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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    Canavan | Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
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rAAV-Olig001-ASPA Gene Therapy for Treatment of Children With Typical Canavan Disease (CAN-GT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04833907
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 8, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
CureRareDisease LLC

Brief Summary:

Canavan Disease is a congenital white matter disorder caused by mutations to the gene encoding for aspartoacylase (ASPA). Expression of aspa is restricted to oligodendrocytes, the sole white matter producing lineage in the brain. ASPA supports developmental myelination in the capacity of its sole known function, namely, the catabolism of N-acetylaspartate (NAA). Inherited mutations that result in loss of ASPA catabolic activity result in a typically severe phenotype characterized by chronically elevated brain NAA, gross motor abnormalities, hypomyelination, progressive spongiform degeneration of the brain, epilepsy, blindness and a short life expectancy. Disease severity is correlated with residual levels of enzyme activity. Reconstitution of ASPA function in oligodendrocytes of the brains of Canavan patients is expected to rescue NAA metabolism in its natural cellular compartment and support myelination/remyelination by resident white matter producing cells. This protocol directly targets oligodendrocytes in the brain, which are intimately involved with disease initiation and progression. Targeting oligodendrocytes offers the safest and most direct therapy for affected individuals.

The latest generation AAV viral vector (rAAV-Olig001-ASPA) will be administered to patients using a minimally invasive neurosurgical procedure which involves direct administration of gene therapy to affected regions of the brain. Outcome measures for the open label clinical trial include longitudinal clinical assessments and brain imaging.

Currently there is no effective treatment for Canavan Disease. The purpose of this study is to validate a new technology targeted to the cells most affected by Canavan Disease in the safest way possible.

The study investigators are committed to supporting the Rare Disease & Canavan Disease Communities. For more Information, please contact Ms. Jordana Holovach, Director, Global Patient Advocacy at PatientAdvocacy@CureRareDisease.com.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Canavan Disease Drug: rAAV-Olig001-ASPA Drug: Levetiracetam Drug: Prednisolone Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

rAAV-Olig001-ASPA is the first gene therapy designed to target the oligodendrocytes, which are critical for myelination and brain development.

This study is a Phase 1/2 First-In-Human protocol designed to obtain safety, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy data following neurosurgical administration of a single dose of rAAV-Olig001-ASPA delivered intracerebroventricularly in up to 24 children with Canavan Disease.

Patients with a diagnosis of typical Canavan Disease who meet all eligibility criteria may be enrolled in this open-label, sequential cohort study of a single dose of rAAV-Olig001-ASPA.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1/2, Open Label, Sequential Cohort Study of a Single Intracranial Dose of AVASPA Gene Therapy for Treatment of Children With Typical Canavan Disease
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 31, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 3.7 x 10^13 v.g. rAAV-Olig001-ASPA
3.7 x 10^13 v.g. of rAAV-Olig001-ASPA administered as a single dose neurosurgically to the brain via 4 pre-defined intracerebroventricular sites
Drug: rAAV-Olig001-ASPA
Intracerebroventricular administration of a single dose
Other Name: AVASPA

Drug: Levetiracetam
Keppra daily dose (20-50 mg/kg/day divided twice daily administered orally or per G-tube) in the post-operative period and continued for 3 months per standard of care to prevent seizure activity.
Other Name: Keppra

Drug: Prednisolone
Post-operatively, a 3-month steroid taper is planned to prevent or reduce possible delayed immunological responses. This tapering regimen will consist of 0.5mg/kg/day prednisone during weeks 1-4; followed by 0.3 mg/kg/day prednisone during weeks 5-8; and 0.1mg prednisone during weeks 9-12, then off. If there is evidence of new inflammation on MRI at 3-months on T2 FLAIR, the steroid taper will be extended for an additional 3 months or we will transition to steroid-sparing immunosuppression.
Other Name: Pediapred




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety evaluation [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Number, severity, and causal relationship of any adverse event (to either the gene therapy and/or surgical trial procedures required for vector administration) using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Myelination [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Change from baseline in fractional anisotropy (FA) post vector administration will be measured by cerebral Magnetic Resonance Imaging and special Diffusion Tensor Imaging sequences.

  2. Brain Atrophy [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Rate of whole brain atrophy (T2 - T0): Percentage brain volume change (PBVC) will be estimated from the 3D T-1 weighted acquisition

  3. N-Acetyl-Aspartate (NAA) concentrations in the Brain [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    N-Acetyl-Aspartate concentrations will be assessed with nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (nMRS) between pre- and post-treatment and as compared to historical controls.

  4. Neurological Evaluation - Motor Function [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Motor Function will be analyzed using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)-88 scale for motor function assessment before and after vector administration and compared to historical controls. The GMFM consists of 5 scales: Lying and Rolling, Sitting, Crawling and Kneeling, Standing and Walking, Running and Jumping. The total scores range from 0 to 264. The lower the score on GMFM, the weaker the ability; the higher the score, the greater the ability.

  5. Neurological Evaluation - Neurocognitive Function [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Neurocognitive function will be assessed using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) before and after vector administration and compared to historical controls. The MSEL is a cognitive test to measure cognitive ability and language development. The MSEL test has five scales: Gross motor, Visual reception, Fine motor, Receptive language, and Expressive language. The total scores range from 0 to 197. The lower the score on MSEL, the weaker the ability; the higher the score, the greater the ability.

  6. Neurological Evaluation - Spasticity [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Will be assessed using the Canavan Neurological Evaluation before and after vector administration and compared to historical controls.

  7. Seizure Assessment [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Will be assessed using a Seizure Diary and Electroencephalograms alpha, beta, delta, and theta wave frequencies (Hz).

  8. Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis (CSF) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    CSF will be collected via lumbar puncture and analyzed to assess concentrations of N-Acetyl-Aspartate.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 60 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Definitive diagnosis of typical CD by a board certified neurologist.
  • Written informed consent from parent(s)/guardian(s). Consent to enroll into the study will include a written agreement to comply with all the conditions of the study, including attendance at follow-up visits.
  • For cohort 1: age more than 36 months and up to 60 months.
  • For cohort 2: age between 15 months and 36 months.
  • For cohort 3: age less than 15 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any significant chronic medical condition other than CD or its complications, including, but not limited to neurological, cardiac, hepatic, renal, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, or infectious disease which would put the subject at increased risk during surgery or which would interfere with interpretation of safety monitoring, at the discretion of clinical Principal Investigator (PI).
  • History of severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis.
  • Past participation in gene therapy trials or receipt of any other investigational product within 6 months prior to enrollment.
  • Prior intracranial surgery.
  • Any absolute contraindication to immunosuppression.
  • Any absolute contraindication to MRI.
  • Any vaccination less than 1 month prior to gene therapy.
  • Anticipated life expectancy of less than 12 months for any reason.
  • GMFM-88 total raw score >15%.
  • Clinically significant out-of-range lab values, at the discretion of clinical PI.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04833907


Contacts
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Contact: Olga Flamini, MD, PhD ‪(917) 727-5695‬ Olgaflamini@CureRareDisease.com
Contact: Jordana Holovach ‪(917) 727-5695‬ patientadvocacy@cureraredisease.com

Locations
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United States, Ohio
Dayton Children's Hospital Recruiting
Dayton, Ohio, United States, 45404
Contact: Trisha Faris    937-641-3461    farist@childrendayton.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
CureRareDisease LLC
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Christopher G Janson, MD Dayton Children's Hospital
Principal Investigator: Robert Lober, MD, PhD Dayton Children's Hospital
Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: CureRareDisease LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04833907    
Other Study ID Numbers: CAN-GT
First Posted: April 6, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 8, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by CureRareDisease LLC:
Canavan Disease
Gene Therapy
Aspartoacylase
N-Acetyl-Aspartate
Oligodendrocyte
Leukodystrophy
Adeno-Associated Virus Vector
Autosomal Recessive Disorder
Neurodegenerative
White Matter Disorder
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Canavan Disease
Hereditary Central Nervous System Demyelinating Diseases
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Leukoencephalopathies
Demyelinating Diseases
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolic Diseases
Prednisolone
Levetiracetam
Prednisolone phosphate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Anticonvulsants
Nootropic Agents