Predictive Models on Pain and Severity in FM Patients
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04918602|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2021
The primary goal of this research project is to develop different prediction models in fibromyalgia disease through the application of machine learning techniques and to assess the explainability of the results.
As specific objectives the research project intends: to predicting Fibromyalgia severity of patients based on clinical variables; to assess the relevance of social-psycho-demographic variables on the fibromyalgia severity of the patients; to predict the pain suffered by the patients as well as the impact of the fibromyalgia on patient's life; to categorize fibromyalgia group of patients depending on their levels of Fibromyalgia severity.
|Condition or disease|
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a condition characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain whose pathophysiology is still unclear. Furthermore, this pathology is frequently associated with sleep disturbances, pronounced fatigue, morning stiffness, poor quality of life, cognitive disturbances (mainly memory problems) and psychological problems (depression, anxiety and stress).
FM is associated with greater negative affect, which implies a general state of anguish composed of aversive emotions such as sadness, fear, anger and guilt. Patients with FM commonly suffer from high rates of anxiety, depression, pain catastrophizing, and stress levels, which are associated with a worsening of symptoms, including own cognitive.
Machine learning (ML) and data mining had been successfully applied, over the past few decades, to build computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems for diagnosing complex health issues with good accuracy and efﬁciency by recognizing potentially useful, original, and comprehensible patterns in health data. Thus, machine learning provides useful tools for multivariate data analysis allowing predictions based on the established models and hence offering a suitable advantage for risk assessment of many diseases including heart failure. Machine learning offers advantages not only for clinical prediction but also for feature ranking improving the interpretation of the outputs by clinical professionals.
Explainable ML models, also known as interpretable ML models, allow healthcare experts to make reasonable and data-driven decisions to provide personalized treatment that can ultimately lead to high quality of service in healthcare. These models fall into eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) field, defined as suite of ML techniques that 1) produce more explainable models while maintaining a high level of learning performance, and 2) enable humans to understand, appropriately trust, and eﬀectively manage the emerging generation of artiﬁcially intelligent partners.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||150 participants|
|Official Title:||Development of Predictive Models Based on Artificial Intelligence for the Analysis of the Psychosocial Profile of the Patient With Fibromyalgia on Pain and Severity of the Disease.|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||June 2021|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||November 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 2021|
- Pain intensity [ Time Frame: Baseline. ]It will be measured with a visual analog scale (VAS) of 100 millimeters in length. The subject has to indicate the level ofpain he feels, being 0 the absence of pain and 100 the maximum imaginable.
- Disease severity. [ Time Frame: Baseline. ]
It will be measured using the Polysymptomatic Distress Scale (PDS) (or Fibromyalgia Severity Scale), composed of the sum of the following two scales:
- Widespread Pain Index (WPI): Questionnaire in which a total of 19 body areas are represented. The subject has to mark the regions where the pain appears. It represents a measure of the extent of pain, with a maximum score of 19 points.
- Symptom Severity Scale (SSS): Questionnaire that measures the severity of the symptoms associated with fibromyalgia, such as fatigue, non-restorative sleep, cognitive problems, headaches, abdominal pain or cramps and depression. It represents a measure of somatic and non-somatic symptoms of fibromyalgia, with a maximum score of 12 points.
- Referred pain area after suprathreshold pressure stimulation. [ Time Frame: Baseline. ]
A pressure algometer (Force Ten™, Wagner Instruments, USA) will be used. It will be performed on the infraspinatus muscle (point equidistant between the midpoint of the spine of the scapula, the inferior angle of the scapula and the midpoint of the medial border of the scapula) at a constant suprathreshold pressure (20% above the pressure pain threshold) for 60 seconds.
After the stimulation, the subject should draw the induced pain area on a digital bodychart using the Navigate Pain application (Navigate Pain, Aalborg University, Denmark).
- Fibromyalgia Impact Quality-of-Life. [ Time Frame: Baseline. ]It will be measured with the version adapted to the Spanish of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ).
- Anxiety. [ Time Frame: Baseline. ]The version adapted to Spanish from the State Scale (STAI-ES) of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) will be used.
- Pain catastrophizing. [ Time Frame: Baseline. ]The Spanish version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) will be used.
- Depression. [ Time Frame: Baseline. ]The adaptation to the Spanish of Beck Depression Inventory II will be used.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04918602
|Contact: Rubén Arroyo Fernández, MSc||925803600 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Hospital General Nuestra Señora del Prado|
|Talavera De La Reina, Toledo, Spain, 45600|
|Contact: Rubén Arroyo Fernández, MSc 925803600 ext 86589 email@example.com|