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Palbociclib in Combination With Chemotherapy in Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (RELPALL2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04996160
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : September 21, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tanja Andrea Gruber, Stanford University

Brief Summary:

With this research study has following goals

  • To confirm the highest tolerable dose of palbociclib in combination with chemotherapy is safe and well-tolerated.
  • To learn more about side effects of palbociclib in combination with chemotherapy;
  • To learn more about the biological effects of palbociclib on the cells in your body

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Pediatric Relapsed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Drug: Palbociclib Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Doxorubicin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Primary objective: To confirm the safety of the previously estimated MTD of 100 mg/m2/daily palbociclib on Days 1 to 5; 11 to 15; and 21 to 30, in combination with chemotherapy, on the basis of observed DLTs for pediatric relapsed ALL patients that do not have Ph+ and Ph like mutations (Cohort 1), and to determine the MTD of palbociclib in combination with chemotherapy and kinase inhibition in pediatric relapsed ALL patients with Ph+ and Ph like subtypes (Cohort 2).

Secondary objective: To estimate the overall response rate (ORR) to the combination of palbociclib and chemotherapy in pediatric subjects with relapsed or refractory ALL that does not carry Ph+ or Ph like mutations (Cohort 2).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase1 Study at Stanford of Palbociclib in Combination With Chemotherapy in Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (RELPALL2)
Actual Study Start Date : July 9, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1 -(without Ph+ / Ph like mutation)
Dose expansion phase-10 subjects in Cohort 1, 100 mg/m2/daily palbociclib on Days 1 to 5; 11 to 15; and 21 to 30, in combination with chemotherapy. All subjects will receive palbociclib with dexamethasone, bortezomib, and doxorubicin. dexamethasone of each 30 day cycle for up to 3 cycles for responders which include complete remission, complete remission morphologic, and partial response as defined in section 10.2.1. Bortezomib will be given on Days 7, 10, 17 and 20. Doxorubicin will be given on Days 7 and 17.
Drug: Palbociclib
Oral
Other Names:
  • Ibrance
  • PD-0332991
  • 6-acetyl-8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one

Drug: Dexamethasone
8 mg/m2/day divided BID, PO, NG, or IV
Other Name: dexamethasone intensol

Drug: Bortezomib
1.3 mg/m2/dose, IV (preferred) or SC

Drug: Doxorubicin
25 mg/m2/dose IV
Other Name: doxorubicin.HCl

Experimental: Cohort 2-(Ph+ / Ph like ALL subtypes):
Dose escalation phase- 12 subjects in Cohort 2, Palbociclib dose escalation will begin at 75 mg/m2/day, on Days 1 to 5; 11 to 15; and 21 to 30, and escalate or de escalate. All subjects will receive palbociclib with dexamethasone, bortezomib, and doxorubicin. dexamethasone of each 30 day cycle for up to 3 cycles for responders which include complete remission, complete remission morphologic, and partial response as defined in section 10.2.1. Bortezomib will be given on Days 7, 10, 17 and 20. Doxorubicin will be given on Days 7 and 17. Subjects with Ph+ / Ph-like mutation will receive a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI or KI, either dasatinib or ruxolitinib).3 on 3 dose escalation with 2 dose levels.
Drug: Palbociclib
Oral
Other Names:
  • Ibrance
  • PD-0332991
  • 6-acetyl-8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one

Drug: Dexamethasone
8 mg/m2/day divided BID, PO, NG, or IV
Other Name: dexamethasone intensol

Drug: Bortezomib
1.3 mg/m2/dose, IV (preferred) or SC

Drug: Doxorubicin
25 mg/m2/dose IV
Other Name: doxorubicin.HCl




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose-limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: within 30 days from last treatment with palbociclib. ]
    The primary outcome for this study, for the purposes of Clinical Trials.gov registration and results reporting, is dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) experience by subjects without the Ph+ / Ph-like mutation (Cohort 1), and those with the Ph+ / Ph-like mutation (Cohort 2). The outcome will be reported for Cohorts 1 and 2 as the number of DLTs that occur within 30 days of last treatment with palbociclib. Results for Cohort 2 may be stratified by dose level administered.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

    The efficacy of the combination of palbociclib and chemotherapy with kinase inhibition will be assessed as the overall clinical response rate of subjects treated at the MTD, consisting of those with complete remission (CR); complete remission morphologic (CRM); and partial response (PR), defined as the flow cytometric results below.

    • CR: minimal residual disease (MRD) in bone marrow < 0.01% ("MRD-negative").
    • CRM: minimal residual disease (MRD) in bone marrow 0.01% to 5%.
    • PR: Decrease of at least 50% in the percentage of blasts and 5% to 25% blasts. The outcome will be reported as the number of participants Cohorts 1 and 2 with a clinical response, a number without dispersion. Results for Cohort 2 may be stratified by dose level administered.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants must have a diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and disease meets at least one of the following criteria:

    1. relapsed or refractory to chemotherapy as defined by ≥ 5% leukemic blasts in the bone marrow or flow cytometry confirmed leukemic blasts in the peripheral blood
    2. relapsed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)
    3. Subjects must have had histologic, morphologic or flow cytometric verification of the malignancy at relapse
  2. Prior Treatment:

    1. Subjects who relapse while receiving standard ALL maintenance chemotherapy will not be required to have a waiting period before entry onto this study.
    2. Subjects who relapse on therapy other than standard ALL maintenance must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti cancer therapy, defined as resolution of all such toxicities to ≤ Grade 2 or lower per the inclusion/exclusion criteria prior to entering this study.
    3. At least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of cytotoxic therapy, with the exception of standard maintenance therapy and steroids.
    4. At least 7 days must have elapsed since completion of therapy with a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period prior to enrollment must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur.
    5. At least 3 half lives must have elapsed since prior therapy that included a monoclonal antibody with the exception of blinatumomab. Subjects must have been off blinatumomab infusion for at least 7 days and all drug related toxicity must have resolved to Grade 2 or lower as outlined in the inclusion/exclusion criteria.
    6. At least 42 days must have elapsed since CAR T cell therapy.
    7. At least 90 days have elapsed since bone marrow transplant and participant is off immune suppression for > 2 weeks, if applicable with no evidence of active GVHD.
    8. At least 2 weeks must have elapsed since local XRT (small port); ≥ 3 months must have elapsed if prior cranial or craniospinal XRT was received, if ≥ 50% of the pelvis was irradiated, or if TBI was received; ≥ 6 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow irradiation was given.
  3. Participants must be < 25 years of age.
  4. Karnofsky or Lansky performance score is > 50% (corresponding to ECOG Score of < 2). The Lansky performance score should be used for participants < 16 years and the Karnofsky performance score for participants ≥ 16 years (see Appendix D). Subjects who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score.
  5. Adequate renal function defined as glomerular filtration rate > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or serum creatinine based on age as follows:

    Max serum creatine (mg/dL) Age (years) Male Female < 6 months 0.4 0.4 6 months to < 1 year 0.5 0.5 1 to < 2 years 0.6 0.6 2 to < 6 years 0.8 0.8 6 to < 10 years 1 1 10 to < 13 years 1.2 1.2 13 to < 16 years 1.5 1.4 > 16 years 1.7 1.4

  6. Adequate hepatic function defined as

    1. Total bilirubin ≤ 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
    2. ALT < 3 x ULN for age, unless elevation is due to leukemic infiltration
  7. Adequate cardiac function defined as shortening fraction of > 27% or ejection fraction > 45%.
  8. Adequate pulmonary function defined as

    1. No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry > 94%.
    2. No evidence of acute pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiograph
  9. Adequate central nervous system (CNS) function defined as

    1. Subjects with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on allowed anti convulsants and well controlled. Benzodiazepines and gabapentin are acceptable.
    2. CNS toxicity < Grade 2
  10. Adequate peripheral nervous system (PNS) function defined as PNS toxicity < Grade 2

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Extramedullary disease status: subjects with isolated CNS disease or isolated testicular disease are not eligible.
  2. Concurrent chemotherapy or targeted anti cancer agents, other than intrathecal therapy.
  3. Subjects who have previously received bortezomib or other proteasome inhibitors that did not have a response while receiving the inhibitor are not eligible. Subjects that responded but had a subsequent relapse are eligible.
  4. Subjects who have previously received palbociclib or other CDK4/6 inhibitors are not eligible.
  5. Subject with concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, may impair participation in the study or the evaluation of safety and/or efficacy.
  6. Subjects that have an active, uncontrolled infection are not eligible.
  7. Known HIV infection or active hepatitis B (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen-positive) or C (defined as hepatitis C antibody-positive).
  8. Pregnant or lactating (female participant of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test required within 7 days prior to start of treatment).
  9. Male or female participant of reproductive potential must agree to use appropriate methods of contraception for the duration of study treatment and for at least 30 days after last dose of protocol treatment.
  10. Cumulative anthracyclines must not be projected to exceed 450 mg/m2 doxorubicin equivalents following completion of treatment on protocol. Therefore, for subjects receiving one course on protocol cumulative anthracyclines cannot exceed 400 mg/m2 doxorubicin equivalents at the time of enrollment (≤ 200 mg/m2 doxorubicin equivalents for subject with prior radiation therapy to the mediastinum).
  11. Inability or unwillingness or research participant or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04996160


Contacts
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Contact: Tanja A Gruber 650-725-4318 tagruber@stanford.edu

Locations
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United States, California
Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford Recruiting
Stanford, California, United States, 94304
Contact: Amy Li         
Principal Investigator: Tanja A Gruber, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tanja Andrea Gruber
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tanja A Gruber, MD Stanford Universiy
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Responsible Party: Tanja Andrea Gruber, Chambers Family Endowed Professor for Pediatric Cancer University, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04996160    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB-60392
PEDSHEMALL0012 ( Other Identifier: OnCore )
First Posted: August 9, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 21, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Tanja Andrea Gruber, Stanford University:
ALL
Relapsed ALL
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Bortezomib
Palbociclib
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action