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A Study of Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (AB7)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04829383
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 2, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2023
Genentech, Inc.
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Howard S Hochster, Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium

Brief Summary:
This will be a nonrandomized, single arm feasibility study with the primary goal of evaluating the safety profile of the combination of atezolizumab and bevacizumab in patients with advanced/metastatic HCC with Child-Pugh B7 and B8 liver disease who have received no prior systemic therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma Drug: Atezolizumab Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab in Child-Pugh B7 and B8 Hepatocellular Carcinoma (The AB7 Trial)
Actual Study Start Date : March 22, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Study Treatment
Atezolizumab 1,200 mg IV and bevacizumab 15 mg/kg IV every 3 weeks (on day 1 of each 21-day cycle). Treatment will continue until disease progression or development of unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Atezolizumab
1,200 mg
Other Name: Tecentriq

Drug: Bevacizumab
15 mg/kg
Other Name: Avastin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency and severity of toxicities [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Grade 3-5 treatment-related adverse event rate according to CTCAE v5

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Overall response rate (ORR) defined as the proportion of patients who have a partial or complete response to therapy according to RECIST v1.1

  2. Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Disease control rate (DCR) defined as the proportion of patients who have a partial/complete response to therapy or stable disease for at least 16 weeks according to RECIST v1.1

  3. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Duration of response (DOR) defined as the length of time from the first occurrence of an objective response to disease progression or death from any cause according to RECIST v1.1

  4. Median progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Median progression-free survival (PFS) defined as the median time from start of treatment to disease progression or death from any cause according to RECIST v1.1

  5. Median overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Median overall survival (OS) defined as the median time from start of treatment to death from any cause

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Subject must meet all of the following applicable inclusion criteria to participate in this study:

  • Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information must be obtained either from the subject or their representative. See protocol. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the informed consent or obtained separately.
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the time of consent.
  • ECOG Performance Status of 0-1.
  • Locally advanced, metastatic, or unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma that has not received prior systemic therapy. Note: if no prior histologic diagnosis exists, prefer fresh biopsy if it is both safe and feasible. If fresh biopsy is not safe and feasible, imaging criteria may be used for diagnosis as per AASLD criteria in cirrhotic patients (please see www.aasld.org for up to date guidelines).
  • Child Pugh Class B7 or B8 liver dysfunction or cirrhosis with the following limitations:

    • Bilirubin ≤ 3 mg/dL
    • Albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dL
    • INR ≤ 1.7
    • Absent to slight [CP=1 to 2] (no moderate [CP=3]) ascites (Also see exclusion criteria).
    • No clinically significant encephalopathy (Also see exclusion criteria).
  • At least 1 untreated measurable lesion according to RECIST 1.1.
  • Willingness to undergo fresh tumor biopsy at baseline if safe and feasible. Note: archival tissue may be used at baseline provided histologic diagnosis was made and sufficient tissue is available for NGS analysis.
  • NGS analysis must be requested from archival tissue or fresh biopsy (if applicable) as per standard of care. Foundation One CDX is the preferred platform. Prior NGS sequencing results (including from another platform) will be accepted if NGS sequencing was previously obtained (please see protocol).
  • Demonstrate adequate bone marrow and organ function as defined below:

    • Hematologic

      • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/mcL
      • Lymphocyte count ≥ 0.5 x 10^9/L (500uL)
      • Hemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L (9 g/dL)
      • Platelet count ≥ 70,000/mcL
    • Renal

      • Serum creatinine OR calculated* serum creatinine clearance (GFR can be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance) ≤ 1.5 x ULN OR ≥ 30 mL/min for participants with creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN *calculate serum creatinine clearance using the standard Coccroft-Gault formula
      • Urine protein: Urine dipstick for proteinuria < 2+ within 7 days prior to start of study treatment *Patients with with ≥ 2+ proteinuria on dipstick analysis at baseline should undergo a 24-hour urine collection which must demonstrate < 1g of protein in 24 hours.
    • Hepatic

      • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 8 x ULN
      • Alkaline phosphastase (ALP) ≤ 8 x ULN
  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab, or 6 months after the last dose of bevacizumab. See also the protocol for definition of childbearing potential.
  • For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use effective contraceptive measures. Men with female partners of childbearing potential must remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for 6 months after the last dose of bevacizumab. With pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for 6 months after the last dose of bevacizumab to avoid exposing the embryo. See also the protocol for additional information.
  • As determined by the enrolling physician or protocol designee, ability of the subject to understand a written informed consent document, and ability and willingness to comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study. Patients with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a close caregiver or legally authorized representative (LAR) and/or family member available are also eligible.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects meeting any of the criteria below may not participate in the study:

  • Histologic diagnosis of fibrolamellar or sarcomatoid HCC or mixed cholangiocarcinoma-HCC.
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy, definitive radiation, biological cancer therapy, or investigational agent/device within 21 days of first planned dose of study therapy (within 14 days for palliative radiation). Patients who have had major surgery within 4 weeks of start of study therapy or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the study.
  • Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > CTCAE Grade 1) with the exception of alopecia or neuropathy.
  • Patients who have received prior systemic therapy for HCC.
  • Patients who have received prior immunotherapy.
  • Patients with clinically meaningful ascites, defined as ascites requiring non-pharmacologic intervention (e.g. paracentesis) to maintain symptomatic control within 3 months prior to the first dose of study treatment. Note: Patients with ascites meeting eligibility criteria who require pharmacologic intervention (e.g. diuretics) to maintain symptomatic control and who have been on stable doses of diuretics for 2 months prior to the first dose of study treatment are eligible.
  • Patients with clinically meaningful encephalopathy, defined as a history of hepatic encephalopathy within 6 months prior to first dose of study treatment or requirement for medications to prevent or control encephalopathy (e.g. lactulose, rifaximin).
  • Any of the following additional high-risk features:

    • Patients with untreated or incompletely treated esophageal and/or gastric varices with bleeding or high risk for bleeding. Note: Patients must undergo an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), and all size of varices (small to large) must be assessed and treated per local standard of care prior to enrollment. Patients who have undergone an EGD with appropriate management of varices (if applicable) within 6 months of prior to initiation of study treatment do not need to repeat the procedure.
    • History of esophageal and/or gastric hemorrhage within 3 months prior to study treatment.
    • History of hemoptysis (< 2.5 mL of bright red blood per episode) within 1 month prior to study treatment.
    • History of intracranial hemorrhage within 1 month prior to study treatment.
    • History of abdominal or tracheoesophageal fistula, gastrointestinal (GI) perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to initiation of study treatment. Evidence of abdominal free air that is not explained by paracentesis or recent surgical procedure.
    • Serious, non-healing or dehiscing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture within 30 days prior to start of study treatment.
    • Metastatic disease that involves major airways or blood vessels. Patients with vascular invasion of the portal or hepatic veins may be enrolled.
    • Significant vascular disease (e.g. aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair) or vasculitis within 6 months prior to initiation of study treatment.
    • History of arterial thrombotic event (e.g. myocardial infarction, unstable angina, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack) within 6 months prior to initiation of study treatment.
    • Chronic or recent (within 10 days of first dose of study treatment) use of aspirin > 325 mg/day, dipyramidaole, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, or dilostazol. Note: Use of aspirin < 325 mg/day is allowed.
    • History of venous thromboembolic event (e.g. deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, portal vein thrombosis, or any other significant thromboembolism) must be on a stable dose of anticoagulation for 1 month prior to initiation of study treatment and must have completely treated varices.
    • Use of Coumadin-like products or full dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants. Use of prophylactic low dose anticoagulation, unfractionated heparin or LMWH is allowed.
    • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation).
    • Core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure within 3 days prior to the first dose of bevacizumab.
    • History of intestinal obstruction. Note: Patients with previous intestinal obstruction may be enrolled if they have received definitive treatment for symptom resolution.
    • History of inflammatory process within 6 months prior to start of study treatment including but not limited to active peptic ulcer disease, diverticulitis or colitis.
    • Significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks prior to start of study treatment.
    • Uncontrolled pleural effusion or pericardial effusion requiring frequent drainage procedures (> once monthly). Patients with indwelling catheters (e.g. PleurX®) are allowed.
    • History of nephrotic or nephritic syndrome.
    • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic pressure ≥ 150/90 in spite of maximum anti-hypertensive therapy.
  • Patients with untreated/uncontrolled CNS/leptomeningeal disease. Note: Patients with asymptomatic, treated CNS disease are eligible if the treating physician determines that immediate CNS specific treatment is not required and is unlikely to be required during the first cycle of therapy and the following criteria are met:

    • No evidence of interim progression between the completion of CNS-directed therapy and the start of study enrollment.
    • No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation within 28 days prior to randomization.
    • No evidence of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage.
  • Patients with active autoimmune disease requiring systemic corticosteroids greater than the equivalent of prednisone 10 mg daily or other systemic immunosuppressive medications including but not limited to: systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, colitis, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis, with the following exceptions:

    • Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on thyroid replacement hormone are eligible.
    • Patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus on an insulin regimen are eligible.
    • Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only are eligible provided: 1) rash covers < 10% of body surface area (BSA), 2) disease is well controlled at baseline and requires only low potency topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, flucinolone 0.01%, desonide 0.05%, aclometasone dipropionate 0.05%).
    • See protocol for a more comprehensive list of autoimmune diseases and immune deficiencies.
  • Patients receiving treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including, but not limited to, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [TNF] agents) within 6 weeks must discontinue these medications prior to starting protocol therapy, with the exception of:

    • Patients with active autoimmune disease managed with systemic corticosteroids less than the equivalent of prednisone 10 mg daily.
    • Patients who have received acute, low dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea).
    • The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension and adrenocortical insufficiency.
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan. Note: History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted.
  • Patients who have undergone prior solid organ or bone marrow transplant with the exception of patients with prior renal transplant for whom dialysis may be employed in the event of graft rejection.
  • Patients with serious active infection within 2 weeks prior to enrollment (e.g. requiring hospitalization and/or intravenous [IV] antibiotics) infection within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, or currently receiving oral or IV antibiotics for the treatment of infection. Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics are eligible.
  • Patients must have documented hepatitis virology status.

    • Patients with active hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection must have a viral load < 500 IU/mL within 28 days prior to start of study treatment and be on suppressive therapy (per local standard of care) for a minimum of 14 days prior to start of study treatment and for the length of the study.
    • Patients with co-infection with HBV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are excluded. Patients with a history of HCV infection but with negative HCV RNA by PCR are considered non-infected with HCV.
  • Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are allowed on study provided they have:

    • A stable regimen of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)
    • No requirement for concurrent concurrent antibiotics or antifungal agents for the prevention of opportunistic infection
    • A CD4 count above 250 cells/mcL
    • An undetectable HIV viral load on standard PCR-based testing
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness (e.g., including but not limited to uncontrolled HTN [systolic BP ≥ 150, diastolic BP ≥ 100 despite optimal medical management or history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy], symptomatic congestive heart failure [CHF], uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or other within 3 months prior to start of study treatment or psychiatric illness/social situations or other conditions that would limit compliance with study requirements or substantially increase risk of incurring AEs in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Patients with known concurrent malignancy that is expected to require active treatment within two years or may interfere with the interpretation of the efficacy and safety outcomes of this study in the opinion of the treating investigator. Note: Superficial bladder cancer, nonmelanoma skin cancers, and low-grade prostate cancer not requiring cytotoxic therapy should not exclude participation in this trial. Patients with CLL may be enrolled if they do not require active chemotherapy and their hematologic, renal and hepatic function meets criteria previously mentioned.
  • Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment.
  • History of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins or know hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to any component of the atezolizumab or bevacizumab infusion.
  • Uncontrolled tumor-related pain. NOTE: Patients requiring pain medication must be on a stable regimen at study entry.

Symptomatic lesions (e.g., bone metastases or metastases causing nerve impingement) amenable to palliative radiotherapy should be treated prior to enrollment. Patients should be recovered from the effects of radiation. There is no required minimum recovery period.

  • Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia (ionized calcium > 1.5 mmol/L, calcium > 12 mg/dL or corrected serum calcium > ULN)
  • Active tuberculosis
  • Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04829383

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Contact: Howard S Hochster, DO, MPH 732-235-5912 hh458@cinj.rutgers.edu
Contact: Jeff Smith 317-634-5842 ext 41 jsmith@hoosiercancer.org

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United States, Illinois
University of Illinois Cancer Center Recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Contact: Erin Vidra    312-996-7902    evidra@uic.edu   
Principal Investigator: Shikha Jain, MD         
United States, Indiana
Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Contact: Latrice Sterling    317-274-1596    slsterli@iu.edu   
Principal Investigator: Anita Turk, MD         
United States, Nebraska
University of Nebraska Medical Center Recruiting
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68198
Contact: Debbie Vidlak    402-559-7507    dvidlak@unmc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mridula Krishnan, MD         
United States, New Jersey
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Recruiting
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
Contact: Howard S Hochster    732-235-5912    hh458@cinj.rutgers.edu   
United States, New York
New York University Clinical Cancer Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Contact: Karen Estok    212-404-4434    karen.estok@nyulangone.org   
Principal Investigator: Kristen Spencer, DO         
United States, Texas
DHR Health Institute for Research and Development Recruiting
Edinburg, Texas, United States, 785329
Contact: Edgar Lopez Pacheco    956-362-2394    ed.lopez@dhr-rgv.com   
Principal Investigator: Lee Drinkard, MD         
United States, Wisconsin
Univeristy of Wisconsin Recruiting
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Contact: Kelsey Padrutt    608-262-8087    kelsey.padrutt@wisc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Sam Lubner, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Howard S Hochster
Genentech, Inc.
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
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Principal Investigator: Howard S Hochster, DO, MPH Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
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Responsible Party: Howard S Hochster, Sponsor-Investigator, Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04829383    
Other Study ID Numbers: BTCRC-GI20-457
First Posted: April 2, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2023
Last Verified: February 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors