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BCG Vaccination Effect on Latent Reservoir Size in Treated HIV-1 Infection: (BELIEVE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05004038
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 13, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Zurich

Brief Summary:
A phase IIA randomized double-blind placebo-controlled single-centre study of the effect of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination on the HIV latent reservoir

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV-1-infection Biological: BCG Vaccine AJVaccines Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Background and Rationale:

HIV infection affects around 40 million people globally and is incurable due to persistence of viral genetic material within the host genome as the latent reservoir. Patients within the Swiss HIV Cohort Study with latent tuberculosis were recently shown to have a reduced set point HIV viral load compared to tuberculosis (TB)-naïve individuals. The BCG vaccine has been shown to have wide-ranging immunostimulatory effects and can simulate latent tuberculosis infection.

Objective(s):

The purpose of this study is to characterise potential sustained and clinically relevant effects of the BCG vaccine on the size of the latent HIV-1 reservoir in individuals with stable treated HIV-1 infection with suppressed viremia.

The study seeks primarily to determine the effect of a single dose of the BCG vaccine on the size of the latent HIV-1 viral reservoir over a period of up to 6 months post-administration compared to the size at baseline.

Study design:

Monocentric, randomized, placebo-controlled, stepped-wedge study design with all patients receiving BCG either at baseline or after three months

Measurements and procedures:

Measurement of the HIV-1 latent reservoir using peripheral blood mononuclear cells at three monthly intervals beginning on Day 0.

Study Product / Intervention: Single intradermal application of BCG Vaccine AJVaccines powder for suspension for injection according to the manufacturers' instructions.

Control Intervention: Single intradermal application of 0.1ml of 0.9% saline placebo using an identical procedure.

Number of Participants with Rationale: The study involves 60 participants in total, divided equally between two groups, who will receive early or late administration of the BCG vaccine.

Study Duration: The estimated study duration is 15 months

Statistical Considerations:

In order to power the trial to detect a relevant reduction of the HIV-1 latent reservoir with 90% certainty with a power of 80% at a probability of type 1 error of 5%, we need to enrol 54 patients (based on a paired t-test power calculation assuming the effect size mentioned in Section 10 and the variance of log- total HIV-1 DNA observed by Bachmann et al1). Assuming a drop-out of 10% this implies that 60 patients will be enrolled.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A phase IIA randomized double-blind placebo-controlled single-centre study
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIA Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Single-centre Study of the Effect of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Vaccination on the HIV Latent Reservoir
Actual Study Start Date : January 4, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Early Group
We will conduct a randomized, double-blind trial using a stepped-wedge design and involving a total of 60 patients with stable treated HIV and suppressed viral load who will all receive the BCG vaccine during the course of the study. Patients will be divided into two groups of equal size (early and late groups regarding administration of the BCG verum). The trial will be placebo-controlled and double-blind. Patients in the early group will receive the BCG verum at the beginning of Treatment Phase 1, and then the placebo at the beginning of Treatment Phase 2.
Biological: BCG Vaccine AJVaccines
Single intradermal injection of BCG Vaccine according to published Summary of Product Characteristics

Active Comparator: Late Group
Patients in the late group will receive placebo at the beginning of Treatment Phase 1 and then the BCG verum at the beginning of Treatment Phase 2.
Biological: BCG Vaccine AJVaccines
Single intradermal injection of BCG Vaccine according to published Summary of Product Characteristics




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in size of the HIV-1 latent reservoir at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months for each patient ]

    The primary outcome will be the change in size of the HIV-1 latent reservoir at 6 months post-BCG vaccination compared to pre-vaccination in all patients, with each patient serving as their own control.

    This HIV-1 latent reservoir size will be measured as total HIV-1 DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, a well-established and extensively validated marker for the HIV-1 reservoir found to be sensitive, clinically relevant and feasible in larger populations.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The change in size of the HIV-1 latent reservoir at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months for each patient ]
    The change in size of the HIV-1 latent reservoir at 3 months post-BCG vaccination compared to 3 months post-placebo (early group versus late group at day 90)

  2. The change in size of the HIV-1 latent reservoir at 3 months (in all patients) and 9 months (in the early group) post-BCG vaccination compared to pre-vaccination [ Time Frame: 9 months for each patient ]
    The change in size of the HIV-1 latent reservoir at 3 months (in all patients) and 9 months (in the early group) post-BCG vaccination compared to pre-vaccination

  3. The frequency and incidence of adverse events of interest in the verum group compared to the placebo group [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    The frequency and incidence of adverse events of interest in the verum group compared to the placebo group



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed consent as documented by signature (see Informed Consent Form),
  • Age ≥18 years,
  • HIV-1 infection under continuous antiretroviral therapy for ≥1.5 years as requested in the Systems X Cohort,
  • Current participation in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study and past participation in the Systems X Cohort.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of virological failure or treatment interruption at any time, defined as HIV-1 viral load >200c/ml at two consecutive measurements at least 4 weeks apart,
  • CD4 T-cell count <200/μl at any time or <350/μl during the past 1 year
  • Presence of other relevant immunosuppression according to the investigator in addition to HIV (a daily steroid intake of ≥20mg is considered clinically relevant),
  • History of or current clinical evidence of active tuberculosis,
  • Previous positive tuberculin skin test or tuberculosis INF-gamma release assay (Quantiferon-Test) within the past 10 years,
  • Previous BCG-vaccination within the past 10 years,
  • Known allergy to BCG vaccine or any of its components,
  • Documented current febrile illness at screening or in the past 7 days.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05004038


Contacts
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Contact: Dominique Braun, PD Dr. med. +41 43 253 98 39 dominique.braun@usz.ch
Contact: Emily West, Dr. med. +41432531653 emily.west@usz.ch

Locations
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Switzerland
University Hospital Zurich Recruiting
Zurich, Switzerland, 8091
Contact: Dominique L Braun       dominique.braun@usz.ch   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Zurich
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Johannes Nemeth, Dr. med. University of Zurich
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Responsible Party: University of Zurich
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05004038    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2021-01481
First Posted: August 13, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Infections
BCG Vaccine
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs