Study Comparing Standard of Care Chemotherapy With/ Without Sequential Cytoreductive Surgery for Patients With Metastatic Foregut Cancer and Undetectable Circulating Tumor-Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid Levels
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04931420|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 18, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2023
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Metastatic Cancer Foregut Carcinoid Tumor Gastric Adenocarcinoma Gallbladder Adenocarcinoma Liver Cancer GI Cancer GI Carcinoma Lung Cancer||Drug: Standard of Care Chemotherapy Procedure: Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) Procedure: Lobectomy Radiation: Consolidative Radiation Radiation: Ablation Treatment Procedure: Resection or Excision Procedure: Peritonectomy Other: Transarterial Radioembolization||Phase 2|
This study is designed for participants who have cancer of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract such as cancer of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum (the initial portion of your small intestine), pancreas, bile duct (Cholangiocarcinoma), ampulla, or gall bladder with limited sites of spread (metastases).
Doctors leading this study are looking to see if treating the disease using sequential procedures (more than one procedure given one after another) such as surgeries or radiation can lead to better survival and if it is safe for the treatment of upper GI cancers.
The purpose of the proposed study is to identify a group of patients with metastatic cancer of the upper GI and biliary tract that may benefit from sequential procedures such as surgeries or radiation compared to the current standard of care chemotherapy treatment alone.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||48 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Sequential Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Prospective, Open-Label Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Standard of Care Therapy With and Without Sequential Cytoreductive Interventions for Patients With Metastatic Foregut Adenocarcinoma and Undetectable Circulating Tumor-Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (ctDNA) Levels|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||August 1, 2023|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||May 1, 2024|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 1, 2025|
Experimental: Arm A - Participants Who Receive Sequential Procedures
If you are assigned to this arm, study doctors will sequentially remove and treat all visible cancer spots with surgery, radiation, ablation, or other procedures. These interventions might include surgical removal of the diseased part of your lung, liver, lymph nodes, and/or the lining of your belly. In addition, if surgery could not be done, we could treat these diseased spots with other modalities such as radiation and/or radiofrequency/microwave ablation.
If you're selected to be in this arm, the type of procedure you receive will vary based on your cancer and what the study doctor recommends for treatment.
Procedure: Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS)
If you have lung cancer, you may receive video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS): a type of minimally invasive thoracic surgery of the chest, performed with a thoracoscope (small videoscope) using small incisions and special instruments to minimize trauma.
Other Name: thoracoscopy, thoracoscopic surgery or pleuroscopy,
If you have lung cancer, you may receive a lobectomy:
A major/invasive surgical procedure where an entire lobe of your lung is removed.
Radiation: Consolidative Radiation
A type of radiation treatment used to kill any cancer cells that may be left in the body. It may also include a stem cell transplant or treatment with drugs that kill cancer cells.
Other Name: intensification therapy, postremission therapy.
Radiation: Ablation Treatment
Depending on the location of you cancer and the state of your cancer after chemotherapy, you may receive on the the following ablation treatments:
-Microwave or Radiofrequency Ablation: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) are treatments that remove liver tumors by placing a needle through the skin into the tumor. In RFA, high-frequency electrical currents are passed through an electrode in the needle, creating a small region of heat. In MWA, microwaves are created from the needle to create a small region of heat. The heat destroys the liver cancer cells.
-General Tumor Ablation Treatment: a minimally invasive surgical method to treat solid cancers. Special probes are used to "burn" or "freeze" cancers without the usual surgery. Doctors use images of your tumor to guide where they place the needle. This requires only a tiny hole, usually less than 3 mm via which the probe is introduced.
Procedure: Resection or Excision
Depending on the type of GI cancer you have and the state of your cancer after chemotherapy, you may receive a resection or excision: a surgical procedure that focuses on removing all or part of a tumor/organ/body using a sharp knife (scalpel) or other cutting instrument.
Peritonectomy is a surgery used to remove peritoneal tumors (tumors in the lining of the abdomen/stomach) from a patient. Following surgery, a heated chemotherapy bath (HIPEC) is commonly administered.
Other: Transarterial Radioembolization
If you have cancer in your biliary tract (gallbladder, pancreas or liver), you may receive transarterial radioembolization known as TARE.
TARE allows doctors to deliver radiation treatment directly to the liver using a minimally invasive technique that is designed to cause few side effects. TARE allows doctors to thread a catheter through a small incision in the participant's upper thigh through the artery that goes directly to the liver.
Other Name: TARE
Arm B (Control) - Participants Who Receive Standard of Care Chemotherapy
Participants in this arm receive the current standard of care chemotherapy for their specific type of gastrointestinal cancer. This treatment may include the continuation of chemotherapy and a few procedures which may improve your quality of life.
Drug: Standard of Care Chemotherapy
- Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The progression free survival (PFS) of participants undergoing sequential procedures (Arm A of study) vs standard of care chemotherapy (participants in Arm B - control group) as assessed by clinical records. Progression free survival will be defined as the time from randomization to first documented disease progression or death as assessed by clinical records.
- 6 Month Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 6 months ]The percentage of participants in each arm without disease progression/death at 6 months as assessed by clinical records.
- Progression Free Survival 2 [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The percentage of participants in each arm without disease progression/death from randomization to progression on second line therapy, which includes repeat interventions.
- 12 Month Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The percentage of participants in each arm without disease progression/death at 12 months as assessed by clinical records.
- Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The median overall survival of participants undergoing sequential procedures (Arm A) vs standard of care therapy (Arm B) as assessed by clinical records. Median overall survival will be defined as the time from randomization to death from any cause.
- Health-Related Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for participants undergoing sequential procedures (Arm A) vs. the HRQoL for participants receiving standard of care treatment (Arm B). This will be assessed by quality of questionnaires completed by participants at baseline and after treatment.
- Financial Toxicity [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The financial burden and its consequences faced by participants undergoing sequential procedures vs. the financial burden experienced by participants receiving standard of care treatment (Arm B). This financial burden/toxicity will be assessed by the Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) questionnaire, a standardized participant-friendly questionnaire used to measure financial toxicity/burden of treatment.
- Post-Procedure Morbidity of Participants in Arm A [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The morbidity (the state of having a particular illness) of participants after undergoing sequential cytoreductive procedures (procedures used to remove tumors) as assessed by clinical records.
- Post-Procedure Mortality of Participants in Arm A [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The mortality (the number of deaths) of participants after undergoing sequential cytoreductive procedures (procedures used to remove tumors) as assessed by clinical records.
- Incidence of Adverse Events Reported Among Participants in Arm B (Standard of Care Group) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]The safety/ tolerability of standard of care treatment as assessed by reported adverse events from participants in Arm B. Adverse Events will be measured using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.5.
- Circulating Tumor DNA (ctDNA) Progression Free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years after randomization ]The median circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) progression free survival, which will be defined as the time from randomization to first documented disease progression, positive ctDNA detection, or death as assessed by the radiology team in participants with undetectable ctDNA. ctDNA levels in participants will be tested/assessed using liquid biopsies.
- The Effect of Interventions on Circulating Tumor DNA (ctDNA) [ Time Frame: 2 years after randomization ]The effect of interventions on circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels in participants who receive aggressive interventions (Arm A) versus standard of care treatments (Arm B). The effect of interventions on ctDNA will be assessed based on recorded ctDNA levels measured using liquid biopsies at baseline and after treatment.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Gender Based Eligibility:||Yes|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||Yes|
A participant will be eligible for inclusion in the study if the participant:
Has a newly diagnosed primary diagnosis of American Joint Committee of Cancer (AJCC) 8th Edition Stage IV esophageal or gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma, gastric adenocarcinoma, pancreatic/ampullary adenocarcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma gallbladder adenocarcinoma, duodenal, and ampullary adenocarcinoma.
- All participants must have confirmed histologic diagnosis of the primary tumor
- Excludes patients with bone and brain metastasis (See exclusion criteria)
- Has a primary tumor that must be locally resectable or can be treated definitively (see preferred intervention sequence). Primary tumors included are esophageal, gastric, duodenal, ampullary, pancreatic, cholangiocarcinoma, and gall bladder carcinoma. Primary tumors should be resectable or treatable with consolidative radiotherapy or ablative therapy such as microwave ablation or trans-arterial chemo/radioembolization (cholangiocarcinomas).
Has limited (2 sites) metastatic disease determined to be completely resectable or treatable with curative intention (see treatment algorithm) at the time of diagnosis (before induction chemotherapy). This includes:
- Up to 5 pulmonary metastasis amenable to wedge resection (maximum of 3 wedge resections) or lobectomy (single lobectomy) or consolidative radiation/ablative therapy
- Up to 5 hepatic metastasis amenable to hepatectomy (segmentectomy, sectionectomy, sectorectomy, minor hepatectomy (not more than 3 segments), wedge resection requiring a minimum of 40% of liver parenchyma following resection based on future liver remnant or a combination of partial hepatectomy and microwave ablation or trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE).
- Lymphatic metastases that are resectable or intervenable (limited to only two non-regional sites).
- Resectable peritoneal disease with a PCI of <6 and the ability to obtain a CC0 cytoreduction.
- Distant metastasis must be limited to two of the above-mentioned sites (a-d).
- If both pulmonary and liver metastasis are present (a, b), then a total of 5 lesions will be considered oligometastatic.
- Patients with resected primary tumors can be included if they present with oligometastases at least six months after the completion of treatment of primary tumor with curative intent.
Has adequate organ function, as described below (Appendix 4); all screening laboratory tests should be performed within 30 days prior to the first study intervention.
Patients taking substrates, inhibitors, or inducers of Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) should be encouraged to switch to alternative drugs whenever possible, given the potential for drug-drug interactions.
- Is male or female, who is at least 18 years of age at the time of signing informed consent and less than 81 years of age at the time of signing informed consent.
Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score 0-1 at the time of randomization.
A male participant must agree to use contraception (barrier birth control, abstinence) during the treatment period and for at least 95 days following completion, corresponding to time needed to eliminate any study intervention(s), and refrain from donating sperm during this period.
A female participant of childbearing age is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and agrees to use contraception (hormonal, barrier birth control, or abstinence) for at least 95 days following completion, corresponding to time needed to eliminate any study intervention(s). Should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
- The participant (or legally acceptable representative if applicable) provides written informed consent for the study. The participant may also provide consent for Future Biomedical Research (FBR). However, the participant may participate in the main study without participating in FBR.
The participant must be excluded from the study if the participant:
Has a positive urine pregnancy test within 3 days prior to randomization or treatment. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
Note: In the event that 3 days have elapsed between the screening pregnancy test and the first dose of study intervention, another pregnancy test (urine or serum) must be performed and must be negative for the participant to start receiving study medication.
- Has hypoxia as defined by pulse oximeter reading <92% at rest or requires intermittent or chronic supplemental oxygen.
Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past three years.
Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (e.g., breast carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded.
- Has known central nervous system (CNS) metastasis and/or carcinomatous meningitis.
- Has known osseous metastasis.
- Has clinically significant cardiac disease, including unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction within 6 months from treatment initiation, or New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure. Medially controlled arrhythmia stable on medication is permitted.
- Has poorly controlled hypertension defined as SBP ≥150mmHg and/or DBP ≥90mmHg.
- Has moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C).
- Has a known psychiatric condition such as schizophrenia, mania, delirium, or a substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the study-related procedures.
- Is unable to swallow orally administered medication or has a gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption (severe dysphasia, bowel obstruction, malabsorption).
- Has known malignant pleural effusion or previous malignant effusion previously treated at the time of enrollment.
- Has histologic subtypes not included in the inclusion criteria (including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, hepatocellular carcinoma, etc.).
- Has ECOG performance status score 2 or greater.
- Has a primary tumor that is not amenable to treatment.
- Has weight loss ≥ 20% from diagnosis despite appropriate nutritional support.
- Has progressive disease following the first three months of chemotherapy.
Patients with detectable circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) following three months of induction chemotherapy.
Has previously treated metastatic disease with surgery, radiation, or ablative procedures.
a. Patients can be enrolled if they have received systemic chemotherapy consistent with the trial protocol, and they meet all of the inclusion criteria and none of the remaining exclusion criteria.
- Has had major surgery within 3 weeks prior to the first dose of the study intervention. Participants must have recovered from all surgery-related complications.
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include but are not limited to the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chickenpox), yellow fever, rabies, BCG, and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccine for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccine (eg. FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
- Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
- Has known active TB/ COVID infection
- Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (dosing exceeding 10mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of the study intervention
- Has a known history of HIV infection
Has a known history of HBV (defined as HBsAg reactive) or known active HCV (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection.
Note: Testing for HBV and HCV is only required if mandated by the local health authority.
- Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 95 days after the last study intervention.
- Inability to receive chemotherapy and/or surgery and/or radiotherapy and/or ablative procedures due to medical/insurance reasons.
- Has peritoneal metastases with a peritoneal carcinoma index (PCI) score of >6.
- Requires emergency surgery due to bleeding, perforation, or obstruction.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04931420
|Contact: Kiran Turaga, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Kiran Turaga, MD||University of Chicago|
|Responsible Party:||University of Chicago|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||June 18, 2021 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||March 7, 2023|
|Last Verified:||March 2023|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
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