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A Trial for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Patients (Isatuximab-dexamethasone) (ISABEL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04965155
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 16, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
EMN Research Italy

Brief Summary:

This is an open label phase II study designed to assess the efficacy and safety of the combination isatuximab-dexamethasone pre and post transplant in relapsed MM patients. Before enrolment, patients have already received a reinduction therapy, as per local protocols, in order to achieve an optimal cytoreduction. Since carfilzomib-based regimens (eg. carfilzomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone or carfilzomib-dexamethasone) are the current standard in Italy, for uniformity the use of one of these combinations is recommended. However, any cytoreductive treatment, excluding anti-CD38 antibodies containing regimens, as per local practice, is acceptable. During this period, if necessary, it will be possible to mobilize and collect peripheral blood stem cells. After the pre-enrollment cytoreduction period (reinduction therapy), patients have achieved at least a PR according to IMWG Response criteria.

After study enrolment, patients will receive 3 courses of isatuximab in combination with dexamethasone; after cycle 3 patients will receive ASCT, that will be conditioned with melphalan and will be followed by reinfusion of cryopreserved autologous stem cells. At 2 months after ASCT, patients will start maintenance, consisting in the administration of isatuximab in combination with dexamethasone for 12 cycles. Starting from cycle 13 onwards, only isatuximab will be administered until progression or intolerance.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Drug: Isatuximab-dexamethasone Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Isatuximab-dexamethasone pre and post transplant
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Isatuximab and Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Patients (Isabel Study)
Actual Study Start Date : March 21, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 31, 2027


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Isatuximab-Dexamethasone
Isatuximab-Dexamethasone pre and post transplant in relapsed multiple myeloma patients.
Drug: Isatuximab-dexamethasone
Isatuximab 10 mg/kg IV: 1,8,15 and 22 at cycle 1; days 1 and 15 at cycles 2-3 Dexamethasone 40 mg OS: 1,8,15 and 22 at cycle 1; days 1 and 15 at cycles 2-3




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MRD negativity [ Time Frame: Within 12 months after ASCT ]
    The rate of MRD negativity is determined as the proportion of patients with NGF MRD negativity (10-5 sensitivity level) within 12 months after ASCT using the intention-to-treat principle. For patients who withdraw from the study or are lost to follow up before this timepoint, the best MRD assessment will be considered. Patients will be classified as MRD positive if they have only MRD positive test results or do not undergo MRD assessment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Response rate (sCR, CR, VGPR, PR, ORR) will be evaluated according to IMWG Response criteria after induction, transplant and maintenance.

  2. TTP (time to progression) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    TTP will be measured from the date of ICF to the date of first observation of PD, or deaths for PD. Subjects who have not progressed or who withdraw from the study or die from causes other than PD will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment. Subjects lost to follow-up will also be censored at the time of last complete disease assessment.

  3. PFS (progression free survival) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    PFS will be measured from the date of ICF to the date of first observation of PD, or death from any cause as an event. Subjects who have not progressed or who withdraw from the study or who were lost to follow-up will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment.

  4. TNT (time to next therapy) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    TNT will be measured from the date of eligibility confirmation to the date of next anti-myeloma therapy. Death due to any cause before starting therapy will be considered an event. Subjects who have not progressed or who withdraw from the study will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment. Subjects lost to FU will also be censored at the time of last contact.

  5. PFS2 (progression free survival 2) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    PFS2 will be measured from the date of ICF to the date of observation of second disease progression (i.e. progression after the second line of therapy) or death to any cause as an event. In case of date of second progression is not available, date of start of third line treatment can be used. Subjects who have not progressed or who withdraw from the study will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment. All subjects who were lost to follow-up prior to the end of the study, have not progressed, and are still alive will also be censored at the time of last contact.

  6. OS (overall survival) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between ICF date and death, regardless cause of death. Subjects who withdraw consent will be censored at the time of withdrawal. Subjects who are still alive at the cut-off Page 48 of 72 date of final analysis will be censored at the cut-off date. Subjects lost to FU will also be censored at the time of last contact.

  7. DOR (duration of response) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    DOR is defined as time between first documentation of response (achievement of at least a PR) and PD with deaths owning to causes other than progression not counted, but censored. Responders without disease progression at the cut-off date of final analysis will be censored either at the time of lost to follow-up, at the time of death due to other cause than PD, or at the time of last contact.

  8. Time to PR (time to partial response) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Time to PR will be measured from the date of ICF to the date of first observation of PR (Partial Response). Subjects who achieved response better than PR will be consider that PR is achieved. Subjects who withdraw from the study will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment. Subjects have not achieved a PR, and are still alive at the cut-off date of final analysis will be censored at the cut-off date. All subjects who were lost to FU will also be censored at the time of last contact.

  9. Time to VGPR (time to very good partial response) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Time to VGPR will be measured from the date of ICF to the date of first observation of VGPR (Very Good Partial Response). Subjects who achieved response better than VGPR will be consider that VGPR is achieved. Subjects who withdraw from the study will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment. Subjects have not achieved a VGPR, and are still alive at the cut-off date of final analysis will be censored at the cut-off date. All subjects who were lost to FU will also be censored at the time of last contact.

  10. Time to CR (time to complete response) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Time to CR will be measured from the date of ICF to the date of first observation of CR (Complete Partial Response). Subjects who achieved response better than CR will be consider that CR is achieved. Subjects who withdraw from the study will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment. Subjects have not achieved a CR, and are still alive at the cut-off date of final analysis will be censored at the cut-off date. All subjects who were lost to FU will also be censored at the time of last contact. Difference will be calculated in 30-day months.

  11. Time to sCR (time to stringent complete response) [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Time to sCR will be measured from the date of ICF to the date of first observation of sCR (stringent Complete Partial Response). Subjects who withdraw from the study will be censored at the time of the last complete disease assessment. Subjects have not achieved a sCR, and are still alive at the cut-off date of final analysis will be censored at the cut-off date. All subjects who were lost to FU will also be censored at the time of last contact. Difference will be calculated in 30-day months.

  12. Rate of 1 year sustained MRD (minimal residue disease) negativity [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Rate of 1 year sustained MRD negativity by NGF will be also evaluated, and correlated with PFS and OS.

  13. MRD (minimal residue disease) negativity [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    The rate of MRD negativity is determined as the proportion of patients with NGF MRD negativity (10-5 sensitivity level) within 12 months after ASCT using the intention-to-treat principle. For patients who withdraw from the study or are lost to follow up before this timepoint, the best MRD assessment will be considered. Patients will be classified as MRD positive if they have only MRD positive test results or do not undergo MRD assessment.

  14. 24 months MRD negativity rate [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    The 24 months MRD negativity rate is determined as the proportion of patients with MRD negativity (≥10-5 sensitivity level, NGF) after 12 months using ITT principle. Patients will be classified as MRD positive if they have only MRD positive test results or do not undergo MRD assessment/sample not adequate.

  15. Analysis of safety [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    The analysis of safety as defined by type, frequency and severity will be done primarily by tabulation of the incidence of Adverse Events as defined by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 5.0. In the by-subject analysis, a subject having the same event more than once will be counted only once. Adverse Events will be summarized by worst CTCAE grade.

  16. Dose reduction rate [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Dose reduction will be done primarily by tabulation of the incidence of dose reduction and causes.

  17. Time to discontinuation of study drug [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Time to discontinuation will be measured from the date of first dose of study drugs to the date of discontinuation due to AE or Death for AE/SPM. Subjects who discontinued drugs due to PD, or death for cause other than AE/SPM will be considered a competitive event. Subjects has not discontinued, and are still alive and on treatment at the cut-off date of final analysis will be censored at the cut-off date. All subjects who were lost to FU will also be censored at the time of last contact.

  18. Relative dose estimations for each study drugs [ Time Frame: 5/6 years ]
    Relative dose will be evaluated consider the ration between the administered and the planned dose. Relative dose will be estimated for each study drugs.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has given voluntary written informed consent
  2. Patient is willing and able to comply with the study visits and procedures required per protocol
  3. Subject must have at least 18 and = 70 years of age
  4. Patient has a life-expectancy = 3 months
  5. Subject has received an ASCT in the first line of therapy with a progression/relapse after at least 24 months
  6. Subject must have received any cytoreductive treatment, excluding anti-CD38 antibodies containing regimens, as per local practice for the first relapse, according to local guidelines. Carfilzomib-based combinations are recommended (eg. carfilzomib-lenalidomidedexamethasone or carfilzomib-dexamethasone). After the salvage duration phase (reinduction therapy), subject has achieved at least a PR according to IMWG Response criteria.
  7. Subject must have documented relapsed MM as per IMWG criteria, and achieved at least a partial remission with treatments as per local guidelines
  8. Subject must have at least 2.0 x 106 CD34+/Kg cryopreserved autologous stem cells
  9. Subject must have an ECOG Performance Status score of 0, 1
  10. Subject must have the following laboratory values:

    • Platelet count =50 x 109/L (=30 x 109 /L if myeloma involvement in the bone marrow is > 50%) within 14 days prior to drug administration)
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) = 1 x 109/L without the use of growth factors
    • Corrected serum calcium =14 mg/dL (3.5 mmol/L)
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT): = 3 x the ULN
    • Total bilirubin: = 2 x the ULN
    • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance: = 30 mL/minute
  11. Female subjects are eligible to participate if they are not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

    • they are not females of childbearing potential (FCBP), OR
    • they are FCBP who have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting study medication and before each cycle of study treatment and must either commit to continue abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or apply a highly effective method of birth control during the intervention period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of study treatment. Of note: contraception duration should take also into consideration any backbone therapy
  12. Male subjects must agree to use contraception on this protocol during the intervention period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous therapy with daratumumab, isatuximab or any other anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody
  2. MM localization to the central nervous system
  3. Subjects who have received any investigational drug within 14 days or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug from eligibility confirmation, whichever is longer
  4. Subjects who have received an allogeneic stem cell transplant
  5. Subject with a history of malignancy (other than multiple myeloma) within 3 years before the date of eligibility confirmation (exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or malignancy that in the opinion of the investigator, in agreement with the medical monitor, is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within 3 years)
  6. Subject is known to be seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or with an active hepatitis A, B and C infection, defined as a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] and a positivity for HAV-RNA, HBV-DNA or HCV-RNA
  7. Subject with any concurrent, clinically significant, uncontrolled medical condition or disease (eg, active systemic infection) that is likely to interfere with study procedures or results, or that in the opinion of the investigator would constitute a hazard for participating in this study
  8. Subject with active tuberculosis and severe infections requiring treatment with an antibiotic parenteral administration
  9. Subject with hypersensitivity or history of intolerance to steroids, mannitol, pregelatinized starch, sodium stearyl fumarate, histidine (as base and hydrochloride salt), arginine hydrochloride, poloxamer 188, sucrose or any of the other components of study therapy that are not amenable to premedication with steroids and H2 blockers or would prohibit further treatment with these agents
  10. Subject with pulmonary deficit, defined as FEV1 <65% and/or DLCO <65%
  11. Subject with clinically significant cardiac disease, including:

    • LVEF <50%
    • Myocardial infarction within 6 months before eligibility confirmation, or unstable or
    • Uncontrolled disease/condition related to or affecting cardiac function (eg, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association Class III-IV)
    • Cardiac arrhythmia (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] Version 5 Grade 2 or higher) or clinically significant ECG abnormalities
    • Screening 12-lead ECG showing a baseline QT interval as corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) >500 msec

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04965155


Locations
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Italy
AOU Ospedali Riuniti Umberto I
Ancona, Italy
AOU Policlinico di Bari
Bari, Italy
AOU di Bologna
Bologna, Italy
Ospedale di Bolzano - Azienda Sanitaria dell'Alto Adige
Bolzano, Italy
AOU Policlinico S. Martino
Genova, Italy
Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Grande Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico
Milano, Italy
I.R.C.C.S. Ospedale S. Raffaele
Milano, Italy
AOU Federico II
Napoli, Italy
AO di Padova
Padova, Italy
AO di Perugia-Ospedale S. Maria della Misericordia
Perugia, Italy
Policlinico Umberto I - Università 'Sapienza'
Roma, Italy
AO S. Maria
Terni, Italy
AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino
Torino, Italy
AOU Ospedali Riuniti di Trieste
Trieste, Italy
Ospedale S. Maria della Misericordia di Udine
Udine, Italy
Sponsors and Collaborators
EMN Research Italy
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Responsible Party: EMN Research Italy
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04965155    
Other Study ID Numbers: ISABEL
First Posted: July 16, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents