^2, iv bolus, given upon completion of infusion of Calcium folinate on Day 1, followed by 2400 mg/m^2 continuously iv drip for 46~48 hours.
Drug: 5-fluorouracil, Calcium folinate and Irinotecan
Irinotecan 180 mg/m^2, Calcium folinate 400 mg/m^2, 5-FU total 2800 mg/m^2 will be administrated once two weeks.
Other Name: FOLFIRI




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study drug until withdrawal of consent or death (up to approximately 2 years) ]
    Duration from the date of initial treatment to the date of death due to any cause.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS) (RECIST1.1) [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study drug until disease progression, withdrawal of consent, death, new anticancer therapy (up to approximately 2 years) ]
    A duration from the date of initial treatment to disease progression or death of any cause.

  2. Objective response rate (ORR)(RECIST1.1) [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study drug until disease progression, withdrawal of consent, death, new anticancer therapy(up to approximately 2 years)] ]
    The incidence of confirmed complete response or partial response

  3. Duration of response (DoR)(RECIST1.1) [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study drug until disease progression, withdrawal of consent, death, new anti-cancer therapy (up to approximately 2 years)] ]
    Duration from the first time reported partial response or complete response to the first time of disease progression or death.

  4. Disease control rate (DCR)(RECIST1.1) [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study drug until disease progression, withdrawal of consent, death, new anti-cancer therapy (up to approximately 2 years)] ]
    Proportion of patients whose tumor volume control (reduced or enlarged) reaches a predetermined value and can maintain a minimum time limit.

  5. PD-L1 [ Time Frame: Baseline (before the randomization) ]
    To evaluate the relationship between the efficacy and tumor biomarkers of PD-L1

  6. Ki67 [ Time Frame: Baseline (before the randomization) ]
    To evaluate the relationship between the efficacy and tumor biomarkers of ki67

  7. Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) [ Time Frame: From the within 7 days prior to the initiation of treatment to 30 days after the last administration ]
    The changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) score from baseline and the time to deterioration of symptoms (TTD) as assessed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who included in this study must fulfil all of the following criteria:

    1. Fully aware of this study and voluntary to sign the informed consent form (the informed consent form must be signed before any trial-specific procedure is performed);
    2. Aged 18~75 years (inclusive);
    3. Histologically or cytologically confirmed, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic neuroendocrine carcinoma
    4. Patients with neuroendocrine carcinoma who have failed previous platinum-based 1st-line chemotherapy
    5. ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 ;
    6. Having clear measurable lesions as defined by RECIST v1.1;
    7. Patients who agree to provide tumor specimens for pathological type review and biomarkers detection;
    8. Patients with adequate bone marrow, liver and kidney organ functions whose laboratory tests within 7 days before the first dose meet the following requirements:

      1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5×109/L, platelet count ≥100×109/L and hemoglobin ≥90 g/dL (without blood transfusion or use of blood products for correction within 14 days prior to laboratory examination, and without use of granulocyte colony stimulating factor or other hematopoietic stimulating factor for correction within 7 days prior to laboratory examination);
      2. Serum total bilirubin ≤1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN);
      3. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 × ULN in the absence of liver metastases; ALT and AST ≤5 × ULN in the presence of liver metastases.
      4. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN and creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (calculated according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula, see Appendix 3);
      5. Routine urinalysis showing urine protein < 2+; in case of urine protein ≥ 2+, 24-hour urine protein (quantitative) should be <1g;
      6. International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) ≤1.5 × ULN.
    9. Estimated survival ≥ 12 weeks;
    10. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the first dose. Male or female patients of childbearing potential volunteer to use effective contraceptive methods during the study and within 90 days after last administration of the study drug, such as double barrier contraception, condoms, oral or injectable contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptive device, etc. All female patients will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless they are naturally postmenopausal, underwent artificial menopause, or are surgically sterile (e.g., hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be excluded from this study when any one of the following criteria is met:

    1. Toxicities associated with previous anti-tumor treatment do not return to ≤CTCAE grade 1, except for alopecia and peripheral neurotoxicity (≤ CTCAE grade 2 ) caused by Oxaliplatin;
    2. Presence of other malignancies in the past 5 years (except for basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, which were effectively controlled);
    3. Presence of central nervous system (CNS) metastases in screening period;
    4. Use of approved systematic anti-tumor therapy within 4 weeks prior to the first dose, including chemotherapy, biotherapy, targeted therapy (the washout period of small molecular targeted drugs lasts 2 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter), hormone therapy, treatments with traditional Chinese medicine (for patients receiving treatments with traditional Chinese medicine with clear anti-tumor indications, for anti-tumor indications clearly specified in the package insert, one-week washout period prior to the first dose is acceptable), etc.;
    5. Use of radical radiotherapy (including radiotherapy for more than 25% of the bone marrow) within 4 weeks before the first dose; brachytherapy (e.g. radioactive particle implantation) within 60 days prior to the first dose; palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases within 1 week before the first dose;
    6. Previous use of anti (PD-1), anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2 or CTLA-4 antibody or any other antibody acting on T cell co-stimulatory or checkpoint pathways
    7. Previous use of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) targeted therapy;
    8. Previous therapy with Irinotecan;
    9. Having abnormal thyroid function with symptoms ongoing or requiring treatment at screening ;
    10. Use of immunosuppressant within 4 weeks prior to the first dose, not including local glucocorticoid via nasal spray, inhalation or other routes or systemic glucocorticoid at physiological dose (i.e., no more than 10mg/day of prednisone or equivalent dose), temporary use of glucocorticoid for treatment of dyspnea resulted from asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is allowed, and preventive use of corticosteroid to avoid allergic reactions is allowed
    11. Patients with any active autoimmune disorders requiring systematic treatment or a history of autoimmune disease in the past 2 years,
    12. Use of systemic immune stimulants within 4 weeks prior to the first dose;
    13. Vaccination of any live or attenuated live vaccine within 4 weeks prior to the first dose or during the study.
    14. Patients having received major surgical operation within 4 weeks prior to the first dose .
    15. Uncontrollable malignant hydrothorax, ascites or pericardial effusion ;
    16. Patients who currently have hypertension that cannot be controlled by medication.
    17. Patients who currently have any disease or condition that affects drug absorption, or patient who cannot take the drug orally;
    18. Use of CYP3A potent or moderate inducers during the administration of concomitant medications or within 2 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose;
    19. Patients who currently have gastric and duodenal active ulcer, ulcerative colitis, or active bleeding in the unresected tumor, or serious gastrointestinal disorders , or other conditions that may cause haemorrhage of digestive tract or perforation
    20. Patients with evidence or history of obvious bleeding tendency within 2 months prior to the first dose
    21. Arterial thrombosis or deep venous thrombosis occurred within 6 months prior to the first dose; or stroke events and/or transient ischemic attacks occurred within 12 months.
    22. Clinically significant cardiovascular disorder,
    23. Presence of clinically significant electrolyte abnormality judged by the investigator;
    24. Patients with active infection or fever of unknown origin during screening and prior to the first dose (body temperature >38.5°C);
    25. Patients with active tuberculosis (TB), receiving anti-tuberculosis therapy currently or within one year prior to the first dose;
    26. Patients with pulmonary fibrosis, interstitial pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, radiation pneumonitis, drug-related pneumonia, serious lung function impairment that may interfere with the detection and management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicities; radiation pneumonitis in the area of radiotherapy is allowed;
    27. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody positive;
    28. Patients with known history of clinically significant liver diseases, including those infected with active viral hepatitis [HBV DNA > 1 × 104 copies/mL or > 2000 IU/mL when hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and/or hepatitis B core antibody (HbcAb) is positive; patients with known positive hepatitis C virus antibody (HCV Ab) and HCV RNA > 1 × 103 copies/mL], or other hepatitis, including moderate and severe hepatic cirrhosis with a clinical significance;
    29. Use of clinical drug treatment which has not been approved or marketed in China within 4 weeks prior to the first dose;
    30. Pregnant (positive pregnancy test prior to administration) or lactating women;
    31. Patients with known allergy to any component of toripalimab, surufatnib or Irinotecan, fluorouracil and calcium folinate preparations, or previous history of serious allergy to any other monoclonal antibody;
    32. Patients with other reasons that, in the opinion of the investigator, make it unsuitable to participate in this clinical study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05015621


Contacts
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Contact: Panfeng Tan +86 21 2067 1828 panfengt@hutch-med.com

Locations
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China, Beijing
Beijing Cancer Hospital Recruiting
Beijing, Beijing, China, 100142
Contact: Lin Shen, Prof.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hutchison Medipharma Limited
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lin Shen, Prof. Beijing Cancer Hospital
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Responsible Party: Hutchison Medipharma Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05015621    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2021-012-00CH1
First Posted: August 20, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 1, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hutchison Medipharma Limited:
secondline treatment in patients
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Adenocarcinoma
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Leucovorin
Fluorouracil
Irinotecan
Calcium
Levoleucovorin
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Antidotes
Protective Agents
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins