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Trial record 1 of 4 for:    000254 OR 000254
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Superenhancer Inhibitor Minnelide in Advanced Refractory Adenosquamous Carcinoma of the Pancreas (ASCP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04896073
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 21, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:


Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal types of cancer. ASCP is a highly aggressive type of pancreatic cancer. It is very rare. Researchers want to see if a drug called Minnelide can be used to treat ASCP.


To see if Minnelide is an effective treatment for ASCP.


Adults ages 18 and older with ASCP whose cancer did not respond to previous treatments.


Participants will be screened with:

Medical history

Physical exam

Blood and urine samples

Evaluation of ability to do daily activities

Electrocardiogram to test heart function

Body and/or brain scans. For these, participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. They may have a contrast agent injected into a vein.

Tumor sample. If one is not available, participants will have a tumor biopsy. The biopsy will be taken with a small needle put through the skin into the tumor.

Treatment will be given in 28-day cycles, for up to 12 cycles. There is a 7-day resting period between cycles. Participants will take Minnelide by mouth every day for 21 days of each cycle. They will keep a medicine diary.

Participants will have at least 1 study visit every cycle. They will review their medicine diary. They will repeat some screening tests.

Participants may have optional tumor biopsies. Some participants may need to take birth control during the study and for up to 6 months after treatment.

Participants will have an end-of-treatment visit 4 weeks after they stop taking the study drug. They will repeat some screening tests.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adenosquamous Carcinoma of the Pancreas Drug: Minnelide Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Adenosquamous carcinoma of the pancreas (ASCP) is a highly aggressive variant of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA), the most common type of pancreas cancer.
  • ASCP is estimated to account for 0.5-4% of the 55,000 people who are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in the U.S. each year, making it a very rare tumor type.
  • No prospective clinical trials specific to ASCP have ever been performed.
  • Preclinical data in ASCP models indicate that an activated superenhancer network drives epigenetic changes which cause the prognostically unfavorable squamous differentiation.
  • Genomic analysis of ASCP tumors identifies frequent amplification of MYC.
  • Minnelide is a small molecule anti-superenhancer drug that inhibits MYC.
  • The recommended dose of Minnelide has previously been established through clinical testing for other indications.

Primary Objective:

-To determine the single agent antitumor activity (disease control rate) of the anti-superenhancer agent Minnelide in participants with advanced, previously treated ASCP


  • Age >= 18 years
  • Histologically confirmed ASCP
  • Participants with metastatic or locally advanced unresectable disease and progression on at least 1 prior treatment regimen


  • This is a phase II single cohort clinical trial with one arm.
  • The number of evaluable participants needed for the primary endpoint is 25; maximum accrual set at 55 participants (accounting for screen failures and inevaluable participants).
  • All participants will receive Minnelide at 2 mg/day PO on Days 1-21 of a 28 day cycle.
  • Treatment will be continued for up to 12 cycles (1 year) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Treatment response will be assessed by imaging every 2 cycles (8 weeks).
  • Optional tumor biopsies will be requested mid-cycle 1 and at time of progression.
  • A disease control rate of >= 40% in this highly refractory population would constitute a positive study. Up to 12 participants will treated be initially. If 3 of the 12 participants have a response, then up to 13 additional participants will be entered to determine the true response rate.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 55 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of the Superenhancer Inhibitor Minnelide in Advanced Refractory Adenosquamous Carcinoma of the Pancreas (ASCP)
Actual Study Start Date : March 7, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1/Minnelide
Minnelide 2mg Days 1-21 of 28 day cycle (x12)
Drug: Minnelide
Administered orally (2 mg) once daily for 21 days of 28-day cycles for 12 cycles.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. disease control rate [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    To determine the single agent antitumor activity (disease control rate = CR+PR+stable x16 weeks) of the anti-superenhancer agent Minnelide in participants with advanced, previously treated ASCP

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. safety and tolerability of Minnelide [ Time Frame: duration of treatment ]
    AEs and SAEs of Minnelite

  2. progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: start of treatment to 30 days after last treatment ]
    frequency and grade of AEs and SAEs

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: through 1 year after last Minnelide treatment in the last subject who completes treatment ]
    The length of time from the start of treatment that patients diagnosed with the disease are still alive.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Histological or cytological diagnosis of ASCP as confirmed by NIH Laboratory of Pathology. ASCP will be defined as >= 30% malignant squamous component in background of typical PDA.

Note: To meet this criteria, participant must be able to submit a suitable archival tumor specimen (primary or metastatic site) for review or currently have tumor in a location deemed low risk for core biopsy so that suitable tissue can be acquired for confirmation of diagnosis. Note that cytopathology specimens are not considered suitable for diagnosis of ASCP.

  • Participants with metastatic, recurrent or locally advanced unresectable disease and progression or intolerance to at least 1 prior systemic treatment regimen in the advanced disease setting.
  • Disease measurable by RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • Progressive disease as evidenced by increasing tumor size on radiologic assessment, increasing serum tumor marker (on last 2 measurements taken at least 1 week apart), increasing ascites, and/or worsening tumor-related symptoms such as weight loss, pain, GI upset.
  • Age >18 years.
  • ECOG performance status <2 (Karnofsky >60%).
  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial.
  • Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/microL
    • platelets >= 100,000/microL
    • hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/La*
    • Creatinine <= 1.5 x ULN


measured or calculated *bcreatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) >= 45 mL/min for participant with creatinine levels >1.5 x institutional ULN

  • total bilirubin <= 1.5 x ULN OR direct bilirubin <= ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels >1.5 x ULN
  • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) <= 2.5 x ULN (<= 5 x ULN for participants with liver metastases)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) OR

    • prothrombin time (PT)
    • activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT):

<= 1.5 x ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

ALT (SGPT) = alanine aminotransferase (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase); AST (SGOT) = aspartate aminotransferase (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase); GFR = glomerular filtration rate; ULN=upper limit of normal.

*a Criteria must be met without erythropoietin dependency and without packed red blood cell (pRBC)

transfusion within last 2 weeks.

*b Creatinine clearance (CrCl) should be calculated per institutional standard.

Note: This table includes eligibility-defining laboratory value requirements for treatment; laboratory value requirements should be adapted according to local regulations and guidelines for the administration of specific chemotherapies.

-The effects of Minnelide on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 6 months (women) and 3 months (men) after the last dose of trial treatment. Male participants must also refrain from donating sperm during this period. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.


  • Has uncontrolled vomiting or medical condition which inhibits oral ingestion or digestion because the study treatment is administered orally.
  • Pregnant and/or women who are breast feeding are excluded from this study because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with Minnelide.
  • Is currently participating and receiving trial therapy, or has participated in a trial of an investigational agent/therapy or used an investigational device within 3 weeks of the first planned treatment on this study.
  • Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1/Day 1
  • Requires use of ondansetron or another prohibited medication. Note that other 5-HT3 inhibitors are NOT prohibited.
  • Has received major surgery within the last 4 weeks, minor endoscopic procedure such as biliary stenting within the last 2 weeks, or percutaneous procedure such as hepatic biopsy or celiac plexus block within 24 hours of planned treatment start date. Note: participant must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy.
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.

Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate if:

a) follow-up brain imaging after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression at >= 4 weeks since treatment, AND b) participant has stability of baseline neurologic symptoms without receiving immunosuppressive-doses of systemic corticosteroid (physiologic replacement doses are permitted) x7 days or increases in other supportive medications that treat neurologic symptoms such as antiepileptics x14 days. Participants with carcinomatous meningitis are excluded regardless of clinical stability.

  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the participant s participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  • Has known uncontrolled or poorly controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV is considered uncontrolled or poorly controlled if an HIV-infected individual is not taking highly active anti-retroviral therapy or has a detectable viral load within the previous 6 months.
  • Has active HBV or HCV or is currently under treatment for HBV or HCV. Active HBV or HCV does not include previously cleared HBV or HCV or successfully cured HBV or HCV through treatment
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of trial therapy.

Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. Flu-Mist (Registered Trademark)) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

-History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Minnelide

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04896073

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Contact: NCI Medical Oncology Referral Office (240) 760-6050
Contact: Christine C Alewine, M.D. (240) 760-6146

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    888-624-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Christine C Alewine, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT04896073    
Other Study ID Numbers: 10000254
First Posted: May 21, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2023
Last Verified: February 23, 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: .All IPD recorded in the medical record will be shared with intramural investigators upon request.@@@@@@In addition, all large scale genomic sequencing data will be shared with subscribers to dbGaP.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Clinical data available during the study and indefinitely.@@@@@@Genomic data are available once genomic data are uploaded per protocol GDS plan for as long as database is active.
Access Criteria: Clinical data will be made available via subscription to BTRIS and with the permission of the study PI.@@@@@@Genomic data are made available via dbGaP through requests to the data custodians.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
epigenetic changes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Adenosquamous
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
14-O-phosphonooxymethyltriptolide disodium salt
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents