Simufilam 100 mg for Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer's Disease (RETHINK-ALZ)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04994483|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 24, 2022
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Alzheimer Disease||Drug: Simufilam Drug: Placebo||Phase 3|
The primary objective of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of simufilam (PTI-125) in enhancing cognition and slowing cognitive and functional decline following 52-week, repeat-dose oral administration in participants with mild-to-moderate AD. Secondary objectives include the assessment of simufilam's effect on neuropsychiatric symptoms and caregiver burden. A third objective is to investigate the effect of simufilam treatment on plasma biomarkers. A limited number of research sites will be invited to participate in the pharmacokinetic (PK) and plasma biomarker sub-study. Collection of PK samples will enable an exposure-response analysis. Approximately 100 subjects will participate (50 per group). Plasma samples will be collected during the Screening Visit and again at Weeks 28 and 52. Change from baseline for plasma biomarkers represent additional secondary endpoints.
Safety will be evaluated by adverse event monitoring, vital signs, clinical labs, and the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale at every visit. All subjects will undergo magnetic resonance imaging during screening to ensure entry criteria are met. Electrocardiograms will be conducted on Day 1 and Weeks 4, 28, and 52. A complete physical and neurological examination will be performed at screening, and brief examinations will be performed at all other visits. Weight will be measured during the Screening Period, on Study Day 1, and at all other visits.
An independent Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) will meet periodically to review subject safety assessments and determine if dosing may continue. A charter will be developed with specific guidance for the DSMB.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||750 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Approximately 750 patients will be enrolled into the study. All patients will be randomized (1:1) to receive either placebo or 100 mg tablets of simufilam, twice daily, for 52 weeks.|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
Randomized treatments will be assigned by subject numbers in a randomly generated numeric sequence. Randomization (1:1) will be stratified by low or high Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE; 16-20 and 21-27).
The randomization code will not be revealed to study subjects, Investigators, clinical staff, study monitors or the Sponsor until all subjects have completed therapy and the database has been finalized and locked.
|Official Title:||A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, 52-week Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Simufilam 100 mg Tablets in Subjects With Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer's Disease|
|Actual Study Start Date :||November 3, 2021|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2023|
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching placebo, supplied by Cassava as coated tablets, and taken twice daily (b.i.d.) for 52 weeks
Matching placebo given b.i.d. for 52 weeks.
Experimental: Simufilam 100 mg
Simufilam 100 mg, supplied by Cassava as coated tablets, and taken b.i.d. for 52 weeks
Simufilam is a novel drug candidate designed to treat and slow the progression of AD. Simufilam binds with femtomolar affinity to an altered conformation of filamin A that is present in the brain of patients with AD and critical to the toxicity of Aβ42. In this study, simufilam will be given b.i.d. for 52 weeks at a dose of 100 mg.
Other Name: PTI-125
- Change from baseline in the 12-item Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog12) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]The change from baseline to Week 52 in the ADAS-Cog12, a psychometrician-administered battery comprised of several cognitive domains including memory, comprehension, praxis, orientation, and spontaneous speech. Scores range from 0 (best) to 80 (worst).
- Change from baseline in the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study - Activities of Daily Living (ADCS-ADL) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]The change from baseline to Week 52 in the ADCS-ADL, a 23-item study partner questionnaire that covers both basic activities of daily living (ADL) and more complex ADL or instrumental ADL. Scores range from 0 to 78, with a lower score indicating greater severity of functional loss.
- Change from baseline in the integrated Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (iADRS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]The change from baseline to Week 52 in the iADRS, where scores range from 0 to 146 with lower scores indicating worse performance.
- Change from baseline in the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]The change from baseline to Week 52 in the NPI, a 12-item study partner interview, which records the frequency and severity of common neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia, as well as the level of study partner distress due to each of the neuropsychiatric problems. Scores range from 0 to 144, with higher scores indicating more frequent and severe symptoms, and greater levels of partner distress.
- Change from baseline in the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]The change from baseline to Week 52 in the MMSE, a set of standardized questions covering several target areas: orientation, registration, attention and calculation, short-term verbal recall, naming, repetition, 3-step command, reading, writing, and visuospatial cognitive assessment. Lower sores indicate more severe impairment.
- Change from baseline in the Clinical Dementia Rating Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]The change from baseline to Week 52 in the CDR-SB, which characterizes 6 domains of cognitive and functional performance applicable to AD and related dementias: memory, orientation, judgment and problem solving, community affairs, home and hobbies, and personal care. Higher scores indicate more severe impairment.
- Change from baseline in the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]The change from baseline to Week 52 in the ZBI, a 22-item study partner questionnaire designed to assess the stress or burden experienced by caregivers of people with dementia, with a higher score indicating greater stress or burden.
- Changes from baseline in plasma P-tau181, neurofilament light chain and GFAP [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]Change from baseline in plasma biomarkers of AD pathology, neurodegeneration, and neuroinflammation.
- Changes from baseline in the plasma SavaDx biomarker [ Time Frame: Baseline (Study Day 1) to Week 52 ]Change from baseline in SavaDx, a novel plasma biomarker
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04994483
|Contact: Study Director||737-910-1045||ClinicalTrials.firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Study Chair:||Jim Kupiec, MD||Cassava Sciences|