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Evaluation of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Influenza and COVID-19 Combination Vaccine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04961541
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 14, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 22, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novavax

Brief Summary:
This is a randomized, observer-blinded, Phase 1/2 study evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of a quadrivalent HA nanoparticle influenza and SARS-CoV-2 rS nanoparticle combination vaccine with Matrix-M1 adjuvant; this combination is referred to as ICC vaccine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
SARS-CoV Infection Covid19 Biological: ICC Vaccine Biological: qNIV Nanoparticle Vaccine2 in-clinic mixed with Matrix-M1 Adjuvant Biological: SARS-CoV-2 rS Nanoparticle Vaccine in-clinic mixed with Matrix-M1 Adjuvant Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, observer-blinded, Phase 1/2 study evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of a quadrivalent hemagglutinin (HA) nanoparticle influenza vaccine (qNIV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV2) recombinant spike (rS) nanoparticle combination vaccine with Matrix-M1™ adjuvant; this combination vaccine is referred to as Influenza COVID-19 Combination (ICC) vaccine.

The study will enroll approximately 640 healthy (based on history and physical examination) adult male and female participants 50 to 70 years of age, inclusive, targeting participants who are baseline seropositive (either previously infected with SARS-CoV-2 ≥ 8 weeks prior to enrollment, or have been previously immunized against SARS-CoV-2 with a completed regimen of an authorized vaccine at ≥ 8 weeks prior to enrollment). Randomization will be stratified on age ≥ 50 to ≤60 or

≥ 60 to ≤ 70 years to distribute the proportions of each age stratum evenly across vaccine groups.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 642 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1/2, Randomized, Observer-Blinded Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Quadrivalent Hemagglutinin Nanoparticle Influenza and SARS-CoV-2 rS Nanoparticle Combination Vaccine With Matrix M1™ Adjuvant in Healthy Participants ≥ 50 to ≤ 70 Years of Age
Actual Study Start Date : September 8, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 22, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : April 22, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group A - ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 1. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group B -ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 2. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group C - ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 1. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group D - ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 3. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group E - ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 4. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group F- ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 5. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group G- ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 6. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group H- ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 7. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group I- ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 8. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group J -ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 9. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group K - ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 10. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group L - ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 11. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group M -ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 12. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group N- ICC Vaccine Formulation
2 doses of Formulation 7. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: ICC Vaccine
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of in-clinic mix of various doses of qNIV2, SARS-CoV-2 rS, and 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant (ICC Vaccine) on Day 0 and Day 56.

Experimental: Group O - qNIV with Matrix-M1 adjuvant
2 doses of Formulation 13. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56 and an additional dose of 5 µg SARS-CoV-2 rS+50 µg Matrix-M1 at Day 70.
Biological: qNIV Nanoparticle Vaccine2 in-clinic mixed with Matrix-M1 Adjuvant
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of 60 μg qNIV Nanoparticle Vaccine2 in-clinic mixed with 75 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant on Days 0, Day 56, and an additional dose on Day 70.

Experimental: Group P- SARS-CoV-2 rS with Matrix-M1 adjuvant
2 doses of Formulation 14. 1 dose each on Days 0 and Day 56.
Biological: SARS-CoV-2 rS Nanoparticle Vaccine in-clinic mixed with Matrix-M1 Adjuvant
Intramuscular (deltoid) injections of 5 μg SARS-CoV-2 rS Nanoparticle Vaccine in-clinic mixed with 50 μg Matrix-M1 Adjuvant on Days 0 and Day 56.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with solicited local and systemic AE's [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 63 ]
    Numbers of participants with solicited local and systemic AEs over the 7 days post-injection after first and second doses.

  2. Percentage of participants reporting all AE's [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 70 ]
    Percentage of participants reporting all AEs, solicited and unsolicited, over 70 days after the first dose.

  3. Percentage of participants with MAAE's, AESI's (including PIMMCs), SAEs [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    Percentage of participants with MAAEs, AESIs (including PIMMCs), SAEs, will be collected for 6 months (approximately 180 days) after the first dose.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. HAI antibody titers specific for the HA receptor binding domains of vaccine homologous A and B strain(s) expressed as GMT [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    HAI antibody titers specific for the HA receptor binding domains of vaccine homologous A and B strain(s) calculated as GMT , defined as the antilog of the mean of the log-transformed HAI titers on Days 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  2. HAI antibody titers specific for the HA receptor binding domains of vaccine homologous A and B strain(s) expressed as (GMFRPost/Pre) [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    HAI antibody titers specific for the HA receptor binding domains of vaccine homologous A and B strain(s) calculated as (GMFRPost/Pre), defined as the within-group ratio of post-vaccination to pre-vaccination (Day 0) HAI GMTs within the same vaccine group on Days 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  3. HAI antibody titers specific for the HA receptor binding domains of vaccine homologous A and B strain(s) expressed as SCR [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    HAI antibody titers specific for the HA receptor binding domains of vaccine homologous A and B strain(s) calculated as SCR defined as proportion of participants in a given treatment group with either a baseline reciprocal (Day 0) titer of < 10 and a post-vaccination reciprocal titer ≥ 40, or a baseline reciprocal (Day 0) titer of ≥ 10 and a post-vaccination titer ≥ 4-fold higher than the baseline titer as measured on Days 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  4. Percentage of participants with a reciprocal HAI titer ≥ 40 expressed as SPR [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    Percentage of participants with a reciprocal HAI titer ≥ 40 on Days 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  5. HAI antibody titers specific for the HA receptor binding domains of vaccine homologous A and B strain(s) expressed as GMTR [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    GMT ratio (GMTR) between select treatment arms at Days 56, 70, and other follow-up time points post-vaccination (adjusted for intergroup variation in baseline [pre-vaccination] titers)

  6. Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses expressed as GMT [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses: neutralizing antibody titers specific to vaccine homologous wild-type A and B strain(s) and/or antigenically-drifted influenza strains, as measured by a MN assay , expressed as GMT.

  7. Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses expressed as GMFR [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses: neutralizing antibody titers specific to vaccine homologous wild-type A and B strain(s) and/or antigenically-drifted influenza strains, as measured by a MN assay , expressed as GMFR.

  8. Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses expressed as SCR [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses: neutralizing antibody titers specific to vaccine homologous wild-type A and B strain(s) and/or antigenically-drifted influenza strains, as measured by a MN assay, expressed as SCR.

  9. Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses expressed as GMTR [ Time Frame: Day 56 to Day 180 ]
    Microneutralization (MN50) antibody responses: neutralizing antibody titers specific to vaccine homologous wild-type A and B strain(s) and/or antigenically-drifted influenza strains, as measured by a MN assay , expressed as GMTR.

  10. Serum IgG antibody concentrations as ELISA units to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein expressed as GMEU [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    IgG geometric mean ELISA unit concentrations (EU/mL) to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  11. Serum IgG antibody concentrations as ELISA units to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein expressed as GMFR [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    IgG geometric mean ELISA unit concentrations (EU/mL) to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  12. Serum IgG antibody concentrations as ELISA units to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein expressed as SCR [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    IgG geometric mean ELISA unit concentrations (EU/mL) to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  13. Serum IgG antibody concentrations as ELISA units to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein expressed as GMEUR [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    IgG geometric mean ELISA unit concentrations (EU/mL) to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  14. MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 expressed as GMT [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  15. MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 expressed as GMFR [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  16. MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 expressed as SCR [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.

  17. MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 expressed as GMTR [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 180 ]
    MN50 GMTs to the SARS-CoV-2 from the matched vaccine construct (and mismatched variant if available), at Days 0, 56, 70, and other follow-up time points.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy, medically stable adult males or females ≥ 50 to ≤ 70 years of age at screening.
  2. Willing and able to give informed consent prior to study enrollment.
  3. Able to attend study visits, comply with study requirements, and provide reliable and complete reports of AEs.
  4. Participants must have been baseline seropositive to SARS-CoV-2 defined as either:

    • Having completed a primary vaccination series against SARS-CoV-2 with an authorized COVID-19 vaccine with receipt of second/final dose of authorized vaccine ≥ 8 weeks prior to enrollment (first study vaccination).

    OR

    • Previously infected with SARS CoV-2 ≥ 8 weeks prior to enrollment (first study vaccination).

    Note: Baseline SARS-CoV-2 serostatus determination at screening will be based on vaccination documentation (eg, vaccination card or vaccination registry) or participants' report of a previous SARS-CoV-2 infection.

  5. Women of childbearing potential (defined as any female participant who is NOT surgically sterile [ie, hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy] or postmenopausal [defined as amenorrhea at least 12 consecutive months]) must agree to be heterosexually inactive from at least 28 days prior to enrollment and through the end of the study OR agree to consistently use a medically acceptable method of contraception listed below from at least 28 days prior to enrollment and through the end of the study.

    1. Condoms (male or female) with spermicide (if acceptable in-country)
    2. Diaphragm with spermicide
    3. Cervical cap with spermicide
    4. Intrauterine device
    5. Oral or patch contraceptives
    6. Norplant®, Depo-Provera®, or other in-country regulatory approved contraceptive method that is designed to protect against pregnancy
    7. Abstinence, as a form of contraception, is acceptable if in line with the participant's lifestyle
  6. Participants must be healthy and medically stable, as determined by the investigator (based on a review of health status, vital signs [to include body temperature], medical history, and targeted physical examination [to include body weight]). Participants must have a body mass index (BMI) of 17 to 34 kg/m2, inclusive, at screening. Vital signs must be within medically acceptable ranges prior to the first vaccination.
  7. Participants must agree to not participate in any other SARS-CoV-2 or influenza prevention or treatment studies for the duration of the study. Note: For participants who become hospitalized with COVID-19, participation in investigational treatment studies is permitted.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any ongoing, symptomatic acute, or chronic illness requiring medical or surgical care.

    • Asymptomatic chronic conditions or findings (eg, mild hypertension, dyslipidemia) that are not associated with evidence of end-organ damage are not exclusionary provided that they are being appropriately managed and are clinically stable (ie, unlikely to result in symptomatic illness within the time-course of this study), in the opinion of the investigator.
    • Acute or chronic illnesses or conditions which may be reasonably predicted to become symptomatic if treatment were withdrawn or interrupted are exclusionary, even if stable.
    • Acute or chronic illnesses reasonably expected to be associated with increased risks in the event of influenza or SARS-CoV-2 infection (eg, cardio-pulmonary diseases, diabetes mellitus, renal or hepatic dysfunction, hemoglobinopathies) are exclusionary, even if stable.
  2. Participation in research involving an investigational product (drug/biologic/device) within 90 days before the planned date of the first injection.
  3. Use of COVID-19 prophylactic or treatment monoclonal antibodies or antibody cocktails within 90 days prior to the planned date of the first injection.
  4. History of a serious reaction to prior influenza vaccination or known allergy to constituents of influenza vaccines - including egg proteins - or polysorbate 80; or any known allergies to products contained in the investigational product.
  5. Any history of anaphylaxis to any prior vaccine.
  6. History of Guillain-Barré Syndrome within 6 weeks following a previous influenza vaccine.
  7. Receipt of any vaccine in the 4 weeks preceding the study vaccination and any influenza vaccine within 2 months preceding the study vaccination. Note: Routine vaccinations will not be allowed until after study Day 70.
  8. Any known or suspected autoimmune or immunosuppressive illness, congenital or acquired, based on medical history and/or physical examination.
  9. Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 continuous days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within 6 months prior to the administration of the study vaccines. An immunosuppressant dose of glucocorticoid will be defined as a systemic dose ≥ 10 mg of prednisone per day or equivalent. The use of topical, inhaled, and nasal glucocorticoids will be permitted.
  10. Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the 3 months preceding the administration of the study vaccine or during the study.
  11. Active cancer (malignancy) therapy within 3 years prior to first study vaccination (with the exception of adequately treated non-melanomatous skin carcinoma or lentigo maligna and uterine cervical carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease, at the discretion of the investigator).
  12. Participants who are breastfeeding, pregnant, or who plan to become pregnant prior to the EoS.
  13. Known disturbance of coagulation.
  14. Suspected or known history of alcohol abuse or drug addiction within 2 years prior to the first trial vaccine dose that, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with protocol compliance.
  15. Acute disease at the time of enrollment (defined as the presence of a moderate or severe illness with or without fever, or an oral temperature > 38.0°C, on the planned day of vaccine administration).
  16. Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator would pose a health risk to the participant if enrolled or could interfere with evaluation of the vaccine or interpretation of study results (including neurologic or psychiatric conditions deemed likely to impair the quality of safety reporting).
  17. Study team member or immediate family member of any study team member (inclusive of Sponsor, Contract Research Organization, and study site personnel involved in the conduct or planning of the study).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04961541


Locations
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Australia, Australian Capital Territory
Paratus Clinical Research - Canberra
Bruce, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, 2617
Australia, New South Wales
Paratus Clinical Research - Western Sydney
Blacktown, New South Wales, Australia, 2148
Northern Beaches Clinical Research
Brookvale, New South Wales, Australia, 2100
Paratus Clinical Research - Central Coast
Kanwal, New South Wales, Australia, 2259
Hunter Diabetes Centre
Merewether, New South Wales, Australia, 2291
Australia, Queensland
University of the Sunshine Coast,Southbank
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4101
University of the Sunshine Coast, Health Hub Morayfield
Morayfield, Queensland, Australia, 4506
University of the Sunshine Coast
Sippy Downs, Queensland, Australia, 4556
Austrials Pty Ltd - Taringa
Taringa, Queensland, Australia, 4068
Australia, Victoria
Emeritus Research
Camberwell, Victoria, Australia, 3214
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novavax
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Development Novavax
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Responsible Party: Novavax
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04961541    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2019nCoV-ICC-E-101
First Posted: July 14, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 22, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Novavax:
Coronavirus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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COVID-19
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Pneumonia, Viral
Pneumonia
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs