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Efficacy of Acalabrutinib in Very Old or Frail Patients With Treatment-naïve or Relapsed/Refractory CLL (CLL-Frail)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04883749
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 12, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
German CLL Study Group

Brief Summary:
The aim of this trial is to show the efficacy, safety and feasibility of acalabrutinib in a cohort of CLL-patients ≥80 years or with a FRAIL scale score >2 (5-item questionnaire to be filled out by the patient)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Lymphoid Leukemia Biological: Acalabrutinib Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: CLL-Frail - A Prospective, Multicenter Phase II Trial of Acalabrutinib in Very Old (≥80y) or Frail CLL-Patients
Actual Study Start Date : June 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Acalabrutinib
Acalabrutinib will be administered up to 24 cycles (= approx. 24 months total) until progression of disease (PD) or intolerable toxicity
Biological: Acalabrutinib
Cycle (q28d): Acalabrutinib p.o.100 mg twice daily (BID)
Other Names:
  • Calquence
  • ACP-196

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) at initial response assessment [ Time Frame: At initial response assessment (approx. 6 months after initiation of therapy) ]
    Proportion of patients having achieved complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete bone marrow recovery (CRi) or partial response (PR) as response (according to the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ORR at final restaging [ Time Frame: At final restaging (approx. 24 months after initiation of therapy) ]
    Proportion of patients having achieved complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete bone marrow recovery (CRi) or partial response (PR) as response (according to the iwCLL 2018 guidelines)

  2. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 month ]
    Time from the date of registration to the date of death due to any cause

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 month ]
    Time from the date of registration to the date of first occurrence of disease progression or relapse (according to iwCLL 2018 criteria) or death from any cause, whichever occurs first

  4. Event-free survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 month ]
    Time from the date of registration to the first occurrence of progression or relapse (according to iwCLL 2018 criteria), death from any cause or initiation of a subsequent anti-leukemic treatment, whichever occurs first

  5. Time to next CLL treatment (TTNT). [ Time Frame: Up to 24 month ]
    Time from date of registration to the date of initiation of subsequent anti-leukemic treatment

  6. Safety parameters: Adverse events (AE) and adverse events of special interest (AESI) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 month ]
    Type, frequency, and severity of AEs and AESIs

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥80 years AND/OR considered too frail for intensive/standard treatment defined by a frailty score of >2 on the FRAIL scale via the patient´s assessment.
  2. Have documented CLL requiring treatment according to iwCLL 2018 criteria
  3. Ability and willingness to provide written informed consent and to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  4. Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) >30ml/min directly measured with 24hr urine collection, calculated according to the modified formula of Cockcroft and Gault (for men: GFR ≈ ((140 - age) x bodyweight)/ (72 x creatinine), for women x 0, 85) or an equally accurate method (Please note: Patients currently on hemodialysis are excluded from participating in the trial)
  5. Adequate liver function as indicated by a total bilirubin ≤ 3 x, Aspartate-Aminotransferase/Alanin-Aminotransferase (AST/ ALT) ≤ 3 x the institutional Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) value, unless directly attributable to the patient's CLL or to Gilbert's Syndrome
  6. Adequate marrow function independent of growth factor or transfusion support as follows, unless cytopenia is due to marrow involvement of CLL:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.0 × 10^9/L
    • Platelet counts ≥ 30 × 10^9/L; in cases of thrombocytopenia clearly due to marrow involvement of CLL (per the discretion of the investigator); platelet count should be ≥ 10 × 10^9/L if there is bone marrow involvement
    • Total haemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (without transfusion support, unless anaemia is due to marrow involvement of CLL)
  7. Negative serological testing for hepatitis B (HBsAg negative and anti-HBc negative; patients positive for anti-HBc may be included if PCR for HBV DNA is negative and HBV-DNA Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is performed every month until 12 months after last month of treatment), negative testing for hepatitis C RNA within 6 weeks prior to registration
  8. Life expectancy ≥ 3 months
  9. Maximum of 1 previous treatment for CLL
  10. In case of a recent previous treatment, patients must have recovered from acute toxicities and treatment regimen must be stopped within the following time periods before start of the study treatment in the CLL-Frail trial:

    • chemotherapy ≥ 28 days
    • antibody treatment ≥ 14 days
    • kinase inhibitors (see also exclusion criterion 6), BCL2-antagonists or immunomodulatory agents ≥ 3 days
    • corticosteroids may be applied until the start of the study therapy, these have to be reduced to an equivalent of ≤ 20 mg prednisolone per day during treatment
  11. Signed informed consent and, in the investigator's judgment, able to comply with the study protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. >1 prior CLL-specific therapy (except corticosteroid treatment administered due to necessary immediate intervention; within the last 14 days before start of study treatment, only dose equivalents up to 20 mg prednisolone are permitted)
  2. Transformation of CLL to aggressive Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) e.g. Richter's transformation or prolymphocytic leukaemia
  3. Patients with a history of confirmed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
  4. Patients with uncontrolled autoimmune haemolytic anaemia or immune thrombocytopenia
  5. Prior exposure to acalabrutinib
  6. Progression during previous treatment with another BTK inhibitor, and/or presence of known mutations associated with resistance to therapy, e.g. Bruton´s Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) and Phospholipase C Gamma 2 (PLCg2)
  7. Uncontrolled concomitant malignancy, i.e. any concomitant malignancy that may compromise the assessment of CLL stage and the response assessment of the study treatment
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG) performance status >3
  9. Uncontrolled or active infection (including positive SARS-Cov-2 PCR result)
  10. Patients with known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  11. Significant cardiovascular disease such as symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 3 months of screening, or any class 4 cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification at Screening (Please note: Subjects with controlled, asymptomatic atrial fibrillation are allowed to enroll on study)
  12. Presence of a gastrointestinal ulcer diagnosed by endoscopy within 3 months before screening
  13. Significantly increased risk of bleeding according to the investigator´s evaluation, e.g. due known bleeding diathesis (e.g. von-Willebrandt´s disease or hemophilia), major surgical procedure ≤ 4 weeks or stroke/intracranial hemorrhage ≤ 6 months
  14. Use of investigational agents which might interfere with the study drug within 28 days prior to registration for study screening
  15. Requirement of therapy with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors/inducers or anticoagulant with phenprocoumon (marcumar) or other vitamin K-antagonists (Please note: Switch to alternative anticoagulants for vitamin K antagonists is permitted)
  16. Inability to swallow tablets
  17. Legal incapacity
  18. Prisoners or subjects who are institutionalized by regulatory or court order
  19. Persons who are in dependence to the sponsor or an investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04883749

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Contact: Barbara Eichhorst, Prof. +49 221 478 88220 barbara.eichhorst@uk-koeln.de
Contact: Florian Simon, Dr. +49 221 478 88220 florian.simon@uk-koeln.de

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Sponsors and Collaborators
German CLL Study Group
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Principal Investigator: Barbara Eichhorst, Prof. Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Cologne
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: German CLL Study Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04883749    
Other Study ID Numbers: CLL-Frail
2020-002142-17 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 12, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by German CLL Study Group:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Antineoplastic Agents