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Uproleselan, Azacitidine, and Venetoclax for the Treatment of Treatment Naive Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04964505
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 16, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
GlycoMimetics Incorporated
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brian Jonas, University of California, Davis

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial evaluates the side effects of uproleselan, azacitidine, and venetoclax in treating older or unfit patients with treatment naive acute myeloid leukemia. Uproleselan may help block the formation of growths that may become cancer. Chemotherapy drugs, such as azacitidine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking Bcl-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Giving uproleselan with azacitidine and venetoclax may help kill more cancer cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Azacitidine Drug: Uproleselan Drug: Venetoclax Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To assess the safety and tolerability of uproleselan combined with azacitidine and venetoclax in older or unfit patients with treatment naive acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the preliminary efficacy of uproleselan combined with azacitidine and venetoclax in older or unfit patients with treatment naive AML.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive uproleselan intravenously (IV) over 1 hour every 12 hours (Q12H) on days 1-7, azacitidine IV or subcutaneously (SC) once daily (QD) on days 1-7, and venetoclax orally (PO) QD on days 1-28. Beginning cycle 5, patients achieving morphologic leukemia-free state (MLFS) or better response, may receive azacitidine IV or SC QD and uproleselan IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-6 and 8 or days 1-5 and 8-9 or days 1-5. Treatment with uproleselan repeats every 28 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cycles with azacitidine and venetoclax repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then every 3 months for 1 year.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Uproleselan Combined With Azacitidine and Venetoclax for the Treatment of Older or Unfit Patients With Treatment Naive Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : July 2, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (uproleselan, azacitidine, venetoclax)
Patients receive uproleselan IV over 1 hour Q12H on days 1-7, azacitidine IV or SC QD on days 1-7, and venetoclax PO QD on days 1-28. Beginning cycle 5, patients achieving MLFS or better response, may receive azacitidine IV or SC QD and uproleselan IV over 1 hour QD on days 1-6 and 8 or days 1-5 and 8-9 or days 1-5. Treatment with uproleselan repeats every 28 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cycles with azacitidine and venetoclax repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Azacitidine
Given IV or SC
Other Names:
  • 5 AZC
  • 5-AC
  • 5-Azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • Azacytidine
  • Azacytidine, 5-
  • Ladakamycin
  • Mylosar
  • Onureg
  • U-18496
  • Vidaza

Drug: Uproleselan
Given IV
Other Name: GMI-1271

Drug: Venetoclax
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-0199
  • ABT-199
  • ABT199
  • GDC-0199
  • RG7601
  • Venclexta
  • Venclyxto




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Defined and graded by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 toxicity criteria.

  2. Recommended phase II dose [ Time Frame: Up to end of cycle 1 (1 cycle = 28 days) ]
    Defined as the highest uproleselan dose level tested in which < 33% of patients experienced a dose limiting toxicity.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) measurable/minimal residual disease (MRD) negative complete remission (CR) plus CR with incomplete count recovery (CRi) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be summarized using means, medians, and percentiles for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables and associated exact 95% confidence intervals will be constructed. Comparisons between subsets of study participants will be conducted using exact tests.

  2. Rate of CR plus CR with partial count recovery (CRh) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be summarized using means, medians, and percentiles for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables and associated exact 95% confidence intervals will be constructed. Comparisons between subsets of study participants will be conducted using exact tests.

  3. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Defined as the rate of CR plus CRi and rate of CR plus CR with partial count recovery (CRh). Will be summarized using means, medians, and percentiles for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables and associated exact 95% confidence intervals will be constructed. Comparisons between subsets of study participants will be conducted using exact tests.

  4. Rate of transfusion-independence (TI) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be summarized using means, medians, and percentiles for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables and associated exact 95% confidence intervals will be constructed. Comparisons between subsets of study participants will be conducted using exact tests.

  5. Duration of CR/CRi and CR/CRh (DoR) [ Time Frame: From the date of CR, CRi or CRh until the date of relapse or death, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Analysis of DOR will be performed using Cox Regression, and Kaplan-Meier plots will be provided.

  6. Relapse-free survival (RFS) [ Time Frame: From the date of CR, CRi or CRh until the date of relapse or death from any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Analysis of RFS will be performed using Cox Regression, and Kaplan-Meier plots will be provided.

  7. Event-free survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: From the date of entry into study to the date of treatment failure, relapse, or death from any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Analysis of EFS will be performed using Cox Regression, and Kaplan-Meier plots will be provided.

  8. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the date of entry into study to the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Analysis of OS will be performed using Cox Regression, and Kaplan-Meier plots will be provided.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
  • Diagnosis of AML by World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 criteria (Arber 2016)
  • Age >= 18 years
  • Treatment naive and eligible for venetoclax plus hypomethylating agents (HMA)

    • Age >= 75 OR
    • Age 18-74 with at least one of the following co-morbidities:

      • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 or 3
      • Cardiac history of congestive heart failure (CHF) requiring treatment or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) =< 50% or chronic stable angina
      • Carbon monoxide diffusing capability test (DLCO) =< 65% or forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) =< 65%
      • Any other situation that the investigator judges to be incompatible with intensive chemotherapy must be reviewed with the study chair before study enrollment
  • ECOG performance status of:

    • 0 to 2 for subjects >= 75 years of age OR
    • 0 to 3 for subjects 18-74 years of age
  • White blood cell (WBC) =< 25,000/mm^3 at the start of study therapy (leukapheresis and hydroxyurea are allowed to meet this criteria). No other hematologic parameters
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institution's upper limit of normal (ULN) unless related to AML or Gilbert's syndrome
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/serum pyruvic glutamic transaminase (SPGT) =< 3 x institutional ULN unless related to AML
  • Creatinine clearance >= 45 mL/min (calculated by the Cockcroft Gault formula or measured by 24-hour urine collection)

    • Note, if >= 65 years of age, creatinine clearance or serum creatinine can be used for determining eligibility with creatinine clearance >= 45 mL/min (calculated by the Cockcroft Gault formula or measured by 24-hour urine collection) or serum creatinine =< institution's ULN considered eligible
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (non-estrogen hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman or female partner of a male subject become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

    • A woman of child-bearing potential is any female (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:

      • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
      • Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
  • Women of child-bearing potential has negative pregnancy test prior to initiating study drug dosing
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or anticipated use of other investigational agents
  • Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia
  • Active central nervous system involvement by AML
  • AML must be treatment naive. Prior treatment with hypomethylating agent (azacitidine or decitabine), venetoclax or uproleselan, including for antecedent hematologic disorders. Prior allogeneic hematopoietic transplant for antecedent hematologic disorder is allowed if done at least 3 months prior to enrollment and there is no evidence of active graft versus host disease (GVHD) or requirement for systemic immune suppression
  • Anticancer therapies, including investigational therapy, chemotherapy, targeted small molecule agents, or radiotherapy within 14 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose and throughout venetoclax administration. Biologic agents (e.g. monoclonal antibodies) given for anti-neoplastic intent within 30 days prior to the first dose and throughout venetoclax administration
  • Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or known active hepatitis A, B or C infection with the exception of those with an undetectable viral load within 3 months of starting study treatment
  • Known strong and/or moderate CYP3A inducers within 7 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • Subject has consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges or Starfruit within 3 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • Severe or uncontrolled medical disorder that would, in the investigator's opinion, impair ability to receive study treatment (i.e., uncontrolled diabetes, chronic renal disease, chronic pulmonary disease or active, uncontrolled infection, psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements)
  • History of other malignancies, except for malignancy treated with curative intent with no known active disease present for >= 1 year; treated non-melanoma skin cancer; and localized, cured prostate and cervical cancer
  • Evidence of uncontrolled active systemic infection requiring therapy (viral, bacterial, or fungal). Fever of unknown origin is not an exclusion criterion, as this may be disease related
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to agents used in study
  • Subject has a malabsorption syndrome of other condition that precludes enteral route of administration
  • Subjects with a cardiovascular disability status of New York Heart Association class greater than 2
  • Pregnant or nursing. There is a potential for congenital abnormalities and for this regimen to harm nursing infants.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04964505


Locations
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United States, California
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
Contact: Brian A. Jonas    916-734-3771    bajonas@ucdavis.edu   
Principal Investigator: Brian A. Jonas         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brian Jonas
GlycoMimetics Incorporated
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Brian A Jonas University of California, Davis
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Responsible Party: Brian Jonas, Principal Investigator, University of California, Davis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04964505    
Other Study ID Numbers: UCDCC#294
NCI-2021-06216 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
UCDCC#294 ( Other Identifier: University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA093373 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 16, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 15, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Azacitidine
Venetoclax
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors