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Genomic Analysis of Families With a History of Discordant Cancers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04860453
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 27, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to identify novel gene mutations which have contributed to significant personal and family history of cancer. Adults with and without cancer will be accrued to the study. Participants qualify to take part in this research study because someone in their family has been diagnosed with or because they themselves have a cancer diagnosis.

Participants' DNA and other clinical information will be obtained from a blood sample in order to study the genetic basis of cancer and related complications. All portions in the DNA that code for proteins (i.e., the exome) will be studied. Participant DNA sample and information about family structure and family medical history and ethnic origin may also be collected to better understand this information. Clinical information will be stored and biological samples, including DNA, will be kept for up to three (3) years after collection for future. Ultimately, once identified, the role of the specific genetics changes in the development of inherited cancer(s) will be characterized.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Discordant Cancers Genetic: WES via Illumina NextSeq 550 sequencing system Diagnostic Test: Blood Draw Diagnostic Test: Skin biopsy Diagnostic Test: Saliva Sample Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Data for this study will be obtained via both retrospectively and prospectively. Affected individuals (who have cancer) with a family history suggestive of a known hereditary syndrome or meeting National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) criteria will be accrued from routine clinical care to form a "real world" baseline of diagnostic yield using a multicancer panel. These participants will not be additionally consented for WES as part the clinical study.

Other affected individuals identified as having five or more relatives with discordant cancers will receive standard of care (SOC) multicancer panel. Families without any mutations identified (with at least a minimum of 2 members with cancer, 1 without) will be considered for additional sequencing as part of this study's primary objective of describing novel inherited cancer syndromes.

If the individual being evaluated in cancer genetics clinic (i.e. index patient) consents and their family members express interest in the study, they will move on to study visit 1. During this visit, pedigree information and medical histories will be explained, consent verified, and individual genetic counselling provided. Individuals will decide whether or not to be notified that incidental findings exist in their genomes.

Lab requisition will be done to facilitate blood draws and DNA extraction/storage and WES analysis will be completed. Any identified monogenic variants of interest will be sent to an industry partner with Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) certification for validation.

Study visit 2 to be completed within the next 6 months, at which any identified monogenetic variants of interest will be discussed with the participant. Those undergoing Germline High Functional Impact (gHFI) variant counting will be notified if they have more or less than the general population. Appropriate genetic counselling, recurrence risk, and additional clinical referrals will be made as necessary. Participants will be notified with a binary yes/no of any American College of Medical Genetics incidental findings and a routine clinical genetics follow-up appointment will be made

The primary objective of the study is to identify novel gene variants associated with generalized cancer susceptibility that is manifesting as a personal history of multiple primary tumors or a family history of discordant cancers. This will be done through exploratory, research grade (ie NOT CLIA/CAP certified) whole exome sequencing (WES) studies provided to patients/families with family histories of discordant cancers as an adjunct to SOC clinical genetics evaluation in order to clinically describe novel syndromic manifestations of cancer susceptibility. Suspected germline variants supporting a generalized cancer susceptibility will be further validated in a CLIA/CAP certified laboratory prior to being reported out to the patient's medical chart

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Genomic Analysis of Families With a History of Discordant Cancers
Estimated Study Start Date : January 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2028
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Family Issues

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Affected participants with 5 or more discordant cancers - WES

Affected individuals with a family history of 5 or more discordant cancers in unilateral descent with a 3-generation pedigree will receive SOC CLIA/CAP multicancer panel (DNA collected via blood draw or punch biopsy) to examine monogenic variant diagnostic yield. Eligible participants (families with no mutations and at least 2 affected and 1 non-affected family members) may move forward with WES.

Any identified monogenic variants of interest will be sent to an industry partner with CLIA/CAP certification for validation. A 6-month follow-up visit will take place during which variants will be discussed and participants who underwent gHFI variant counting (those who were not considered a gene candidate) will have results explained. Appropriate genetic counselling, recurrence risk, and additional clinical referrals will be made as necessary

Genetic: WES via Illumina NextSeq 550 sequencing system
Sequencing will be performed on an Illumina sequencing system

Diagnostic Test: Blood Draw
Blood draw will be via any University Hospitals Laboratory site and sent at room temperature via courier to the Center for Human Genetics (CHG) Laboratory

Diagnostic Test: Skin biopsy
Skin samples obtained via 3mm punch biopsy will be suspended in cell culture media prepared per CHG routine and sent via courier to the Center for Human Genetics Laboratory

Diagnostic Test: Saliva Sample
Participant will provide a saliva sample which be shipped to University Hospitals Laborator site at room temperature

Active Comparator: SOC genetic counseling (routine clinical care)

Affected individuals (cancer) with a family history suggestive of a known hereditary syndrome or meeting NCCN criteria for germline testing will receive SOC CLIA/CAP multicancer panel in order to examine monogenic variant diagnostic yield (retrospective data)

This arm would also include prospective participants from the "5 or more discordant cancers" group who DID have a variant identified and therefore did not move on to WES.

Diagnostic Test: Blood Draw
Blood draw will be via any University Hospitals Laboratory site and sent at room temperature via courier to the Center for Human Genetics (CHG) Laboratory

Diagnostic Test: Skin biopsy
Skin samples obtained via 3mm punch biopsy will be suspended in cell culture media prepared per CHG routine and sent via courier to the Center for Human Genetics Laboratory

Diagnostic Test: Saliva Sample
Participant will provide a saliva sample which be shipped to University Hospitals Laborator site at room temperature




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with a family history of 5 or more discordant cancers that have monogenic germline variants identifiable with WES sequencing [ Time Frame: At baseline for an average of 1.5 hours ]

    Number of participants with a family history of 5 or more discordant cancers that have monogenic germline variants identifiable with WES sequencing

    The diagnostic yield of monogenic germline variants will be calculated as the discovery rate for a monogenic pathogenic variant within each category (ie 10 pathogenic variants / 30 families = 33% yield rate).

    A 2-way ANOVA will be performed, with the null hypothesis being that "family history supportive of a known syndrome versus discordant cancers does not significantly affect diagnostic yield"


  2. Number of gHFI variants [ Time Frame: At baseline for an average of 1.5 hours ]

    Number of gHFI variants in participants with a family history of 5 or more discordant and no identified monogenic pathogenic germline variants on WES compared to population averages

    Number of gHFI variants in family members within such kindreds and no cancer diagnoses will compared to those with cancer diagnoses


  3. Diagnostic yield for monogenic germline variants in two arms [ Time Frame: At baseline for an average of 1.5 hours ]

    Diagnostic yield for monogenic germline variants in arm I (routine real-world clinical practice) vs arm II (5 or more relatives with discordant cancer diagnoses) using multicancer panels

    The diagnostic yield of monogenic germline variants will be calculated as the discovery rate for a monogenic pathogenic variant within each category (ie 10 pathogenic variants / 30 families = 33% yield rate).

    A 2-way ANOVA will be performed, with the null hypothesis being that "family history supportive of a known syndrome versus discordant cancers does not significantly affect diagnostic yield"




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Affected patient with a family history suggestive of a known hereditary syndrome or meeting NCCN criteria for germline testing and consent to a multicancer panel

    --This cohort is meant as a real world control group receiving routine standard of care and is not eligible for WES.

  • Affected patient with a family history of 5 or more discordant cancers in unilateral descent within a 3-generation pedigree.

    • Unaffected family members within such kindreds will be eligible for WES as long as a minimum of 2 affected and 1 unaffected family members consent to WES as trial participants.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to safely provide a blood sample for genetic testing
  • Unable to receive or decline to receive genetic counselling through the telephone, video conference, or in person
  • Families known to segregate a previously identified high penetrance cancer susceptibility gene identified through routine medical genetics evaluation are not eligible WES
  • Family is not amenable to routine medical genetics SOC genetics evaluation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04860453


Contacts
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Contact: Anna Mitchell, MD PhD 1-800-641-2422 CTUReferral@UHhospitals.org

Locations
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United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Contact: Anna Mitchell, MD, PhD    800-641-2422    CTUReferral@UHhospitals.org   
Principal Investigator: Anna Mitchell, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Anna Mitchell, MD PhD University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04860453    
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE13Z20
First Posted: April 27, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 5, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Due to privacy concerns of family history and genetic information of data collected, individual participant data (IPD) will not be shared

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes