We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Clinical Study of Cannabidiol in Children and Adolescents With Fragile X Syndrome (RECONNECT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04977986
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 27, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 23, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zynerba Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-center study, to assess the efficacy and safety of Cannabidiol administered as ZYN002 for the treatment of children and adolescent patients with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS). Eligible participants will participate in up to an 18 week treatment period, where all participants will receive placebo or active study drug. Patients ages 3 to < 18 years, will be eligible to participate.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fragile X Syndrome Drug: ZYN002 - transdermal gel Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-center study, to assess the efficacy and safety of ZYN002, a pharmaceutically manufactured cannabidiol, formulated as a clear gel that can be applied to the skin (called transdermal delivery), in children and adolescents with FXS. 204 male and female patients, ages 3 to < 18 years, will be randomized 1:1 to either trial drug or placebo and will undergo a 18-week treatment period. Randomization will be stratified by gender, methylation status and weight. The study will be comprised of a Screening visit and a combination of seven visits both onsite (face-to-face) and virtual. The assignment of study drug or placebo will be done by a computer generated system and neither the study doctor, participant or their caregivers will know which treatment is being given to them. The dose of the treatment will depend on the weight of the participants. If the participants weigh less than or equal to 30 kg, they will receive 2 sachets of the gel per day (1 sachet approximately every 12 hours). If the participant weighs more than 30 kg but less than or equal to 50 kg, they will receive 4 sachets of gel per day (2 sachets approximately every 12 hours). Participants who weigh more than 50 kg will receive 6 sachets of gel per day (3 sachets approximately every 12 hours). Parents/ caregivers will be instructed on proper application of the gel. The gel will be applied to clean, dry, intact skin of the upper arms/ shoulders.

Blood samples will be collected for safety analysis of ZYN002. An independent analytical laboratory will also perform CGG repeat and methylation status analyses. Additionally, the parents/caregivers and study doctor will be asked to complete some questionnaires for efficacy and safety assessment.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 204 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled, multiple center study
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Placebo formulated as a clear gel (transdermal delivery)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Multiple-Center, Efficacy and Safety Study of ZYN002 Administered as a Transdermal Gel to Children and Adolescents With Fragile X Syndrome - RECONNECT
Actual Study Start Date : September 13, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Cannabidiol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ZYN002 - transdermal gel
Pharmaceutically manufactured. Cannabidiol is formulated as a clear gel for transdermal delivery.
Drug: ZYN002 - transdermal gel
Pharmaceutically manufactured cannabidiol formulated as a clear gel that can be applied to the skin (transdermal delivery)
Other Name: cannabidiol formulated as a clear gel that can be applied to the skin (transdermal delivery)

Placebo Comparator: Placebo transdermal gel
Placebo is formulated as a clear gel for transdermal delivery.
Drug: Placebo

Placebo formulated as a clear gel that can be applied to the skin (transdermal delivery)

Other Names:

Placebo Comparator Matching Placebo

Other Names:
  • Placebo Comparator
  • Matching Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community Fragile X Factor Structure (ABC-C FXS) Pre-specified Subscale 1 score in patients with complete methylation (100%) of the FMR1 gene. [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 18 ]
    The ABC-C FXS is a standard parent/caregiver reported behavioral outcome measure for use in developmental disability clinical trials


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community, Fragile X Factor Structure (ABC-C FXS) Pre-specified Subscale 2 in patients with complete methylation (100%) of the FMR1 gene. [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 18 ]
    The ABC-C FXS is a standard parent/caregiver reported behavioral outcome measure for use in developmental disability clinical trials

  2. Change on the Caregiver Global Impression of Change (CaGI-C) for Pre-specified parameter among patients with complete methylation (100%) of the FMR1 gene. [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 18 ]
    The CaGI-C global impression of change is a 7-point Likert scale designed to measure behavioral symptomatic change at a specific time compared to baseline.

  3. Clinical Global Impression- Improvement (CGI-I) scale among patients with complete methylation (100%) of the FMR1 gene. [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 18 ]
    The CGI-I global improvement item is a 7-point Likert scale to rate the behavioral change in a child at a specified time compared to baseline.

  4. Change in ABC-C FXS pre-specified Subscale 1 among all randomized patients (complete and partial methylation of the FMR1 gene). [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 18 ]
    The ABC-C FXS is a standard parent/caregiver reported behavioral outcome measure for use in developmental disability clinical trials

  5. Number of patients with adverse events [ Time Frame: Day 1, Week 2, Week 4, Week 6, Week 10, Week 14, Week 18 and through 4-week post-dose telephone follow-up ]
    Collection of adverse events

  6. Number of participants with abnormal physical and neurological exams [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1 and Week 18 ]
    Physical and neurological exams

  7. Number of participants with abnormal clinical laboratory results [ Time Frame: Screening, Week 10 and Week 18 ]
    Laboratory tests and urinalysis

  8. Number of participants with abnormal vital sign results [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 1, Week 2 and Week 18 ]
    Vital sign measurements (blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and temperature)

  9. Number of participants with abnormal ECG [ Time Frame: Screening and Week 18 ]
    12-lead ECG

  10. Withdrawal characteristics of ZYN002 using the Penn Physician Withdrawal Checklist [ Time Frame: Week 18 and 4-week post last dose ]
    Penn Physician Withdrawal Checklist

  11. Skin tolerability as assessed using daily skin diary [ Time Frame: Daily from Day 1 through Week 18 ]
    Daily skin irritation diary



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female children and adolescents aged 3 to < 18 years, at the time of Screening.
  • Judged by the Investigator to be in generally good health at Screening based upon the results of medical history, physical exam, 12-lead ECG and clinical laboratory test results. -Laboratory results outside the reference range must be documented as not clinically significant by both the Investigator and Sponsor.
  • Participants must have a diagnosis of FXS through molecular documentation of full mutation of the FMR1 gene documented through genetic testing at Screening.
  • Patients with a history of seizure disorders must currently be receiving treatment with a stable regimen of no more than two anti-seizure medications (ASMs) for the four weeks preceding study Screening; or must be seizure-free for one year if not currently receiving ASMs.
  • Patients taking psychoactive medication(s) should be on a stable regimen of not more than three such medications for at least fours weeks preceding Screening and must maintain that regimen throughout the study. Psychoactive medications include (but are not limited to) antipsychotics, antidepressants, anxiolytics, attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications, and medications for sleep.
  • If patients are receiving non-pharmacological, behavioral and/or dietary interventions, they must be stable and have been doing so for three months prior to screening.
  • Patients have a body mass index between 12-30 kg/m2 (inclusive).
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at the Screening Visit and a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at all designated visits.
  • Patients and parents/caregivers must be adequately informed of the nature and risks of the study and given written informed consent prior to Screening.
  • Patients and parents/caregivers agree to abide by all study restrictions and comply with all study procedures, and in the Investigator's opinion, are reliable and willing and able to comply with all protocol requirements and procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Females who are pregnant, nursing or planning a pregnancy; females of childbearing potential and male patients with a partner of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of contraception as outlined below for the duration of therapy and for three months after the last dose of study medication. Standard acceptable methods of contraception include abstinence (defined as refraining from heterosexual intercourse from screening to three months after the last dose of study medication) or the use of a highly effective method of contraception, including hormonal contraception, diaphragm, cervical cap, vaginal sponge, condom, spermicide, vasectomy, or intrauterine device. The reliability of sexual abstinence needs to be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (calendar, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) is not an acceptable method of contraception.
  • History of significant allergic condition, significant drug-related hypersensitivity, or allergic reaction to any compound or chemical class related to ZYN002 or its excipients.
  • Exposure to any investigational drug or device less than or equal to 30 days prior to Screening or at any time during the study.
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or total bilirubin levels greater than or equal to 2 times the upper limit of normal or alkaline phosphatase levels greater than or equal to 3 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Use of cannabis or any THC or CBD-containing product within 3 months of Screening Visit or during the study (aside from ZYN002).
  • Patient has a positive drug screen, including ethanol, cocaine, THC, barbiturates, amphetamines (unless prescribed), benzodiazepines (except midazolam or comparable administered for blood draws and ECG collection), and opiates.
  • Patient is using the following AEDs (medications for the treatment of seizures and/ or epilepsy): clobazam, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, felbamate, carbamazepine, phenytoin, or vigabatrin.
  • Patient is using a strong inhibitor/inducer of CYP3A4 or sensitive substrate of CYP3A4 including but not limited to the following medications: midazolam (except single doses administered for the purposes of obtaining blood samples and ECG's), oral ketoconazole, fluconazole, nefazadone, rifampin, alfentanil, alfuzosin, amiodarone, cyclosporine, dasatinib, docetaxol, eplerenone, ergotamine, everolimus, fentanyl, halofantrine, irinotecan, lapatinib, levomethadyl, lumefantrine, nilotinib, pimozide, quinidine, ranolazine, sirolimus, tacrolimus, temsirolimus, toremifene, tretinioin, vincristine, vinorelbine, St. John's Wort, and grapefruit Juice/products.
  • Patients may not be taking any benzodiazepines (except single doses administered for the purposes of obtaining blood samples and ECGs) at screening or throughout the study.
  • Patient is expected to initiate or change pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic interventions during the course of the study.
  • Patient has an advanced, severe, or unstable disease that may interfere with the study outcome evaluations.
  • Patient has acute or progressive neurological disease, psychosis, schizophrenia or any other psychiatric disorder or severe mental abnormalities (other than FXS) that are likely to require changes in drug therapy or interfere with the study objectives or ability to adhere to protocol requirements.
  • Patient has a positive result for the presence of HBsAg, HCV, or HIV antibodies.
  • Patient has known history of cardiovascular disease, advanced arteriosclerosis, structural cardiac abnormality, cardiomyopathy, serious heart rhythm abnormalities, coronary artery disease, cardiac conduction problems, exercise-related cardiac events including syncope and pre-syncope, risk factors for Torsades de pointes (TdP) (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of Long QT Syndrome), or other serious cardiac problems.
  • Any clinically significant condition or abnormal findings at the Screening Visit that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, preclude study participation or interfere with the evaluation of the study medication.
  • Any skin disease or condition including eczema, psoriasis, melanoma, acne, contact dermatitis, scarring, imperfections, lesions, tattoos, or discoloration that may affect treatment application, application site assessments or absorption of the trial drug.
  • History of treatment for, or evidence of, drug abuse within the past year.
  • Previous participation in a ZYN002 study (with the exception of patients who were screen failures in Study ZYN2-CL-016 and did not enter Study ZYN2-CL-017).
  • Patient responds "yes" to Question 4 or 5 on the C-SSRS (Children) during Screening or at any time on study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04977986


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Nancy Tich, PhD 973-727-4117 tichn@zynerba.com
Contact: Stephen O'Quinn, PharmD 919-271-1339 oquinns@zynerba.com

Locations
Show Show 27 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Zynerba Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Zynerba Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04977986    
Other Study ID Numbers: ZYN2-CL-033
First Posted: July 27, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 23, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Zynerba Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Human Genetics and Inherited Disorders
Other human genetics and inherited disorders
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Fragile X Syndrome
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Mental Retardation, X-Linked
Intellectual Disability
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Sex Chromosome Disorders
Chromosome Disorders
Congenital Abnormalities
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Cannabidiol
Anticonvulsants